USAID: A CIA Front ‘In Desperate Need of Adult Supervision’

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Re: USAID: A CIA Front ‘In Desperate Need of Adult Supervisi

Postby admin » Wed Jan 13, 2016 8:22 am

Secret USAID Operation Against Cuba
BY STUART HOOPER
AUGUST 11, 2014
21st Century Wire

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The effects of clandestine groups infiltrating, and coopting, ‘aid’ and ‘development’ organizations can be devastating. A report broken by the Associated Press details a Cuban man who met foreign visitors in college and came to call them his friends. But, these visitors were actually under secret instruction from the US Agency for International Development.

Video presentation of this report can be found here:



A contractor called Creative Associates, hired by US Aid, recruited young people from Peru, Venezuela and Costa Rica, and then sent them to Cuba to find others who might be fashioned into anti-Communist activists. This is the same company that established the Cuban Twitter – another attempt to incite a revolution. US Aid established a fake HIV prevention workshop in Cuba where their young recruits worked to turn young people against the Castro regime. The operation has been going on since 2009 and the young people were taught codes such as:

I have a headache.


Which meant, ‘we may be being watched’. And:

Return home sooner, your sister is ill.


Meaning, ‘leave as soon as possible’.

A Statement from US Aid said that the organization is ‘committed to supporting the Cuban people’s desire to freely determine their own future’. Although, in reality it looks more like it has to be a future determined favorable by the US Government. The man from the AP report said that he felt ‘manipulated’, when in actual fact he was so much more than manipulated – he was in incredible danger! After undertaking a few short seminars, these young people were expected to do the work of a seasoned CIA officer, which is something that could have easily gotten their vastly inexperienced and unprepared selves into severe trouble with Cuban authorities.

US Aid also had the audacity to say in a statement that this operation was not secret or covert. If so, one must ask why US Aid did not go ahead and put up a sign that said, ‘Revolutionary Recruitment’, instead of, ‘HIV Prevention Workshop’?

The US attempting to overthrow sovereign governments is a huge problem, but the additional problem here is that this completely undermines the work of genuine aid programs and organizations. Now, even the most trustworthy and decent member of such groups might be suspicious of why they are being asked to do something, or find themselves on the receiving end of questions from locals like, ‘do you work for the CIA?’. This puts pressure on both the givers and receivers of aid, and only works to hinder efforts attempting to help those in need around the world. Furthermore, it weakens the stance of all NGOs and severely damages the reputation of US Aid.

Instead of trying to justify what they have done, US Aid needs to issue an apology for endangering the lives of these young people and embarking upon what can only be described as a reckless mission. Aid definitely does not always aid, but, when clandestine operations like this one are in place, aid can never aid.

Stuart J. Hooper
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Re: USAID: A CIA Front ‘In Desperate Need of Adult Supervisi

Postby admin » Mon Jun 06, 2016 4:31 am

[WINTER SOLDIER, JOE BANGERT, U.S. MARINES] In Quang Tri City, I had a friend who was working with USAID, and he was also with CIA. We used to get drunk together. And he used to tell me about his different trips into Laos on Air America Airlines and things. One time he asked me would I like to accompany him to watch. He was an adviser with an ARVN group and Kit Carson's. He asked me if I would like to accompany him into a village that I was familiar with to see how they act.

So I went with him, and when we got there, the ARVNs had control of the situation. They didn't find any enemy, but they found a woman with bandages. So she was questioned by six ARVNs. And the way they questioned her, since she had bandages, they shot her. She was hit about twenty times.

After she was questioned, and of course dead, this guy came over who was a former major, been in the service for twenty years, and he got hungry again and came back over working with USAID, Aid International Development. He went over there, ripped her clothes off, and took a knife and cut, from her vagina almost all the way up, just about up to her breasts, and pulled her organs out, completely out of her cavity, and threw them out. Then he stopped and knelt over and commenced to peel every bit of skin off her body, and left her there as a sign for something or other.

