Claiming India, by Jyoti Mohan

"Science," the Greek word for knowledge, when appended to the word "political," creates what seems like an oxymoron. For who could claim to know politics? More complicated than any game, most people who play it become addicts and die without understanding what they were addicted to. The rest of us suffer under their malpractice as our "leaders." A truer case of the blind leading the blind could not be found. Plumb the depths of confusion here.

Re: Claiming India, by Jyoti Mohan

Postby admin » Sun Nov 01, 2020 6:13 am

Part 2 of 2

Conclusion: Was India really ‘French‘?

In this dissertation, I have examined the French intellectual elite‘s efforts in the 18th and 19th centuries to understand India, and the relationship of this endeavor to the creation of colonial knowledge. From the early formulation of India as a great brahminical civilization, then as the home of Buddhism to the home of the Aryans and finally the creation of a complex Hindu identity full of contradictions, simultaneously advanced and oppressive, the study of India in France during the nineteenth-century proceeded side by side with French colonial expansion. Sometimes coincidentally, but more often not, India was used as an example to support the prevailing colonial ideologies of race, assimilation and association. She was also an intrinsic part of the continuing national rivalry with England, at once an example of British self-centeredness and of the superior French colonizing mission.

In the preceding chapters, I have examined the construction of an academic image of ‘India‘ which was distinctly French and marked by its reliance on the spiritual and religious aspects of India, its antiquity, and Aryan heritage. The work was inspired, in part, by the need for such an intellectual focus. While scholars have long paid attention to the literary and artistic impact which India has made upon France,878 and more recently have examined how the French popular press represented India,879 the roots of this familiarity with India, which lay with the Parisian school of Indology during the nineteenth century, have not been examined. In this dissertation, I begin the task of recovering the image of India that French universities and research institutions created.

According to S P Sen French historical writing on European activities in India really started in the last quarter of the nineteenth century880. After the success of their second colonial venture in the latter part of the nineteenth century, the French were enthused with writing about their colonies. However, I think Sen is mistaken in his analysis. Undoubtedly, a great burst of writing about colonies took place with the colonial expansion of Napoleon III and Jules Ferry, but a steady stream of writing from the eighteenth century characterized French images of India. What distinguished nineteenth-century writing was its compartmentalization into institutional forms- writing on colonies came to be demarcated into literary, historical, and Indological (linguistic, philosophic, religious and cultural studies on India) genres.

The missionaries‘ accounts offered a perspective on Indian religion which was corrupted by its association with Islam. Described as a religion which imbued its followers with a warlike, greedy quality, Islam eventually destroyed ancient civilizations such as India.

The French observers also saw India as a great example of the results of different races intermarrying and causing a degeneration of ‘superior‘ racial qualities. Mid-nineteenth century French anthropologists, particularly those who were anti-Semitic, used the ‘unfortunate racial history‘ which India presented. This history was one in which a presumably superior Aryan race, intermarried with inferior races and thereby lost its superior qualities and indeed, lost its superior civilization. Thus, in their view, India had become a sad example of a fallen race, indeed a mongrel race unable to reclaim its once-glorious Aryan heritage due to the dilution in superior ‘blood‘. While these writings focused entirely on India as an ‘other‘ exotic entity, far from the comfortable civilizing presence of France, the warning that French civilization could just as easily be corrupted by allowing lesser races to imprint themselves of French culture was a powerful argument in certain French circles.

Another important manner in which India helped to develop notions of ‘Frenchness‘ among apologists for colonial expansion was in her situation as a British colony during the nineteenth century. As colonies became an accepted part of ‘national wealth‘ French nationalism within the colonial lobby also became a fierce rhetorical and cultural expression of everything that was not British881. As Brunschwig points out, France aimed at building a colonial Empire in order to boost national pride rather than a quest for financial enrichment.882 Colonial policies like assimilation were geared to showcase the superior culture and colonial achievements of France and this aim was underscored by the proponents of Empire in France. Unlike England, where Empire was pursued by merchants, industrialists and financiers, the French colonial enterprise was taken up by geographers, journalists and intellectuals who saw Empire as a means to restore national pride after humiliating defeats to England and Germany during the course of the nineteenth century.

The colonial progress of France in the nineteenth century was very much reflected in the writings on India. The romanticism and military vainglory of the eighteenth century was present in most works of the period on India, which praised France for her efforts to understand and associate with such an ancient civilization. The Revolution was a huge break when France was too busy with her internal conflicts and the crushing colonial losses to England to pay much attention to her empire. Colonial dreams, which were resurrected with Napoleon, soon died a quiet death. The Restoration government under Louis Philippe was as timid as the King himself. Having concluded several peace treaties with England which stripped France of her most lucrative colonial possessions, France was in no position to challenge England. Colonization proceeded sedately and unremarkably. The proclamation of the Second Republic in 1848 and the rise of Louis Napoleon once again fired France‘s colonial dreams. New expansion into Africa with the conquest of Algeria and Senegal, and East Asia into Indo-China put France back on the list of colonial contenders. The period saw the introduction of colonial policies of assimilation, followed in the 1870‘s with the Third Republic and the stewardship of Jules Ferry in the 1890‘s, with the policy of association, which proclaimed France‘s greatness and uniqueness as a colonial power and also her real desire to civilize her colonies.883

The French colonial lobby pushed their spiritual and religious image of India in an attempt to challenge British dominance in India by pointing to the superior achievements of India in philosophy and intellect. German Indological work, deeply influenced by France884 presented India through a lens of Romanticism and spirituality, furthering this image. In addition one has to remember that nineteenth century Europe was still a land where French was spoken and understood more than English. Therefore the consumption and imagination of India on French terms was far stronger than the British representations of India even though Britain was well on her way to establishing her empire in India. In stark contrast to the image of British India suffering under constant famines, and back breaking poverty, the French comptoirs were consistently represented as peaceful, content towns- sleepy little outposts of la plus grande France.885 Indians were extended French citizenship and taught the glorious language and culture of France, all proof of France‘s superior mission civilisatrice. Simultaneously colonial leaders lost no opportunity to criticize British rule. As Albert Sarrault declared as late as 1931, ‘India is not governed, she is exploited.‘886 In contrast, inhabitants of the French comptoirs seemed content with French rule, possibly because of their belief in the French character which was inclined to emphasize the attributes of equality and legality and to a greater extent than in British India, those of fraternity and liberty as well‘887 Not only were the French treating their Indian citizens like equals888 but in their eagerness to preserve their civilization, French scholars were the leaders in Indology. The relationship between France and India was therefore not a simple imposition- if French was imported into the Comptoirs, Sanskrit was exported, underlining the French desire to preserve the civilization of India. The notion that this civilization was as artificial and imposed- a construct of those in power- as the selfsame British, was not important to address. This aspect of French intellectualism, more than any other single achievement, served to challenge British claims of ‘rehabilitating‘ India.

Despite British territorial dominance in India, the conception of India as a land of spiritual and intellectual greatness was still strongly French and continues to endure in Europe even today. This fact alone necessitates the study of how and why the French chose to involve themselves so closely with the study of India. This dissertation begins that fascinating journey into the politics of academic portrayals and their accuracy.

_______________

Notes:

804 ‘Les Établissements français de l'Inde‘, L'Illustration (19 Sept 1931)

805 Patricia Morton, ‘National and Colonial: the Musée des colonies at the Colonial Exposition Paris 1931‘, Art Bulletin, 80 (June 1998): 357.
 
806 This was the crucial ideological component of French colonial policy and the key to Anglo-French colonial rivalry. 
 
807 Panivong Norindr, ―La Plus Grande France‖, Identity Papers. Contested Nationhood in Twentieth-Century France, edited by Steven Ungar and Tom Conley (Minneapolis and London: University of Minneapolis Press, 1996): 324 
 
808 Ibid: 235-236.
 
809 Rapport Général de Exposition Coloniale Internationale de 1931, présenté par Gouverner Général Olivier (Paris: Imprimérie Nationale, 1933), vol V, part II: 613.
 
810 Ibid: 614.
 
811 Ibid: 615. This statement leads me to view with suspicion Patricia Morton's statement that the colonial pavilions were scattered with no apparent regard to geography or manner or period of acquisition. In fact, this superficial disregard of logical systems of planning may have been a deliberate attempt of the planners of the Exposition to impress the viewer with the diversity and the vastness of French colonial presence.
 
812 Ibid: 624.
 
813 Ibid.
 
814 This conference was in addition to the numerous conferences discussing the resources, cultural, religious and moral progress of French colonies where French India was also studied.
 
815 Moignac was India‘s representative in the French Senate. Le Livre d'Or de l'Exposition Coloniale Internationale de Paris, 1931 (Paris: Librarie ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931): 175.
 
816 Burton Benedict ―International Exhibitions and National Identity‖ Anthropology Today, vol 7.3 (June 1991): 7.
 
817 André Demaison, A Paris en 1931.Exposition Coloniale Internationale "Votre Guide" (Paris: Editions Mayeux, 1931): 47.
 
818 Rapport Général, vol. 5, part II: 619. Quoted from Le Monde illustré, numéro de septembre 1931.
 
819 Rapport Général, vol. 5, part II: 620.
 
820 Ibid: 620.
 
821 Ibid: 617.
 
822 Ibid: 619.
 
823 Ibid: 625
 
824 Carol Breckenridge “The Aesthetics and Politics of Colonial Collecting: India at World Fairs” Comparative Study of Society and History, 31.2 (April 1989): 209.
 
825 Rapport Général, vol. 5, part II: 625.
 
826 Ibid: 134.
 
827 Ibid: 145.
 
828 Rapport Général, vol. 4: 359.
 
829 Rapport Général, vol VI, part I.
 
830 The gurukul was the system of ancient learning. The pupil actually lived with the teacher for a period of some years, performing household tasks and learning simultaneously until the teacher had decided that the former‘s education was complete. Although this system had become obsolete in India by the nineteenth century and Western forms of schooling were in vogue, the field of performing and applied arts, still followed the old system of gurukul education. There are still some schools which operate on this basis, most notably, Tagore‘s University- Shanti Niketan. While the gurukul system had many advantages, there was a lack of exposure and multi-culturism, the student being bound to learn the techniques of only one teacher which was what Shankar attempted to resolve by establishing an Academy of dance in 1939.
 
831 Rapport Général, vol 5, part I: 145-146.
 
832 Ibid: 98.
 
833 Emile Bayard, L‟Art de Reconnaître les Styles Coloniaux de la France, (Paris: Librarie Garnier Frères, 1931).
 
834 Ibid, preface: VIII.
 
835 Ibid: 433
 
836 Ibid: 430.
 
837 Ibid: 4-5.
 
838 Patricia Morton, ‘National and Colonial: the Musée des colonies at the Colonial Exposition Paris 1931‘, Art Bulletin, 80 (June 1998): 372-73.
 
839 Rapport Général, vol. 6, part I: 323-24.
 
840 The Drain of Wealth Theory was first propounded by Dadabhai Nauroji, an early Indian nationalist, who pointed out that colonial exploitation was not merely composed of the visible economic drain through unequal trade, high tariffs and taxes. The Drain also took the form of payment by the colony for the administrative structure, payment of the salaries of British officials in India, remittances to Britain by these personnel and the creation and extension of India government bonds to these personnel. 
 
841 Albert Sarraut‘s Mise en valeur des colonies françaises (1923) Preface. Quoted in Raymond Betts, Tricouleur: The French Overseas Empire (Gordon and Cremonesi, 1978): 40.
 
842 André Demaison, A Paris en 1931. Exposition Coloniale Internationale "Votre Guide" (Paris: Editions Mayeux, 1931): 176-77.
 
843 L'Illustration, 19 Sept, 1931.
 
844 Ibid. Also see Le Guide. Exposition Coloniale Internationale. Paris 1931.(Paris: Édition de l‘Imprimerie Union, 1931): 54.
 
845 The members of the committee were by and large supporters of British rule in order to rule their kingdoms at least nominally, and most had British residents at their courts. However they played important roles in the organization of the nationalist movement underground, while remaining outwardly loyal supporters of the Crown.
 
