New Atlantic Initiative, by Right Web

Re: New Atlantic Initiative, by Right Web

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New Atlantic Initiative
by Wikipedia
June 11, 2017

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The New Atlantic Initiative (NAI) was an international nonpartisan organization dedicated to revitalizing and expanding the Atlantic community of democracies. NAI was based at the American Enterprise Institute, a Washington, DC-based think tank.

The NAI's central objective was to strengthen Atlantic cooperation in the post-cold war world by bringing together Americans and Europeans to work toward common goals, including:

* The reinvigoration of Atlantic institutions of political cooperation and consultation.

* The admission of Europe's fledgling democracies into the institutions of Atlantic defense and European economic cooperation, notably NATO and the European Union.

* The establishment of free trade between an enlarged European Union and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) countries as a complement to strengthening global free trade.

The NAI also sponsored conferences, debates, and roundtable discussions in the U.S., Europe and elsewhere.

In 2005 NAI was shut down and merged into the "European Studies" program at AEI.
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Re: New Atlantic Initiative, by Right Web

Postby admin » Mon Jun 12, 2017 12:36 am

New Atlantic Initiative
by SourceWatch
June 11, 2017

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The New Atlantic Initiative (NAI) was initiated on May 10-12, 1996, at the Congress of Prague, "where over 300 political, intellectual, and business leaders gathered to debate the new agenda for transatlantic relations ... In June 1996, the NAI was established as a public policy research center. It is headquartered at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington, D.C."[1]

"The NAI's central objective is to strengthen Atlantic cooperation in the post-cold war world by bringing together Americans and Europeans to work toward common goals, including:[2]

* The reinvigoration of Atlantic institutions of political cooperation and consultation.

* The admission of Europe's fledgling democracies into the institutions of Atlantic defense and European economic cooperation, notably NATO and the European Union.

* The establishment of free trade between an enlarged European Union and the North American Free Trade Area as a complement to strengthening global free trade.

The NAI also sponsors conferences, debates, and roundtable discussions in the U.S., Europe and elsewhere.

Interpretation

The Atlantic Initiative is an attempt to carry the lobbying methods of AIPAC to Europe. Its related organizations, all with an "Atlantic" in their names, aim to influence policy throughout Europe. There are now Atlantic Initiatives/Foundations in about ten European countries, and most Eastern European countries, the "new Europe", have Atlantic representation. Much of the initial emphasis of these foundations is to foster friendly relations vis-a-vis Israel, to scuttle attempts to impose sanctions, and to crack down on anti-semitism.

Patrons

Vaclav Havel
Margaret Thatcher
Helmut Schmidt
Leszek Balcerowicz
Henry Kissinger
George P. Shultz

Executive Director

Radek Sikorski

International Advisory Board

Henry Kissinger – Chairman
Dennis L. Bark
Brian Beedham
Christopher Bertram
Alain Besançon
John Bolton
Robert Bork
Zbigniew Brzezinski
Richard Burt
Lord Chalfont
Robert Conquest
Midge Decter
Paula Dobriansky
Pete du Pont
Paul Fabra
Joachim Fest
Edwin Feulner
Thomas Foley
Milos Forman
Herbert Giersch
Newt Gingrich
György Granasztói
Miriam Gross
Fr. Tomáš Halík
Owen Harries
Anthony Hartley
Brian Hindley
Robert D. Hormats
Karen Elliot House
Samuel P. Huntington
Géza Jeszenszky
Tomás Jezek
Josef Joffe
Donald Kagan
Max Kampelman
Adrian Karatnycky
Jack Kemp
Jeane J. Kirkpatrick
Charles Krauthammer
William Kristol
Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie
Michael Ledeen
Henri Lepage
Charles M. Lichenstein
Georges Liébert
Nicholas Lobkowicz
R. F. M. Lubbers
Pierre Manent
Antonio Martino
Mitch McConnell
Ivan Mikloš
Kenneth Minogue
Joshua Muravchik
Luc de la Barre de Nanteuil
William E. Odom
Daniel Oliver
Janusz Onyszkiewicz
Viktor Orbán
Richard N. Perle
Lucie Pilipová
Daniel Pipes
Norman Podhoretz
Sir Charles Powell
Colin L. Powell
David Pryce-Jones
Jean-François Revel
Peter Rodman
Donald H. Rumsfeld
Giuseppe Sacco
Antxón Sarasqueta
Karel Schwartzenberg
Roger Scruton
William C. Steere, Jr.
Irwin Stelzer
Hanna Suchocka
Claudio Veliz
Lord Weidenfeld
W. Bruce Weinrod
Alan Lee Williams
Robert Bruce Zoellick
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Re: New Atlantic Initiative, by Right Web

Postby admin » Mon Jun 12, 2017 12:49 am

New Atlantic Initiative
by PowerBase
June 11, 2017

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According to the American Enterprise Institute, the New Atlantic Initiative (NAI) was launched on May 10-12, 1996, at the Congress of Prague, "where over 300 political, intellectual, and business leaders gathered to debate the new agenda for transatlantic relations."[1]Although it was formed earlier, in June 1995. The NAI was established as a form of public policy research center and became headquartered at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington, D.C."[2]It is represented as part of the AEI's focus on European affairs[3]and its output mostly features the work of Radek Sikorski.[4]The AEI also state that:

The NAI's central objective is to strengthen Atlantic cooperation in the post-cold war world by bringing together Americans and Europeans to work toward common goals, including:

* The reinvigoration of Atlantic institutions of political cooperation and consultation.

* The admission of Europe's fledgling democracies into the institutions of Atlantic defense and European economic cooperation, notably NATO and the European Union.

* The establishment of free trade between an enlarged European Union and the North American Free Trade Area as a complement to strengthening global free trade.

The NAI also sponsors conferences, debates, and roundtable discussions in the U.S., Europe and elsewhere.[5]

The NAI was initially funded by the John M. Olin Foundation,[6]in 1995, via the Institute for European Defence and Strategic Studies (IEDSS) and then in 1996 via a "trustee grant designated by Mr. James Piereson" to support the Prague conference and then by The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation[7]from 1999 onwards. The NAI has received 27 grants totaling $4,108,000.