-- Winter Soldier Investigation, Sponsored by Vietnam Veterans Against the War, Inc.
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Re: USAID: A CIA Front ‘In Desperate Need of Adult Supervisi

Postby admin » Wed Dec 11, 2019 12:46 am

Alan Gross
by Wikipedia
Accessed: 12/10/19

The Trial of the Cuban Five
Ralph Nader Interviews Martin Garbus

December 7, 2019

Ralph welcomes legendary trial lawyer, Martin Garbus, who discusses his book “North of Havana: The Untold Story of Dirty Politics, Secret Diplomacy, and the Trial of the Cuban Five.” Plus Ralph answers your questions!

Martin Garbus is an attorney who is expert at every level of civil and criminal trial, and litigation. He has appeared before the United States Supreme Court in leading First Amendment cases and is the author of Tough Talk: How I Fought for Writers, Comics, Bigots, and the American Way and the book that is the subject of this program: North of Havana: The Untold Story of Dirty Politics, Secret Diplomacy, and the Trial of the Cuban Five.

“For one thing, it (this story) shows how our government can subvert the press and interfere with our jury system. It chronicles an unprecedented pollution of the American legal system in order to advance a political cause. For another – and this may be the real takeaway for us now – it reminds us that facts matter and truth matters and that when people who believe that get involved, there are no hopeless causes. In fact, sometimes the innocent guys, after paying an awful price, win.”

Martin Garbus, author of North of Havana: The Untold Story of Dirty Politics, Secret Diplomacy, and the Trial of the Cuban Five.

[Martin Garbus] Cuba had always insisted that these guys were innocent, and they wanted them returned. When I got into the case, and it continued, the possibilities of them ever being returned were zero, except what happened was Alan Gross, an American CIA-USAID spy, was arrested in Havana. And another American spy had been arrested previously. So as the rapprochement talk was going on, and the publicity was going on, there were also these negotiations that I was involved in to get my clients released from the American jail and go back to Cuba, and America wanted to get Alan Gross back.

On December 2014, one was the rapprochement, you saw Barack on TV, but rather more quietly my guys got off in Havana, having been released from jail, and Alan Gross was returned to Washington….

[Ralph Nader] One backup that I have to clarify: Didn’t Alan Gross deny that he was a CIA operative in Cuba?

[Martin Garbus] Well, two things: First of all he denied this, and then he tried through various groups to put pressure on the American government to get him out. The American government failed to do it. He then sued the American government and he claimed in that lawsuit that “I have been USAID-CIA. You left me here; you didn’t tell me about all the dangers." So he had a lawsuit against the United States Government which he got a substantial settlement for. So yes, you have the original denial. He then said, “I was that person; you sent me down here, and you didn’t protect me.” Something like that has never happened before.

[Ralph Nader] You’re saying in his legal complaint against the U.S. Government, he admitted he not only worked for USAID, but that he had worked for the CIA?

[Martin Garbus] Yes.


Image
Alan Gross
Alan Gross talking on the phone with President Barack Obama, 2014
Born Alan Phillip Gross
May 2, 1949 (age 70)
Rockville Centre, New York, U.S.
Nationality American
Occupation United States government contractor employed by U.S. Agency for International Development
Criminal status Released
Spouse(s) Judith Gross
Criminal penalty 5 years in prison for importing banned technology with the intent of establishing clandestine Internet service[1][2][3][4]
Imprisoned at Carlos J. Finlay Military Hospital, Havana
Alan Phillip Gross (born May 2, 1949)[5] is a United States government contractor employed by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

In December 2009 he was arrested in Cuba while working on a program funded under the 1996 Helms–Burton Act.[6] He was prosecuted in 2011 after being accused of crimes against the Cuban state for bringing satellite and computer equipment to members of Cuba's Jewish community without the permit required under Cuban law.[7] After being accused of working for American intelligence services in January 2010, he was convicted for "acts against the independence or the territorial integrity of the state" in March 2011.[8] He was released from Cuban prison on December 17, 2014.[9]

