Addicted to War: Why the U.S. Can't Kick Militarism (Updated

"Science," the Greek word for knowledge, when appended to the word "political," creates what seems like an oxymoron. For who could claim to know politics? More complicated than any game, most people who play it become addicts and die without understanding what they were addicted to. The rest of us suffer under their malpractice as our "leaders." A truer case of the blind leading the blind could not be found. Plumb the depths of confusion here.

Re: Addicted to War: Why the U.S. Can't Kick Militarism (Upd

Postby admin » Fri Jun 10, 2016 4:07 am

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96. Thom Shanker, "Rumsfeld Doubles Estimate For Cost of Troops in Iraq; General Says U.S. Expects to Keep Force at 145,000 'For the Foreseeable Future,'" New York times, July 10, 2003. As of May 14, 2004, U.S. military casualties in Iraq since March 2003 had reached 782 dead and more than 4490 wounded; U.S. military deaths in Afghanistan since October 2001 had reached 119 (for updated numbers, see: www.antiwar.com).
97. Unnamed member of a group of CIA and Special Forces paramilitary operatives cited in Bob Woodward, Bush at War (new York: Simon and Schuster, 2002), p. 352.
98. For updated information on U.S. military contracts, see the Center for Defense Information's website: www.cdi.org.
99. Hartung.
100. Robert Bryce, "The Candidate from Brown & Root," The Austin Chronicle, Aug. 25, 2000.
101. Jane Mayer, "Contract Sport: What did the Vice-President do for Halliburton?" New Yorker, Feb. 16 & 23, 2004.
102. In 2000, Cheney left Halliburton to run for vice-president, but he retained $18 million in stock options and receives about 4150,000 a year in deferred compensation (Mayer).
103. Katherine Seelye, "Cheney's Five Draft Deferments during the Vietnam Era emerge as a Campaign Issue," New York Times, May 1, 2004; Jon Wiener, "Hard to Muzzle: The Return of Lynne Cheney," The Nation, Oct. 2, 2000.
104. Seymour Hersh, "Lunch with the Chairman: Why was Richard Perle Meeting with Adnan Khashoggi?" New Yorker, March 17, 2003, pp. 76-81.
105. See, for instance, a 1996 policy proposal entitled, "A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm," penned by a group of neo-conservative strategists led by Perle for the Netanyahu government in Israel. The proposal can be seen at: www.israelieconomy.org/strat1.htm.
106. Robert Higgs, ed., Arms, Politics and the Economy (New York: Holmes & Meier, 1980), Preface, p. xiii.
107. The 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty had outlawed defensive missile systems. See Joshua Cohen, "An Interview with Ted Postol: What's Wrong With Missile Defense," Boston Review, Oct./Nov. 2001; David Sanger, "Washington's New Freedom and New Worries in the Post-ABM-Treaty Era," New York Times, Dec. 15, 2001.
108. Paul Richter, "Plan for new nukes clears major hurdle," Los Angeles times, May 10, 2003. For updated information on U.S. nuclear weapons policies see the Physicians for Social Responsibility website: www.psr.org.
109. R. Jeffrey Smith, "U.S. Urged to Cut 50% of A- Arms: Soviet Breakup Is Said to Allow Radical Shift in Strategic Targeting," Washington Post, Jan. 6, 1991, p. A1. Also see: Michael Gordon, "U.S. Nuclear Plan Sees New Weapons and New Targets," New York Times, March 10, 2002.
110. Judith Miller, "U.S. Seeks Changes in Germ War Pact," New York Times, Nov. 1, 2001; William Broad and Judith Miller, "U.S. Recently Produced Anthrax in a Highly Lethal Powder Form," New York Times, Dec. 13, 2001.
111. William Broad and Judith Miller, "Germs: Biological Weapons, and America's Secret War," (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001); William Blum.
112. Data are from the following years: The U.S., 2004; Japan, 2002; Russia and China, 2001. For updated information on U.S. and world military spending, see the Center for Defense Information website: http:/ /www.cdi.org.
113. Center for Defense Information, 2001-2002 Military Almanac, p. 35 (see www.cdi.org). For the 2003 and 2004 fiscal years, Congress approved special appropriations of $166 billion to finance the invasion and occupation of Iraq (David Firestone, "Bush Likely to Get Spending Request, Lawmakers Agree," New York Times, Sept. 9, 2003).
114. Center for Defense Information, www.cdi.org/issues/milspend.html
115. Michael Renner, National Security: The Economic and Environmental Dimensions (Washington, D.C.: World Watch Institute, 1989), p. 23.
116. The War Resisters League's annual analysis of total U.S. military expenditures can be found at: www. warresisters.org/piechart.htm.
117. The Wax Resisters League estimates that about 46% of federal tax revenues are used for military expenses (ibid.). Total 2000 Federal individual income tax revenues ($1,004,500,000,000) multiplied by 46%, divided by 104,705,000 households = $4,417 (www.census.gov/prod/2002pubs/01statab/fedgov.pdf, pp. 21 and 305).
118. Timothy Saasta, et al., America's Third Deficit: Too Little Investment in People and Infrastructure (Washington, D.C.: Center for Community Change,1991).
119. Jobs With Peace Campaign, Fact Sheet No.3 (Boston 1990).
120. Saasta; Institute for Policy Studies, Harvest of Shame: Ten Years of Conservative Misrule (Washington, D.C.: Institute for Policy Studies,
1991 ), p. 11; Jane Midgley, The Women's Budget, 3rd Edition (Philadelphia: Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, 1989) p. 19.
121. Saasta; Midgley, p. 19.
122. Institute for Policy Studies, p. 11.
123. Midgley, p. 16; Pam Belluck, "New Wave of the Homeless Floods Cities' Shelters," New York Times, Dec. 18, 2001.
124. James Dao, "War Mutes Critics of Costly Carrier Groups," New York Times, November 11, 2001.
125. Prenatal care costs $625 per mother: Background Material and Data on Programs within the Jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and Means (Washington D.C.: U.S. Congress, 1990).
126. The Head Start program costs $2,600 per student annually: U.S. Congress.
127. Private clinics charge about $3,000 per year for intensive outpatient drug or alcohol treatment: Survey by author.
128. Citizens Budget Campaign, It's Our Budget, It's Our Future (Washington D.C.).
129. Dao, "War Mutes Critics of Costly Carrier Groups."
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Re: Addicted to War: Why the U.S. Can't Kick Militarism (Upd

