The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib, edited by Karen

Your relationship with government is simple: government knows everything about you, and you know nothing about government. In practice this means government can do whatever it wants to you before you know it's going to happen. Government policy makers think this is a good way of ensuring citizen compliance. Thus, all of these investigations are retrospective -- they look back at the squirrely shit that government has pulled, and occasionally wring their hands about trying to avoid it happening in the future. Not inspiring reading, but necessary if you are to face the cold reality that Big Brother is more than watching.

Re: The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib, edited by Ka

Postby admin » Sun Oct 13, 2013 8:12 pm

Appendix A

GTMO INTERROGATION TECHNIQUES

Approved by SECDEF In Dec 2002:

Category I

• Incentive
• Yelling at Detainee
• Deception
• Multiple Interrogator techniques
• Interrogator identity

Category II

• Stress positions for a maximum of four hours (e.g., standing)
• Use of falsified documents or reports
• Isolation up to 30 days (requires notice)
• Interrogation outside of the standard interrogation booth
• Deprivation of light and auditory stimuli
• Hooding during transport & interrogation
• Use of 20-hour interrogations
• Removal of all comfort items
• Switching detainee from hot meal to MRE
• Removal of clothing
• Forced grooming (e.g., shaving)
• Inducing stress by use of detainee's fears (e.g., dogs)

Category III

• Use of mild, non-injurious physical contact

Used Dec 2002 through 15 Jan 2003:

Category I

• Yelling (Not directly into ear)
• Deception (Introducing of confederate detainee)
• Role-playing interrogator in next cell

Category II

• Removal from social support at Camp Delta
• Segregation in Navy Brig
• Isolation in Camp X-Ray
• Interrogating the detainee in an environment other than standard interrogation room at Camp Delta (i.e., Camp X-Ray)
• Deprivation of light (use of red light)
• Inducing stress (use of female interrogator)
• Up to 20-hour interrogations
• Removal of all comfort items, including religious items
• Serving MRE instead of hot rations
• Forced grooming (to include shaving facial hair and head - also served hygienic purposes)
• Use of false documents or reports

Appendix B

RECOMMENDED READINGS

• Association of the Bar of the City of New York & Center for Human Rights and Global Justice, Torture by Proxy: International and Domestic Law Applicable to "Extraordinary Renditions" (New York: ABCNY & NYU School of Law, 2004).
• Bowden, Mark, "The Dark Art of Interrogation," The Atlantic Monthly, July/August 2004.
• Danner, Mark, Torture and Truth: America, Abu Ghraib, and the War on Terror, The New York Review of Books, October 2004.
• Fisk, Robert and Richard H. Curtiss, "Has America Adopted Israel's Legacy of Torture and Abuse?," The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, July/August 2004.
• Goldsmith, James, "Text of Attorney General Lord Goldsmith's Speech on the Issue of Terrorism and Justice," 25 June 2004. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/3839153.stm>
• Gillers, Stephen, "Tortured Reasoning," The American Lawyer, September 2004.
• Gonzales, Alberto R, "The Rule of Law and the Rules of War," The New York Times, 15 May 2004.
• Gonzales, Alberto R., "Martial Justice, Full and Fair," The New York Times, 30 November 2001.
• Hersh, Seymour M., Chain of Command: The Road from 9/11 to Abu Ghraib, Harper Collins, September 2004.
• Lewis, Anthony, "Making Torture Legal," The New York Review of Books, 15 July 2004.
• Levinson, Sanford, Ed., Torture: A Collection, Oxford University Press, 2004.
• Massimino, Elisa, "Leading by Example? U.S. Interrogation of Prisoners in the War on Terror," Criminal Justice Ethics, Winter 2004.
• Milam, Michael C., "Torture and the American Character," The Humanist, July/August 2004.
• Miles, Steven H., "Abu Ghraib: Its Legacy for Military Medicine," The Lancet, August 21-27, 2004.
• Niman, Michael I., "Strange Fruit in Abu Ghraib: The Privatization of Torture:' The Humanist, July/August 2004.
• Priest, Dana, "CIA Puts Harsh Tactics on Hold; Memo on Methods of Interrogation Had Wide Review," The Washington Post, 27 June 2004.
• Priest, Dana and Bradley Graham, "U.S. Struggled Over How Far to Push Tactics; Documents Show Back-and-Forth on Interrogation Policy," The Washington Post, 24 June 2004.
• Ratner, Michael and Ellen Ray, Guantanamo: What the World Should Know, Carlton North, 2004.
• Tindale, Christopher W, ''The Logic of Torture: A Critical Examination:' Social Theory and Practice, Fall 1996.