Life and career

Gross was born in Rockville Centre, Long Island,[10] New York state[5] into a Jewish family to Fred Gross (1921–2006)[11] and Evelyn H. Gross (née Kessel; 1922–2014).[12] He was raised at his hometown and in Baltimore.[10] He studied sociology at the University of Maryland and social work at Virginia Commonwealth University, before moving to Potomac, Maryland.[10][13] He had a long career as an international development worker who had been active in some 50 countries and territories across the Middle East, Africa and Europe,[14] including Iraq and Afghanistan, where he was setting up satellite communications systems to NGOs.[15]

In 2001, he founded JBDC LLC, a small company that earned less than $70,000 in 2009, which supported "Internet connectivity in locations where there [is] little or no access," according to the New York Times.[16] Gross and his wife Judy lived in Potomac, Maryland, a Washington, D.C. suburb. The couple have two daughters, Shira and Nina.[17][10]

Arrest and trial

Background


Gross was working with Development Alternatives Inc. (DAI), a contractor working with USAID, which had won a $6 million U.S. government contract for the program in which Gross was involved, a controversial "democracy-promotion program" that ballooned under the George W. Bush administration, to provide communications equipment to break the Cuban government's 'information blockade.'[17] Gross received less than $300,000. He spoke little Spanish and had not worked in Cuba before.[18]

USAID's $20 million Cuba program, authorized by a law calling for regime change in Cuba, has been criticized in congressional reports, which called it wasteful and ineffective and accused it of putting people in danger.[18][19] Funding was held up briefly in 2010 over concerns following Gross's arrest.[18]

According to American officials, Gross visited Cuba four times in five months in 2009 on a tourist visa before his arrest to deliver computer and satellite equipment to three Jewish community groups. In December 2009, according to DAI, he was on a follow-up trip researching how the groups were making use of the equipment he had previously distributed to them.[16] As reported by The Jewish Daily Forward, Cuba's small Jewish community, numbering fewer than 2,000 people who mainly live in Havana, enjoys full religious freedom, the possibility to emigrate to Israel and fairly good relations with the government under Raúl Castro,[6] but has little influence, making observers wonder why the United States provides material to them under a USAID program that usually targets dissidents. According to a Latin America specialist for the Council on Foreign Relations, it is possible that Gross’s mission was useful only inasmuch as it satisfied Congressional demands to take action in Cuba.[20]

In January 2012, it was reported that Cuban authorities claimed that Gross has visited Cuba as early as 2004, delivering a video camera to a leading Freemason who later declared that he had been a Cuban intelligence agent since 2000.[21]

Gross filed reports for DAI of his four visits to Cuba in 2009. The report of the fifth and final trip was written by DAI. A review of the reports was revealed on February 12, 2012, by the Associated Press (AP). According to the reports, Gross was aware of the risks he was taking.[22] AP reports that Gross did not identify himself as a representative of the U.S. government, but claimed to be a member of a Jewish humanitarian group [this is inaccurate]. To escape Cuban authorities' detection, he enlisted the help of American Jews to transport electronic equipment, instructing them to pack items a piece at a time in carry-on luggage, and also traveled with American Jewish humanitarian groups undertaking missions on the island so he could intercede with Cuban authorities if questions arose. Gross declared that he was thoroughly inspected by the customs officials at Jose Marti International Airport when entering the country and that he declared all of the items in his possession.[23] The equipment he brought to Cuba on his fourth trip, most but not all of which is legal in Cuba, included 12 iPods, 11 BlackBerry Curve smartphones, three MacBooks, six 500-gigabyte external drives, three satellite modems known as BGANs, three routers, three controllers, 18 wireless access points, 13 memory sticks, three VoIP phones, and networking switches. In his report on this trip, marked as final, he summarized: “Wireless networks established in three communities; about 325 users”. However, he went to Cuba for a fifth time in late November 2009 and was arrested 11 days later.[24] When he was arrested, he was carrying a high-tech chip,[22] intended to keep satellite phone transmissions from being located within 250 miles (400 kilometres). The chip is not available on the open market. It is provided most frequently to the CIA and the United States Department of Defense, but can also be obtained by the United States Department of State, which oversees USAID. Asked how Gross obtained the card, a USAID spokesman said that the agency played no role in helping Gross acquire equipment.[24]