846 Rapport Général, vol I, p. 347.
 
847 Ibid: 350-51.
 
848 Ibid: 351.
 
849 This image of an unsullied India before the British ravished the fabulously wealthy land was glorified in colonial paintings depicting the French conquest in India under Dupleix, Lally and Bussy in the eighteenth century. The French campaigns in India were reproduced and prominently displayed in fantastic paintings and frescoes in the Retrospective Section of the Musée Permanent des Colonies. See Rapport, p. 622.
Ironically it was acceptable for France to wage a war of colonial conquest on India but the British were described implicitly as marauders and looters.
 
850 André Demaison, A Paris en 1931.Exposition Coloniale Internationale "Votre Guide" (Paris: Editions Mayeux, 1931): 176-77. The reference to manufacture is obviously to the introduction of modern industry, transport and communication by the British in order better to exploit the resources of India.
 
851 Ibid: 177.
 
852 Ibid: 176.
 
853 Patricia Morton, Hybrid Modernities: Architecture and Representation at the 1931 Colonial Exposition, Paris (Cambridge Mass. and London, England: The MIT Press, 2000).
 
854 See Aurel Stein, ‘The International Colonial Exhibition in Paris and the Indian Visitor‘, The Asiatic Review, 27 (October 1931). 
 
855 Ibid: 599. 
 
856 Ibid: 599-600.
 
857 Ibid: 601.
 
858 Claude Farrère, ‘Angkor et l'Indochine‘, L'Illustration, 23 Mai, 1931.
 
859 Rapport Général, vol 6, part I: 320.
 
860 Le Livre d'Or de l'Exposition Coloniale Internationale de Paris 1931 (Paris: Librarie ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931): 177. ‘Dans l‘Inde anglaise, il s‘agit d‘un soulèvement national, d‘une rebellion organisée contre- disons le mot- le système britannique d‘exploitation de la terre et des gens, contre le cravache anglaise. Dans l‘Inde fançaise, la conception de colonisation a toujours été différente et les méthodes diamétralement opposées.‘
 
861 Maurice Larrouy, ‘Les possessions océaniques‘, L'Illustration, 23 Mai 1931
 
862 Frances Parkinson Keyes, ‘Tricolor and Stars and Stripes Float Together Over The Greatest Show on Earth‘, Good Housekeeping Magazine, November 1931: 196.
 
863 Burton Benedict, ‘International Exhibitions and National Identity‘, Anthropology Today, 7.3 (June 1991): 8.
 
864 Carol Breckenridge, ‘The Aesthetics and Politics of Colonial Collecting: India at World Fairs‘, in Comparative Study of Society and History, 31.2 (April 1989): 201.
 
865 Le Livre d'Or de l'Exposition Coloniale Internationale de Paris 1931 (Paris: Librairie ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931): 176. This tiny colony was the object of much attention on the part of the mother country (France) in the past. Unfortunately by the nineteenth century when France claimed her vast colonial Empire in Asia and Africa, the position of French India had been reduced to a mere mention in histories of past colonial enterprises.
 
866 Ibid: 176. ‘Cette petite colonie qui nous est si chère par tant de souvenirs devrait être l‘objet d‘une plus grande sollicitude de la part de la mère- patrie. Aujourd‘hui l‘Inde Française apparaît malheureusement trop comme le parent pauvre dans notre fastueux empire colonial.‘
 
867 André Demaison, A Paris en 1931.Exposition Coloniale Internationale "Votre Guide" (Paris: Editions Mayeux, 1931): 176.
 
868 Le Livre d'Or de l'Exposition Coloniale Internationale de Paris 1931 (Paris: Librairie ancienne Honoré Champion, 1931): 176.
 
869 Ibid.
 
870 Taya Zinkin, French Memsahib, (Dorset, United Kingdom: Thomas Harmsworth Publishing Co, 1989), 1. Zinkin was French born and educated, and later married an Englishman, Maurice Zinkin, who was part of the Indian Civil Service.
 
871 According to Beinart and Hughes, at least twenty four palaces were built to represent India at the various British impetrial exhibitions between 1886- 1939. William Beinart and Lotte Hughes, Environment and empire (Oxford, OUP, 2007):225.
 
872 See Denis Judd, Empire: The British Imperial Experience from 1765 to the Present (Basic Books, 1998)
 
873 British Empire Exhibition: The Businessman‟s Opportunity (London, Wembley: Waterlow and Sons ltd, 1925) :12
 
874 See Tapati Guha Thakurta, ‘Careers of the Copy: Travelling Replicas in Colonial and Postcolonial India‘, Firth Lecture, Annual Conference of the Association of Social Anthropologists of the UK and Commonwealth, ―Archaeological and Anthropological Imaginations" (Bristol University, April 8, 2009). Website: http://www.theasa.org/publications/firth/firth09.pdf. Accessed on 10/16/2009. Thakurta has discussed this aspect of ‘displaying India‘ in more detail.
 
875 Ibid: 20-21. Cited from Official Guide, British Empire Exhibition, Wembley, 1925 edited by G C Lawrence (London: Fleetway Press, 1925): 74-75.
 
876 Elizabeth M. Collingham, Curry: a tale of cooks and conquerors (Oxford: OUP, 2006): 153.
 
877 John Mackenzie, ‘The Popular Culture of Empire in Britain‘, The Oxford History of the British Empire edited by Judith Brown and William Louis (Oxford: OUP, 2001). 
 
878 For example, Lisa Lowe, Critical Terrains. French and British Orientalisms. (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991); and Binita Mehta, Widows, Pariahs and Bayadères. India as Spectacle (Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press and London: Associated University Presses, 2002).
 
879 For example, Kate Marsh, Fictions of 1947: Representations of Indian Decolonization in French-language texts (New York: Peter Lang, 2007); and Nicki Frith, ―Competing Colonial Discourses in India: Representing the 1857 Kanpur Massacres in French- and English-Language Texts and Images" Unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Liverpool, forthcoming 2008.
 
880 S P Sen, 'French historical writing on European activities in India', in Historians of India, Pakistan and Ceylon edited by C H Philips (London, 1961).

881 See Linda Colley, Britons: Forging the Nation, 1707-1837 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1992). Colley describes the definition of British national identity in opposition to ‘the other‘ which was France. Similarly, French national identity too was shaped by Anglo-French rivalry and hence French identity came to be defined in terms of things ‘not British‘.
 
882 Henri Brunschwig, French Colonialism 1871-1914: Myths and Realities. (London: Pall Mall Press, 1966). Revised ed.
 
883 See Thomas Power, Jules Ferry and the Renaissance of French Imperialism (New York: Octagon Books, 1966).
 
884 Although Germany and France were bitter rivals during the nineteenth century in Europe, France was the first country to actively embrace Indology as an academic discipline with established Chairs in Sanskrit and Indic studies. German Indologists were among the first foreign students of these French Indologists in the early nineteenth century and took back the ideological framework of Romantic thought in viewing India with them. Thereafter they continued to work with a strong Romantic current, which is reflected even today.
 
885 Pierre Loti, for instance, described Pondichéry as ―this tiny corner of old France, lost on the edge of the Bay of Bengal". Pierre Loti, L'Inde (sans les Anglais) (Paris: Calman-Levy, 1903): 227
 
886 Cited in Jacques Weber, Cent ans de colonies", in L'Aventure des Français en Inde. XVII – XX siècles. Edited by Rose Vincent (Kailash Editions: 1995): 203.
 
887 Joseph Minattur, Justice in Pondicherry. (New Delhi: The Indian Law Institute, 1973): 1-2.
 
888 The granting of citizenship and the so-called advancement of the Comptoirs under the French was also questionable. However these issues have only recently begun coming to light in the work of scholars such as Narayani Gupta, ‘The Citizens of French India: the issue of cultural identity in Pondicherry in the XIX century‘, in Les relations historiques et culturelles entre la France et l'Inde XVII- XX siècles. 2 volumes. (Sainte-Clotilde, 1987), Jacques Weber, ―Chanemougam, the King of French India", EPW, Feb. 9, 1991, Jacques Weber, Pondichéry les comptoirs de l'Inde après Dupleix. (Paris: Denoël, 1996), L S Vishwanath, ―Social Stratification in Colonial India", in K S Mathew (ed) French in India and Indian nationalism 1700- 1963. 2 vols. (Delhi, 1999), vol 1.
 
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 31194
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: Claiming India, by Jyoti Mohan

Postby admin » Tue Nov 03, 2020 1:35 am

Part 1 of 2

Bibliography

Bibliographic Aids:


Gaebele, Yvonne Robert. Catalogue général des livres de la Bibliothèque publique de Pondichéry. Pondichery: Imprimerie du gouvernement, 1960.

Gaudart, Edmond. Catalogue des manuscrits des anciennes archives de l'Inde française. 8 vols. Paris: Leroux; Pondichéry: Bibliothèque coloniale, 1922-1936.

Martineau, Alfred (ed). Bibiographie d‘histoire coloniale: 1900- 1930. Paris: E.Leroux, 1932.

Quatre Siècles de Colonisation Française. Paris: Bibliothèques Nationales de France, 1931.

Sources de l‘Histoire de l‘Asie et de l‘Oceanie dans les Archives et Bibliothèthques françaises. New York, London, Paris: K G Saur, 1981.

Société Française d‘histoire d‘outre-mer: 90 ans de publications. Tables bibliographiques. 1913- 2003. Paris and Saint-Denis: Publications de la Société Française d‘histoire d‘outre-mer, 2003.

Table des publications de la Société de l'histoire des colonies française (1913-1922) suive de la Table des publications de la Société de l'histoire de l'Inde française (1911-1922). Paris.

Tranchell, Henry George. Catalogue des cartes, plans et projets d'études du Dépôt des annciennes archives de Pondichéry. Paris: E. Leroux, 1930.
Journals and Newspapers:

Annales de géographie.
Annales du Musée Guimet, Paris, 1918- 1927.
Asiatick Researches, vols. 1-22.
Bulletin de l‘Ecole Française d‘Extrême Orient
Bulletin de la Société Anthropologique de Paris
Bulletin de la Société Ethnologique de Paris
Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Paris
Dépèche Coloniale
Histoire de l‘académie royale des inscriptions et belles lettres. (Paris: Imprimérie Royale)
Journal Asiatique
Journal de l‘Empire
Journal des Savants
Journal of the Asiatic Society, 1832- 1905. Vols 1- 75.
Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland.
La Politique Coloniale. 1892.
Mémoires de l‘Acadêmie des inscriptions et belles-lettres
Mémoires de la Société de l‘Anthropologie,
Mémoires de la Société de l‘ethnologie
Revue Brittannique
Revue d‘Anthropologie
Revue de l‘histoire des religions.
Revue de linguistique et de philologie comparée.
Revue des Deux Mondes
Revue d‘ethnographie
Revue historique de l‘Inde française
Revue d‘Histoire des Colonies françaises,1913- 1930
Revue d‘Histoire des Colonies, 1931- 1958
Revue française d‘histoire d‘outre-mer.

Primary Sources

E. Amann, "Malabares (Rites)" Dictionnaire de théologie catholique, edited by Vacant, A., Mangenot,. E., and Amann, E. Paris, 1927. Volume 9: 1704-1746.

Ampère, Jean-Jacques. "Histoire du Bouddhisme. Relations des Royaumes bouddhiques. Traduit du chinois et accompagnée d‘un commentaire, par Abel Rémusat", Revue des Deux- Mondes, no. 9, (June 15, 1837): 731- 751.

----------------------- et Charles Daremberg. La science et les lettres en Orient. Paris: Didier, 1832

Anquetil- Duperron, Abraham Hyacinthe. Législation orientale, ouvrage dans lequel, en montrant quells sont en Turquie, en Perse et dans l'Indoustan, les principes fondamentaux du government. Amsterdam: M M Rey, 1778.

--------------------- Oupenek‟hat. Strasbourg, 1801.

--------------------- Recherches historiques et géographiques sur l'Inde. 2 vols. Berlin: P Bourdeaux, 1786-87.

-------------------- L'Inde en rapport avec l'Europe, 2 vols. Paris: Lesguilliez frères,1798.

-------------------- Zend-Avesta, discours préliminaire, commentaires et notes J. Deloche, M. et P.-S. Filiozat. Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 1997.

Atlas colonial illustré. Paris: Larousse, 1902-03.

Atlas pittoresque des colonies françaises: recueil de vues géographiques et pittoreques de toutes les colonies françaises, accompagnées de notices géographiques et de légendes explicatives. Paris: Éditions pittoresques, 1929.