Appendix C

TORTURE RELATED LAWS AND CONVENTIONS

• Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War - Adopted on 12 August 1949 by the Diplomatic Conference for the Establishment of International Conventions for the Protection of Victims of War, held in Geneva from 21 April to 12 August, 1949. Entry into force 21 October 1950. Text available at: http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/92.htm
• Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War - Adopted on 12 August 1949 by the Diplomatic Conference for the Establishment of International Conventions for the Protection of Victims of War, held in Geneva from 21 April to 12 August, 1949. Entry into force 21 October 1950. Text available at: http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/91.htm
• The Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment - ratified November 1994. US took a reservation to Article 16 (the definition of torture) by deferring to the 8th Amendment's prohibition on cruel and unusual punishment. Thus, the US is limited to no more than existing Constitutional restrictions. Text available at: http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/h_cat39.htm
• The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights - ratified by the US in 1992. The US took reservations so that the treaty is not self-executing in the US and so that the US is bound no further than the 8'h Amendment. Text available at: http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/a_ccpr.htm
• The American Convention on Human Rights - signed by the US in June 1977 but never ratified. Text available at: http://www.oas.org/juridico/english/Treaties/b-32.htm
• The Rome Statute establishing the International Criminal Court - the US signed this statute, but failed to ratify it and later withdrew from it. Text available at: http://www.un.org/law/icc/
• The UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights - UN declarations are not binding but may be evidence of customary international law. Text available at: http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html
• Eighth Amendment of the US Constitution - prohibits cruel and unusual punishment. For its application to confinement, see Hudson v. McMillian, 503 U.S. 1 (1992); Whitley v. Albers. 475 U.S. 312 (1986); Ingraham v. Wright, 430 U.S. 651 (1977). For its application to sleep deprivations, see Ferguson v. Cape Girardeau County, 88 F.3d 647 (8,h Cir. 1996); Green v. CSO Strack. 1995 U.S. App. LEXIS 1445; Singh v. Holcomb, 1992 U.S. App. LEXIS 24790. Text available at: http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/data/cons ... endment08/
• US Torture Statute - 18 U.S.C. §2340 is the US codification of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. It defines torture and establishes it as a federal crime, but does not create any private rights enforceable by any party in any civil proceeding. Text Available at: http://www4.law.Cornell.edu/uscode/18/pIch113C.html
• United States Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) - All US Military personnel are subject to the UCMJ. The UCMJ criminalizes things such as cruelty and mistreatment (Article 93), murder (Article 118), maiming (Article 124), and assault (Article 128). Ifan interrogation rose to the level of torture, it is virtually certain that some articles of the UCMJ would also be violated. Text available at: http://usmilitary.about.com/library/mil ... /blmcm.htm

Appendix D

CASES RELEVANT TO THE INCIDENCES OF TORTURE

• Brown v. Mississippi, 297 U.S. 278 (1936)
• Watts v. Indiana, 338 U.S. 49 (1949)
• Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579 (1952)
• Spano v. New York, 360 U.S. 315 (1959)
• Wright v. McMann, 387 F.2d 519 (2nd Cir. 1967)
• Knecht v. Gillman, 488 F.2d 1136 (8th Cir. 1973)
• O'Brien v. Moriarity, 489 F.2d 941 (1st Cir. 1974)
• Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97 (1976)
• Eason v. Thaler, 14 F.3d 8 (5th Cir. 1994)
• Gherebi v. Bush, 352 F.3d 1278 (9th Cir. 2003)
• U.S. v. Brennan, 58 M.J. 351 (C.A.A.F. 2003)
• Hamdi v. Rumsfeld, _ U.S., _ 124 S. Ct. 2633 (2004)
• Rasul v. Bush, _ U.S., _ 124 S. Ct. 2686 (2004)
• Khouzam v. Ashcroft, 361 F.3d 161 (2d Cir. 2004)
• United States v. Toscanino, 500 F.2d 267 (2d Cir. 1974), rehn 'g denied, 504 F.2d 1380 (2d Cir. 1974)
• Sosa v. Alvarez-Machain, _ U.S., _ 124 S. Ct. 2739 (2004)
• United States v. Usama bin Laden, 132 F. Supp.2d 198 (S.D.N.Y. 2001)
• United States v. Usama bin Laden, 132 F. Supp.2d 168 (S.D.N.Y. 2001)

Also, as an Appendix to the August 1, 2002, memo from Jay S. Bybee, running from pages 47-50, is a list of cases in United States courts in which, according to Mr. Bybee, "courts have concluded the defendant tortured the plaintiff[.]"
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Re: The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib, edited by Ka

Postby admin » Sun Oct 13, 2013 8:13 pm

Index

Abu Ghraib, 383, 386, 387, 389-391, 393,
399-401, 403, 408-410, 413-416,
420-428, 430, 433-436, 438-445, 635,
637, 638, 648, 650, 652, 654, 658-661,
669, 705-707, 709-711, 714, 715, 725,
726, 729, 738, 822, 909-916, 918, 921,
925, 926, 928-930, 932, 933, 937,
940-942, 944-946, 951, 961, 973,
987-997, 999-1002, 1004-1019,
1021-1027, 1030-1034, 1037, 1039-1044,
1046-1059, 1061-1073, 1075, 1076, 1079,
1082, 1083, 1086, 1088, 1089, 1092, 1095,
1105-1117, 1120-1122, 1125, 1128,
1134-1137, 1142, 1143, 1146, 1150,
1155-1157, 1160, 1161, 1240

Afghanistan, vi, xxv, xxvi, 36, 38-40, 50-61,
64, 65, 67, 68, 70, 76-78, 81-83, 90, 91,
93-104, 107, 110, Ill, 115, 117, 118,
120-122, 124, 126, 127, 129, 131, 134,
137-139, 144, 145, 161, 170, 200-202,
222, 245, 288, 411, 558, 562, 580, 582,
584-587, 589, 590, 608, 611, 619, 620,
622, 628, 633, 634, 636, 640, 649, 650,
652, 671, 676, 693, 694, 705, 709, 710,
725, 738, 909-911, 913-918, 920-923,
925, 930, 933-936, 938, 940-943, 947,
949, 951, 955, 958, 959, 963, 965, 975,
1003, 1004, 1006, 1007, 1011, 1023, 1025,
1034, 1035, 1037, 1046, 1066, 1072, 1088,
11 14, 11 16, 1117, 1134-1136, 1140-1142,
1151, 1155, 1159-1161

AI Qaeda, vi-vii, xxv, xxvi, 29, 36, 38, 39,
48-50, 53, 57, 59, 60, 65, 70, 76, 77, 79,
81-83, 89-91, 96, 99-101, 105, 111,
11 7-120, 122, 124-126, 129, 131,
133-135, 137, 138, 162, 173, 185, 200,
201, 203, 206, 208, 211, 213, 214, 218,
219, 221, 308, 313, 333, 410, 562, 563,
580, 581, 584, 585, 587, 910, 915, 923,
925, 939, 947, 948, 963, 964, 1141, 1148,
1158, 1159, 1161

