Spite House: The Last Secret of the War in Vietnam

Gathered together in one place, for easy access, an agglomeration of writings and images relevant to the Rapeutation phenomenon.

Re: Spite House: The Last Secret of the War in Vietnam

Postby admin » Thu Dec 07, 2017 2:54 am

Index

Abrams, Gen. Creighton, 163, 164, 195
Abu (Palestinian), 253
ADS IDs (air-dropped-seismic-intrusion
devices), 54
African-Americans, 56, 60, 109-10
agents working with U.S. forces, 185n
Alpert, Jon, 250-52, 334, 335-36
Antippas, Andrew, 254-55, 261
antiwar movement, 32, 105
Arnold, Benedict, 12, 302
Article 31 and Article 32
investigations, 278n
assassination programs, see Garwood search
and destroy operation; hunter-killer
operations; Phoenix program

Baier, Capt. James E., 64, 89, 90
Bain, Lt. Col. Herbert J., 35-36, 80
Banholzer, Vicky and Kenneth, 89, 303
Barker, Gen. David B., 279-80
Barrow, Robert H., 273
Bell, Bill, 294, 294n
booby-trap problem, 105--8, 106n
Brace, Ernest, 271
Branch, Cpl. Michael, 267n
Brandtner, Brig. Gen. Marin L., 302n
Breckinridge, Gen. J. C., 12
Breckinridge, Col. Jim, 11, 12
Breckinridge, Gen. John C., 11-12
Brzezinski, Zbigniew, 241, 296
Buchanan, Carl, 25
Buchta, Charles, 302-3
Bums, Fred, 141-42, 144
Burroughs, Co!., 99, 100

Calloway, Howard, 269
Camacho, Capt. Issac, 115-17, 127, 131,
295, 328
Cambodia, 216, 223
Cam Hai village, 67, 67-68n
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 108,
195
communist infiltration of South Vietnamese
operations, 296-98
disinformation program, 203-10
hunter-killer operations and, 43
McKenney, attempt to recruit, 30-31
personnel in Vietnam, 50-52
Owens's attitude toward, 120
POW exchanges, 160
special operations and, 47n, 58n
Vietnam War involvement, 32
see also Phoenix program
Charlie Company, 28
Chase, Salmon P., 12
Chenoweth, Sgt. Robert, 267n
China-Vietnam border skirmishes, 233, 234
Chinese-Vietnamese prisoners, 234
Chuyen (double agent), 194-95, 196
Civil War, 11, 12
Clifford, Clark, 80, 82n
Codinha, J. William, 319
Colby, William, 51-52, 115, 163-64, 16311
collaborators, see deserter-traitors
combined action platoons, 76-7711
Command and Control North (CCN), 47-
48, 59-60
Garwood assassination patrol, 168, 185-94
Composto, Capt. Joseph, 255, 256-57, 25611,
259-60, 261
Conley, Billy Ray, 64-65, 89, 90, 303-4
Corcoran, Col. James F. T., 277
counterintelligence (CI) operations, 37-39
couriers, 49-50n
Crompton, Col. Wallace C., 208
Cue Binh Van/Soviet prison system, 294-96,
329-30
Cue Dich Van Soviet, 295n
Cushman, Gen. Robert c., 41, 58, 98

Daly, PFC James, 267n
Davis, Jefferson, 12
Decent Interval (Snepp), 160
Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), 86, 241,
317, 319, 320
Garwood's debriefings, 331-32, 333-34,
346-48
Delaney, Dana, 69n
deserter-traitors:
African-Americans, 56, 60, 109-10
intelligence on, 38-39, 108-10
McKenney's attitude toward, 55-56
number of deserters, 203, 204
Peace Committee, 267-70, 267n, 268n
prosecution in U.S., 267-70
turncoat elimination program, see Garwood
search and destroy operation;
Phoenix program
disinformation program, 203-10
DMZ incident, 203-10, 279
double agents, 194-95
downed naval pilots, abandonment of, 198-
201
Drake, John, 316
Dunn, Maureen, 199-200n

Eisenbraun, Elizabeth, 351
Eisenbraun, Capt. William F. (Ike), 92, 93,
125-33, 135-39, 351, 353
death of, 137-39
Elbert, Cpl. Frederick, 267n
Evans, Capt. Bobby G., 58-59, 60, 61, 109-
10