Bader, La femme dans l'Inde Antique. Paris, nd.

Bailly, Sylvain. Lettres sur l'origine des sciences et sur celle des peoples de l'Asie, adressées à M. Voltaire. Paris, 1777.

Barchou de Penhoën, Baron Auguste. L'Inde sous la domination anglaise. Paris, 1827.

------------------- Histoire de la conquête et de la fondation de l'empire anglais dans l'Inde. 6 volumes, Paris, 1840-41.

Barth, Auguste. Quarante ans d'indianisme: Ouevres, recueillés à l'occasion son quatre-vingtième anniversaire. 5 vols. Paris: E. Leroux, 1914- 27.

----------------------- Les religions de l'Inde. Paris: G. Fischbacher, 1879. Reprinted from Encyclopédie des sciences religieuses.

Barthelémy Saint-Hilaire, J. Eugene Burnouf. Ses Travaux et sa Correspondance. Paris, 1891.

----------------------- M Victor Cousin. Sa vie et sa correspendance. Paris: Hatchette and Félix Alcan, 1895. 3 vols.

---------------------- Etat actuel de l'Inde. Paris, 1885.

Bédier, Achille and Joseph-Marie-Emmanuel Cordier. Statistiques de Pondichéry, 1822-1824. Pondichéry: Institut français de Pondichéry, 1988.

Bergaigne, Abel. Les dieux souverains de la religion védique. Paris: F. Viewig, 1877.

Bernier, François. Voyage dans les États du Grand Mogol. Paris: Fayard,1670.

Bernoulli, Jean. Description historique et géographique de l'Inde. 3 vols. Berlin, 1786-89.

Voltaire's Correspondence. Edited by Theodore Besterman.Paris: Gallimard, 1964.

J. Bertrand, Mémoires historiques sur les missions des ordres religieux et spécialement sur les questions du clergé indigène et des rites malabares d'après des documents inédits. 2. ed, (Paris: P. Brunet,1862).

Billot, Fréréric. L'Inde, l'Angleterre et la France. Paris, 1857.

Bochinger, Georges. La vie contemplative, ascétique et monastique chez les Indous et chez les peoples bouddhistes. Strasbourg: F G Levrault, 1831.

Boell, Paul. L'Inde et le problem Indien. Paris, s.d.

Bosc, Ernest. Yoghisme et Fakirisme Hindous. Paris: G. A. Mann, 1913.

Bouglé, Celestin. Essai sur le régime des castes. Paris: F. Alcan, 1908

Brehat, Alfred de. Souvenirs de l'Inde Anglaise. Paris, 1876.

Colonies Françaises. Edited by Ch de Brossard. Paris: E. Flammarion, 1906.

Burnouf, Eugène. Choix de lettres d'Eugène Burnouf, 1825-1852, suivi d'une bibliographie. Edited by Laure Burnouf Delisle. Paris: H Champion, 1891.

--------------------- L'Inde française. Collection of lithographs. 2 volumes. Paris: Chabrelle, 1827-35.

----------------------- and Christian Lassen. Essai sur le pali. Paris: Dondey-Dupré père et fils,1826.

--------------------- "Seconde lettre à M. le Rédacteur du Journal Asiatique, sur quelques denominations géographiques du Drâvida ou pays des Tamouls", Nouveau Journal Asiatique, vol 2, (Oct 1828): 241-277.

---------------------- "Discours sur la langue et la littérature sanscrite, prononcé au collége de France", Journal Asiatique, Series 2, vol 11, (Jan- Jun 1833): 251- 272.

Campbell, George. "The Ethnology of India", Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 35.2 (special number on Indian Ethnology). (1866)

-------------------- "On the Races of India as Traced in Existing Tribes and Castes", Journal of the Ethnological Society of London, ns, 1.

Carré, Barthélemy. Nouvelle Relation d'un Voyage aux Indes Orientales. Paris, 1699.

Chardin, Jean. Journal du voyage du Chévalier Chardin en Perse et aux Indes orientales par la mer Noire et par la Colchide. London, 1686.

Chauvelot, Robert. L'Inde Mystérieuse, ses rajahs, ses Brahmes, ses fakirs. Paris: Librairie Chapelot, 1920.

Chevrillon, André. In India. Translated by William Marchand. London: William Heinemann, 1897.

Chézy, Antoine Léonard de. La mort d'Yadjnadatta, épisode extrait du Ramâyana. Paris: F. Didot, 1826.

---------------------- La reconnaissance de Sacountala, drame sanscrit et pracrit de Calidasa. Paris: Dondey-Dupré père et fils, 1830.

---------------------- Discours prononcé au Collège royal de France, à l'ouverture du cours de langue et de littérature sanskrite. Paris: J.-M. Eberhart, 1815.

Closets d‘Errey, Henri de. Histoire de l'Inde française, 1664- 1814. institutions religieuses et artisanales de l'Inde; son folklore. Pondichéry, 1940.

-------------------- Précis chronologique de l'histoire de l'Inde française. Pondichéry: Bibliothèque publique, Paris: Librairie E. Leroux, 1934.

----------------------- Étude sur les fetes religieuses brahmaniques et musulmanes au sud de l'Inde. Pondichéry, 1935.
--------------------- and Alfred Martineau. Resumé des actes de l'État civil de Pondichéry. Pondichéry: Bibliothèque publique and Paris: Librarie Ernest Leroux, 1917.

Colebrooke, H T. "Enumeration of Indian Classes", Asiatick Researches, vol. 5, (1788): 53- 67.

Collin de Bar, Alexis Guillaume Henri. Histoire de l'Inde ancienne et moderne ou Indoustan considéré relativement à ses antiquités. Paris: Le Normant, Imprimeur- Librairie, 1814. 2 vols.

Congrès national d'Action et de Propagande colonials sous le haut patronage de M. le Ministre de Colonies et de M. le Maréchal Lyautey: Paris, Exposition coloniale internationale (11, 12 mai 1931): Compte-rendu des séances. Paris: Editions de l'Institut colonial français, 1931.

Courtillier, Gaston. Les anciennes civilizations de l'Inde. Paris: A Colin, 1930.

Cousin, Victor. Premiers essays de philosophie. Paris: Librairie nouvelles, 1855.

--------------- Histoire générale de la philosophie depuis les temps le plus anciens jusqu'à XIXe siècle. Paris, 1884.

Crawfurd, John. "On the physical and Mental Characteristics of the European and Asiatic Races of Man", Journal of the Ethnological Society of London, 5, (1867): 58- 81.

----------------- "On the Supposed Aborigines of India as distinguished from its Civilised Inhabitants", Journal of the Ethnological Society of London, 6, (1868).

Le Dain, Alfred. L'Inde Antique. Paris: Société cooperative des letters et des arts, 1896. Darmesteter, James. Essays Orientaux. Paris: A Levy, 1883.

-------------------- Lettres sur l'Inde. Paris: A. Lemerre, 1888.

Diderot's Encyclopédie vol 8. Paris, 1765

Dubois, Jean Antoine, Abbé. A description of the character, manners and customs of the people of India. London, 1816.

----------------------- Expose de quelques des principaux articles de la théogonie des brahmes. Paris, 1825.

Dubois de Jancigny, A. Philibert. Inde. Paris, 1845

Dufrenoy, L. "Étude statistique des tendencies en littérature", Journal de la Société statistique de Paris, (Nov- Dec 1945): 260-270.

Du Jarric, Fr. Akbar and the Jesuits: An Account of the Jesuit Missions to the Court of Akbar. Oxon: Routledge Curzon, 2005 reprint.

Duruy, Victor. Histoire de France. 2 volumes. Paris, 1866.

---------------- Histoire de l'Orient. Paris, 1890.

----------------- Histoire des Temps Modernes depuir 1453 jusqu‟a 1789. Paris: Librairie Hatchette, 1870. 5th edition.

Eichoff, F G. Parallèls des langues de l'Europe et de l'Inde. Paris, 1836.

Elliot, The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period. Edited by John Dowson. London: Trubner Company, 1867–1877.

Esquer. A. Essai sur les castes dans l'Inde. Pondicherry, 1871.

Farrère, Claude. L'Inde perdue. Paris: E. Flammarion, 1935.

--------------- Forces spirituelles de l'Orient. Paris, 1937.

De La Flotte. Esais historiques sur l'Inde (precedes d'un journal de voyages et d'une description géographique de la côte de Coromandel. Paris: Hérissant, 1769. 8 vols.

Fontaine, Maurices. Inde Védique. De 1800 à 800 avant J C. Paris, 1881.

Forgues. La Révolte des Cipayes. Paris, 1860.

Foucaux, Philippe Edouard. Doctrine des bouddhistes sur le nirvana. Paris: Benjamin Duprat, 1864.

Foucher, Alfred. L'art Greco-bouddhique du Gandhara: Etude sur les origins de l'influence classique dans l'art bouddhique de l'Inde et de l'Extrême- Orient. 2 vols. Paris: E Leroux, 1905-22.

--------------- La vie du Bouddha, d'après les textes et les monuments de l'Inde. Paris: Payot, 1949.

Gaebelé, Yvonne, Mme Robert. Histoire de Pondichéry, de l'an 1000 à nos jours. Pondichéry: Imprimérie du gouvernement, 1960.

----------------- Créole et grande dame, Johanna Bégum, marquise Dupleix, 1706-1756. Pondichéry: Bibliothèque coloniale; Paris: E. Leroux, 1934.

----------------- Une Parisienne aux Indes au XVII siècle. Pondichéry: Bibliothèque coloniale, Paris: Éditions Leroux, 1937.


Garcin de Tassy. Histoire de la littérature Hindoui et hindoustani. Paris: Printed under the auspices of the Oriental Translation Committee of Great Britain and Ireland, 1839-1847. 2 vols.

---------------- Mémoire sur les particularités de la religion musulmane dans l'Inde d'après les ouvrages hindoustanis. Paris: A. Labitte, 1869 2. éd.

Gnanadicom, F. L'Inde Française- sa régéneration. Toulon, 1894.

Gobineau, Comte de. Essai sur l'inégalité des races humaines. Paris: Librairie Firmin-Didot, second edition, 1884.

Gopaljee, Samboo. Les comptoirs français dans l'Inde nouvelle de la Compagnie des Indes à nos jours. Paris, 1950.

Grousset, René. Les civilizations de l'Orient. Paris: les editions G Cres, 1929. Translated as Civilizations of the East by Catherine Alison Phillips. 4 vols. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1931.

----------------- Histoire de la philosophie orientale: Inde, Chine, Japon. Paris: Nouvelle librairie nationale, 1923.

---------------- L'Inde. Paris: Plon, 1949.

Guenon, René. Introduction générale à l'étude des doctrines hindoues. Paris: M Rivière, 1921.

Guimet, Emile. Huit Jours aux Indes. Paris, 1876.

Guy, Camille. Notices coloniales. Exposition universelle de Paris. Paris, 1900.

--------------------- Les colonies françaises: la mise en valeur de notre domaine coloniale. Volume III of Les Colonies françaises, Exposition Universelle de 1900, Publications de la Commission chargée de préparer la participation de la Ministère des Colonies. Paris: Augustin Challamel, 1900.

------------------------ Exposition Universelle de 1900, Les colonies françaises: Les établissements français de l'Inde. Paris: Levé, 1900.

----------------------- "French Colonial Expansion in the Nineteenth Century", The International Monthly (July-December 1901) Vol IV.

De Guignes, Joseph. Recherches historiques sur la religion indienne. 1776.

Havell, Ernest Binfield. The History of Aryan Rule in India, from the Earliest Times to the Death of Akbar. Np: Frederick A. Stokes, 1918.

Herman, Louis. Histoire de la rivalitité des Français et des Anglais dans l'Inde. Paris, 1852.

Hovelacque, Abel and Julien Vinson. Études de linguistiqe et d'ethnographie. Paris, Reinwald and Co, 1878.

Hough, Rev. James. A Reply to the Letters of the Abbé Dubois on the State of Christianity in India. London, 1824.

Huillet, Dr. N. Hygiène des blancs, des mixtes, et des Indiens à Pondichéry. Pondichéry: Géruzet, 1867.

Inauguration du monument éléve à la Mémoire d'Abel Bergaigne. Discours prononcés a Vimy. Souvenir du 9 oct 1898.

