Summary of Findings
Blogging is bringing new voices to the online world.
A telephone survey of a nationally-representative sample of bloggers has found that blogging is inspiring a new group of writers and creators to share their voices with the world. Some 54% of bloggers say that they have never published their writing or media creations anywhere else; 44% say they have published elsewhere. While generally youthful, these writers otherwise represent a broad demographic spectrum of people who cite a variety of topics and motives for their blogging.
Eight percent of internet users, or about 12 million American adults, keep a blog. Thirty-nine percent of internet users, or about 57 million American adults, read blogs – a significant increase since the fall of 2005.Telephone surveys capture a current snapshot of an ever-changing blog universe.
The Pew Internet & American Life Project deployed two strategies to interview bloggers.
First, as part of our standard random-digit dial tracking surveys about internet use among a nationally-representative sample of American adults, we asked respondents if they maintain a blog. Then, we called back these self-identified bloggers between July 2005 and February 2006. Seventy-one percent of those called back completed this second telephone survey, which focused exclusively on blogging. The remaining 29% said they were no longer keeping a blog or were not willing to take another survey, and we eliminated them from the callback interviews. This strategy yielded a relatively small number of respondents (n=233) but allowed us to ask in-depth questions of a nationally-representative sample of bloggers. Numbers cited in this report are based on the callback survey unless specifically noted.
Our second strategy for preparing this report involved fielding additional random-digit surveys between November 2005 and April 2006 to capture an up-to-date estimate of the percentage of internet users who are currently blogging. These large-scale telephone surveys yielded a sample of 7,012 adults, which included 4,753 internet users, 8% of whom are bloggers.While many well-publicized blogs focus on politics, the most popular topic among bloggers is their life and experiences.
The Pew Internet Project blogger survey finds that the American blogosphere is dominated by those who use their blogs as personal journals. Most bloggers do not think of what they do as journalism.
Most bloggers say they cover a lot of different topics, but when asked to choose one main topic, 37% of bloggers cite “my life and experiences” as a primary topic of their blog. Politics and government ran a very distant second with 11% of bloggers citing those issues of public life as the main subject of their blog.
Entertainment-related topics were the next most popular blog-type, with 7% of bloggers, followed by sports (6%), general news and current events (5%), business (5%), technology (4%), religion, spirituality or faith (2%), a specific hobby or a health problem or illness (each comprising 1% of bloggers). Other topics mentioned include opinions, volunteering, education, photography, causes and passions, and organizations.The blogging population is young, evenly split between women and men, and racially diverse.
The following demographic data comes from two surveys of internet users conducted in November-December 2005 and February-April 2006 (n=7,012).
< The most distinguishing characteristic of bloggers is their youth. More than half (54%) of bloggers are under the age of 30. Like the internet population in general, however, bloggers are evenly divided between men and women, and more than half live in the suburbs. Another third live in urban areas and a scant 13% live in rural regions.
< Another distinguishing characteristic is that bloggers are less likely to be white than the general internet population. Sixty percent of bloggers are white, 11% are African American, 19% are English-speaking Hispanic and 10% identify as some other race. By contrast, 74% of internet users are white, 9% are African American, 11% are English-speaking Hispanic and 6% identify as some other race.Relatively small groups of bloggers view blogging as a public endeavor.
Despite the public nature of creating a blog, most bloggers view it as a personal pursuit.
< 55% of bloggers blog under a pseudonym, and 46% blog under their own name.
< 84% of bloggers describe their blog as either a “hobby” or just “something I do, but not something I spend a lot of time on.”
< 59% of bloggers spend just one or two hours per week tending their blog. One in ten bloggers spend ten or more hours per week on their blog.
< 52% of bloggers say they blog mostly for themselves, not for an audience. About one-third of bloggers (32%) say they blog mostly for their audience.The main reasons for keeping a blog are creative expression and sharing personal experiences.
The majority of bloggers cite an interest in sharing stories and expressing creativity. Just half say they are trying to influence the way other people think.Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project Blogger Callback Survey, July 2005-February 2006. N=233. Margin of error is ±7%.Only one-third of bloggers see blogging as a form of journalism. Yet many check facts and cite original sources.
< 34% of bloggers consider their blog a form of journalism, and 65% of bloggers do not.
< 57% of bloggers include links to original sources either “sometimes” or “often.”
< 56% of bloggers spend extra time trying to verify facts they want to include in a post either “sometimes” or “often.”Bloggers are avid consumers and creators of online content. They are also heavy users of the internet in general.
Fully 79% of bloggers have a broadband connection at home, compared with 62% of all internet users. This high-speed access translates into heavy media consumption and creation.  For example:
< 95% of bloggers get news from the internet, compared with 73% of all internet users.
< 77% of bloggers have shared their own artwork, photos, stories, or videos online, compared with 26% of all internet users.
< 64% of bloggers say they go online several times each day from home, compared with 27% of all internet users.Bloggers are major consumers of political news and about half prefer sources without a particular political viewpoint.
< 72% of bloggers look online for news or information about politics; by contrast, just 58% of all internet users do so.
< 45% of bloggers say they prefer getting news from sources that do not have a particular political point of view; roughly the same percentage of the general internet population agrees.
< 24% of bloggers prefer political news from sources that challenge their viewpoint; and 18% choose to use sources that share their political viewpoint. Again, bloggers’ responses are similar to those of the general internet population.Bloggers often use blog features that enhance community and usability.
Community-focused blogging sites LiveJournal and MySpace top the list of blogging sites used in our sample, together garnering close to a quarter (22%) of all bloggers. Features such as comments, blogrolls, friends lists, and RSS feeds on these and other blogging sites facilitate a sense of community and offer readers additional ways to receive and interact with the blog’s content.
< 87% of bloggers allow comments on their blog.
< 41% of bloggers say they have a blogroll or friends list on their blog.
< Only 18% of bloggers offer an RSS feed of their blog’s content.Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project Blogger Callback Survey, July 2005-February 2006. The median is the midpoint – half of bloggers gave an answer above that number, half gave an answer below it. Note: More charts like this are in the last section, “Bloggers by the Numbers.” Bloggers: Summary of Findings at a Glance
• Blogging is bringing new voices to the online world.
• Telephone surveys capture the most accurate snapshot possible of a small and moving target.
• Contrary to the impression created by the press attention on political blogging, just 11% of bloggers say they focus mainly on government or politics.
• The blogging population is young, evenly split between women and men, and racially diverse.
• Relatively small groups of bloggers view blogging as a public endeavor.
• The main reasons for keeping a blog are creative expression and sharing personal experiences.
• Only one-third of bloggers see blogging as a form of journalism. Yet many check facts and cite original sources.
• Bloggers are avid consumers and creators of online content. They are also heavy users of the internet in general.
• Bloggers are major consumers of political news and about half prefer sources without a particular political viewpoint.
• Bloggers often utilize community and readership-enhancing features available on their blogs.Source: Lenhart, Amanda and Susannah Fox. Bloggers. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project, July 19, 2006.