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 94
firebases, 115n
First Force Reconnaissance Company, 41-42
see also hunter-killer operations
Fleet Marine Force/Pacific (FMFPAC), 86n
Foley, Col. Brendan, 289
Foley, Dermot, 264, 281-82, 285, 289-93,
296, 298, 299-300, 305
Fonda, Jane, 272
Freedom Hill, 118, 165
French-Indochina war, 231
Fulbright, J. William, 80

Garwood, Cathy Ray, 312, 341-43, 344, 348,
351, 356, 357, 360
Garwood, Don, 17, 18, 71, 351, 362
Garwood, Jack, 16, 17, 18, 89, 263-65, 312-
13, 349-50
Garwood, Linda, 265, 282-83, 308, 309, 362
Garwood, Robert (Bobby), 4
approval, need for, 21
automobile accident, 19-20
cardiac arrest, 260-61
child molestation charge against, 325-26
DIA debriefings, 331-32, 333-34, 346-48
dishonorable discharge, 331, 344
disinformation campaign against, 203-10
early years, 16-18
exonerating documents, failure to receive,
348-49
honor, sense of, 123-24
hospital stay in Okinawa, 258-60
intelligence section, assignment to, 23
Jewish heritage, 16, 25, 87-88
languages, gift for, 17-18
Marine "killed" in training, 345
Marine life, 18-19
mechanical skills, 17
mental condition, 257, 275-76, 284-85,
287-88, 308-9, 311, 343-44
MIA status, 159
military career, decision on, 18
motor-vehicle operator position, 19, 21
in 1996, 361
plane trip out of Vietnam, 253-58
religious life, 244
return to U.S., 242, 243-44, 260-61
South Vietnamese expatriates in U.S., support
from, 321-23
speaking engagements, 355-56
suicide, consideration of, 257, 308-9
Vietnam arrival, 20-21
Vietnam veterans, relations with, 312, 331,
344-45, 355-56
Vietnam visit in 1993, 350-53
Walt, work for, 22-25
women, relationships with, 311-12, 341-
43
working life, 311, 344
see also Garwood-McKenney relationship;
Garwood's court martial; Garwood
search and destroy operation; Garwood's
POW experience
Garwood, Ruth Buchanan, 17, 24-25, 259
Garwood-McKenney relationship:
McKenney's change of mind about Garwood,
328-40, 359-60
McKenney's hatred for Garwood, 6-7, 41,
57, 62, 102, 242
McKenney's letter to Garwood, 349, 353-
55
McKenney's need for forgiveness, 4-5,
340
meeting in 1994, 341, 344, 353-55, 356-
60
Garwood's court martial, 134
appeal of conviction, 320-21, 348-49, 355
Article 32 Investigation, 278-79, 280-81
Conley's testimony, 303-4
conviction of Garwood, 309
defense's case, 307-8, 310
desertion issue, 280, 302-4
detention of Garwood, 262-63, 282-83
DMZ incident and, 279
double agent issue, 283-84
evidence to vindicate Garwood, Foley's
handling of, 290, 291-300
evidence withheld from Garwood's attorneys,
279
family support for Garwood, 263-65, 282-
83, 309, 313
former prisoners' testimony, 139, 278-79,
280-81, 305-7, 309-10
Garwood family, toll on, 265
Garwood informed of charges against
him, 255, 255-5611, 261-62, 264,
276-77
Garwood's attitude toward charges, 277
Garwood's enlistment status and, 282
Garwood's failure to testify, 304, 357-58
Garwood's mental state during, 284-85,
287-88
government misconduct, 281-82, 286,
292-93, 300, 310, 315, 317-21, 349
Guy's attitude toward, 270, 271
interrogation sessions, 265-66, 277-78,
290, 358-59
legal counsel for Garwood, 255-56, 264,
281, 285-86, 289-92
McKenney's attitude toward, 324-26, 358-
59
maltreatment of prisoners issue, 280-81,