Jacolliot, Louis. La femme dans l'Inde: La femme aux temps védiques, aux temps brahmaniques, et dans l'Inde de la décadence. Paris: Lacroix, 1877.

--------------- La Bible dans l'Inde. Vie de Iezeus Christna. Paris: Lacroix, Ver-Boeckhoven & Cie., 1869.

---------------- Les traditions indo-européennes et africaines. Paris: A. Lacroix, 1876.

----------------- Le pariah dans l'humanité. Paris: A. Lacroix et Cie, 1876

----------------- Rois, prêtres et castes. Paris: Lacroix et Cie, 1877

Jacquemont, Victor. Correspondance de Victor Jacquemont avec sa famille et plusieurs de ses amis, pendant son voyage dans l'Inde (1828- 1832). Paris: H Fournier, 1833. Translated as Letters from India: Describing a Journey in the British Dominions of India, Tibet, Lahore and Cashmere. London: E Churton, 1834.

Jordanus. Mirabilia Descripta. The Wonders of the East. Translated by Col. Sir Henry Yule. Hakluyt Society Publication no. 31, first series, 1863. Also published as Receuil des Voyages et de Mémoires publié par la Société de Géographie, vol. 4

Jouveaux- Dubreuil. "Indes françaises", Revue des Deux- Mondes, no. 4, (1937).

---------------------- Vedic Antiquities. Pondichéry, 1922.

Julien, Stanislas. Histoire de la vie de Hiouen-Thsang et de ses voyages dans l'Inde, depuis l'an 629 jusqu'en 645. Paris: Imprimérie impériale, 1853.

Kermorgant, Alexandre. Hygiène coloniale. Paris: Masson, 1911.

Labaume, A. Recherches Asiatiques. Mémoires de la sociéte établis au Bengale. Paris, 1805. (transl of Asiatick Researches).

Labernadie, Marguerite. Le vieux Pondichéry, 1674-1815. histoire d'un ville coloniale française. Pondichéry, 1936.

Lacroix de Marlès, M de. , Histoire générale de l'Inde ancienne et moderne (depuis l'an 200 avant J.C jusqu‟a nos jours). 6 volumes. Paris: Emler Frères, Libraires- Éditeurs, 1828.

Lacroze, V. Histoire du christianisme des Indes. La Haye, 1758.

Lamairesse, E. L'Inde avant le Bouddha. Paris: Georges Carré, 1891

---------------- L'Inde apres le Bouddha. Paris: Georges Carré, 1892

La Mazelière. Mis de. Essai sur l'évolution de la Civilisation Indienne. Paris, 1903. 2 vols.

Lanessan, J.M.A de. L'expansion coloniale de la France. Paris, 1886.

Langlès, Louis Mathieu. Recherches asiatiques, ou Mémoires de la Société. Paris: Impremerie imperiale, 1805.

-------------------- Monuments anciens et modernes de l'Indoustan. Paris, 1821.

Langlois, Alexandre. Monuments littéraires de l'Inde ou Mélanges de littérature sanscrit. Paris: Lefevre, 1827.

Lanoye, F. de. L'Inde contemporaine. Paris, 1858.

Laude, F N. De la femme dans la société Indoue. 1805.

Laude, Procureur Général. De la souveraineté chez les peuples Indous dans l'Antiquité. Pondichéry, 1870.

Launay, Adrien. Histoire des Missions de l'Inde. Paris, 1898.

La Vallée- Poussin, Louis de. Indo- Européens et Indo- Iraniens: L'Inde jusque vers 300 ans avant Jésus- Christ. Part of Histoire du monde, edited by M E Cavaignac. 3 vols. Paris: E de Boccard, 1924.

Le Bon, Gustave. Les civilisations de l'Inde. Paris: Ernest Flammarion, 1900

--------------------- Les lois psychologiques de l'évolution des peuples. Paris, 1894.

Leconte, Casimir. Des colonies françaises aux Indes orientales. Lettre adressée à la Chambre des députés. Paris, 1834.

Legoux de Flaix. Essai historique, géographique et politique sur l'Indoustan. Paris, 1807.

L'empire français et ses resources: conférences d'information organisées en février-mars, 1942. Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1942.

Leroux, Pierre. "De l‘influence philosophique des etudes orientales", Revue Encyclopédique, (April 1832): 69-82.

Lescure, N. Précis historique sur les établissements français dans l'Inde. Pondichéry, 1864.

Lettres édificantes et curieuses écrits des missions étrangères. 8 vols. Paris, 1703-08.

Lettres Inédites d'Henri IV et de pleusiers personages célèbres. Paris: Henri Tardieu, An X (1802)

Lévi, Sylvain. L'Inde et le monde. Paris: H Champion, 1928.

----------------- L'Indianisme. Paris: Larousse, 1915.

----------------- La Science des religions et les religions de l'Inde. Paris,1892.

----------------- L'Inde Civilisatrice. Paris, 3rd edition,1928

------------------ "La formation religieuse de l'Inde contemporaine", Conferences faites au Musée Guimet. Paris, 1907.

Lhande, Père. L'Inde sacrée: grandeur et pitié d'un monde. Paris: Plon, 1934.

Loti, Pierre. L'Inde (sans les Anglais). Paris: Calman-Levy, 1903.

Lyall, Alfred. The rise and expansion of the British dominion in India. New York: H. Fertig, 1910.

Maël, Pierre. The Land of Tawny Beasts. Translated by Elizabeth Luther Cary. New York: Frederick Stokes Co., 1895.

Malet, Albert and Jules Isaac. Cours abrégé d'histoire Second edition. Paris: Librairie Hatchette, 1922.

------------- L'Orient et la Grèce. Paris: Hatchette, 1932.

------------- XVII & XVIII siècles. Paris: Librairie Hatchette, nd.

------------- XIX siècle. Histoire contemporaine, 1815-1920. Paris: Librairie Hatchette, nd.

------------- Histoire contemporaine, depuis le milieu du XIX siècle. 2nd ed. Paris: Colin, 1918. Also a later edition by Librairie Hatchette, 1930.

------------- L'Epoque contemporaine. Paris: Hatchette, 1907.

Malleson, G B. History of the French in India from the founding of Pondicherry in 1674 to the capture of that place in 1761. London, 1868.

-------------- Final French struggles in India and on the Indian seas. London, 1878.

Martineau, Alfred. Discours prononcé par M. Martineau à l'inauguration du cours d'histoire coloniale au Collège de France, le 4 mai 1921. Abbeville: Imprimérie de F. Paillart, 1921

------------- L'histoire et les études historiques dans le sud de l'Inde. Pondichéry: Société de l'Histoire de l'Inde française, 1917.

----------- et Hanoteaux, G. Histoire des colonies françaises et de l'expansion française dans le monde. Vol 5. Paris, 1932.

Masson- Oursel, Paul. La spécificité de la psychologie Indienne. Melun, 1928.

--------------- "Bibliographie sommaire de l‘indianisme", Isis, no.3(1920): 171- 218.

---------------- Esquisse d'une histoire de la philosophie indienne. Paris: P Geuthner, 1923.

-------------- La philosophie en Orient. Paris: F Alcan, 1938.

------------- Helena Grabowska and Philippe Stern. L'Inde antique et la civilisation indienne. Paris: La Renaissance du Livre, 1933.

Métin, Albert. L'Inde d' aujourd'hui. Paris, 1918.

Mélanges d'histoire et de géographie orientales. 4 vols. Paris: J Maisonneuve et fils, 1914-23.

Michaud, P R I. Histoire des progrès et de la chute de l'empire de Mysore sous les règnes d'Hyder-Ali et Tippoo-Saïb. 2 volumes. Paris, 1801.

Michelet, Jules. Bible de l'Humanité. Paris, 1864.

Mill, James. The History of British India. Six vols. London, 1818.

Mohl, Jules. Vingt-sept ans d'histoire des etudes orientales: Rapport faits à la Société Asiatique de Paris de 1840 à 1867. 2 vols. Paris: Reinwald, 1879-80. 2 vols.

Montesquieu, Charles. De l'esprit des lois. Paris: Garnier frères 1922 new ed. 2 vols.

-------------- Persian Letters. 1721.

Muir, John. Original Sanskrit texts on the origin and history of the people of India: their religion and institutions. 5 vols. London: Trübner & Co., 1873-1890, 3rd ed.

Max Müller, Friedrich. India: what can it Teach Us? A Course of Lectures Delivered Before the University of Cambridge. Cambridge: Longmans Green, 1883: Lecture I.

---------------- "On False Analogies in Comparative Theology (1870)" The Essential Max Müller: on language, mythology, and religion. Edited by Jon R. Stone. Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.

M. Naudet, "Notice historique sur MM. Burnouf, Père et fils", Mémoires de l'Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres 20. Paris, 1854.

Nawrath, Alfred. Eternal India: the land, the people, the masterpieces of architecture and sculpture of India, Pakistan, Burma and Ceylon. New York: Crown Publishers, 1956.

Nilsson, Sten Ake. European architecture in India, 1750-1850. London: Faber and Faber, 1968 ed.

Notes on Pondicherry or The French in India. By an Officer of the Madras Artillery. Calcutta: W.Thacker and Co., 1845.

Oltramare, Paul Jean. L'histoire des idées théosophiques dans l'Inde. 2 vols. Paris: E Leroux, 1906- 23.

Pascal, Blaise. Pensées, no. 817 and 818. Translated by W F Trotter. (1660).

Pellenc, Baron Jean. Diamonds and Dust. India through French eyes. London, 1936.

Pernot, Maurice. L'inquietitude de l'Orient sur la route de l'Inde. np, 1927.

Phear, Sir John. The Aryan Village in India and Ceylon. London, 1880.

Piriou, Ernest. L'Inde contemporaine et le Mouvement nationale. Paris, 1905.

Pope, G U. Textbook of Indian History. London, 1880.

Poulain, Claude. Notes sur l'Inde française. Chalon-sur-Saône: Imprimérie de L. Marceau, 1894

Rajkumar, Nagoji. The problem of French India. New Delhi: All-India Congress Committee 1951.

Ranga Pillai, Ananda. Journal. 12 volumes. Trans from Tamil to English. Madras, 1874.

Rapport Général de Exposition Coloniale Internationale de 1931, présenté par Gouverner Général Olivier. Paris: Impremerie Nationale, 1933.

Raymond, Xavier. Inde. Paris, 1845.

Raynal, Abbe. Histoire philosophique et politique des établissemens et du commerce des Européens dans les deux Indes. Geneve: Chez J.L. Pellet, 1780.

Regnaud, Paul. Matériaux pour server à l'histoire de la philosophie de l'Inde. Paris: F. Vieweg, 1876-78. 2 vols.

-------------- Le Rig-véda et les origines de la mythologie indo-europé-enne. Paris: E. Leroux, 1892.

-------------- Les premières formes de la religion et de la tradition dans l'Inde et la Grèce. Paris: E. Leroux, 1894.

--------------- Études védiques et post-védiques. Paris: E. Leroux, 1898.

Reinaud, Joseph. "Mémoire géographique, historique et scientifique sur l‘Inde antérieurement au milieu du XI siècle, d‘après les écrivains arabes, persans, et chinois. 1845-49", Mémoires de l'Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres. Paris: Imprimerie nationale, vol 18. 2 (1849)

------------------- Question scientifique et personnelle soulevée au sein de l'Institut au sujet des dernières découvertes sur la géographie et l'histoire de l'Inde. Paris: Imprimérie de Cosse et J. Dumaine, 1859.

Renou, Louis. Anthologie sanskrite: Textes de l'Inde ancienne. Paris: Payot, 1947.

--------------- Littérature sanskrite avec en appendice une table de concordance du Rigveda. Paris: Maisonneuve, 1946.

------------------ Les maîtres de la philology védique. Paris: P Geuthner, 1928.

------------------- The influence of Indian thought on French literature. Madras: Adyar library, 1948.

Reynaud, Gustave A. Hygiène coloniale. Paris: Baillière, 1903. 2 vols.

Rousseau, Jean- Jacques. The Social Contract. 1762.

------------ Confessions, Vol 2. New York: Blanchard, 1857.

Rousselet, Louis. L'Inde des rajahs: Voyage dans l'Inde centrale et dans les présidences de Bombay et du Bengale. Paris: Hatchette, 1875. (First published as a series of articles in Le Tour du Monde, vols 22- 1871, 23- 1872, 24- 1872, 25- 1873, 26- 1873 and 27- 1874).