The NAI had an impressive advisory board which included three members of the IEDSS. Gerald Frost is said to have drafted the document that produced the debate. A former director of the IEDSS (who was also a director of the Centre for Policy Studies) Frost and William E. Odom's (2000) The Congress of Prague: Revitalizing the Atlantic Alliance[8], was a record of the May 1996 meeting at the Cernin Palace in Prague to "celebrate the achievements of Western civilization."

This was possibly the first major public event staged by the NAI, as an offshoot of the IEDSS, where Frost remained a consultant director (the IEDSS is described (p. 223) as "our first organizing home and which did so much to get us started", IEDSS director, Andrew McHallam is also specifically mentioned) and the document was published by the AEI, who's president, Christopher DeMuth, and its scholars Richard Perle, Jeffrey Gedmin, and Irwin Stelzer are also specifically mentioned.

(Lt. Gen) Odom is director of National Security Studies for the Hudson Institute and was director of the National Security Agency from 1985 to 1988 and military assistant to Zbigniew Brzezinski — and had written for the IEDSS. Other contributors to the document included Christoph Bertram, Alun Chalfont, Pete du Pont, Vaclav Havel, Paul Johnson, Max M. Kampelman, Adrian Karatnycky, Lane Kirkland, Vaclav Klaus, Jon Kyl, William Luers, David McCurdy, Antonio Martino, and Margaret Thatcher. The collection of essays is mostly concerned with the expansion of NATO.

The Prague Conference was subsidised by the William H. Donner Foundation, the Margaret Thatcher Foundation, the John M. Olin Foundation, the German Marshall Fund of the United States, the National Review Institute (connected to the magazine), Hollinger International, Pfizer International Inc., Möet Hennessy Louis Vuitton Inc., Forbes Magazine, Rupert Murdoch, and Conrad Black.

Another IEDSS member John O'Sullivan was the founder and co-chairman of the NAI and thanks Charles Powell, "my former colleague at Downing Street" (O'Sullivan was a speechwriter for Margaret Thatcher; Louise Oliver from the Donner Foundation; Adrian Karatnycky of Freedom House, "who did much to make this a genuinely bipartisan enterprise"; and Peter Rodman of the Nixon Center and National Review.

Attendees from the UK included: Anne Applebaum, Brian Beedham, Max Beloff, Conrad Black, Robert Conquest, Iain Duncan-Smith, Douglas Eden , Daniel Finkelstein, Dean Godson, Miriam Gross, Paul Johnson, Peter Mandelson, Anne McElvoy, Andrew McHallam, Kenneth Minogue, Roger Scruton, Michael Spicer, Alan Lee Williams and others.

Frost also edited the (1998) The Congress of Phoenix: Rethinking Atlantic Security and Economics[9], also published by the AEI, and also held under the auspices of the NAI on May 16-18, 1997. This had more of an AEI slant, although the attendees are much the same as before, new names included Michael A. Ledeen, Paul Wolfowitz, Dan Quayle, Richard N. Perle, John McCain, Bruce P. Jackson, Douglas J. Feith and John Bolton.

The list of attendees is also very similar to the attendees of the (2001) Britain and America: A Strategic Dialogue Participant List[10], held in London, January 12-13.

Activities

Characteristic of the views promoted by the NAI is an article in the Wall Street Journal by Vladimir Socor of the Jerusalem-based Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies calling for NATO air policing of the Baltic states entering NATO and the drawing up of contingency plans for their defence in the event of aggression from the Russian Federation.[11]

Funding

In the 1995-2002 period the AEI received $2.808,000 from the right-wing Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, in part to sponsor the NAI.[12]

Interpretation

The NAI also sponsors conferences, debates, and roundtable discussions in the U.S., Europe and in Israel and Jordan, according to Sourcewatch[13]the NAI is an attempt to "carry the lobbying methods of AIPAC to Europe" and it aims to influence policy throughout Europe with an "initial emphasis of these foundations is to foster friendly relations vis-a-vis Israel, to scuttle attempts to impose sanctions, and to crack down on anti-semitism." The Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs [14](run by former Israeli Ambassador to the United Nations Dr. Dore Gold) gives a list of co-operating institutions as:

Ari Movement (Istanbul)
Atlantic Club of Bulgaria (Sofia)
Atlantic Council of the United Kingdom (London)
Bohemiae Foundation (Prague)
Center for Democracy and Human Rights (Podgorica)
Center for the New Europe (Brussels)
Centre for European Reform (London)
Civic Institute (Prague)
Freedom House (part of the National Endowment for Democracy network)
German Marshall Fund of the United States (Washington)
Hudson Institute (Washington)
Institute for Public Affairs (Bratislava)
Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs (Jerusalem)
Karamanlis Institute (Athens)
Paradigmes (Paris)
Project for the New American Century (Washington)
Slovak Atlantic Commission (Bratislava)
U.S. Committee on NATO (Washington)

Jim Lobe's (2008) AEI Takes Care of Its Own ...At Least at RFE/RL[15]has presented the NAI as part of a network which encompasses the US neoconservative propaganda and public diplomacy work including Radio Free Europe (which has strong ties to the IEDSS and is headquartered in Prague) observed that:

Washington Post columnist Anne Applebaum appealed in an April 22 op-ed for Congress to provide a lot more money for RFE/RL, whose budget, despite the addition of Radio Farda in the last couple of years, has dropped steadily since the end of the Cold War to some $75 million. Applebaum, herself an adjunct fellow at AEI, is married to Polish Defense Minister Radek Sikorski, who, in the run-up to the Iraq war, was the director of AEI's "New Atlantic Initiative," the very same program that was headed by [Jeffrey] Gedmin until he left immediately after 9/11 to head the Aspen Institute in Berlin, a think tank which, under his leadership, became a virtual AEI bridgehead in the heart of Germany. John O'Sullivan, the former National Review editor and columnist, was the founder and co-chair of the New Atlantic Initiative and now works as an editor with Gedmin at RFE/RL.


Gedmin was executive director of the NAI, a founder of Project for the New American Century, Director (2007-) Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. The NAI was chaired by Edward J. Streator, a former official in the US Embassy in London and a director of the Ditchley Foundation.

The NAI seems part of a 'Neo-Conservative International', indeed Frank Gaffney's (1996) Birth of the New Atlantic Initiative,[16], stated that the NAI was "the most important new institution for the defense and expansion of freedom since the creation of NATO in 1949."

The work of the NAI can also be seen as an attempt to frame elite policy development [17]in the aftermath of the Cold War, and a right-wing response to the Clinton and Blair Administration's coming to power in the US and UK; together with the Baltic nations gearing themselves for membership in NATO, the European Union and other pro-Western bodies.