305-6, 309-10
Garwood's court martial (continued)
mental competence issue, 286-87, 290-
91, 292, 307-8
military's decision to prosecute, 272-74
the Mortician and, 313-21
plea bargain option, 288
political dimension, 266-72
prosecution's case, 300-307
sentencing of Garwood, 310-11
Speer's testimony, 303
Garwood search and destroy operation:
assassination patrols, 109, 155-60, 168,
185-94
Camacho and, 115-17
documents pertaining to, 86-87
documents signed by Garwood, discovery
of, 90-91
Garwood's collaboration, beliefs about,
56-57, 90-92, 93-94, 121-22
Garwood's disappearance, interpretation
of, 88-90, 93
Garwood's elusiveness, 110
Garwood's status as Marine and, 60-61
Garwood's symbolic importance, 60, 96-
97, 105
information about Garwood, 7, 87-88, 92-
93, 94, 121-22, 139-40, 151-52, 154-
55, 167, 168, 190-91
injustice of, 95
McKenney's briefing on Garwood, 39, 85,
95
McKenney's failure to research Garwood's
case, 85-86
McKenney's obsession with Garwood, 41,
57, 62, 108
McKenney's withdrawal from, 201
organizations involved in, 86
origin of assassination order, 43n, 57-59
Ortiz-Rivera's allegations and, 139-40
scale of, 90
secrecy about, 57
Garwood's POW experience, 262
agricultural work, 234
black market involvement, 233-34, 235-38
bombing-related injuries, 226-27
captors' perception of Garwood as intelligence
officer, 70, 71, 74, 131, 145-49,
248-49, 293-96, 298
capture by communists, 63-71
communist propaganda about Garwood,
296, 298-99
Eisenbraun's death, 137-39
end of war, learning about, 230-31
escape attempts, 72
execution sentence, 226
food for prisoners, 128, 134-35
Garwood's speeches about, 355-56
Grisset's death, 150
Hanoi-directed campaign, 232-35
mechanical projects, 229-30, 232
movement from camp to camp, 125, 132,
134, 140, 225, 227
Nana's execution, 247-48
physical appearance, 140-41, 334-35
political "reeducation, " 73-74
prisoners, relations with, 124, 125-33,
134-35, 140-42, 225
prisoners' perception of Garwood as collaborator,
142-45, 149-50
propaganda documents, signing of, 72,
90-91, 129
psychological and physical trauma, 71, 72-
73, 74-75, 124-25, 129
releasees' reports on, 92, 93, 139-40
release opportunities, 135-37, 138
religion's importance, 244
repatriation to U.S., 241, 248-54
"sacrifice" perspective on, 347-48
South Vietnamese prisoners and, 133-34,
228, 230, 231
survival skills, use of, 71, 127-28, 141
understanding of captors, 129, 148-49
U.S. government's response to information
about Garwood, 239, 240-41
U.S. government's monitoring of Garwood,
293, 346-47
video interview, 250-52, 334-37
Vietnamese language, learning of, 131,
134, 142, 145, 235
Weatherman confused with Garwood by
other prisoners, 146-47
Westerners in Hanoi, contacts with, 239-
40, 244-47
G Company, 107-8
Geer, Andrew, 13
Geill, John, 89, 89n
Gilman, Benjamin, 314n
Goldwater, Barry, 81
Gorsky, Lt. Col. Bill, 55
Greene, Gen. Wallace, 36
Grisset, Sgt. Russ, 121, 132, 134, 135-36,
137, 138, 140-41, 143, 147
death of, 150
Groom, Winston, 291
Gruening, Ernest, 80
G-2 (colonel), 35, 36-37, 98-100
G-2 (Marine intelligence section), 23, 33-37,
98-101, 110
Gugas, Chris, 331-32, 342, 362
Gunther, Capt. John, 38-39
Gutterson, Col. Laird, 272, 328-29, 339
Guy, Col. Ted, 267-70, 271, 307, 339-40