------------------ Tableau des races de l'Inde septentrionale. Paris: E. Leroux, 1875.

-------------------- The Serpent Charmer. New York: Scribner and Sons, 1889.

Silvestre de Sacy, Antoine Isaac. Mélanges de littérature orientale. Paris: E Docrocq, 1861.

----------- Mémoires d'histoire et de littérature orientale. Paris: Academie des Inscriptions et Belles- Lettres, 1823-32.

-------------- Notice sur la vie et les ouvrages de m. de Chézy, lue à la séance publique de l'Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, du 14 aout 1835. Paris: Imprimérie de C. Eberhart, 1835.

De Saussure, Leopold. La psychologie de la colonisation française dans ses rapports avec les sociéties indigènes. Paris, 1899.

Schoebel, Charles. Inde française. L'histoire des origines et du developpement des castes de l'Inde. Paris, 1884.

Sénart, Émile. "Origines Bouddhiques", Conferences faites au Musée Guimet. Paris, 1907.

---------------- "Le théâtre indien", Revue des Deux Mondes. (1 Mai, 1891): 84-123.

---------------- "Les castes dans l'Inde", Revue des Deux Mondes, (1 Mai, 1894).

----------------- "Rajas et la théorie indienne des trois gunas", Journal Asiatiques. (July-Aug 1915): 151- 188.

---------------- "Essai sur la légende du Buddha, son caractère et ses origins", Journal Asiatiques, (Aug- Sept 1873: 113- 302, Jan-Jun 1874: 249- 256, Jul-Dec 1874: Jul- Dec 1875: 97- 234.

---------------- "Les castes dans l'Inde: Le Présent", Revue des Deux Mondes, (1st Feb 1894): 596- 636.

--------------- "Les Castes dans l‘Inde: Les Origines‘, Revue des Deux Mondes, (15 Sept. 1894): 313- 347.

----------------- "Les Castes dans l‘Inde: Le Passé", Revue des Deux Mondes, (1st Mar, 1894): 94- 120.

Sivaswamy, Kodaganallur. The political struggle in French establishments in India. Madras, 1947.

Subbaiah, V. Saga of freedom of French India: testament of my life. Madras: New Century Book House, 1990.

Topinard, Paul. Science and Faith. Translated by Thomas McCormack. Chicago: Open Court, 1899.

-------------- L'Anthropologie. Paris, 1876.

Travels of the Jesuits into Various Parts of the World, particularly China and the East Indies. Translated by Lockman, John. 2 vols. London, 2nd edition, 1762.

De Valbezen, Eugen. Les Anglais et l'Inde. Paris, 1875.

Vinson, Julien. L'Inde Française et les études indiennes de 1882 à 1884. Paris: Maisonneuve frères et Ch. Leclerc, 1885.

----------- "Les populations de l‘Inde française", Les Colonies françaises. Paris, sd. Vol 2.

----------- L'Inde et le mahométisme. Np, 1906.

----------- Ethnographie dravidienne. Les castes du sud de l'Inde. Paris, 1864-1869.

----------- and Abel Hovelacque. Études de linguistiqe et d'ethnographie. Paris: Reinwald and Co, 1878.

Viollis, Andrée. L'Inde Contre les Anglais. Paris, sd.

Vivien de Saint-Martin. "Compte rendu de l'Essai sur les castes de l'Inde par M. Esquer, président du tribunal de Pondichéry", Bulletin de la Société de géographie, (Nov 1872): 534-542.

Voltaire, Oeuvres Completes de Voltaire: Annales de l'Empire: Fragments sur quelques révolutions dans l'Inde and sur le mort du Comte de Lalli, vol. 24. Paris: Imprimérie de la Société Littéraire,1785-89.

Voltaire, Mélanges. Paris, 1961.

Warren, Comte Edouard de. L'Inde anglaise avant et après l'insurrention de 1857. Paris, vol. I 1857, vol II 1858.
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 31194
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: Claiming India, by Jyoti Mohan

Postby admin » Tue Nov 03, 2020 1:37 am

Part 2 of 2

Secondary Sources

Ageron, Charles-Robert. L'anticolonialisme en France de 1871 à 1914. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1973.

Forms of Dominance: On the architecture and urbanism of the colonial enterprise. Edited by Alsayyad, Nezar. Brookfield: Aldershot, 1992.

Distant lands and Diverse Cultures: the French Experience in Asia 1600- 1700. Edited by Ames, Glenn J and Ronald Love. Westport Ct and London: Praeger, 2003.

Amin, Shahid. Event, Metaphor, Memory: Chauri Chaura, 1922- 1992. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities. London and New York: Verso, 1991.

Anderson, Richard. India in romantic and Parnassian French poetry. New Haven, 1950.

Annasse, Arthur. Les comptoirs français de l'Inde: 1664-1954, trois siècles de présence française. Paris: la Pensée universelle, 1975.

S.M.Razaullah Ansari, "Introduction of Modern Western Astronomy in India during 18-19 Centuries", History of Indian Astronomy, edited by Sen, S.N. and K.S. Shukla. New Delhi: INSA, 1985.

Appadurai, Arjun. "Right and left hand castes in South India", Indian Economic and Social History Review 11 (2-3): 216-260.

Aronson, Alex. Europe Looks at India. Bombay: Hind kitabs, 1946.

Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths and Helen Tiffin. The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures. London: Routledge, 1989.

Assayag, Jackie. "L'Inde dans le théâtre des Lumières une tragédie théologico-politique inédite de Jean-François de la Harpe: Les Brames (1783)", Purusartha (1998), vol 20: 301- 325.

--------------- L'Inde fabuleuse: le charme discret de l'exotisme français: XVII-XXe siècles. Paris: Kimé, 1999.

August, Thomas. The Selling of the Empire: British and French Imperialist Propaganda 1890-1940. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press 1985.

--------------------- "The Colonial Exhibition in France: Education or Reinforcement?", Proceedings of the Sixth and Seventh Annual Meetings of the French Colonial Historical Society. 1980/ 82.

Bailey, F G. Caste and the Economic Frontier. Manchester: Manchester University Press 1957.

Balibar, Etienne and Immannuel Wallerstein, Race, Nation, Classe: Les identités ambigués. London and New York: Verso, 1991.

Ballantyne, Tony. Orientalism and Race. Aryanism in the British Empire. New York: Palgrave, 2002.

Ballhatchet, Kenneth. Race, sex and class under the Raj. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1980.

Bamboat, Zenobia. Voyageurs français dans l'Inde aux XVII et XVIII siècles. Introduction by A. Martineau. Paris: Société de l‘histoire des colonies françaises, 1933.

Images et Colonies: iconographie et propagande coloniale sur l'Afrique française de 1880 à 1962. Edited by Bancel, Nicholas. Pascal Blanchard et Laurent Gervereau. Nanterre: Bibliothèque de documentation internationale contemporaine and Paris: Association Connaissance de l'histoire de l'Afrique contemporaine, 1993.

Census in India. Edited by Barrier, Gerald. New Delhi: Manohar, 1981.

Colonialism and the Object: Empire, Material Culture and the Museum. Edited by Barringer, Tim and Tom Flynn. London and NY: Routledge, 1998.

Barrow, Ian. Making History, Drawing Territory. British mapping in India, c.1756- 1905. New Delhi: OUP, 2003.

Bartlett, Robert. "On the Politics of Faith and Reason: The Project of Enlightenment in Pierre Bayle and Montesquieu", The Journal of Politics, 63.1 (Feb. 2001): 1-28.

Barua, Pradeep. "Inventing race. The British and India's martial races", The Historian 58.1, (1995): 107- 116.

Basquel, Victor. Castes. L'Inde tragique. Paris: Éditions Jean Cres, 1935.

Baumgart, Winfried. Imperialism. The idea and reality of British and French colonial expansion, 1880- 1914. Oxford, OUP, 1982.

Bayly, C A. Imperial Meridian: The British Empire and the World, 1780-1831. London and NY: Longman, 1989.

----------------- Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire. Cambridge: CUP, 1988.

Bayly, Susan. Caste, society and politics in India from the 18th century to the modern age. Cambridge: CUP, 1999.

Bearce, George D. British Attitudes Towards India, 1784- 1858. Oxford: OUP, 1961.

Beck, Brenda. Peasant society in Kongu. A study of right and left subcastes in south India. Vancouver, 1972.

Behdad, Ali. Belated Travelers: Orientalism in the Age of Colonial Dissolution. Durham: Duke University Press, 1994.

Benedict, Burton. "International Exhibitions and National Identity", Anthropology Today, vol 7.3. June 1991: 5- 9.

Beteille, Andre. Caste, class and power. Changing patterns of social stratification in a Tanjore village. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1965.

---------------------- "The reproduction of inequality. Occupation, caste and family", Contributions to Indian Sociology 25.1, (1991): 3- 28.

Betts, Raymond. Tricouleur: The French Overseas Empire. London and NY: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1978.

--------------------- France and Decolonization 1900-1960. New York: St. Martin‘s Press 1991.

------------------------- Assimilation and association in French colonial theory, 1890-1914. New York: Columbia University Press, 1961.

Bhabha, Homi K. The Location of Culture. London and New York: Routledge, 1994.

--------------------- Nation and Narration. Edited. London and New York: Routledge, 1990.

Bhatt, Chetan. Hindu nationalism: origins, ideologies and modern myths. Oxford: Berg Publishers, 2001.

Biardeau, Madeline. Hinduism. The anthropology of a civilization. Delhi and New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Biès, Jean. Littérature française et pensée hindoue des origines à 1950. Paris: C. Klincksieck, 1974.

Bigot, A. "The advantages of anthropological researches at Pondicherry", Man in India, vol. 28.24, (1948).

Bissoondoyal, B. India in French Literature. London: Buzac,1967.

Culture post-coloniale 1961- 2006. Edited by Blanchard, Pascal and Nicholas Bancel. Paris: Éditions Autrement, 2005.

Western Views of Islam in Medieval and Early Modern Europe: Perception of Other. Edited by Blanks, David R. and Frassetto, Michael. New York: St. Martin‘s Press, 1999.

Blavatsky, Madame. Isis Unveiled. 1877.

Blet, Henri. La Colonisation Française: Les étapes d'une renaissance coloniale, 1789-1870. Grenoble: B. Arthaud, 1946-50.

Blom, Philip Enlightening the World: Encyclopédie, The Book That Changed the Course of History. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.

Bolt, Christine. Victorian Attitudes to Race. London: Routledge and K. Paul, 1971.

Booker, M Keith. Colonial Power, Colonial Texts: India in the modern British Novel. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1997.

Bouger, Louis. François Bernier, sa vie, ses voyages, sa classification des races. Paris: L. Arnette, 1937.

Boulle, Pierre "La Construction du Concept de Race dans la France d‘Ancien Régime", Outre-Mers: Revue d'Histoire (France) 89.2. (2002): 155- 175

Boyé, Jérôme. Pondichéry, Chandernagore, Karikal, Mahé, Yanaon: les anciens comptoirs français de l'Inde. Np: Editions C & D, 1992.

Brantlinger, Patrick. Rule of Darkness: British Literature and Imperialism 1830-1914. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP,1988.

Breckenridge, Carol "The Aesthetics and Politics of Colonial Collecting: India at World Fairs", Comparative Study of Society and History, 31.2 (April 1989): 195- 216.

Postcolonialism and the Orientalist Predicament: perspectives on South Asia. Edited by Breckenridge, Carol and Van der Veer, Peter Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993.

Brimnes, Niels. Constructing the Colonial Encounter. Right and Left Hand Castes in Early Colonial South India. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1999.

Bristow, Joseph. Empire Boys: Adventures in a Man's World. London and New York: Unwin Hyman, 1991

Brunschwig, Henri. French Colonialism 1871-1914: Myths and Realities. London: Pall Mall Press, 1966. Revised ed.

Burton, Antoinette. Burdens of History: British Feminists, Indian Women, and Imperial Culture, 1865-1915. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.

Butel, Paul "French Traders and India at the End of the Eighteenth century", Merchants, Companies and Trade. Europe and Asia in the early Modern Era, edited by Chaudhury, Sushil and Morineau, Michel. Cambridge England: CUP, 1999.