Gaffney, who is part of the network that promote the NAI also stated in his (1997) 'Founding Act' or 'Final Act' for NATO?[18], that one of the IEDSS's main cold warrior:

Albert Wohlstetter must be spinning in his grave. The Clinton administration's gross mismanagement of the NATO enlargement issue, and its ominous implications for the nation's most important alliance, would infuriate Mr. Wohlstetter...


This then adds that:

As Richard Perle — one of Mr. Wohlstetter's most accomplished proteges — noted at a splendid congress of the New Atlantic Initiative held here over the weekend, the agreement reads like a Soviet document. This is, as the communists loved to say, "no accident, comrade." After all, the principal author for the Russian side was an unreconstructed apparatchik and longtime KGB operative from the old Soviet Union, Foreign Minister Yevgeny Primakov.


As regards UK links, the NAI site with the AEI links to The Atlantic Council of the United Kingdom, the Centre for European Reform, the Institute of Economic Affairs and The New World Order Forum "an independent UK-based think-tank that was set up in March 2002." Analysis of the The New World Order Forum is continued in a separate entry.

Patrons

Václav Havel
Margaret Thatcher
Helmut Schmidt
Leszek Balcerowicz
Henry Kissinger
George P. Shultz

Executive Director

Radek Sikorski

International Advisory Board

Henry Kissinger – Chairman
Dennis L. Bark
Brian Beedham
Christopher Bertram
Alain Besançon
John Bolton
Robert Bork
Zbigniew Brzezinski
Richard Burt
Lord Chalfont
Robert Conquest
Midge Decter
Paula Dobriansky
Pete du Pont
Paul Fabra
Joachim Fest
Edwin Feulner
Thomas Foley
Milos Forman
Herbert Giersch
Newt Gingrich
György Granasztói
Miriam Gross
Fr. Tomáš Halík
Owen Harries
Anthony Hartley
Brian Hindley
Robert D. Hormats
Karen Elliot House
Samuel P. Huntington
Géza Jeszenszky
Tomás Jezek
Josef Joffe
Donald Kagan
Max Kampelman
Adrian Karatnycky
Jack Kemp
Jeane J. Kirkpatrick
Charles Krauthammer
William Kristol
Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie
Michael Ledeen
Henri Lepage
Charles M. Lichenstein
Georges Liébert
Nicholas Lobkowicz
R. F. M. Lubbers
Pierre Manent
Antonio Martino
Mitch McConnell
Ivan Mikloš
Kenneth Minogue
Joshua Muravchik
Luc de la Barre de Nanteuil
William E. Odom
Daniel Oliver
Janusz Onyszkiewicz
Viktor Orbán
Richard N. Perle
Lucie Pilipová
Daniel Pipes
Norman Podhoretz
Sir Charles Powell
Colin L. Powell
David Pryce-Jones
Jean-François Revel
Peter Rodman
Donald H. Rumsfeld
Giuseppe Sacco
Antxón Sarasqueta
Karel Schwartzenberg
Roger Scruton
William C. Steere, Jr.
Irwin Stelzer
Hanna Suchocka
Claudio Veliz
Lord Weidenfeld
W. Bruce Weinrod
Alan Lee Williams
Robert Bruce Zoellick

Notes

1. http://www.aei.org/research/nai/about/p ... efault.asp
2. http://www.aei.org/research/nai/about/p ... efault.asp
3. http://www.aei.org/research/projectID.11/project.asp
4. http://www.aei.org/publications/content ... efault.asp
5. http://www.aei.org/research/nai/about/p ... efault.asp
6. http://www.mediatransparency.org/allino ... esults.php
7. http://www.mediatransparency.org/recipi ... pientID=19
8. http://www.aei.org/books/bookID.735,fil ... detail.asp
9. Gerald Frost (1998) The Congress of Phoenix: Rethinking Atlantic Security and Economics
10. http://www.aei.org/research/nai/events/ ... efault.asp
11. Vladimir Socor, No Discounts on Baltic Security, Wall St Journal Europe, Feb 27 2004, version placed in web archive 7 Apr 2004, accessed in web archive 13 Apr 2010
12. "New Atlantic Initiative", MediaTransparency website, version archived 10 Mar 2005, accessed in web archive 13 Apr 2010
13. http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?ti ... Initiative
14. http://www.jcpa.org/nai.htm
15. Jim Lobe's (2008) AEI Takes Care of Its Own ...At Least at RFE/RL
16. Frank Gaffney (1996) Birth of the New Atlantic Initiative, The Washington Times, May 16.
17. http://www.margaretthatcher.org/speeche ... cid=108361
18. Frank Gaffney (1997)'Founding Act' or 'Final Act' for NATO? The Washington Times, May 20.
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Re: New Atlantic Initiative, by Right Web

Postby admin » Mon Jun 12, 2017 1:05 am

Maggie Thatcher’s New Atlantic Initiative
by Michele Steinberg
April 23, 1999
© 1999 EIR News Service Inc.

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Our energies must be directed towards strengthening NATO, which is as important in the post-Cold War world as in the circumstances of its creation. NATO’s role should be expanded. It must be prepared to go out-of-area, where so many of today’s threats lie. . . .NATO can also coordinate support for the construction of that system of global missile defence which is now an imperative requirement.
—Baroness Margaret Thatcher, May 11, 1996, to the New Atlantic Initiative’s Congress of Prague


Baroness Margaret Thatcher, LG, OM, FRS is one of the most influential and evil figures alive today, working through a string of BAC front organizations for the new British Imperium.

Beginning in 1996, Thatcher announced the entire plan for a new NATO doctrine of “out-of-area” wars, a new war against Iraq, a new Cold War against Russia, the dismemberment of China, and other horrors. The “New NATO” call was at the Congress of Prague, the first event of the New Atlantic Initiative (NAI), which brought together perhaps the greatest concentration of BAC agents, lackeys, and dupes ever assembled.

Thatcher’s clearly stated objective was to prevent the strategic alignment of the United States with continental Europe, especially any “special relationship” between the U.S. and Germany, and to block U.S. cooperation with Russia and China.