Haiti, 243
Hale, Avon G., 67-68n
Hammond, Dennis, 148
Harbut, Will, 10
Harker, David, 150, 280-81, 309-10
Harnabee, Sgt. Chaicharn, 270-71
Hathcock, Sgt. Carlos (Gunny), 45-46
Hegdahl, Doug, 269n
helicopter pick-ups, 192-94
Helmer, Capt. (later Col.) Werner, 300-302,
315, 318, 362
Henry V (Shakespeare), 119
Hinson, Jack, 78
Ho, Mr., 73-74, 75, 135, 136, 137, 139, 145,
147, 148, 149
Ho Chi Minh, 160
Ho Xuan Dich, 351-52
Hubbard, David L., 288
Hue, battle of, 31
Hunter, Edna, 74n, 144-45, 305, 306
hunter-killer operations, 41, 42-44
civilian and political targets, 44-45
Hathcock's mission, 45-46
history of, 42-43n
instruction for commanders, 119-20
McKenney's attitude toward, 45
secrecy about, 45
see also Garwood search and destroy operation
Huyn Ba Thanh, 114, 155, 297-98
Huyn Van Trong, 113
Hyp, Sgt. Bob, 152-54, 154n, 327, 333-34,
347-49

intelligence operations:
clearances for, 34-35n
Marine intelligence section (G-2), 23, 33-
37, 98-101, 110
plausible deniability in, 204-5
South Vietnamese intelligence system,
111-14
see also Central Intelligence Agency; special
operations
International Rescue Committee (IRC), 316,
319, 320

Jefferson, Thomas, 9
Johnson, Lyndon B., 47n, 80, 82
Jones, L. A., 219, 221

Karch, Brig. Gen Frederick J., 35-36
Kavanaugh, PFC Abel, 267n
Keith, Capt. Wesley, 212-13, 222, 222n, 223
Kennedy, John F., 79
Kennedy, Pat, 348
Kissinger, Henry, 229
Kit Carson scouts, 77-78n
Komer, Robert, 163
Korean Marines in Vietnam, 77, 81-82, 103,
105
Korean War, 26-27, 56n
Krulak, Gen. Victor H., 46n, 63, 294
Kushner, Dr. Floyd Harold, 140, 143-44,
146, 150, 268, 305-6

Laird, Melvin R., 269
Lam Van Phat, Gen., 228, 322, 329
Langlois, Sgt., 257, 258-59, 260, 262, 263,
282, 283, 309
Le Dinh Quy, 133-34, 141, 149
Le Hung, Gen. and Mrs., 321-23
Lexington, Kentucky, 9-10
Limited Distribution Only (UMDIS) communications,
206-9
Lowe, John, 290, 291, 300, 304, 306, 307,
308, 311

McKenney, Floyd, 14-15
McKenney, Marty, 30, 31, 104, 166, 327
McKenney, Col. Tom C., 3-4
airborne training, 29-30
battlefield visits, 76-78
booby-trap problem, 105-8
McKenney, Col. Tom C. (continued)
bureaucrats, dislike for, 27, 50-52, 84
CIA personnel, attitude toward, 50-52
CIA post, rejection of, 30-31
"Colonel Smooth" nickname, 4
counterintelligence operations, 37-39
crisis period, 338-39
deserter-traitors, attitude toward, 55-56
downed pilot incident, 198-201
early years, 8-15
First Marine Division assignment, 118
Garwood's court martial and, 324-26,
358-59
health problems, 153, 197-98
hunter-killer operations, attitude toward,
45
intelligence work at G-2, 33-37, 98-101
Korean War, 26-27
mental condition, 36, 198, 327-28,
338-39
military career, decision on, 8-9, 13-15
in 1996, 361
"outsider" malaise, 326--27
personal code, 9, 12, 14
Phoenix program, approach to, 52-55
Phoenix program interview, 111
post-war period of adjustment, 242-43
promotion to assistant G-2, 110
promotion to lieutenant colonel, 41
Puller and, 101-5
recording of Vietnam experiences, 33
religious life, 101, 212, 243, 327
as reservist, 30
return to U.S. from Vietnam, 202-3
special operations training, 28, 30
superiors, confidence in, 28, 51, 205
teaching career, 30
video of Garwood, viewing of, 334-37
Vietnam arrival, 31-33
Womack and, 212-13, 222-23
see also Garwood-McKenney relationship;
Garwood search and destroy operation
McNamara, Robert S., 82, 82n, 199-200,
200n, 322
McNamara Line, 82
Mai Chi Tho, 297
Man o' War (horse), 10
Marble Mountain, 21, 65, 66, 67, 68-69,
69n, 81
Marine Corps, 13, 14, 18
Garwood's court martial and, 272-73, 274,
314
intelligence section (G-2), 23, 33-37, 98-
101, 110
leadership in, 100
lineal list, 120, 120n
mission in Vietnam, 32-33, 66
Test Unit 1, 28
Third Marine Amphibious Force, 22n,
202n
Marines and Military Law in Vietnam
(Solis), 302n
Mary, Sister, 53, 153
masquerade teams, 207-9
Military Assistance Command Special Operations
Group (MACSOG), 46, 48
see also special operations
Miller, Lt. Col. Edison, 268, 270, 271-72
mines, 105-8
Monkey Mountain, 65
Montagnards, 148
Montgomery, Gillespie (Sonny), 241
Morgan, Gen. John Hunt, 11
Mortician, the (Col. Tran Van Loc), 313-21,
346, 347, 349, 362
M16 (British secret intelligence service), 44-
45
M16 automatic rifles, 104, 167-68