Camiscioli, Eliza "Producing Citizens, Reproducing the ‘French Race‘: Immigration, Demography and Pronatalism in Early Twentieth-Century France", Gender and History, 13.3. (Nov. 2001): 593- 621

Carr, Philip. The French at home in the country and in town. London: Methuen & co., ltd., 1930.

Castle, Kathryn. Britannia's Children. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1996.

Celestine, Fr Peter. Early capuchin Missions in India: Pondicherry, Surat, madras. 1632- 1834. Sahibabad, 1982.

Çelik, Zeynep. Urban Forms and Colonial Confrontations: Algiers Under French Rule. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, 1997.

French Colonial Empire and the Popular Front: Hope and Disillusion. Edited by Chafer, Tony and Sackur, Amanda. New York: St. Martin‘s Press, 1999.

----------------------------- Promoting the Colonial Idea. Propaganda and Visions of Empire in France. New York: Palgrave, 2002.

Chakrabarty, Dipesh. Provincialising Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Chakravarty, Suhash. The Raj Syndrome: A Study in Imperial Perceptions. Delhi: Chanakya Publications, 1989.

Race in France: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Politics of Difference. Edited by Herrick Chapman and Laura L. Frader. New York: Berghahn, 2004.

Chatterjee, Amal. Representations of India, 1740-1840: The Creation of India in the Colonial Imagination. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998.

Chatterjee, Partha. The Nation and its fragments. Colonial and postcolonial histories. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993.

----------------------- Nationalist thought and the colonial world. A derivative discourse? London, U.K.: Zed Books for the United Nations University, 1986.

Merchants, Companies and Trade. Europe and Asia in the Early Modern Era. Edited by Chaudhury, Sushil and Michel Morineau. Cambridge and NY: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Chester, Lucy. "The Mapping of Empire: French and British Cartographies of India in the Late Eighteenth Century," Portuguese Studies 16 (October 2000): 256- 265.

Chézaud, Patrick. Louis Rousselet et l'image de la culture de l'autre. Saint Pierre de Salerne, G. Monfort, 2005.

Chopra, Preeti. French colonial urbanism: a case study of Pondicherry. M.A Thesis. University of California, Berkeley, May 1993.

Domesticating the Empire: Race, Gender and Family Life in French and Dutch Colonialism. Edited by Clancy-Smith, Julia and Gouda, Frances. Charlottesville and London: University Press of Virginia, 1998.

Clines, David "In Search of the Indian Job", Vetus Testamentum, Vol. 33. 4 (Oct., 1983): 398- 418.

Clooney, Francis. Fr. Bouchet's India: An 18th Century Jesuits Encounter with Hinduism. Chennai: Satyam Nilyam Publications, 2005.

Cohn, Bernard. An Anthropologist and other Essays. Delhi, New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

-------------------- Colonialism and its forms of knowledge. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.

Colley, Linda. Britons: Forging the Nation, 1707-1837. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1992.

Comaroff, John L. and Jean. Of Revelation and Revolution 2 vols. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Conklin, Alice L. A Mission to Civilize: The Republican Idea of Empire in France and West Africa, 1895-1930. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1997.

Conlon, Frank. Caste in a changing world. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977.

Tensions of Empire: Colonial Cultures in a Bourgeois World. Edited by Cooper, Frederick and Stoler, Laura Ann. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, 1997.

Creer, Lelaud. Napoleonic interests in India, 1797- 1807. Washington DC, 1929.

Cronin, Richard. Imagining India. London; Macmillan Press Limited, 1989.

Daniel, Valentine. Fluid Signs. Being a person the Tamil way. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.

Das, Sudipta. Myths and Realities of French Imperialism in India, 1763-1783. New York: P. Lang, 1992.

Das, Veena. Structure and Cognition. Delhi: OUP, 1977.

Defrance, Jacques "Les Gymnastiques et l‘Idéologie Eugeniste en France pendant la Prémière Moitié du 20eme siècle", Stadion, 26.2. (2000): 155- 177.

Delavignette, Robert Louis. Christianity and colonialism. New York: Hawthorn Books, 1964.

Delaye, Karine. "L‘Affaire Myngoon Min ou les tribulations d‘un prince birman entre rivalités imperialists et entente cordiale (1884- 1921)" Les Relations entre la France et l'Inde de 1673 à nos jours. Edited by Jacques Weber. Paris: Les indes savantes, 2002)

Deleury, Guy. Les Indes florissantes: Anthologie des voyageurs français en Inde (1750-1820). Paris: R. Laffont, 1991.

Deliège, Robert. The Untouchables of India. New York and Oxford: OUP, 1999.

------------------- "Replication and consensus", Man ns 27, (1992): 155- 173.

Diagou, Jaganou. Résumé d'histoire de l'Inde française, 1742-1814. Pondichéry: J. Diagou, 1990.

Dirks, Nicholas. The Hollow Crown. The ethnohistory of a small kingdom. Cambridge: CUP, 1987.

Colonialism and Culture. Edited by Dirks, Nicholas. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1992.

--------------------------- Castes of Mind. Princeton: PUP, 2001.

Divien, Emmanuel. The Development of Tamil Society in Pondicherry, 1706- 1898. PhD Thesis, University of Madras, 1975.

Duchet, Michèle. Diderot et l'Histoire des deux Indes: ou, L'écriture fragmentaire. Paris: A.G. Nizet, 1978.

Dumézil, Georges. Les dieux des Indo-Européens. Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1952.

Dumont, Louis. Homo hierarchicus: the caste system and its implications. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1970.

Eastern Encounters: Orientalist Painters of the Nineteenth Century. London: The Fine Art Society, 1978.

Edney, Matthew H. Mapping an Empire. The geographical construction of British India, 1765- 1843. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.

Edwardes, Michael. British India 1772- 1947. New York: Taplinger Pub. Co., 1967.

Edwards, Elizabeth. Anthropology and Photography, 1860-1920. New Hampshire: YUP, 1994.

Edwards, Penny. "Taj Angkor: Enshrining l‘Inde in le Cambodge" Paper presented at ‘Indochina‘, India and France: Cultural Representations, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle, England, September 5-7 2003.

Elias, Norbert. The Civilising Process. Oxford, 1978- 1982. vol 1
Contesting colonial hegemony. State and society in India and Africa. Edited by Engels, Dagmar and Shula Marks. London: British Academic Press, 1994.

Ezra, Elizabeth, The Colonial Unconscious: Race and Culture in Interwar France. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2000.

-------------------- "The Colonial Look: Exhibiting Empire in the 1930‘s", Contemporary French Civilization 19.1. 1995.

Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin, White Masks. Translated by Charles Lam Markmann. New York: Grove Press, 1967.

Figuiera, Dorothy. Translating the Orient: the reception of Sakuntala in nineteenth-century Europe. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1991.

-------------------- Aryans, Jews, Brahmins: theorizing authority through myths of identity. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002.

Filliozat, Jean. "La Naissance et l‘essor de l‘indianisme", Bulletin de la Société des études indochinoises de Saigon. 29.4, (1954): 1- 32.

---------------- "Une grammaire sanskrit du XVII siècle et les debuts du l‘indianisme en France", Bulletin de la Société des Études Indochinoises, 29.4, (1954): 275- 284.

----------------- "Les échanges de l‘Inde et l‘empire romaine", Revue historique, no. 201, (1949).

------------------- "La france et l‘Inde dans la creation de l‘Indianisme" France-Orient, (January 1947).

Fletcher, Yaël Simpson. "City, Nation and Empire in Marseilles, 1919-1939," PhD Diss. Thesis, Emory University, 1999.

Foucault, Michael. Discipline and Punish: the Birth of the Prison. New York: Vintage, 1995.

Frith, Nicki. "Competing Colonial Discourses in India: Representing the 1857 Kanpur Massacres in French- and English-Language Texts and Images" Unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Liverpool, forthcoming 2008.

----------------- ‘Natural and Necessary Enemies‘: French-Language Representations of the Indian ‘Mutinies‘ and Britain‘s Colonial ‘Failure‘", Paper presented at 1st AHRC Study Day: French Subaltern Colonizers and the Grand Narrative of British India. University of Liverpool, Sept 10, 2007

Gibbs, Kathryn. ‘The Exposition Coloniale of 1900: Representing and Forgetting l‘Inde française‘. Paper presented at 1st AHRC Study Day: French Subaltern Colonizers and the Grand Narrative of British India. University of Liverpool, Sept 10, 2007.

Gole, Susan. Early Maps of India. New York: Humanities Press, 1976.

Gopaljee, Samboo. Les Comptoirs Français dans l'Inde Nouvelle. Paris: Fasquelle Editeurs, 1950.

Gouda, Frances. "Mimicry and projection in the colonial encounter", Journal of colonialism and colonial history, 1.2, 2000.

Greenberger, Allan. The British image of India: a study in the literature of imperialism, 1880- 1960. London: OUP, 1969.

Greene, John "Some Early Speculations on the Origin of the Human Species", American Anthropologist, 56. (1954): 31- 41.

Passeurs d'Orient. Encounters between India and France. Edited by Gros, François. Paris: Ministry of External Affairs, 1991.

Guha, Ranajit. Dominance without Hegemony: history and power in colonial India. Cambridge: CUP, 1997.

----------------- "Not at home in empire", Critical Inquiry 23, (spring 1997): 482- 493.

Guha, Sumit. "Lower Strata, Older Races, and Aboriginal Peoples: Racial Anthropology and Mythical History Past and Present", JAS 57.2. (May 1998): 423- 441.

Halbfass, Wilhelm. India and Europe. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1988.

Hall, Catherine. Civilizing Subjects. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.

Haller, John "The Species Problem: Nineteenth-century Concepts of Racial Inferiority in the Origin of Man Controversy", American Anthropologist, 72. (1970): 1319- 1329

Hankins, Frank H. The Racial Basis of Civilization. New York and London: A A Knopf, 1926.

Hawley, D S. "L'Inde de Voltaire", Studies on Voltaire and the 18th century, vol. CXX. (1974): 139- 178.

Contesting power: resistance and everyday social relations in South Asia. Edited by Haynes, Douglas and Gyan Prakash. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992

Hengen, Orville. Comparative colonialism: an analysis of the British and French colonial practices and procedures in India and Vietnam. M. A Thesis, University of Kansas, Political Science, 1973.

Horvath, Sandra. Victor Duruy and French Education, 1863- 1869. PhD Thesis, Catholic University of America, 1971

L'Inde inspiratrice. Edited by Hulin, Michel, Christine Maillard, and Gérard Fussman. Strasbourg, 1996.
Hyam, Ronald. Britain's Imperial Century. New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1976.

------------------ Empire and sexuality: the British experience. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 1990.

Inden, Ronald. Imagining India. Oxford: UK ; Cambridge, Mass., USA: Basil Blackwell, 1990.

Irschick, Eugene. Dialogue and History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

Irwin, Lee "Western Esotericism, Eastern Spirituality, and the Global Future", Esoterica III (2001): 1-47

Jasanoff, Maya. Edge of Empire. Lives, Culture, and Conquest in the East, 1750-1850. NY: Knopf, 2005.

Double Impact: France and Africa on the Age of Imperialism. Edited by Johnson, G Wesley. Westport, Connecticut and London, England: Greenwood Press, 1985.

Jullian, Philippe. The Orientalists: European Painters of Eastern Scenes. Oxford: OUP, 1977.

Kabbani, Rana. Europe's Myths of the Orient. London: Macmillan, 1986.

Kasturi, Malavika. "Law and crime in India. British policy and the female infanticide act of 1870", Indian Journal of Gender Studies 1.2, 1994: 169- 193.

Kaviraj, Sudipta. "The imaginary institution of India", Subaltern Studies 7

Keller, Richard "Madness and Colonization: Psychiatry in the British and French Empires, 1800- 1962", Journal of Social History, 35.2. (2001): 295- 326.

Khilnani, Sunil. The Idea of India. Delhi: Penguin, 1997.

Kochhar, R K "Secondary Tools of Empire: Jesuit Men of Science in India", Discoveries, Missionary Expansion and Asian Cultures. Edited by Teotonio R de. Souza. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company, 1994.

Lacote, Felix. "L‘Indianisme", Société Asiatique: Livre du centenaire. Paris: La Société Asiatique, 1922.

Lacroix, Paul. Manners, Custom and Dress During the Middle Ages and During the Renaissance Period. Project Gutenberg EBook.