Alien Tort Claims Act, 267, 277, 315, 324, 572

Aliens, Rights of, 29, 31, 148, 150, 151, 268,
276, 316, 324, 344

American Convention on Human Rights, 230,
338, 356, 593-596, 1145, 1146, 1241

Army Inspector General, 630, 631, 633, 640,
642, 918, 929, 933, 934, 936, 938, 942,
943, 953, 961, 988, 996, 1128

Arrest, 147, 149, 150, 216, 230, 275, 383-385,
387-392, 394, 395, 401, 404, 592,
601

Ashcroft, John, vi, xxvi, xxxi, 127

Beaver, Diane, vii, xxvi, 226, 235

Brownlee, R L, 631, 738, 987, 995, 1020

Bush, George W., vi, ix, xxv-xxvii, xxxi-xxxiii,
99, 118, 126, 134, 324, 446, 585, 588, 611,
615, 617, 620, 622, 623

Bybee, Jay S., vi, xxv, xxvi, xxxi, 92, 117,
138, 143, 171, 185, 206, 207, 214, 219,
221

Camp Ashraf, 408, 444

Camp Bucca, 383, 386, 389, 390, 394, 395,
399-402, 408, 414, 419, 421, 423, 424,
428, 429, 432, 436, 438, 444, 445, 638,
659-661, 693, 705-707, 710-712, 715,
729, 738, 937, 944, 1041

Camp Cropper, 386, 387, 390, 395, 399-401,
408, 425, 426, 435, 444, 705, 712, 738,
1001, 1030, 1041, 1046, 1156

Camp X-Ray, xxvi

Capture Cards, 389, 1044

Central Intelligence Agency, vi, 133, 201, 559,
560, 564, 577, 580, 611, 619, 620, 622,
625, 627, 634, 910, 919, 942, 953, 1024,
1049, 1056-1058, 1077, 1078, 1098, 1113,
1128, 1136, 1137, 1139, 1144, 1155, 1160,
1161, 1240

Citizens Protection Act, 145

Clark v. Allen, 52, 60, 94, 126

Code of Military Justice
Article 92, 279

Confiscation of Personal Belongings, 383,
384, 401, 802

Constitution
Due Process, 149, 150, 188, 233, 268,
272-275, 317, 320-323, 335, 573
Eighth Amendment, xxvii, 187, 230-234,
243, 268-272, 317-320, 345, 574, 577,
599, 608, 1241
Executive Powers, 64, 75, 78, 82, 92, 116,
200, 202-207, 255, 256, 258, 259,
302-306, 345, 347, 1137
Fifth Amendment, 144-152, 154-157, 159,
164, 168, 169, 272, 273, 320, 321
Fourth Amendment, 109, 151, 157-160,
166, 168, 169, 272, 320
Sixth Amendment, 145, 148-151, 158, 169,
170
Supremacy Clause, 39, 71-74, 82, 112-115

Customary International Law, 39, 42, 46, 62,
66-76, 78, 79, 82, 94, 103-105, 111-117,
129, 220, 230, 243, 267, 290, 315, 316,
338, 339, 561, 562, 581, 587, 588,
590-592, 596-600, 608, 612, 947, 950,
951, 953, 1133, 1135, 1140, 1141, 1145,
1146, 1241

Delahunty, Robert, 109

Department of Defense Office of the General
Counsel, 286, 626

Department of Justice
Office of Legal Counsel, 118, 119, 124, 136,
144, 172, 218, 244, 291, 910, 923, 924,
947, 949, 955, 958, 1137

Detainee Abuse, 186, 215, 270, 271, 273, 319,
320, 322, 356, 383-388, 390-393, 395,
396, 404, 416, 417, 429, 564, 571, 576,
590, 597, 602, 605, 654, 655, 810, 821,
909, 1023, 1028, 1037, 1067, 1068,
1072, 1083, 1134, 1137, 1139, 1146,
1148
chart or incidents, 1095, 1096
death, 42, 43, 84, 90, 182, 199, 265, 267,
395, 399, 403, 426, 572, 601, 636, 655,
913, 914
definition of, 648, 651, 919, 993, 1004
handcuffing, 393, 395, 396, 592, 604, 1067,
1069, 1122
hooding, 228, 390-392, 394, 396, 568, 1097,
1117, 1119, 1138
humane treatment, 80, 86, 121, 135, 229,
239, 287, 333, 334, 336, 339, 345, 360,
388, 391, 397, 562, 581, 584, 590, 593,
612, 620, 632, 634-636, 638, 647-650,
657, 663, 665, 673, 718, 721, 726, 728,
729, 742, 749, 762, 778, 783, 788, 791,
797, 802, 807-810, 814-816, 821, 824,
825, 832, 841, 842, 852, 858, 862, 871,
881, 882, 890, 895, 900, 910, 920, 921,
948, 963, 964, 975, 1004, 1009,
1027-1029, 1036, 1072, 1140-1143,
1159
humiliation, 391, 392, 568, 584, 594, 617,
655, 1022, 1024, 1059, 1070, 1073,
1089, 1091, 1092, 1100, 1105, 1115,
1117
military response, 654, 657
mortar attacks, 383, 384, 403, 433, 635,
648, 658, 659, 661, 705, 707, 709, 711,
822, 913, 914, 944, 1042, 1049
overcrowding, 423, 426-428, 434, 600, 638,
648, 658, 659, 661, 681, 683, 707, 709,
711, 913, 1041, 1042, 1044
patterns of abuse, 653
rape, 160, 193, 417, 418, 810, 816, 821, 993,
1024, 1029, 1073, 1081, 1083
root causes, 657
sexual abuse, 215, 216, 392, 393, 416, 417,
437, 599, 973, 989, 990, 993, 994,
1004-1007, 1009, 1011, 1024, 1063, 1064,
1066, 1067, 1069-1072, 1074, 1076, 1077,
1079, 1088-1092, 1094, 1100, 1112, 1115,
1117-1122, 1125
solitary confinement, 215, 216, 320, 384,
385, 392, 398, 403, 591, 594, 1063, 1093,
1097, 1145, 1156
specific incidents, 1097-1104
spoiled food, 660
threats, 172, 182, 193, 214, 215, 219, 252,
278, 299, 322, 326, 343, 396, 591, 594,
606, 654, 851, 852, 970, 1081, 1087, 1145