Nana (Chinese-Vietnamese prisoner), 234,
247-48
Naval Investigative Service, 108
Nghia, Capt., 133
Ngo Dinh Diem, 113
Nguyen Van Thieu, 113, 155, 163
Nha, see Vu Ngoc Nha
Nixon, Richard M., 162-63, 203
No Name Island, battle of, 7, 146, 166--68,
190
NVA, see People's Army of North Vietnam

O'Grady-Parsels, Patricia, 353
Ortiz-Rivera, Jose, 93, 135, 138, 139-40,
306-7
Owens, Capt. Sam, 42, 44, 54, 67-68, 119-
21, 152, 327, 357, 361-62
Garwood search and destroy operation,
57, 121-22, 155, 156-57, 201

Palestinians, 249, 253
Parsels, John, 268n
Patton, George, 1II, 37
Peace Committee, 267-70, 267n, 268n
Peck, Col. Millard, 317
Pentagon Papers, 203
People's Army of orth Vietnam (NVA), 32
base camps, 190
morale and manpower problems, 165--66
Perot, Ross, 342
Perroots, Leonard H., 346
Pham Van Thai, Col., 248, 252-53, 352-53
Phoenix program:
Accelerated Pacification Program (APC),
163-64, 163n, 166
assets of, 50n
communist infiltration of, 152, 297
debriefings of mission members, 219
destruction of documents pertaining to,
222
errors in targeting, 61-62
full agenda of, 50
hunter-killer operations and, 43n
McKenney's approach to, 52-55
McKenney's interview, 111
military's control, 164-65
moral ambiguity, 54-55, 114-15
non-military targets, 112, 113, 114, 1I5
number of assassinations, 163-64
psychological impact on participants, 61-
62, 211-23
released American POWs targeted by,
223-24
rewards for successful assassinations, 219
South Vietnamese control, 111-12
training in assassination techniques, 213-
14
Womack's experiences, 212-23
see also Garwood search and destroy operation
Phong, Mr., 319
plausible deniability, 204-5
posttraumatic stress disorder, 275-76
prisoners of war:
exchanges of prisoners, 160
in Korean War, 27, 56n
North Vietnamese attitude toward, 121
post-war retention of prisoners by Vietnamese,
229, 229n
U.S. inaction regarding, 129--30, 229, 230
Vietnamese prisoners held by U.S. forces,
152-53
see also deserter-traitors; Garwood's POW
experience
prison system of North Vietnam, 294-96,
329-30
Puller, Gen. "Chesty, " 83, 100, 101, 102, 244
Puller, Lt. Lewis, 83, 327
wounding of, 101-5
punji stakes, 120, 189

Quy, see Le Dinh Quy

Rahkonen, Ossi, 239-40, 241, 245-47
ralliers, 231--32
Ray, Cathy, see Garwood, Cathy Ray
Ray, Sgt. James Michael, 343
Rayford, PFC King D., 267n
Reagan, Ronald, 228, 351
reconnaissance operations, see special operations
Rheault, Col. Robert, 195
Riate, Cpl. Alfonso, 267n
Riviera, the, 83, 102, 103--4
Robideau, Robert, 290, 304
Rodriguez, Capt., 216, 217-18
rules of engagement, 21, 66, 79-80, 81-84