Maggie loves Tony

One of the current myths debunked by a careful look at the NAI, and the Iron Lady’s recent activities, is the notion that there is a difference between the Thatcherite Tories and Tony Blair’s New Labour. Blair’s “Third Way” is actually warmed-over Thatcherism, repackaged to sell to President Bill Clinton, whose personal hatred for former Tory Prime Minister John Major helped drive the United States toward a split with Britain during the first Clinton administration. The British monarchy dumped Major and installed Blair to salvage the Anglo-American “special relationship” and shove the same old Thatcherite policies down America’s throat.

The New Atlantic Initiative includes Peter Mandelson, Blair’s closest political ally, on its executive board. Until his ouster in late 1998 over a financial scandal, “Lord Mandy of Rio” (as he was dubbed after his flamboyant tour of homosexual bars in Rio de Janiero, during an official mission) was the Minister of Trade. He is still a key Blair adviser, responsible for Anglo-German relations.

The fact that Mandelson is the leading advocate of early British membership in the European Monetary Union, and Thatcher is the leading opponent, yet both sit on the NAI board, should tell you something: The British, as always, are playing to control all sides, to assure that, one way or another, London winds up on top.

Another Blairite in the NAI is Irwin Stelzer, a right-hand man to media mogul Rupert Murdoch. An executive board member and founder of the NAI, like Mandelson, Stelzer boasts of meeting Blair, “about every ten days,” as an intermediary between Blair and Murdoch. Stelzer is also a “scholar” with the American Enterprise Institute, a Thatcherite bastion in Washington.

Thatcher’s ‘Fourth Reich’ campaign

To understand the “New NATO”drive today, one must go back to November 1989, when the Berlin Wall came down— exactly as Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr., had singularly forecast in October 1988. Thatcher, Bush, French President Francois Mitterrand, and then-Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachov saw the fall of the Wall as a direct threat to their “balance of power” scheme for a global “New Yalta” agreement.

In the aftermath of the collapse of East Germany—despite the best efforts of Bush and Thatcher to prevent it—German Chancellor Kohl pressed for German reunification.

By then, LaRouche, the world’s leading opponent of the BAC, was a political prisoner of Thatcher’s pet President, George Bush. Even while imprisoned, LaRouche became the principal architect of plans for economic reorganization of the former Soviet bloc countries, with a blueprint for development of high-speed railway lines, and rapid energy development known as the European “Productive Triangle.”

To stop any moves along the lines of LaRouche’s proposal, Thatcher and Bush launched two operations:

First, a campaign to vilify Germany, claiming that reunification would lead to a “Fourth Reich”; and second, a brutal war in the heartland of Europe. British asset Slobodan Milosevic of Yugoslavia launched his first campaign of ethnic cleansing against Croatia.

The Yugoslav war was soon followed, in January 1991, by Operation Desert Storm against Iraq. Tens of billions of dollars that could have been funneled into economic reconstruction in the East, were instead thrown away on these two British-orchestrated wars.

Thatcher’s “Fourth Reich” campaign would be abetted by the assassinations of two German leaders who were orienting Chancellor Kohl toward a “new Marshall Plan” for the East, Alfred Herrhausen and Detlev Rohwedder. As the result of these terrorist assassinations and the British-orchestrated Balkan chaos, the International Monetary Fund was able to impose shock therapy on the former East bloc states.

Thatcher lays down the law at NAI

Just as the Anglo-Dutch financier oligarchy created the Bilderburg Society in the 1950s, and the Trilateral Commission in the 1970s, as action committees to further their geopolitical agenda, so too the BAC launched the New Atlantic Initiative in 1996 to press for their new Cold War and freetrade financial dictatorship. Crucial to their success was the simultaneous effort to destroy the United States through the campaign to impeach President Clinton.

At the first NAI conference in Prague, Czech Republic, in May 1996, Thatcher opened her keynote speech referencing the Congress of Vienna of 1815, and said ominously, “In the language of Hobbes: ‘Covenants without the sword are but words.’ ” She ridiculed “today’s multilateralists” as naive, for turning to “international institutions” like the United Nations to maintain peace. The way of the future, said Thatcher, was for Britain and the United States to reverse the “slackness of political muscle” that followed the end of the Cold War, and act as “powerful” nations. She declared the United States to be the single “superpower,” but only so long as it followed her agenda of “liberalism.”

She attacked Western thinkers as “Marxist pseudo-economists,” who suggested that there was a “crisis of capitalism.” There was “only a crisis of socialism,” she insisted, and the failure of the Russian economy by 1996 only occurred because they didn’t have enough free trade and privatization.

Asserting that all assembled must accept that Russia is still the enemy of Britain and the “free world,” Thatcher said, “Alas, in some countries we have seen a reversion [to socialism]. There is a progressive disillusionment among ordinary people . . . and a growing nostalgia for the false security of socialism. In Russia itself, there is the possibility of a government that combines communist economics with an imperialist foreign policy. Such a reversion is not uncommon.” Then, quoting Rudyard Kipling, she said that such a reversion to communism in Russia is almost as sure as “That the Dog returns to his Vomit and the Sow returns to the Mire. . . .”

Ironically, it is the BAC that is nostalgic for the Soviet empire, with which the “balance of power” game could be played! The world after the Soviet Union is “more dangerous,” said Thatcher. First, because under the U.S.S.R., there was a “kind of unholy symmetry in international affairs . . . a balance of terror. Deterrence—above all nuclear deterrence— worked as it was designed to do.” Now, without the Soviets keeping their “client states under firm control,” there are “rogue states” that have begun to “emerge and set their own violent agendas.” Also, in the post-Soviet world, “there was also a dispersal of weapons of mass destruction and of the technologies to use them. . . . The ability of rogue states to produce chemical and biological weapons . . . is a constant worry. . . . The North Koreans [offer] a range of missiles which are even available for sale in a catalogue to all comers.”

This threat of “rogue states” is primary to Thatcher, who asked, “would we have taken the punitive action we did against Libya in 1986, if Qaddafi had been able to strike with his missiles at the heart of our cities?” She made the same point about the British-American attacks on Iraq in Desert Storm.

Thatcher singled out China as a grave potential enemy of “the West.” She described the “fundamental shift of economic power . . . away from the West to Asia and the Pacific Rim,” where “free trade, [not] protection” must prevail. But, says Thatcher, China is a problem: “China’s extraordinary economic progress is occurring despite, not because of, its political tradition—which has always been one of tyranny. . . . [The] economic challenge could easily become a security challenge” in Taiwan. She accused China of providing technologies of mass destruction to North Korea, and other “rogue states.”