Arrest

Gross was arrested on December 3, 2009, at the Havana airport.[25] He was jailed first at Carlos J. Finlay Military Hospital, then Villa Marista prison, a detention center.[26] According to classified U.S. diplomatic cables released by WikiLeaks, the arrest came amid heightened tensions between Cuba and the U.S. Gross spent 25 days in jail before receiving his first visit from a U.S. diplomat, but was visited by a Cuban attorney earlier and was allowed to telephone his wife four days after his arrest on December 6 for the first time and again on December 23. During the one-hour visit by the representative of the United States Interests Section in Havana on December 28, 2009, Gross stated that Cuban officials were "treating him 'with respect," though his interrogation had been "very intense at first," lasting an average of two hours a day. According to the cable, the cell Gross had to share with two other men had a TV and a fan.[25]

The attorney who visited Gross in jail, Armanda Nuria Piñero Sierra, was hired as Gross's lawyer and handled his trial and appeals. She also represented the families of five Cubans held in U.S. prisons after being convicted in 2001 on charges of conspiracy to commit espionage against U.S. military installations, leading to the immediate speculation after Gross's arrest that Cuba wanted to swap him for the five.[25] In October 2011, it was revealed that the U.S. State Department had offered to let one of them who had been released from prison in the U.S. on probation serve the remainder of his probation in Cuba in exchange for Gross's release.[27]

U.S. Congresswoman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen said Gross's treatment was an attempt by Cuba to get a "concession."[16] Many Jewish groups, including the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations and the American Jewish Committee, protested against his detention.[28]

Charges

In January 2010, Ricardo Alarcón, the president of the Cuban National Assembly, said that Gross was "contracted to work for American intelligence services," which was denied by both the U.S. government and Gross's attorneys.[17][29] More than a year later, in February 2011, Gross was charged not with espionage but with "acts against the independence and territorial integrity of the state" ("Actos Contra la Independencia o la Integridad Territorial del Estado"),[30] a crime punishable by up to 20 years in prison.[29] Gross's trial was set for March 4, 2011.[29]

Sentencing

On March 12, 2011, Gross was sentenced to 15 years in prison.[26][31] According to the Cuban News Agency, he had been part of a "subversive project of the U.S. government that aimed to destroy the Revolution through the use of communication systems out of the control of authorities."[31] Gross's wife attended the trial with her attorney. Three U.S. officials also attended as observers.[26]

Gross's case was appealed to the Supreme Court of Cuba, which affirmed the sentence in August 2011.[32]

Reactions and advocacy

Image
Alan Gross with his wife Judy, attorney Scott Gilbert, Rep. Chris Van Hollen, D-Md., Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., and Sen. Jeff Flake, R-Ariz. watch television on board a U.S. government plane headed back to the U.S. as the news breaks of his release, Dec. 17, 2014.

After the sentence was passed, Gross's American attorney, Peter J. Kahn, said in a written statement: "The Gross family is devastated by the verdict and harsh sentence announced today by the Cuban authorities. Having already served a 15-month sentence in a Cuban prison, Alan and his family have paid an enormous personal price in the long-standing political feud between Cuba and the United States." Kahn pledged to "continue to work with Alan's Cuban attorney in exploring any and all options available to him, including the possibility of an appeal." He also called for Gross's immediate release on humanitarian grounds.[26]

U.S. National Security Council spokesman Tommy Vietor responded to the ruling, saying that it "adds another injustice to Alan Gross's ordeal," and that "he has already spent too many days in detention and should not spend one more," and asked for "the immediate release of Mr. Gross so that he can return home to his wife and family."[26]

United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told reporters that Gross had been "unjustly jailed for far too long…He needs to be able to leave Cuba and return home," adding "this is a matter of great personal pain to his family and concern to the U.S. government."[26]

Several members of Congress visited Cuba to see Gross.[33]