Dunlavey, Michael, vii, xxvi, xxxi, 225

Enemy Combatants, 163, 173, 200, 203, 204,
206, 207, 256, 259, 303, 304, 306, 559,
620, 623, 626, 627, 680, 910, 916, 920,
948, 950, 974, 1148, 1152

Escapes, 266, 314, 320, 385, 387, 389, 390,
399, 400, 404, 407, 408, 414, 421,
423-430, 435, 438-440, 706, 824, 847,
863, 888, 894, 944

Ethics, 424, 953, 975

European Commission on Human Rights,
187, 356, 601, 602

European Convention on Human Rights and
Fundamental Freedoms, 187, 196, 198,
356, 561, 598, 600, 601, 603, 1145, 1146

European Court of Human Rights, 187,
196-198, 230, 356, 563, 600, 601

Ex parte Quirin, 36, 147

Extradition, 94, 123, 566, 569-572, 580, 592,
607, 1138

Failed States, 53-55, 58, 60, 95-97, 101, 102,
106, 118, 126

Fast, Barbara, 424, 918, 959, 988, 996, 999,
1000, 1002, 1003, 1043, 1045, 1047, 1051,
1058, 1105

Fay, George R., xxxii, 915, 918, 919, 926, 928,
929, 942, 945, 946, 951, 953, 987-989,
992, 995, 996, 1004, 1006, 1008, 1013,
1019-1021, 1126

Federal Courts
jurisdiction, 29-36, 39, 41, 45, 46, 72, 73,
76, 78, 83, 84, 87, 88, 107, 113, 114, 150,
152, 156, 174, 242, 244, 245, 267, 268,
272, 276, 277, 289-292, 300, 315, 317,
320, 323-325, 338, 340, 345, 576, 577,
580, 891, 902, 1054, 1138, 1139, 1144,
1160, 1162

Feith, Douglas, 237, 919

Flanigan, Timothy, xxxii, 3

Geneva Conventions, xxv-xxviii, 36, 38-51,
53, 55, 59-70, 79-90, 94, 95, 102-107,
111, 117, 120, 123, 124, 129, 138, 140,
141, 221, 229, 233, 241, 253, 283, 287,
288, 300, 331, 333, 336-339, 360,
383-386, 389, 398, 400, 402-404, 412,
419, 424, 430, 438, 562, 565, 580-582,
584, 585, 588, 607, 608, 612, 613, 632,
635, 648-650, 665, 671, 684, 714, 718,
719, 721, 724-727, 731, 807, 808, 814,
815, 822, 841, 846, 860, 862, 881, 890,
895, 900-902, 910, 912, 915, 923, 925,
928, 929, 945, 947-955, 957, 961, 975,
997, 1002-1004, 1006, 1009, 1011, 1012,
1017, 1022, 1027, 1029, 1031-1033, 1036,
1054, 1061, 1063, 1069, 1071, 1082, 1090,
1106, 1107, 1109, 1110, 1112-1115,
1125, 1129, 1133, 1134, 1137, 1140-1142,
1144, 1146, 1147, 1150, 1155-1162, 1164
Common Article 3, 43-45, 48, 49, 85-90,
105, 107, 108, III, 124, 185, 187, 562,
581, 584, 590, 612, 649, 808, 814, 842,
858, 871, 890, 896, 1140, 1141, 1144,
1147, 1157-1161
Convention I, 81-83, 89-91, 93, 95, 100,
102, 103, 107, 117
Convention II, 81-83, 89-91, 93, 95, 100,
102, 103, 117
Convention III, 66, 69, 81-83, 85, 89-91, 93,
95, 100, 102-105, 107-111, 117-125, 131,
133, 134, 136-142, 221, 222, 344, 355,
361-363, 400, 402, 420, 562, 565,
580-588, 590, 591, 608, 649, 662, 674,
808, 809, 814-816, 846-849, 851, 858,
859, 862, 871, 880, 882, 890, 896, 901,
947, 951, 963, 1140, 1147, 1156, 1158,
1159
Convention IV, 402, 404, 562, 588-591, 608,
674, 808, 862, 871, 1026, 1027, 1068,
1107, 1140, 1142, 1143, 1155-1157, 1159,
1161
past applications, 53, 62-64, 66, 105-107,
120, 124, 127, 305

Gonzales, Alberto R., vii, xxv, xxvi, xxxii, 40,
83, 92, 108, 118, 136, 137, 148, 158, 163,
172, 185, 201, 207, 218, 219, 221, 1137,
1240

Guantanamo Bay, V, ix, xxxi, 29, 32-37, 39,
79, 82, 83, 108, 227, 229, 231, 237, 244,
245, 267, 268, 272, 276, 277, 291, 292,
315-317, 324, 360, 408, 409, 411, 596,
606, 611, 634, 675, 676, 700, 703, 736,
918, 924, 943, 959, 961, 1003, 1004, 1006,
1007, 1014, 1019, 1021, 1024, 1025, 1031,
1032, 1035-1037, 1041, 1045, 1046,
1061-1066, 1072, 1084, 1088-1090, 1112,
1125, 1129, 1151, 1239