Thatcher showed total disdain for continental Europe, especially on issues of defense and free trade. She denounced Europe’s “shortcomings of a common security policy” and its “feebleness in Yugoslavia.” To remedy this, Thatcher said, NATO must be enlarged, and go out of area, where the real threats lie.

On economics, Thatcher declared that “global free trade” is the goal, but Europe is an obstacle; she compared the European Union to the “classic victim of bureaucracy . . . the Good Soldier Schweik,” who found “every day brought new instructions, directives, questions, and orders.” Thatcher’s “final solution” for the nation-state is a “super Maastricht” globalism, whereby she wants to “merge the North American Free Trade Area with the European Community, including the countries of Central and perhaps in time Eastern Europe . . . a Trans-Atlantic Free Trade Area.”

Thatcher again delivered the marching orders to the NAI 1997 conference, held in Arizona and ludicrously called the “Congress of Phoenix.” At this meeting, Thatcher refined the “New NATO” doctrine. She said that every country of the West had “wimped out” on defense and slipped into “dangerous complacency.” She insisted that:

• It would be “morally offensive” not to enlarge NATO. Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic must be admitted as full members, and the Soviet invasions of Poland in 1939, of Hungary in 1956, and of Czechoslovakia in 1968, must never be forgotten, as the West prepares for a new confrontation with Moscow.

• “The community of civilized nations has a common imperative to bring about the swiftest possible deployment of competent sea-based anti-missile defenses.” She urged a review of the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, which she said was no longer valid, since “it was signed by the U.S.S.R., not Russia.”

• Five “rogue states”—Iran, Iraq, Libya, Syria, and North Korea—threaten freedom, she said, by having access to ballistic-missile development; and they have helped one another’s armaments. She warned that George Bush could never have constructed an international coalition against Saddam Hussein in 1990-91, if countries had felt at risk from Iraq’s ballistic-missile strikes.

The participation of Arizona Senators John McCain (now a candidate for the Republican Presidential nomination) and Jon Kyl (R), gave Thatcher’s ravings an inroad into the inner workings of the U.S. Senate. Also in attendance were representatives of the BAC’s leading think-tanks—the American Enterprise Institute, the Heritage Foundation, the American-Israeli Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), and a handful of other institutions that are the core of the treason in America. As the next sections of this report will detail, these institutions—all financed by billionaire Richard Mellon Scaife, the “Daddy Warbucks” of the Impeach Clinton effort—are in a battle to hijack the foreign policy of the United States, and plan to officially impose Baroness Thatcher’s marching orders at the NATO 50th Anniversary Summit Meeting this month.

A chronology: the New Atlantic Initiative, 1996-98

May 1996: Congress of Prague, NAI’s first meeting. Described by the London Times as “the event which will . . . shape Europe in the remaining years of the century.”

Major BAC operatives contributed to NAI’s launching, including Canadian Conrad Black (see Hollinger Group profile) and Australian Rupert Murdoch (see profile). From the United States, funding was provided by the Carthage Foundation and other assets of Richard Mellon Scaife.

Day-to-day, NAI is run by two of the BAC’s leading U.S. assets, the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), where NAI is headquartered, and the National Review, the Anglophile magazine run by William Buckley, which provided the NAI’s founder, British subject, John O’Sullivan. The Patrons, Advisory Board, and Officers of NAI are BAC luminaries who push the agenda of free trade and war.

NAI’s opening theme was, “Get ready for confrontation; the Cold War is on.” Speakers focussed on the alleged dangers of Russian revanchism, of “rogue states” hitting European cities with ballistic missiles, and of a North Korea nuclear threat.

May 1997: Congress of Phoenix. Held in the United States because the Thatcher agenda was being largely ignored by the Clinton administration. Senators Jon Kyl (R-Ariz.) and John McCain (R-Ariz.), and Rep. Chris Cox (R-Calif., the leading “red scare” crusader against China) attended, and then brought the full NAI agenda into Congress. Two leading Zionist lobby militants there were Paul Wolfowitz and Richard Perle, now advisers to Presidential candidate George W. Bush. Perle is considered the leading member of Israeli intelligence’s espionage division in the United States, known as the “X Committee,” whose activity surfaced in 1985 when Israeli spy Jonathan Jay Pollard was arrested.

International attendance at the gathering was sparse, but included Sir Charles Powell, from the historic opium-trading company Jardine Matheson Holdings.

September 1997: NAI releases a resolution for NATO enlargement signed by 133 VIPs, including seven former U.S. Secretaries of State, and former Vice Presidents Dan Quayle and Walter Mondale, designed to pressure Clinton.

February 1998: NAI forum on “New NATO, New Challenges” in Washington is addressed by Madeleine Albright (the first participation by a Clinton administration official). Here, NAI pressed the drive to turn NATO into the intervention force in regional or ethnic conflicts. In a panel called “Bosnia, Russia, the Gulf, and Beyond,” Perle unveiled his plan calling for the United States to overthrow Saddam Hussein through backing an Iraqi “Contra” scheme.

Albright’s remarks were somewhat subdued, as President Clinton was deeply involved, through UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, in trying to avoid war with Iraq (later that month, Clinton accepted the diplomatic solution negotiated by Annan, for which both were denounced by the British). Albright embraced NATO enlargement.

May 1998: The Congress of Istanbul, which had heavy participation from Britain, but, more importantly, from the Islamic world. Indicating the BAC’s concern about the emerging positive U.S.A.-China relationship, NAI emphasized NATO’s out-of-area designs, especially in the Caspian Sea area, where BAC interests are frantically trying to control the pipeline and mining concessions to the vast oil, natural gas, and mineral resources. Other out-of-area priorities for NAI: the Balkans (Kosovar leader Bujar Bukoshi gave a panel presentation); Iraq (British/Israeli-controlled dissident Ahmed Chalabi spoke).

September 1998: NAI conferences in Tel Aviv, Israel, and Amman, Jordan. Benjamin Netanyahu spoke on Israeli security needs, and how NATO must recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. From London, Chalabi, head of the Iraqi National Congress, attends his third NAI event to push the Perle/Wolfowitz plan to overthrow Saddam Hussein.

