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Re: The Ynglinga Saga, or the Story of the Yngling Family Fr

PostPosted: Tue Jun 27, 2017 4:16 am
by admin

Eystein, Halfdan Hvitbein's son, became king after in Raumarike and Westfold.  He was married to Hild, a daughter of Eric Agnarsson, who was king in Westfold.  Agnar, Eric's father, was a son of Sigtryg, king in the Vend district.  King Eric had no son, and died while King Halfdan Hvitbein was still in life.  The father and son, Halfdan and Eystein, then took possession of the whole of Westfold, which Eystein ruled over as long as he lived. At that time there lived at Varna a king called Skjold, who was a great warlock.  King Eystein went with some ships of war to Varna, plundered there, and carried away all he could find of clothes or other valuables, and of peasants' stock, and killed cattle on the strand for provision, and then went off.  King Skjold came to the strand with his army, just as Eystein was at such a distance over the fjord that King Skjold could only see his sails.  Then he took his cloak, waved it, and blew into it. King Eystein was sitting at the helm as they sailed in past Jarls, and another ship was sailing at the side of his, when there came a stroke of a wave, by which the boom of the other ship struck the king and threw him overboard, which proved his death.  His men fished up his body, and it was carried into Borre, where a mound was thrown up over it, out towards the sea at Raden, near Vodle.  So says Thjodolf: --

     "King Eystein sat upon the poop
     Of his good ship: with sudden swoop
     The swinging boom dashed him to hell,
     And fathoms deep the hero fell
     Beneath the brine.  The fury whirl
     Of Loke, Tempest's brother's girl,
     Grim Hel, clutched his soul away;
     And now where Vodle's ocean bay
     Receives the ice-cold stream, the grave
     Of Eystein stands -- the good, the brave!"

Re: The Ynglinga Saga, or the Story of the Yngling Family Fr

PostPosted: Tue Jun 27, 2017 4:17 am
by admin

Halfdan was the name of King Eystein's son who succeeded him.  He was called Halfdan the Mild, but the Bad Entertainer; that is to say, he was reported to be generous, and to give his men as much gold as other kings gave of silver, but he starved them in their diet.  He was a great warrior, who had been long on viking cruises, and had collected great property.  He was married to Liv, a daughter of King Dag of Westmare.  Holtar, in Westfold, was his chief house; and he died there on the bed of sickness, and was buried at Borre under a mound.  So says Thjodolf: --

     "By Hel's summons, a great king
     Was called away to Odin's Thing:
     King Halfdan, he who dwelt of late
     At Holtar, must obey grim Fate.
     At Borre, in the royal mound,
     They laid the hero in the ground."

Re: The Ynglinga Saga, or the Story of the Yngling Family Fr

PostPosted: Tue Jun 27, 2017 4:17 am
by admin

Gudrod, Halfdan's son, succeeded.  He was called Gudrod the Magnificent, and also Gudrod the Hunter.  He was married to Alfhild, a daughter of King Alfarin of Alfheim, and got with her half the district of Vingulmark.  Their son Olaf was afterwards called Geirstad-Alf.  Alfheim, at that time, was the name of the land between the Glommen and Gotha rivers.  Now when Alfhild died, King Gudrod sent his men west to Agder to the king who ruled there, and who was called Harald Redbeard.  They were to make proposals to his daughter Aasa upon the king's account; but Harald declined the match, and the ambassadors returned to the king, and told him the result of their errand.  Soon after King Gudrod hove down his ships into the water, and proceeded with a great force in them to Agder.  He immediately landed, and came altogether unexpectedly at night to King Harald's house.  When Harald was aware that an army was at hand, he went out with the men he had about him, and there was a great battle, although he wanted men so much.  King Harald and his son Gyrd fell, and King Gudrod took a great booty.  He carried away with him Aasa, King Harald's daughter, and had a wedding with her.  They had a son by their marriage called Halfdan; and the autumn that Halfdan was a year old Gudrod went upon a round of feasts.  He lay with his ship in Stiflesund, where they had been drinking hard, so that the king was very tipsy.  In the evening, about dark, the king left the ship; and when he had got to the end of the gangway from the ship to the shore, a man ran against him, thrust a spear through him, and killed him.  The man was instantly put to death, and in the morning when it was light the man was discovered to be Aasa's page-boy: nor did she conceal that it was done by her orders.  Thus tells Thjodolf of it: --

     "Gudrod is gone to his long rest,
     Despite of all his haughty pride --
     A traitor's spear has pierced his side:
     For Aasa cherished in her breast
     Revenge; and as, by wine opprest,
     The hero staggered from his ship,
     The cruel queen her thrall let slip
     To do the deed of which I sing:
     And now the far-descended king,
     At Stiflesund, in the old bed
     Of the old Gudrod race, lies dead."

Re: The Ynglinga Saga, or the Story of the Yngling Family Fr

PostPosted: Tue Jun 27, 2017 4:17 am
by admin

Olaf came to the kingdom after his father.  He was a great warrior, and an able man; and was besides remarkably handsome, very strong and large of growth.  He had Westfold; for King Alfgeir took all Vingulmark to himself, and placed his son Gandalf over it.  Both father and son made war on Raumarike, and subdued the greater part of that land and district.  Hogne was the name of a son of the Upland king, Eystein the Great, who subdued for himself the whole of Hedemark, Toten, and Hadeland. Then Vermeland fell off from Gudrod's sons, and turned itself, with its payment of scatt, to the Swedish king.  Olaf was about twenty years old when Gudrod died; and as his brother Halfdan now had the kingdom with him, they divided it between them; so that Olaf got the eastern and Halfdan the southern part.  King Olaf had his main residence at Geirstad.  There he died of a disease in his foot, and was laid under a mound at Geirstad.  So sings Thjodolf: --

     "Long while this branch of Odin's stem
     Was the stout prop of Norway's realm;
     Long while King Olaf with just pride
     Ruled over Westfold far and wide.
     At length by cruel gout oppressed,
     The good King Olaf sank to rest:
     His body now lies under ground,
     Buried at Geirstad, in the mound."

Re: The Ynglinga Saga, or the Story of the Yngling Family Fr

PostPosted: Tue Jun 27, 2017 4:17 am
by admin

Rognvald was the name of Olaf's son who was king of Westfold after his father.  He was called "Mountain-high," and Thjodolf of Hvina composed for him the "Ynglinga-tal", in which he says: -- 

     "Under the heaven's blue dome, a name
     I never knew more true to fame
     Than Rognvald bore; whose skilful hand
     Could tame the scorners of the land, --
     Rognvald, who knew so well to guide
     The wild sea-horses through the tide:
     The "Mountain-high" was the proud name
     By which the king was known to fame."