Hague Conventions, 40, 48-50, 62, 136, 139,
253, 726, 727, 808, 1030

Haynes, William J., v-viii, xxv-xxvii, xxxii, 39,
81, 83, 108, 138, 158, 163, 170, 185, 201,
206, 207, 221, 237, 240, 559, 560, 563,
617-620, 623, 624, 626, 629, 919, 1135

Hill, James T., vii, viii, xxvii, 223

Human Rights Watch, 559, 611, 616, 619,
623, 626, 1135

Immigration Law, 178, 570, 607

International Committee of the Red Cross,
62, 70, 104, 105, 140, 142, 337, 339,
383-404, 425, 586, 590, 610, 611, 654,
711, 808, 815, 842, 872, 916, 930, 938,
947, 949-951, 955, 957, 1001, 1015, 1019,
1022, 1056, 1066-1070, 1077, 1089,
1113-1115, 1129, 1136, 1142-1144, 1156,
1157, 1159

International Covenant on Civil and Political
Rights, 36, 230, 243, 561, 566, 581, 582,
591, 592, 598, 599, 603, 608, 612, 615,
1133, 1141, 1145, 1146, 1159, 1241

International Criminal Court, 218, 221, 230,
265, 314, 339, 340, 346

International Tribunals
Nuremberg, 265, 266, 314
Rwanda, 265, 314
Yugoslavia, 265, 314

Interpreters, 635, 639, 662, 668-671, 690-692,
698, 730, 742, 749, 752, 764, 786, 798,
800, 826, 834, 835, 837-839, 863, 867,
888, 913, 921, 938, 940, 942, 952, 1019,
1046, 1065, 1089, 1109

Interrogation, vii, xxvi, xxvii, 122, 126,
144-147, 149, 152-168, 170, 172, 173,
177, 187, 189, 193, 196-201, 203, 204,
206-209, 211-214, 218, 219, 221-223,
225-230, 233-235, 237-239, 241, 243,
245, 248, 255, 256, 259, 263, 264, 273,
275, 278, 281, 283-290, 292, 295, 302,
303, 306, 308, 311-313, 320-323, 325,
329-336, 339-341, 343-347, 354-358,
360-364, 383-385, 387, 391-396, 398,
403, 404, 408-410, 412, 413, 418, 420,
443, 558-565, 567-569, 572, 573,
579-581, 584, 590, 592, 599-601,
603-607, 611, 615, 617, 619, 620, 622,
624, 625, 628, 632-635, 638-642, 650,
654, 655, 662-672, 674-678, 682, 683,
686, 688-692, 709, 714, 723-726, 729,
730, 732, 737, 738, 748, 749, 752, 755,
761-767, 783, 826-833, 835, 836, 844,
846-849, 851, 855-857, 863, 865,
867-870, 888, 899, 909-912, 914-918,
922-926, 928-931, 937-946, 949, 952,
953, 955, 957, 959, 961, 974, 988-990,
992-996, 998-1000, 1002, 1003,
1005-1012, 1014-1017, 1020, 1022-1025,
1029-1040, 1042, 1044-1046, 1048-1051,
1053, 1054, 1056, 1058-1064, 1066-1069,
1071, 1072, 1074, 1075, 1080, 1083, 1084,
1086-1094, 1096, 1098, 1101-1106,
1108-1113, 1115-1120, 1122-1126,
1133-1136, 1138-1142, 1148, 1149, 1151,
1155, 1156, 1160, 1162, 1164, 1239, 1241
abuse safeguards, 364
basic principles, 284, 332
coercion, 385, 391, 1067
contract interrogators, 424, 639, 668, 669,
691, 692, 723-726, 764, 766, 899, 900,
942, 1024, 1032, 1033, 1041, 1045,
1052-1054, 1091, 1111
counter-resistance, xxvii, 223, 225-227,
233, 234, 237, 239, 360, 675
doctrine, 229, 283-285, 330, 332, 361, 412,
445, 625, 639, 662, 667, 671, 674-677,
685, 724, 735, 833, 840, 846, 865, 910,
915, 924, 925, 942, 957, 1003, 1008, 1009,
1015, 1026, 1029, 1030, 1032, 1034-1036,
1047, 1063, 1065, 1088
exceptional techniques, 254, 301, 334,
346
interrogators, 146, 165, 169, 198, 227, 229,
234, 281, 285, 301, 329, 332, 341, 357,
358, 362, 603, 625, 654, 662, 669-671,
674, 677, 686, 688, 690, 691, 723-725,
730, 763, 766, 830, 835, 847-857,
867-870, 913, 925, 938, 943, 975, 989,
994, 1004-1006, 1008, 1010, 1014,
1030-1032, 1040, 1042, 1044, 1046, 1049,
1053, 1054, 1056, 1057, 1061-1064, 1072,
1075, 1085, 1087, 1088, 1090, 1093, 1099,
1101, 1108, 1110-1113, 1117, 1147, 1239
mixed purpose interrogations, 165, 166
political pressure, 940
public safety exception, 160, 199, 563, 605,
606
purposes, 286
standards, 1142, 1156
training, 723