Fall 1998 to the present: AEI/NAI personnel focus all their efforts on the U.S. Congress, pushing “fiat legislation” that forces the White House to adopt the BAC agenda. This was especially intense during the six-month impeachment drive against Clinton. BAC was successful here in launching a propaganda war against China (issues: human rights violations and espionage); war against Iraq (Iraq Liberation Act passed); and to use missile defense to provoke anti-American turns in Russia and China.

Key personnel

Conrad Black, president, the Hollinger Corp. Not officially listed with NAI, but he founded NAI.

Baroness Margaret Thatcher, Patron of NAI; former Prime Minister of Great Britain (see also Hollinger Corp. profile).

Sir Henry Kissinger, chairman, NAI/IAB (International Advisory Board); (see CSIS and Hollinger profiles).

Lane Kirkland, vice chairman, NAI/IAB; former president, AFL-CIO; founding member, Trilateral Commission.

George Shultz, Patron of NAI; former Secretary of State (under President Bush); current adviser, George W. Bush, Presidential candidate, 2000.

Helmut Schmidt, Patron of NAI; former Chancellor of Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany).

Edward Streator, chairman, NAI Executive Committee.

Christopher DeMuth, co-chairman, NAI Executive Committee; president, American Enterprise Institute.

John O’Sullivan, founder of NAI; co-chairman, NAI Executive Board; editor-at-large, the National Review.

Otto Graf von Lamsdorff, NAI Executive Committee; European chairman, Trilateral Commission.

Peter Mandelson, NAI Executive Committee, former Minister of Trade and Tourism, U.K.; Executive, British Labour Party.

Jeffrey Gedmin, executive director, NAI; AEI.

Gerald Frost, director of research, NAI (U.K.) International Advisory Board.

Zbigniew Brzezinski, NAI/IAB (see CSIS profile).

Lord Chalfont (Gwyne Jones, Life Baron 1964), NAI/ IAB; OBE, MC, PC (Privy Council). Following a military career from 1940 to 1961, Chalfont became defense and military correspondent for the London Times. Former Minister of State, British Foreign Office; former Permanent Representative to the Western European Union and member of the Privy Council, 1964; late 1970s, participated in Israeli “terror against terror” plans.

Edwin J. Feulner, member, NAI/IAB; president, Heritage Foundation; president, Mont Pelerin Society; member, Congressional Policy Advisory Board (U.S.A.); member, Advisory Board, Center for Security Policy.

Newt Gingrich, former Speaker, U.S. House of Representatives (see CSIS profile).

Samuel P. Huntington, NAI/IAB; Trilateral Commission, author of The Crisis of Democracy, and of The Clash of Civilizations; National Endowment for Democracy (NED) “expert” on democracies.

Max Kampelman, NAI/IAB, (see CSIS profile).

Jeane Kirkpatrick, NAI/IAB; former U.S. Ambassador to the UN; senior fellow, AEI; Board of Advisers, Center for Security Policy.

William Kristol, NAI/IAB; editor, the Weekly Standard (Murdoch owned); son of Zionist neo-conservative and fellow at AEI, Irving Kristol.

Michael Ledeen, NAI/IAB; Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA); research fellow, AEI; research studies for Jerusalem-based Institute for Advanced Strategic and Policy Studies (IASPS); top operative for Israeli intelligence.

Richard Perle, NAI/IAB; executive for Conrad Black’s Hollinger Corp. (see Hollinger profile); former U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense (where he liked to be called the “Prince of Darkness” for his professed anti-communism); lead academic for Israel’s IASPS; Board of Advisers, Center for Security Policy; resident fellow, AEI; American Israel Policy Action Council.

Daniel Pipes, NAI/IAB; author of book on conspiracies that slanders Lyndon LaRouche; edits Middle East Quarterly; fervent support of Israeli right wing, including Ariel Sharon; son of U.S Sovietologist Richard Pipes of AEI.

Norman Podhoretz, NAI/IAB; editor and publisher, Commentary magazine, leading neo-conservative; father of John Podhoretz, editorial page editor of Murdoch’s New York Post.

Sir Charles Powell, NAI Executive Committee and IAB; board, Jardine Matheson Trading Co. Brother of Jonathan Powell, Blair’s chief of staff.

Sir Gen. Colin Powell, NAI/IAB, former chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, commander, Operation Desert Storm.

Donald Rumsfeld, NAI/IAB; former U.S. Secretary of Defense (see Congressional Policy Advisory Board profile).

Irwin Stelzer, NAI/IAB; leading neo-conservative operative for Rupert Murdoch; informal adviser to Tony Blair; columnist for Murdoch’s Sunday Times, New York Post, and the rabidly anti-Clinton Weekly Standard; fellow at AEI.

Lord Weidenfeld, NAI/IAB (see Hollinger profile).

Paul Wolfowitz, seminar leader, NAI Congress of Phoenix; Dean, Paul Nitze School for Advanced International Studies; former U.S. Undersecretary of Defense; organizer of 25th Anniversary of Trilateral Commission; architect of plan to oust Saddam Hussein; member of Congressional Policy Advisory Board.

 
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Re: New Atlantic Initiative, by Right Web

Postby admin » Mon Jun 12, 2017 1:33 am

Co-Chairman Christopher Smith's Submitted Statement to New Atlantic Initiative Conference on Belarus
Conference Hosted by the American Enterprise Institute
Washington, DC
by Christopher Smith
November 14, 2002

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First, I would like to congratulate the New Atlantic Initiative here at AEI, and the many cosponsors, for organizing this important conference which will help to focus attention on the dire situation in Belarus and ways to encourage change there.

When measured against other European countries, the state of human rights and democracy in Belarus is abysmal, bearing closer resemblance to some of the states of Central Asia. Belarusian dictator Alexander Lukashenka – Europe’s remaining dictator – persistently flouts OSCE commitments that Belarus freely undertook when it became an OSCE participating State a decade ago. Belarus stands out from many post-Soviet states in that its record in the immediate post-independence period indicated some progress, but suffered a dramatic reversal with the 1994 election of Lukashenka.