Sanchez, Victor, 251
Santos, Jose Agosto, 93, 135, 138, 139
Schowalter, Robert, 311
Schutz, J. J., 91
Senate Select Committee on POWs, 318-20
Sexton, Sgt. John, 161, 224, 296, 362
Shakespeare, William, 119
Shelleman, Lt. Kenny, 108
Shields, Roger, 290
Simpson, Gen. O. R., 51, 87-88n
Sixty Minutes (TV program), 251, 281
Skotniki, Col. Anthony, 118-19
Smith (American VC sympathizer), 103, 105
Smith, Sen. Bob, 318-19, 320, 349, 350-51,
352
Smith, Maj. Mark, 114-15, 147n, 194
Snepp, Frank, 6211, 160
Solarz, Steven, 345-46
Solis, Lt. Col. Gary D., 302n
South Vietnamese intelligence and national
security system, 111-14
Special Forces, 28
A-, B-, and C-teams, 109-10n
communist attacks on, 98, 101
"emasculation" of, 164-65, 195-96
normal activities, 53n
special operations, 46-48
casualties, 49
CIA and, 47n, 58n
command structure, 46-47n
counterintelligence operations, 37-39
cross-border operations, 47n
interrogation methods, 49
masquerade teams, 207-9
operating procedures, 48-49
personnel for, 47n, 48
sensor dropping missions, 54
by South Vietnamese groups, 50
targets of, 49-50
training for, 28, 30
see also hunter-killer operations; Phoenix
program
Speer, Mary, 18, 89, 276, 303
spite houses, 326
Steer, John, 339
Stockdale, Adm. James, 26711, 269-70
Studds, Capt. (later Lt. Col.) John A., 89,
302-3
Switzer, Col. R. E., 302, 310, 315, 317
Sworski, Barbara, 356
Sydenham, Maj. Stan, 37, 38, 84, 104
Sydow, Gary, 317

Tanay, Emil, 72-73, 284-85, 287-88
Taylor, Vaughn, 281, 285-86, 290, 300, 301,
310, 315, 316-18, 320-21, 331, 349,
352, 355, 362
Test Unit I, 28
Tet offensive of 1968, 31-32
Tet offensive of 1969, 165
Thai, see Pham Van Thai, Col.
Thanh, see Huyn Ba Thanh
Thieu, see Nguyen Van Thieu
Third Marine Amphibious Force (III MAF),
22n, 20211
Thomas, Capt. Blake K., 99-100
Tighe, Gen. Eugene, 133, 134, 14, 5, 237-38,
272-73, 274, 284, 293, 314-15, 331-
33, 342, 351, 362
Toll, Barry, 205, 206-10
Tompkins, Gen. Rathvon McC., 104, 106
Tonkin Gulf Resolution, 80, 203
traitors, see deserter-traitors
Tran Van Loc, Col., see Mortician, the
Tyler, John, 219, 221

Victory Hotel, 234, 235, 236, 238, 248
Viem Dong, battle of, 103-4
Vietcong, 21, 38
Americans' respect for, 78
Marble Mountain base, 69, 6911
Phoenix program, infiltration of, 152, 297
tactics of, 77-78, 81, 84
Vietnam, Garwood's return visit in 1993,
350-53
Vietnamese Popular Forces, 76-77n
Vietnam veterans, 3-4, 312, 331, 344-45,
355-56
Vietnam Veterans Memorial, 328
Vietnam War, 21, 26, 203
bombing campaigns by U.S., 162
Marine Corps mission, 32-33, 66
peace talks, 162
politicians' management of, 35-36, 81, 82,
84
rules of engagement, 21, 66, 79-80, 81-84
sense of helplessness among U.S. servicemen,
96-97
Tet offensive of 1968, 31-32
Tet offensive of 1969, 165
Tonkin Gulf resolution, 80, 203
uncertainties of U.S. policy, 80-81
Vietcong tactics, 77-78, 81, 84
Vietnamization program, 163
Vu Ngoc Nha, 113

Walt, Gen. Lewis W., 22, 23-25, 35, 41, 45,
63, 66, 78n, 90, 294, 298, 323, 362
Waple, Mark, 241n
Warner, John W., 269
Weatherman, Clyde, 146-49, 299
Westmoreland, Gen. William, 81
Wilbur, Capt. Walter E., 268, 270
Williams, Quentin, 221
Williams, Sgt. "Top, " 146, 280
Wolff, Lester, 314n
Womack, Bruce, 212-23, 296
Woods, Capt. Clyde, 107, 108
World War II, 14-15
Wright, Teresa, 301

Yarborough, Lt. Gen. William P., 53n
Young, Cpl. John A., 267n

Zwen, Lt. Col., 248-49
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