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130. Keith Schneider, "Military Has New Strategic Goal in Cleanup of Vast Toxic Waste," New York Times, Aug. 15, 1991, p. A1; Matthew Wald, "U.S. Sharply Increases Cost Estimates for Cleaning Up Weapons Plants," New York Times, Sept. 6, 1991 ; H. Jack Geiger, "Generations of Poisons and Lies," New York Times, Aug. 5, 1990; INFACT, Bringing GE to Light (Philadelphia: New Society Publishers, 1990) pp.117-121.
131. Greg Baisden and S. Destefano, " Pool of Tears," Real War Stories, No.2 (Forestville, CA: Eclipse, 1991), pp. 1-3.
132. Matthew Wald, "Study Says U.S. Chose Riskier Atomic Test Site," New York Times, May 17, 1991. The cited study predicted that 430,000 people would die by the end of the 20th century.
133. Schneider.
134. Ridge cited in Philip Shenon, "Ridge Warns That Iraq War Could Raise Terrorist Threat," New York Times, March 4, 2003.
135. Cheney cited in Davide E. Sanger, "Taking on Another War, Against Mixed Messages," New York Times, Sept. 4, 2001.
137. Cheney cited in Washington Post, Oct. 21, 2001.
138. For updated information on post 9-11 restrictions on civil liberties see the American Civil Liberties Union's website: www.aclu.org/safeandfree.
139. U.S. Dept. of Defense, Selected Manpower Statistics, p. 111.
140. Walter Capps, The Unfinished War: Vietnam and the American Conscience (Boston: Beacon: 1990), p. 1. Soldiers coming home from Iraq today suffer from the same kind of distress; for an account about one soldier, see Scott Calvert, "After Iraq, the guilt of killing tears a life apart," Baltimore Sun, Oct. 26, 2003.
141. The U.S. Government estimated 150,000 to 250,000 veterans are homeless on any given night (Jason Deparle, "Aid for Homeless Focuses on Veterans," New York Times, Nov. 11, 1991).
142. U.S. Dept. of Defense, Worldwide U. S. Active Duty Personnel Casualties (Washington, D.C., 1987), p. 5.
143. Parenti, p. 79.
144. Cotto cited in interview by Pete Hamill, New York Post, Feb. 2, 1991, pp. 2-3.
145. Hass cited in Walter Goodman, "How Bad is War? Depends on the Images," New York Times, Nov. 5, 1991.
146. Grossman cited in Allan Nairn, "When Casualties Don't Count," The Progressive, May 1991, p. 19.
147. For lists of the other corporate boards on which board members of major media corporations sit, see the Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR) website: www.fair/org/media/interlocking-directors.html.
148. Wilson cited in INFACT, p. 97.
149. INFACT, pp. 11, 17, 28, 47-49, 107-110, 118.
150. Benjamin Compaine, et al., Who Owns the Media (White Plains, NY: Knowledge Industry, 1979), pp. 80, 84, 97.
151. Twain cited in Philip Foner, Mark Twain: Social Critic (New York: International, 1958), p. 260.
152. Zinn, p. 481.
153. Chicano Communications Center, 450 Years Of Chicano History (Albuquerque:, 1976), pp.160-I63
154. Zinn, p. 477.
155. David Cortright, "Soldiers In Revolt: The American Military Today (Garden City; NJ: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1975), pp. 5-8; Zinn p. 476.
156. Heinl cited in Thomas Boettcher, Vietnam: The Valor and the Sorrow (New York: Crown, 1985 ), p.399.
157. Cortright, pp. 1-32,51-136; Zinn, p. 486.
158. Johnson cited in R. Barnet, The Rocket's Red Glare: When America Goes to War (NY: Simon & Schuster, 1900), p. 346.
159. Bush cited in Newsweek, March 11, 1991, p. 30.
160. Bush cited in "Bush Foresees a War Longer Than Two Years," International Herald Tribune, October 18, 2001.
161. See, for instance, Maura Reynolds, "Most unconvinced on Iraq war," Los Angeles Times, Dec. 17, 2002.