Lafont, Jean Marie. Indika. Essays in Indo- French relations 1630-1976. New Delhi: Manohar, 2000.

------------------- Chitra: cities and monuments of 18th century India from French archives. Oxford: OUP, 2001.

---------------- La présence française dans le royaume sikh du Penjab: 1822-1849. Paris: École française d‘Extrême-Orient, 1992.

---------------- Seminar: Indo-French relations: history & perspectives. New Delhi: Office of the Counsellor for Cultural, Scientific & Technical Cooperation, Embassy of France, 1990‘s.

Lahor, Jean. L'Influence de la pensée religieuse indienne dans le romanticisme et le Parnasse. Paris: AG Nizet, 1962.

Leask, Nigel. "Francis Wilford and the Colonial Construction of Hindu Geography 1799-1822", Romantic Geographies. Discourses of Travel 1775- 1844. Edited by Amanda Gilroy. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 2000.

Lebovics, Herman. True France: The Wars over Cultural Identity 1900- 1945. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1992.

---------------------- "Donner à voir l‘Empire colonial: l‘exposition coloniale internationale de Paris en 1931", Gradhiva, no. 7, hiver 1989- 1990: 18- 28.

Le Collège de France (1530- 1930). Livre Jubiliare composée a l'occasion de son quatrième centenaire. Paris, 1932.

Leopold, Joan. "The Aryan Theory of Race", Indian Economic and Social History Review, 7, (1970): 271- 291.

-------------- "British application of the Aryan theory of race to India", English Historical Review 89.3, (1974): 578- 603.

Les relations historiques et culturelles entre la France et l'Inde XVII- XX siècles. 2 volumes. Sainte-Clotilde: Le Chaudron, 1987.

Lewis, Martin Deming. "One Hundred Million Frenchmen: the ‘Assimilation‘ Theory in French Colonial Policy", Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol 4.2 (Jan. 1962): 129- 153.

L'Inde, études et images. Paris: l‘Harmattan and Saint-Denis: Université de la Réunion, 1993

L'Inde française dans la guerre: vers 1942 Pondichéry: Imprimérie de la Mission, s.d.

Lokke, Carl Ludwig. France and the Colonial Question: A Study of Contemporary French Opinion 1763-1801. New York: Octagon Books, 1976, reprint of 1932 ed.

Curators of the Buddha: the Study of Buddhism under Colonialism. Edited by Lopez, Donald. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Lorcin, Patricia "Imperialism, Colonial Identity and Race in Algeria, 1830-1870: the Role of the French Medical Corps", Isis. Vol 90, # 4. (Dec. 1999): 653- 679.

--------------------- Imperial Identities: Stereotyping, Prejudice and Race in Colonial Algeria. St. Martin‘s Press: New York, 1999.

Lorenzen, David. "Who invented Hinduism?", Society for Comparative Study of Society and History, (1999): 630- 659.
Lowe, Lisa. Critical Terrains. French and British Orientalisms. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.

Mainardi, Patricia. "The Double Exhibition in Nineteenth Century France", Art Journal 48.1, Spring 1989: 23- 28.

Maingueneau, Dominique. Les Livres d'école de la république 1870- 1914. Discours et idéologie. Le Sycomore. Paris, 1979.

The Imperial curriculum: racial images and education in the British colonial experience. Edited by Mangan, J A. London and New York: Routledge, 1993.

Marseille, Jacques. Empire colonial et capitalisme français: histoire d'un divorce. Paris: Éditions Albin Michel, 1984.

---------------- L'Age d'Or de la France Coloniale. Paris: Éditions Albin Michel, 1986.

Marsh, Kate. Fictions of 1947: Representations of Indian Decolonization in French-language texts. New York: Peter Lang, 2007.

---------------- "Les cinq noms sonores: The French Voice in the Story of British India 1763-1954", Journal of Romance Studies, 5 (2005), 65-77 (co-authored with Ian H. Magedera).

--------------- "Representing Indian Decolonization in the Parisian Press 1923-1954", International Journal of Francophone Studies, 5 (2002), 74-84

Marshall, Bruce D. The French Colonial Myth and Constitution-Making in the Fourth Republic. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1973.

The British Discovery of Hinduism in the Eighteenth Century. Edited by Marshall, Peter. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970.

Approches de l‘Inde. Texts et études. Edited by Masui, Jacques Les Cahiers du Sud, 1949.

Masuzawa, Tomoko. The Invention of World Religions, Or, How European Universalism was Preserved in the Language of Pluralism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

French in India and Indian nationalism 1700- 1963. Edited by Mathew, K S. 2 vols. Delhi, 1999.

Indo-French relations. Edited by Mathew, K S and Stephen, S Jeyaseela. Delhi: Published by Pragati Publications in association with Indian Council of Historical Research, 1999.

Maxwell, Anne. Colonial Photography and Exhibitions. Representations of the "Native‟ and the Making of European Identities. London and New York: Leicester University Press, 1999.

-------------------- Picture Imperfect. Photography and Eugenics, 1870-1940. Brighton and Portland: Sussex Academic Press, 2008.

McClellan III, James E. "The Academie Royale des Sciences, 1699-1793: A Statistical Portrait", Isis, Vol. 72, No. 4 (Dec., 1981): 541- 567.

McCully, Bruce T. "The origins of Indian nationalism according to native writers", Journal of Modern History, 7.3, (September 1935): 295- 314.

------------------- English Education and the Origins of Indian Nationalism. Gloucester, Mass.: P. Smith, 1966.

McGetchin, Douglas T. "Wilting Florists: The Turbulent Early Decades of the Societe Asiatique, 1822-1860", Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 64, No. 4 (2003): 565- 580.

Mehta, Binita. Widows, Pariahs and Bayadères. India as Spectacle. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press and London: Associated University Presses, 2002.

--------------- The image of India in the works of Voltaire, Lemierre, and Bernardin de Saint-Pierre. M.A Thesis, University of Georgia, 1985.

Message Actuel de l'Inde. Cahiers du Sud, 1941.

Metcalf, Thomas. Ideologies of the Raj. Cambridge: CUP, 1994

Michaud, Roland and Sabrina. Mirror of India. London, 1990.

Miles, William F S. Imperial Burdens: Countercolonialism in Former French India. Boulder, London: L. Rienner Publishers, 1995.

-------------- and Clive Schofield. Absorbing international boundaries within a national framework. Pondicherry and the French Indian experience. Durham: Duke University Press, 1993.

---------------- "Comparative Decolonization: French West Africa, French Caribbean, French India," Contemporary French Civilization, 14.2. (Summer/ Fall 1990): 212- 226.

Miller, Christopher "Hallucinations of France and Africa in the Colonial Exhibition of 1931 and Ousmane Socé‘s Mirages de Paris", Paragraph 8.1: 39- 63.

Minattur, Joseph. Administration of justice in French Indian settlements. Punjab, 1978.

--------------------- Justice in Pondicherry. New Delhi: The Indian Law Institute, 1973.

Misra, Udayon. The Raj in Fiction: A Study of Nineteenth Century British Attitudes Towards India. Delhi: B.R. Pub. Corp, 1987.

Mitchell, Timothy. Colonising Egypt. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

----------------- "The World as Exhibition", Comparative Study of Society and History, 31.2. April 1989: 217- 236.

Mitter, Partha. Much maligned monsters. History of European reactions to Indian art. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977.

Mohan, Jyoti "British and French Ethnographies of India: Dubois and his English Commentators", French Colonial History, Volume 5, (2004): 229- 246.

---------------- "La civilisation la plus antique: Voltaire's Images of India", Journal of World History, Vol 16.2, (June 2005): 173-186.

------------------"'I thought India was French': The images of India at the Exposition Universelle, Paris 1931", Francophone Postcolonial Studies, 3.1 (Spring/Summer 2005)

Morrison, Charles. "Three styles of imperial ethnography. British officials as anthropologist in India", Knowledge and society, (1984): pg. #

Morton, Patricia. "National and Colonial: the Musée des colonies at the Colonial Exposition Paris 1931", Art Bulletin LXXX number 2 (June 1998)

------------------ Hybrid Modernities: Architecture and Representation at the 1931 Colonial Exposition, Paris. Cambridge Mass. and London, England: The MIT Press, 2000.

Moule, Arthur C. "Brother Jordan of Sévérac," Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (1928): 349- 376.

Ch. Mouzon, "Pondichéry: Études de géographie humaine" Acta geographica, (19. Paris, 1954)

Murr, Sylvia. L'Inde philosophique entre Bossuet et Voltaire. Two volumes. Paris, 1987.

------------------- "Les conditions d'émergence du discours sur l'Inde au siècle des Lumières, Inde et Littératures", Purusartha, 7, (1983): 233-284

----------------- "N J Desvaulx (1745- 1825), véritable auteur des Moeurs, institutions et cérémonies des peuples de l'Inde' de l'Abbé Dubois," Collection Purusartha, 3 (1977).

Murti, Kamakshi P. India: the seductive and seduced "Other" of German Orientalism. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001.

Nandy, Ashis. The Intimate Enemy: Loss and Recovery of Self under Colonialism. New Delhi: OUP, 1983.

Neogy, Ajit. Decolonisation in French India: liberation movement and Indo-French relations, 1947-1954. Pondichéry: Institut français de Pondichéry, 1997.

Norindr, Panivong. Phantasmatic Indo-China: French Colonial Ideology in Architecture, Film and Literature. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1996.

Robert Nye, An Intellectual Portrait of Gustave Lebon. PhD thesis, University of Wisconsin, 1969.

Oaten, Edward Farley. European travellers in India during the fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. 1909. New York: AMS Press, 1971 reprint

O'Hanlon, Rosalind. "Recovering the subject: subaltern studies and histories of resistance in colonial south Asia", Modern Asian Studies 22.1 (1988): 189- 224.

L'Inde au XIXe siècle: voyage aux sources de l'imaginaire. Edited by Okada, Amina and Enrico Isacco. Marseille: AGEP, 1991.

Osbourne, Michael A. Nature, the Exotic, and the Science of French Colonialism. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1994.

Pandey, Gyanendra. The Construction of Communalism in Colonial North India. Delhi: OUP, 1990.

Parry, Benita. Delusions and discoveries. Studies on India in the British imagination, 1880-1930. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.

Paxton, Nancy. Writing under the Raj: gender, race and rape in the British colonial imagination, 1830-1947. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1999.

Peabody, Sue. There are no slaves in France: the political culture of race and slavery in the Ancien Régime. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Colonial Subjects. Essays on the Practical History of Anthropology. Edited by Pels, Peter and Salemik, Oscar. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press 1999.

Petr, Christian. L'Inde des romans. Paris: Ed Kailash, 1995.

Pinney, Christopher. "Representation of India. Normalism and the "other"", Pacific Viewpoint, 29.2, (1988): 144-162.

-------------------- "Classification and fantasy in the photographic construction of caste and tribe", Visual Anthropology (2-3): 259- 288.

------------------ Photography's Other Histories. Co-edited with Nicolas Petersen. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2003.

Pol-Droit, Roger. L'Oubli de l'Inde. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1989.

Poliakov, Leon. The Aryan Myth: A History of Racist and Nationalist Ideas in Europe. Translated by E. Howard. New York: Basic Books, 1971.

Ponnou-Delaffon, Bernard. Les paysans du territoire de Pondichéry. Montpellier: Imprimérie de L'Abeille, 1945.

Indo-French relations. History and perspectives: history & perspectives: seminar: 17, 18 & 19 April 1990. Edited by Pouchepadass, Jacques and Maurice Aymard. India international centre, New Delhi. New Delhi: India international centre, 1990.

Power, Thomas F. Jules Ferry and the Renaissance of French Imperialism. New York: Octagon Books, 1966.

Pratt, Mary Louise. Imperial eyes: travel writing and transculturation. London and New York: Routledge, 1992.

Priestley, H.I. France Overseas: A Study of Modern Imperialism. New York, London: D. Appleton-Century company, 1938.

The Goa Inquisition, Being a Quarter-centenary Commemoration Study of the Inquisition in India. Edited by Priolkar, A.K. Bombay: Bombay University, 1961.

Pyenson, Lewis. Civilising mission. Exact sciences and French overseas expansion 1830-1940. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.

Quinn, Frederick. The French Overseas Empire. Westport, Connecticut and London: Praeger, 2000.