Interrogation techniques, xxvi, xxvii, 156,
187, 193, 196-198, 225, 229, 238, 241,
273, 275, 283, 284, 286-288, 321, 322,
331, 334, 336, 339, 340, 345-347, 360,
364, 443, 558, 562, 569, 580, 581, 599,
619, 620, 624, 628, 639, 655, 666,
668-672, 675, 676, 723-726, 910-912,
924-926, 930, 938, 941, 942, 949, 953,
957, 990, 994, 1002, 1003, 1005-1007,
1011, 1014, 1015, 1017, 1023, 1030, 1033,
1034, 1061, 1064, 1084, 1093, 1112, 1113,
1117, 1119, 1122, 1135, 1141
Category 1 methods, 227, 237, 924, 1239
Category 11 methods, 227, 234, 237, 1239
Category 11I methods, 228, 234, 237, 924,
1239
change of scenery, 341, 362, 857
crouching, 198, 199, 227, 234, 393, 395,
604, 605, 725, 941, 1036, 1037, 1090
deception, 227, 229, 234, 284, 285, 331,
332, 603, 674, 855, 877, 1065
deprivation, 228, 234, 355, 361, 568, 967,
1239
descriptions of, 357, 361
dietary manipulation, 197, 356, 358, 362,
1033
dogs, 228, 343, 416, 417, 941, 946, 993,
1002-1006, 1009, 1022, 1024, 1033, 1034,
1036, 1038, 1059, 1061, 1065, 1066, 1069,
1070, 1084-1088, 1092, 1100, 1102-1105,
1112, 1114, 1115, 1117-1121, 1123-1125,
1135, 1142, 1239
drugs, 56, 97, 172, 180, 187, 191, 192, 220,
242, 250, 251, 297, 298, 344, 845, 847
emotional love and hate, 341, 361, 674, 850.
851
establish your identity, 856
exposure to cold, 358, 362, 568, 1072
false file, 227, 234, 341, 362
false flag, 358, 362, 559
fear of death, 57, 59, 98, 109, 119, 133, 166,
177, 182, 187, 192, 206, 211, 219, 220,
228, 234, 242, 247, 252, 259, 261, 264,
270, 275, 284, 294, 296, 299, 306,
309-311, 319, 320, 332, 334, 340, 341,
344, 354, 358, 361, 400, 412, 563, 567,
569, 601, 606, 670, 680, 696, 824, 839,
845, 851, 881, 942, 946, 974, 1043, 1067,
1077, 1138, 1143, 1146, 1148
forced grooming, 228
futility, 341, 357, 362, 674, 848, 850,
854-856
hooding, 197, 228, 230, 234, 358, 601, 1063,
1079, 1091, 1094
isolation, 193, 227, 234, 355, 362, 393, 395,
398, 595, 941, 1002, 1005, 1022, 1023,
1025, 1038, 1041, 1067, 1070, 1071, 1075,
1080, 1093-1095, 1105, 1116-1118, 1120,
1125, 1142, 1156
light deprivation, 227, 234, 392
Mutt and Jeff, 341, 362, 1037
nakedness, 228, 234, 343, 941, 973, 1003,
1006, 1022, 1033, 1037, 1064, 1105
noise, 197, 232, 356, 392, 601
physical contact, 228, 235, 237, 323, 340,
354, 358, 365, 619, 624, 852, 967, 993,
1005, 1239
pride and ego, 341, 361, 674, 852-854, 856,
1035, 1037
prolonged interrogations, 358
rapid fire, 362, 674, 856
repetition, 362, 384, 674, 856
shabach, 198, 199, 604, 605
shaking, 198, 568, 592, 604, 605
silence, 103, 181, 251, 298, 303, 362, 857,
864
sleep deprivation, 181, 197-199, 216, 230,
232, 234, 251, 298, 356, 358, 362, 392,
393, 396, 559, 567-569, 571, 573, 592,
594, 599, 601, 604, 605, 619, 624, 674,
692, 941, 1002, 1009, 1033, 1038, 1067,
1069, 1081, 1111, 1136, 1138, 1142, 1156,
1241
standing, 358
threat of transfer, 358
Tiger Teams, 1050, 1061, 1063, 1065
training, 677
wall standing, 356, 601
water, 228, 234, 235, 725
we know all, 341, 674, 855, 856
yelling, 234, 388, 1036, 1037, 1072, 1094,
1121, 1124

Involuntary Confession, 147, 156

Iraq, xxvii, 67, 214, 215, 383-385, 388, 391,
398, 403-405, 407-411, 413-415, 419,
420, 429, 433, 438, 439, 444, 579, 617,
633, 634, 636, 640, 641, 649, 650, 652,
657, 658, 661, 671, 676, 692-694, 705,
706, 710, 711, 714, 724, 736, 738, 909,
911-922, 925, 927, 930-936, 938,
940-942, 944, 947, 949, 951, 954, 955,
957-961, 965, 975, 989, 994, 996, 998,
1000, 1001, 1003, 1005, 1011, 1013, 1014,
1016, 1019, 1023, 1025, 1035, 1037-1040,
1042, 1045-1048, 1053, 1057, 1060, 1061,
1065, 1066, 1068, 1081, 1088, 1105, 1108,
1109, 1113, 1114, 1135, 1136, 1140,
1142-1144, 1150, 1151, 1155-1157,
1159-1162

Iraqi Police, 1059, 1085, 1095, 1100, 1101,
1114, 1123, 1129

Irish Republican Army, 601

Israel, 109, 198, 199, 209, 231, 311, 356, 432,
447, 600, 603, 609
Supreme Court, 198, 199, 562, 600,
603--607, 609

Johnson v. Eisentrager, 29, 30, 33, 34, 148,
149, 205, 206, 258, 259, 276, 305, 306,
317, 320, 324

Joint Chiefs of Staff, vi, vii, xxv, xxvii, xxxiii,
30, 148, 223, 333, 360, 648, 807, 841, 895,
900, 904, 910, 916, 926, 927, 929-931,
947, 951, 953, 962, 1129, 1158

Jones, Anthony R, xxxii, xxxiii, 275, 446, 915,
918, 926, 928, 929, 946, 951, 987-989,
1021, 1022

Jus Cogens, 561, 597, 598, 608, 1145

Karpinski, Janis, 415, 419, 423-425, 431-441,
443, 446, 447, 915, 919, 929, 932, 960,
988, 1006, 1042, 1043, 1048, 1059,
1068-1070, 1105, 1156