Photo and Drawing Credits

Page 3: Artist unknown
Page 4, upper: J.E. Taylor, J. Karst
Page 4, lower: New York Historical Society
Page 6: U.S. Army Signal Corps
Page 7, upper: Mayol
Page 7, middle: U.S. National Archives
Page 7, lower: W.A. Rogers
Page 9, upper: Karen Glynn and Eddie Becker Archive
Page 9, lower: U.S. Government (Forward March)
Page 11: Yosuke Yamahata
Page 13: U.S. Department of Defense
Page 14: Ngo Vinh Long collection
Page 15, upper and lower: U.S. Dept. of Defense
Page 20: Mary Martin
Page 25, right: New York Times
Page 31: Amir Shah, Associated Press
Page 34: Muhammed Muheisen, Associated Press
Page 35: Associated Press
Page 36: Saurabh Das, Associated Press
Page 53: John Schreiber
Page 61: Harvey Richards, War Resisters League
Page 62, upper: Brian Shannon
Page 62, lower: John Gray
Page 64, upper: Bernard Edelman
Page 64, lower: Flax Hermes
Page 65: Steven Gross
Page 66, upper: Deirdre Griswold, International Action Center
Page 66, lower: Bill Hackwell
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Re: Addicted to War: Why the U.S. Can't Kick Militarism (Upd

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"Addicted to War is a witty and devastating portrait of U.S. military policy, a fine example of art serving society." -- Howard Zinn,* Author of A People's History of the United States

"Addicted to War should be assigned reading in American schools because it tells the true history of this nation's culture of war. Because of this book, many young students will think twice before considering enlistment in the military. How different things might have been had my son had a chance to read it. However, it is not too late for many thousands of young Americans." -- Fernando Suarez del Solar, whose son, Jesus, died fighting in Iraq, March 2003

"Addicted to War is an extraordinarily important and powerful little book. Every American should read it." -- Ron Kovic,* Vietnam veteran, author of Born on the Fourth of July

"Addicted to War is not only a witty and entertaining portrait of our war-dependent economy, but a truly relevant insight not available in the mainstream media, something our children should know before they must make their choice whether or not to become fodder for the military machine." -- Susan Sarandon, Actor

"As a veteran of three wars, World War II through Vietnam, with 33 years of Army service, I find this book to be the most truthful recitation of our government's policies available anywhere." -- Col. James Burkholder,* U.S. Army, retired

* Served in the U.S. military
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