I believe we are all aware of the long list of human rights assaults by the Lukashenka regime over the course of the past eight years. Many of us, including members of the Helsinki Commission, have repeatedly spoken out against human rights abuses in Belarus and urged compliance with OSCE obligations. Nevertheless, just within the last few months, we have seen the passage of a repressive law on religion which bans religious activity by groups not registered with the government and forbids most religious meetings on private property, the bulldozing of a newly-built church, the incarceration of leading independent journalists, and the continued harassment, as well as physical attacks on the political opposition, independent media and non-governmental organizations – in short, anyone who, through their promotion of democracy, would stand in the way of the Belarusian dictator. (And as we all know, just last week, Anatoly Lebedka, who is present here today, was detained and interrogated by the Belarusian KGB after leaving the US Embassy in Minsk to pick up an invitation for this conference.) Moreover, we have seen no progress on the investigation of the disappearances of political opponents – perhaps not surprisingly, as credible evidence points at the involvement of the regime in their murders. Furthermore, growing evidence also indicates Belarus has been supplying military training and weapons to Iraq, in violation of UN sanctions.

Most recently, Lukashenka’s expulsion of the OSCE presence in Belarus has further isolated Belarus from the international community and right now, the OSCE is grappling with how to handle this issue following the OSCE Secretary General’s visit there last week, where he received some pronouncements of good will. What we need now is concrete progress by Belarus towards cooperation with the OSCE, and not more pronouncements, which we’ve been hearing for years without any followup action.

As a leader of our U.S. delegation to the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly (PA) at our sessions over the last few years I’ve confronted the question of the seating of Members of the National Assembly, the legitimacy of which has been a subject of considerable debate. My colleagues and I on the Helsinki Commission, in a letter to OSCE PA President Bruce George, have proposed a roadmap by which Belarus can begin to overcome the impasse – not only with respect to the seating of the National Assembly at the PA – but more importantly, with respect to ending its self-imposed isolation.

The roadmap, simply put, involves the Belarusian authorities, including parliamentarians, to undertake concrete steps toward meeting the four criteria for democratic elections established by the OSCE Troika back in April 2000. These longstanding criteria include an end of the climate of fear, access to the state media for all candidates, respect for freedom of assembly, and transparency and fairness in the registration of candidates and functioning of electoral commissions. An essential step in the right direction for the National Assembly would be to bring the electoral code up to democratic standards, the proper implementation of which would contribute to the democratization process in Belarus.


Another step would be the creation of a commission that would investigate the still unresolved disappearances of Lukashenka’s political opponents in 1999-2000. I recognize and commend the recent attempts in the National Assembly to question high-ranking officials in the Belarusian Government about the disappearances, and deplore the executive’s lack of cooperation with these efforts to get at the truth. I encourage the Assembly to probe further and have the courage to continue its stand until the truth is discovered.

As many of you know, I introduced the Belarus Democracy Act earlier this year, which is intended to demonstrate support for those struggling to promote democracy and respect for human rights in Belarus. Among other things, the bill authorizes an increase in assistance for democracy-building activities, encourages free and fair parliamentary elections, and imposes sanctions against the Lukashenka regime, including denying its high-ranking officials entry into the United States and the prohibition of strategic exports to Belarus. I am proud to have sponsored this bill and look forward to moving it quickly through the legislative process in the 108th Congress.


The Belarusian people, who suffered profoundly over the course of the last century owing to Soviet domination, Nazi invasion and Chornobyl, deserve better than the heavy hand of Alexander Lukashenka. Together, we must work to help bring democracy to Belarus and make respect for human rights an integral part of the Belarusian experience. The Belarusian people deserve our support as they work to overcome the legacy of the past and develop a genuinely independent, democratic country based on the rule of law and democratic institutions.

Many thanks to each of you for your interest in fostering genuine freedom for the Belarusian people.
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Re: New Atlantic Initiative, by Right Web

Postby admin » Mon Jun 12, 2017 1:41 am

The American Enterprise Institute in the White House
by voltairenet.org
June 21, 2004

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[The American Enterprise Institute (AEI) has become the propaganda center of the Republican ruling class in favor of free market imperialism. Like a Russian doll, it contains the New Atlantic Initiative (NAI) that leads the Euro-Atlantic integration and the Project for the New American Century (PNAC) included in the program of the Bush administration. The Institute is directed - behind the scene - by former president Gerald Ford and current vice-president Dick Cheney. Every year they invite around a hundred personalities to a winter resort in Colorado where they discuss behind closed doors.]

Image
Gerald Ford (center) with his collaborators Lynne and Dick Cheney

In the 1930s, in the United States, the ruling class applauded the reorganization of the stock market after the crack of Wall Street and the creation of commissions that controlled the economic activities by sectors. However, they rejected the social measures taken by President Franklin D. Roosevelt (authorization of trade unions, social security, and unemployment compensation) and, particularly, his desire to plan production.

Likewise, when in 1943 the Democrats asked Congress to maintain the price blocking after the end of the war to avoid a new crack of the stock market, the big employers mobilized to defend the “free market”. Thus, the American Enterprise Institute was born around giants Bristol-Myers, of the antibiotics field; the General Mills, of the food and agricultural industry; and the Chemical Bank.

For its lobbying, the Institute counts on the services of some renowned specialists such as Roscoe Pound, Dean of the Law Faculty at Harvard, and - especially - journalist Raymond Moley, former economic advisor of Roosevelt, who had already changed sides.

The patronage of Gerald Ford

During its first decade, the AEI focused on Congress lobbying. In 1954, William J. Baroody, in charge of the US Chamber of Commerce, assumed the direction of the Institute. Continuing with its lobbying in Congress, the American Enterprise Institute also began to address the general public to become a propaganda center of the Republican ruling elite.

In 1974, President Gerald Ford incorporated several AEI intellectuals to his team, including William J. Baroody Jr., whom he entrusted the contacts of the Institute in the civil society under the control of the White House General Secretary, Dick Cheney. In fact, it was not difficult for the Baroodys to convince the big owners to behave generously and they made significant contributions that rose to the tune of eight million dollars annually to finance numerous books about the wonders of capitalism and the Soviet danger, including the best-sellers The Spirit of Democratic Capitalism, by Catholic theologian Michael Novak [1] , and Two Cheers for Capitalism, by anti-Communist journalist Irving Kristol [2] .

When Gerald Ford left the White House in 1976, he and a dozen of his collaborators were included in the payroll of the Institute [3] .

In the opposition, the American Enterprise Institute proves to be an excellent war machine for the Republicans, although it faces the competition of the new Heritage Foundation, with less prestige but with more reaction capacity [4] , and of the Cato Institute. William J. Baroody Sr. died in 1979, shortly before Reagan assumed power. His son, Baroody Jr., tried to continue his work but the financing dispersed among rival associations. The AEI lost its means and influence. It then tried to split from its rivals readjusting its position in a more moderate framework. The crisis reached its peak in 1986 when the extreme right-wing organizations Olin and Smith Richardson stopped financing the AEI, which they thought was moving to the center. Then, Baroody Jr. had to resign as the AEI was sinking in a sea of debts.