Law of War, 45, 62, 64, 69, 76, 78, 87, 105,
107, 120, 123, 134, 140, 148, 163, 280,
282, 283, 327, 331, 334, 576, 726-728,
732, 742, 763, 765, 789, 794, 851, 860,
880, 892, 902, 903, 923, 947-949, 963,
1038

Leahy, Patrick, 621, 625

Legal Defenses
Duress, 182, 252, 281, 299, 328, 611, 617,
624
Mistake of Fact, 280, 328
Necessity Defense, 199, 207-209, 211, 242,
260, 261, 263, 282, 289, 307-311, 330,
605
Self Defense, 82, 107, 108, 173, 179, 207,
209-214, 250, 261-264, 280, 297,
309-313, 327, 343, 345, 411, 834
Superior Orders Defense, 265, 266, 281,
313-315, 329

McDade Act, 145, 169

Military Commissions, 36, 39, 76, 83, 144,
147, 148, 163, 335, 346, 355-357

Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act, 277,
325, 1053, 1144, 1161, 1162

Military Intelligence, 166, 387, 388, 391,
393-396, 409, 410, 412, 413, 415-418,
420, 425, 427, 431, 432, 434, 435, 438,
439, 443-447, 638, 643, 650, 661, 662,
664, 666-670, 672, 673, 686, 688,
690-692, 695--699, 723, 724, 729, 738,
739, 748, 752, 755, 760, 764, 766, 785,
788, 826, 827, 829-836, 839, 840,
862-865, 867-869, 876, 888, 909, 912,
913, 915, 916, 921, 922, 925, 926,
928-932, 940, 941, 943-946, 952, 960,
961, 987-990, 992-997, 999, 1002,
1004-1016, 1018-1027, 1032, 1034-1042,
1044-1046, 1048-1051, 1055, 1057-1063,
1066-1068, 1071-1087, 1089, 1091,
1093-1108, 1110, 1111, 1113-1120,
1125-1129
doctrine, 638, 661, 666, 667, 943, 1029
force structure, 695-699, 729-731
training, 419, 670, 671, 673, 724, 729,
730, 1024, 1031, 1041, 1066, 1112,
1113

Military Police, 395, 396, 399, 400, 402, 405,
407-409, 411-419, 421-447, 635, 638,
641, 643-646, 654-656, 658, 661, 663,
664, 666-668, 673, 678, 682, 684-693,
699-704, 710, 715, 716, 718-720, 722,
723, 725, 729-733, 735, 736, 738, 739,
741, 742, 749, 751, 752, 755, 760, 764,
766, 773, 776, 780, 785, 792, 795, 824,
826-828, 831-835, 849, 860, 862-870,
874, 877, 879-881, 887-889, 894, 898,
902, 907, 912, 913, 915-919, 921, 922,
928-937, 941, 943-946, 952, 955, 957,
960, 989, 990, 994, 995, 997-999, 1002,
1004-1009, 1012-1016, 1018, 1020-1023,
1025, 1033, 1034, 1038, 1044, 1048, 1050,
1056, 1059, 1060, 1065, 1068, 1069,
1071-1076, 1078-1089, 1092, 1093,
1097-1106, 1110, 1111, 1113, 1115, 1120,
1121, 1125, 1127-1129
force structure, 411, 640, 668, 682, 685,
692, 699-704, 713, 729-731, 777, 865,
877-879, 935, 936, 952, 953, 961, 1010,
1016, 1032, 1040, 1108
training, 433, 656, 718-723, 894, 934, 1012,
1030, 1033

Militias, 49, 61, 89, 136, 139, 140
definition of, 50, 90, 138

Miller, Geoffrey D., 407-409, 413, 447, 641,
650, 736, 912, 918, 919, 925, 931, 943,
944, 946, 988, 1001, 1002, 1008, 1011,
1019, 1025, 1032, 1035, 1060-1064, 1072,
1106, 1112

Miranda v. Arizona, xxvi, 144, 146, 147, 149,
153-155, 157, 158, 160-164, 166-168,
170, 570

National Consortium of Torture Treatment
Programs, 617, 618

National Security Council, 64, 93, 126, 137,
142, 618, 923, 940

New York City Bar Association, 192, 557, 558,
622, 1148, 1152

Northern Ireland, 230, 563, 600, 601, 609

Notification of Families, 390

Pappas, Thomas, 415, 431, 435, 436, 438, 439,
443, 446, 918, 960, 1002, 1006, 1039,
1040, 1042, 1045-1049, 1057-1061, 1063,
1065, 1068, 1069, 1074, 1078, 1084, 1085,
1087, 1088, 1094, 1100, 1105, 1106, 1114,
1115

Perkins v. Elg, 126

Phifer, Jerald, vii, 225, 228

Powell, Colin L., vi, xxvi, xxxiii, 122, 585, 588,
614, 1057, 1158

Prisoners of War, xxvi, 38, 42, 43, 48-50, 59,
61, 62, 66, 67, 82, 84, 85, 89, 90, 100, 105,
107, 109-111, 117-119, 121, 124, 133,
136, 141, 142, 221, 229, 283, 331, 334,
336, 344-346, 355-357, 362, 363, 411,
412, 562, 576, 580-582, 584-586, 590,
591, 607, 647, 653, 656, 659, 664,
680-682, 686, 694, 701, 702, 714, 716,
718, 728, 734, 736, 741, 745, 754-756,
760, 776, 779, 785, 788, 792, 795, 813,
814, 820, 821, 823-825, 828-834, 849,
850, 852, 861-863, 865, 866, 868-870,
873, 874, 879-881, 885, 886, 888, 889,
892, 893, 923, 925, 948, 954, 955, 957,
958, 988, 997, 1009, 1026, 1028, 1029,
1032, 1129, 1156