Raheja, Gloria Goodwin. 'Power and dialogue in the production of colonial ethnographies in 19th century India', South Asia Research, 19.1, (spring 1999): 1-4.

Raina, Dhruv. Nationalism, Institutional Science and the Politics of Knowledge: Ancient Indian Astronomy and Mathematics in the Landscape of French Enlightenment Historiography, (Institutionen för vetenskapsteori, Göteborgs Universitet, 1999) Rapport Nr. 201.

----------------- "Jean-Baptiste Biot on the History of Indian Astronomy (1830-1860): The Nation in the Post-Enlightenment Historiography of Science", Indian Journal of History of Science 35.4 (2000): 319-346.

----------------- "Betwixt Jesuit and Enlightenment Historiography: The Context of Jean-Sylvain Bailly‘s History of Indian Astronomy", Revue d'Histoire de Mathématiques 9 (2003): 101-153

--------------- "The Mystery of French Jesuit Manuscripts on Indian Astronomy: The Narratology and Impact of a Late Seventeenth Early Eighteenth Century Project", (paper presented at a workshop on ‘Looking at it from Asia: the processes that shaped the sources of history of science.‘ Recherches Epistémologiques et Historiques sur les Sciences, Paris, Sept 2006)

S D. Raj, Pondicherry: A planning study. M A thesis. New Delhi: SPCA, 1961.

Ramaswamy, Sumathi. Passions of the Tongue. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Ravi, Srilata. L'Inde romancée: l'Inde dans le genre romanesque français depuis 1947. New York: P. Lang, 1997.

Raychoudhuri, Tapan. Europe Reconsidered. Perceptions of the West in 19th century Bengal. Delhi: OUP, 1988.

Relations historiques et culturelles entre la France et l'Inde: XVIIe-XIXe siècles. Actes de la Conférence internationale France-Inde de l‘AHIOI (Association historique internationale de l‘Océan indien), Saint-Denis de la Réunion, 21-28 juillet 1986. Sainte-Clotilde (la Réunion): AHIOI, 1987

Reminiscences. The French in India. Delhi: INTACH, 1997.

Renou, Louis. The Influence of Indian Thought on French Literature. Adyar, 1948.

---------- and Jean Filliozat. L'Inde Classique. Manuel des Etudes Indiennes. Vol 1 Paris, 1947. Vol. 2 Hanoi, 1953.

Rich, Jeremy. "‘Une Babylone Noire‘: Interracial Unions in Colonial Libreville, c. 1860-1914", French Colonial History, 4. (2003): 145- 169.

Richards, Thomas. The Imperial Archive: Knowledge and the Fantasy of Empire. New York and London: Verso, 1993.

--------------------- "Archive and Utopia", Representations, Vol. 0.37, winter 1992.

Ridley, Hugh. Images of Imperial Rule. London: Croom Helm and New York: St. Martin‘s Press, 1983.

The Concept of Race in South Asia. Edited by Robb, Peter. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Rocher, Ludo. Ezourvedam. A French Veda of the eighteenth century. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1984.

Rosenblum, Mort. Mission to Civilize: the French Way. San Diego, 1986.

Ryan, James "European travelers before Columbus: The fourteenth century's discovery of India", Catholic Historical Review, Vol. 79 Issue 4 (October 1993): 648- 690.

---------------- Picturing Empire: Photography and the Visualization of the British Empire. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998

Said, Edward W. Orientalism New York: Vintage Books, 1978.

Recasting Women. Essays in colonial history edited by Sangari, Kumkum and Sudesh Vaid, Delhi: Kali for Women, 1989.

Sareen, Tilak. India and the French Revolution: a collection of documents and writings. New Delhi, 1989.

Sarkar, Indira. Social contacts of French women in Calcutta. Calcutta, 1947.

Sarkar, Sumit. Modern India. Delhi: Macmillan, 1983.

--------------- Writing Social History. Delhi: OUP, 1997.

Sarton, George "Anquetil-Duperron (1731-1805)", Osiris, Vol. 3 1937: 193- 223.

Schneider, William H. An Empire for the Masses: The French Popular Image of Africa, 1870-1900. Westport, Connecticut and London, England: Greenwood Press, 1982.

------------------ "Race and Empire: The Rise of Popular Ethnography in the late Nineteenth Century", Journal of Popular Culture, 11.1. (1978): 98- 109.

Schiller, Francis. Paul Broca: Founder of French Anthropology, Explorer of the Brain. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979.

Schwab, Raymond. La Renaissance orientale. Paris: Payot, 1950.

Schwarz, Henry. 'Laissez- faire linguistics. Grammar and the codes of empire', Critical Inquiry 23, (spring 1997): 509-535.

Seillière, Ernest. Le Comte de Gobineau et l'Aryanisme Historique. 1903.

Sen, Amartya. "Indian Traditions and the Western Imagination", Daedalus, Vol. 126, No. 2, Human Diversity. Spring, 1997: 1-26.

Sen, S P. The French in India: First establishments and struggle. Calcutta, 1947.

----------- The French in India, 1763- 1816. Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1971.

Shapiro, Ann-Louise, "Fixing History: Narratives of World War I in France", History and Theory 36.4 (1997): 111- 130.

Sharma, Radha. 'India Mirrored in Contemporary French Writings', Encountering the Indian. Contemporary European Images of India edited by Vibha Maurya. New Delhi: Aryan, 1999.

Virendra Nath Sharma, "The Impact of Eighteenth Century Jesuit Astronomers on the Astronomy of India and China", Indian Journal of History of Science 17.2 (1982): 345-352

Sharpe, Jenny. Allegories of Empire. The figure of woman in the colonial text. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.

Shaw, Wendy. "Stylizing the French Sudan" Jusûr, 9, 1993.

Singaravélou, Pierre. L'École française d'Extrême-Orient ou L'institution des marges, 1898-1956. Paris and Montréal: L‘Harmattan, 1999.

Sinha, Mrinalini. Colonial masculinity: the 'manly Englishman' and the' effeminate Bengali' in the late nineteenth century. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995.

Société Asiatique. Le livre du centenaire (1822-1922): cent ans d'orientalisme en France. Paris: Geuthner, 1922.

Société Asiatique. Les Fêtes du Centenaire. Paris, 1922.

Spurr, David. The Rhetoric of Empire: Colonial Discourse in Journalism, Travel Writing and Imperial Administration. Baltimore: JHU Press, 1993.

C V. Sreenivasan, French colonial planning in Pondicherry. M A thesis. New Delhi: SPCA, 1970.

Srinivas, M N. The cohesive role of sanskritisation and other essays. Delhi: OUP, 1989.

Staum, Martin. Labeling People: French scholars on society, race and empire, 1815-1848. Montreal: McGill-Queen‘s University Press, 2003.

Stocking, George W. Race, Culture and Evolution. Essays in the History of Anthropology. New York: Free Press, 1968.

Strain, Ellen. ‘Exotic Bodies, Distant Landscapes: Touristic Viewing and Popularized Anthropology in the Nineteenth Century‘, Wide Angle 18.2 (1996): 70-100
.
Streets, Heather. Martial Races: the Military, Race and Masculinity in British Imperial Culture, 1857- 1914. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004.

Stuurman, Siep. "François Bernier and the Invention of Racial Classification", History Workshop Journal 50. (2000): 1- 21.

---------------------- ‘Cosmopolitan Egalitarianism in the Enlightenment: Anquetil-Duperron on India and America,‘ Journal of the History of Ideas, 68.2 (April 2007): 255- 278.

Suleri, Sara. The rhetoric of English India. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.

Sundararajan, Saroja. Pondicherry, Lalitha Publications. 1997.

Surface, Esther. The rivalry of the British and the French in India, 1670- 1754. M.A Thesis, University of California, 1929.

Teltscher, Kate. 'Maidenly and well nigh effeminate: constructions of Hindu masculinity and religion in 17th century English texts', Postcolonial Studies 3.2, (2000): 159- 170.

-------------------- India Inscribed: European and British writing on India, 1600-1800. Delhi: OUP, 1995.

Thompson, Edward and G.T. Garratt. Rise and Fulfilment of British Rule. Allahabad: Central Book Depot, 1969.

Thornton, AP. The imperial idea and its enemies; a study in British power. London: Macmillan and New York: St. Martin's Press, 1959.

Trautmann, Thomas. Aryans and British India. Berkeley and LA: University of California Press, 1997.

----------------------------- Languages and Nations. The Dravidian Proof in Colonial Madras. CA: University of California Press, 2006.

Trivedi, Harish. Colonial transactions. English literature and India. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995.

Trois siècles de présence française en Inde. Paris, 1994.

Identity Papers. Contested Nationhood in Twentieth-Century France. Edited by Ungar, Steven and Conley, Tom. Minneapolis and London: University of Minneapolis Press, 1996.

van der Veer, Peter. Imperial encounters: religion and modernity in India and Britain. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001.

Venturi, Franco. "Oriental Despotism", Journal of the History of Ideas, vol 24. 1 (Jan-March 1963): 133- 142.

Vergès, Françoise. Monsters and Revolutionaries. Colonial Family Romance and Métissage. Durham: Duke University Press, 1999.

Vigato, Jean-Claude "The Architecture of Colonial Exhibitions in France," Daidalos 15, March 1986: 24- 37.

L'Aventure des Français en Inde. XVII – XX siècles. Edited by Vincent, Rose. Delhi: Kailash Editions: 1995.

Viswanathan, Gauri. Masks of Conquest: Literary Study and British Rule in India. New York: Columbia University Press, 1989.

Wagner, Kim A. Thuggee: banditry and the British in early nineteenth-century India. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Weber, Jacques. Les etablissements français en Inde au XIX siècle. Five volumes. Paris: Librairie de l‘Inde, 1988.

----------------- Pondichéry et les comptoirs de l'Inde après Dupleix. Paris: Denoël, 1996.

----------------- (ed) Compagnie et comptoirs de l'Inde des Français, XVII- XX siècles.

Paris, 1991. Special edition of Revue française d‘histoire d‘outre-mer. 1er trimestre 1991

----------------- (ed) Les relations entre la france et l'Inde de 1673 à nos jours. Paris, 2002.

-------------------- "Acculturation et assimilation dans les Établissements français de l‘Inde", Comtes Rendus trimestriels des séances de l'Académie des Sciences d'Outre-Mer, vol. 38.2, (1978): 187-215, 219-224.

-------------------- Les Français en Inde sous le Second Empire", Revue d'histoire Diplomatique, no. 3-4, (1989): 221-242.

------------------ "Chanemougam, the King of French India", Economic and Political Weekly, (Feb. 9, 1991).

------------------- "Les institutions representatives en Inde au XIXe siècle", Les Cahiers du Sahib, no. 3, (1995):135-167.

-------------------- "La politiques républicaine d‘assimilation dans les comptoirs de l‘inde", Révolution française et ocean Indien. Prémices, paroxysms, heritages et deviances edited by Claude Wanquet and Benoît Julien. Réunion: Université de la Réunion and Paris: L‘Harmattan, 1996: 499- 510.

Weinberger, Catherine (ed). India in Western Fiction. Paris, 1988.

Elizabeth Williams, "Anthropological Institutions in Nineteenth-Century France", Isis, 76.3. (Sept 1985): 331- 348.

Wood, Roy. The Sociology of the Meal. Edinburgh, 1995.

Wright, Gwendolyn. "Tradition in the Service of Modernity: Architecture and Urbanism in French Colonial Policy, 1900- 1930", Journal of Modern History, Vol 59.2, (1987): 291- 316.

------------------------ The Politics of Design in French Colonial Urbanism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Young, Robert. Colonial Desire: Hybridity in Theory, Race and Culture. London and New York: Routledge, 1995.

Zeldin, Theodore. The Political System of Napoleon III. London: Macmillan and New York: St. Martin‘s Press, 1958.

Zinkin, Taya. French memsahib. London, 1989.

Zubaida, Sami. "Exhibitions of Power", Economy and Society 19.3. August 1990: 357-375.

Županov, Ines G. Disputed Mission: Jesuit Experiments and Brahmanical Knowledge in Seventeenth Century India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999.

-------------------- Missionary Tropics: The Catholic Frontier in India (16th-17th Centuries). Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005.
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 31194
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Previous

Return to Political Science

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 5 guests