Christopher DeMuth, a jurist of Nixon’s and Reagan’s teams, assumed the direction of the Institute and went back to the hard line. It took him four years to balance the financial situation. In particular, he paid special attention to developing the World Forum that Gerald Ford organizes every year in Beaver Creek (Vail Valey, Colorado). It is there, behind closed doors, that the big intrigues of the Republican Party are organized. In 2004 (June 16-19), around a hundred carefully chosen personalities gathered there during a weekend. With the presence of Vice-President Dick Cheney, discussions focused on the electoral strategy of the then ongoing presidential campaign. Also on that occasion, the director of the Federal Reserve swore in before the vice-president for his fifth consecutive mandate [5].

Some researchers of the American Enterprise Institute: (from left to right) Richard Perle, Michael Novak, Michael A. Ledeen, Newt Gingrich, Charles Murray, Lynne Cheney, Joshua Muravchik and Danielle Pletka.

Image
Some researchers of the American Enterprise Institute: (from left to right) Richard Perle, Michael Novak, Michael A. Ledeen, Newt Gingrich, Charles Murray, Lynne Cheney, Joshua Muravchik and Danielle Pletka.

The Shadow of Dick Cheney

With a budget of 18 million dollars in 2002, the American Enterprise Institute already has 75 researchers and a similar number of administrative personnel. Some of the AEI stars include Lynne V. Cheney (Dick’s wife), Elizabeth Cheney (Dick’s daughter) [6] , David Frum (former editor of George W. Bush’s speeches) [7] , Newt Gingrich (former Speaker of the House of Representatives), Jane Kirkpatrick (Ambassador in Geneva) and, above all, Richard Perle (advisor to the Defense Department). Among the experts, we can mention some of the authors well known by the readers of our section “Open International Forum”: Reuel Marc Gerecht, supporter of an intervention in Iran; Michael A. Leeden (former member of Logia P2), who is always willing to laud Israel’s policies; Joshua Muravchik, ready to export democracy by force; Danielle Pletka, always searching for a new military adventure; etc.

The AEI evolution to the extreme right became publicly known in the mid 1990s with the publication of two works: The Bell Curve [8], by Dinesh D’Souza, affirms that the slavery of black people was not a racist practice but a social reaction to enclose its pathologies. The work continues denouncing anti-racism, which it considers more dangerous than racism itself.

In 1996, the American Enterprise Institute showed concern for the delay in the implementation of the Baker Plan for Europe. The countries of Eastern and Central Europe were making efforts to adapt themselves to Capitalism and to join NATO and the European Union. In the meantime, faced with the reforms, Western Europe seemed hesitant - particularly France which had just scandalously rejected the Juppé projects.

This general delay significantly postponed the merging of ALENA and the European Union in the heart of an area of transatlantic free exchange. In order to activate the process, the Institute called a big conference that took place in Prague (May 10-12, 1996) and founded the New Atlantic Initiative (NAI).

This satellite association is co-headed by Henry Kissinger [9] and Lane Kirkland (AFL-CIO General Secretary) [10] . It is sponsored by Vaclav Havel, Margaret Thatcher, Helmut Schmidt, Leszek Balcerowicz and George Shultz. Immediately, it had the support of the most important Republican figures in the army, in politics and in finances.

As to the French, Alain Besançon [11], Oaul Fabra, Emmanuel Leroy-Ladurie [12] , Henri Lepage, Georges Liébert [13] , Pierre Manet [14] , Luc de La Barre de Nanteuil, Jean-François Revel, and later Alain Madelin [15] and Pierre Hassner, they participated in it.

After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the New Atlantic Initiative multiplied its meetings and publications about the alleged “conspiracy” and anti-Semitism of the Europeans, the deepening of the transatlantic pit, that is, between Europeans and Americans, etc.

Finally, the American Enterprise Institute houses in its facilities the electoral think-tank (center of research, propaganda and spreading of ideas, general of a political nature) of George W. Bush: the Project for a New American Century (PNAC), presided over by William Kristol (son of Irving) and directed by Gary Schmitt. It was there where the openly imperialist version of the program Junior was designed, aimed at the contributors of the campaign. It was also there where the invasion of Iraq was organized [16].

Thus, it is completely logical that, on February 26, 2003, President George Bush chose the dinner of the annual gala of the American Enterprise Institute to reveal his program of conquest of Iraq and the creation of a free trade area in the Middle East.


_______________

Notes:

[1] The Spirit of Democratic Capitalism

[2] Two Cheers for Capitalism. About Irving Kristol, see «Quand la CIA finançait les intellectuels européens», by Denis Bonneau, Voltaire, November 27, 2003

[3] Specially Arthur Burns, Robert Bork, Laurence Silberman, Antonin Scalia, James C. Miller III, John Snow, Rudolph Penner and David Gergen

[4] «Le prêt-à-penser de la Fondation Heritage», Voltaire, June 8, 2004

[5] Greenspan sworn in by Cheney, UPI, June 21, 2004

[6] «Le dispositif Cheney», by Thierry Meyssan, Voltaire, February 6, 2004

[7] «Le programme des faucons pour 2004», by Thierry Meyssan, Voltaire, December 25, 2003

[8] The Bell Curve, by Richard Murray, theorizes about the genetic predisposition of black people to commit crimes and justifies the policies of massive incarceration. The End of Racism[[The End of Racism

[9] «Le retour d’Henry Kissinger», by Thierry Meyssan, Voltaire, November 28, 2002

[10] See research by Paul Labarrique in Voltaire: “AFL-CIO or AFL-CIA ?”, June 2, 2004; and «1962-1979, L’AFL-CIO et la contre-insurrection syndicale», June 11, 2004

[11] «La face cachée de la Fondation Saint-Simon», by Denis Bonneau, Voltaire, February 10, 2004

[12] Saint-Simon, op.cit

[13] Saint-Simon, op.cit

[14] Saint-Simon, op.cit

[15] «Madelin et Lellouche contre Chirac», Voltaire, April 15, 2003

[16] «La planification secrète de l’invasion de l’Irak», by Thierry Meyssan, Voltaire, March 9, 2004
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