Rice, Condoleezza, 619, 628

Riots, 274, 399, 400, 425, 427, 780, 793, 1077,
1091

Rumsfeld, Donald R., v, vii, viii, xxv-xxvii,
xxxiii, 53, 99-101, 237-239, 241, 286,
334, 347, 360, 614, 909, 911, 917-919,
948, 951, 961, 965, 967, 1003, 1020, 1035,
1036, 1038, 1062, 1064, 1065, 1088, 1130,
1135, 1239

Ryder, Donald J., 407--410, 433, 641, 650, 660,
666, 667, 682, 684, 711, 713, 714, 736,
918, 932, 944, 992, 1000, 1001, 1008,
1011

Sanchez, Ricardo S., 407, 409, 435, 436, 438,
447, 915, 926, 933, 987, 1003, 1019, 1022,
1039, 1042

Supreme Court, xxxii, 29-32, 34-36, 41, 52,
60, 63, 71-74, 76, 84, 92, 94, 95, 106, 109,
112-115, 126, 144-147, 149, 150,
153-156, 158, 160, 161, 164, 165, 167,
169, 170, 174, 175, 198, 202, 206, 208,
212, 213, 231, 233, 243, 245, 246, 255,
256, 259, 260, 263, 264, 269-274, 276,
290, 292, 293, 302, 303, 306, 307, 311,
312, 318-320, 322, 324, 567, 577, 592,
604, 605, 917

Taft, William H., vi, xxvi, xxxiv, 64, 93, 617,
618

Taguba, Antonio M., xxxiv, 405, 408, 445, 641,
650, 656, 658, 660, 682, 684, 706, 707,
711, 719, 720, 725, 736, 915, 918, 926,
928, 929, 933, 945, 946, 951, 952, 989,
996, 1001, 1004, 1006, 1008, 1013, 1023,
1050, 1073, 1086, 1115

Taliban, vi, xxv-xxvii, 29, 36, 38, 39, 50, 51,
53-62, 64-66, 70, 71, 74, 76, 77, 79-83,
90, 91, 95-102, 104, 105, 107, 110, 111,
115-122, 124-127, 129, 131, 133-139,
142, 143, 200, 206, 207, 221, 241, 243,
253, 287, 288, 290, 300, 333, 337, 339,
344, 410, 562, 580, 581, 584, 585, 587,
608, 648, 807, 808, 814, 815, 841, 858,
859, 871, 881, 882, 890, 895, 900, 901,
910, 915, 920, 923, 925, 947, 948, 963,
1141, 1158, 1159

The Paquete Habana, 71, 73, 112, 114, 1145

Torture [See also, Detainee Abuse,
Interrogation techniques]
definition of, xxvii, 172, 173, 176-180, 182,
183, 186, 187, 189-192, 195-197, 209,
Index
213, 215, 219, 220, 233, 234, 242, 244,
247-250, 252, 261, 267, 289, 293-297,
299, 309, 316, 566, 569, 570, 602,
845-847, 1147, 1241
State statutes, 183
Torture Victims Protection Act, 191-194,
196, 197, 215, 267, 316, 572, 599, 1138
US Criminal Statute, xxvii, 172-174, 177,
182, 191, 192, 196, 200, 204, 211, 212,
214, 218, 219, 223, 231-233, 235, 242,
244, 245, 247, 248, 250, 252, 256, 257,
289, 290, 292, 294, 296, 299, 303, 304,
560, 564, 572, 579, 580, 599, 607, 628,
662, 845, 846, 1133, 1137-1139, 1147,
1149, 1161, 1162, 1241

Torture Victims Protection Act, 173

Umm Qasr, 383, 386, 394, 395

UN Convention Against Torture, xxvi, xxvii,
172, 182, 184-186, 188-192, 194, 196,
197, 199, 209, 217-220, 230-232, 241,
243, 261, 268, 269, 273, 288-290, 309,
316, 320, 337, 338, 344, 345, 348, 350,
352, 356, 357, 560, 561, 563-570, 572,
573, 575, 579-581, 591, 598-600,
606-608, 612, 613, 615, 620, 624, 628,
629, 662, 674, 845, 904, 910, 954, 957,
1109, 1134, 1138, 1139, 1141, 1144, 1145,
1147, 1148, 1150, 1158, 1159, 1161, 1162,
1241

Uniform Code of Military Justice, 407, 408,
415, 419, 420, 442, 561, 564, 565,
576-580, 607, 608, 637, 651-653,
674, 727, 821, 822, 847,
848
Article 118, 66, 233, 1241
Article 119, 233, 279
Article 128, 235, 278, 326
Article 134, 233, 234, 278, 281, 326, 329,
578, 579
Article 92, 279, 327, 437, 441, 1071
Article 93, 233, 278, 279, 325, 327, 1241

United Nations, 54, 57-59, 61, 62, 64, 66,
67, 70, 98-102, 104-108, 190, 192, 213,
222, 230, 264, 312, 338, 586, 597, 617,
626, 711, 1138, 1139, 1145, 1148

Walker, Mary, 924

War Crimes, 38-43, 47-50, 67, 70, 79, 81-85,
89-91, 102, 111, 117, 119, 120, 126, 129,
131, 133, 164, 253, 291, 300, 923, 1133,
1141, 1144, 1158, 1160, 1161

White House Counsel, xxv, xxvi, xxxii

Wojdakowski, Walter, 915, 918, 929, 988,
1003, 1006, 1014, 1039, 1042, 1105

Yoo, John, v, vii, xxv, xxxiv, 3, 24, 29, 38, 39,
47, 51, 64, 72, 75, 83, 93, 108, 116, 137,
142, 158, 163, 185, 187, 201, 203, 222,
1135, 1159
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