The Jewish community and others called on Pope Benedict XVI to appeal to Raul Castro during his visit to Cuba in March 2012 to release Gross.[20]

Gross's wife, after fighting to persuade the organized Jewish community to rally behind a humanitarian campaign to free her husband, publicly criticized President Barack Obama and U.S. policy toward Cuba.[20] In a March 13, 2012 interview with "Politico," after having hired the public relations company Burson-Marsteller on the State Department′s recommendation,[20] she called her husband a "pawn" in a "failed policy" between the Cuban and American governments, adding "the trial wasn’t about him. It was about USAID and U.S. policy towards Cuba."[33] Gross reportedly insisted that his "goals were not the same as the program that sent [him]," and called on the Obama administration to meet Cuba at the negotiating table to solve bilateral issues between the two states, including his case.[34]

Incarceration

In April 2014, he went on a hunger strike for nine days.[35]

In August 2014, his wife reported on their official website, http://www.bringalanhome.org, that Gross refused to see her or their daughter when they went to see him in Cuba, and also refused to see visitors from the U.S. Interests Section in Havana, such as U.S. diplomats.[35][36][37][38] In August 2014, his wife and daughter wrote on their official website that Gross told them not to visit him again and in December 2014 it was reported that they had not.[35][37]

Gross was housed in the Carlos J. Finlay Military Hospital with two other inmates who spoke Spanish.[39][40] Gross reportedly spoke some Spanish.[41]

It was reported in December 2014 that Gross refused to be treated by doctors in Cuba and had threatened to go on hunger strikes if he was not unconditionally released.[42]

Health

When arrested, Gross weighed 254 pounds (115 kg). Since the start of his incarceration, he lost considerable body weight.[43][44] Gross refused medical and dental care.[39] According to his wife and attorney, Gross's health had deteriorated during his incarceration and this was a reason to release him immediately. They also claimed he had degenerative arthritis and had difficulty walking. In May 2012, a mass developed on his right shoulder, which was diagnosed by Cuban doctors as a hematoma (collection of blood).[45][46] Gross's family hired a U.S. radiologist who claimed that the mass was improperly diagnosed, and that Gross could be suffering from cancer so Gross should be released on that basis.[47] Gross's former lawyer, Jared Genser, issued a press release saying he had filed a petition with the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture.[48][49] At the same time, "extremely concerned about Alan Gross's health,"[45] the U.S. State Department called for Gross's immediate release.[50]

Meanwhile, the president of the Hebrew Community of Cuba (Spanish: "Casa de la Comunidad Hebrea de Cuba"), Adela Dworin, who visited Gross in jail several times, claimed that Gross "looked very agile" and was not particularly worried about the mass on his shoulder.[51] In November 2012, the Miami Herald reported that New York Rabbi Elie Abadie, who is also a physician, told the Associated Press that “Alan Gross does not have any cancerous growth at this time, at least based on the studies I was shown and based on the examination, and I think he understands that also," after personally examining Gross and receiving a briefing from a team of Cuban physicians who attended him.

The Cuban Foreign Affairs Ministry, in a statement detailing a meeting between diplomats of the U.S. Interests Section in Havana, a doctor and nurse from the U.S. mission, and members of the Cuban medical team that presented the results of the biopsy performed on the lesion behind Gross's right shoulder, confirmed that the hematoma was not cancerous.[52] The Cuban Government also maintained that Gross's health was normal for a man his age and that he was being properly treated after having stated a few months earlier that Gross, who was held at a military hospital, "could be held at any prison facility," meaning that he was in good and stable health.[45]

In December 2014, Gross released a statement complaining that his teeth had fallen out and that he had lost weight while at the same time stating that he was refusing all medical and dental care because he wanted to be immediately released from prison.[53]

Lawsuits

In November 2012, Gross and his wife Judith sued DAI and USAID for failing to adequately prepare, train and supervise him given the dangerous nature of the program's activities. Reportedly, they were seeking $60 million compensatory damages. In November 2013, it was announced that DAI and Gross and his wife had reached a confidential settlement.[54][55]

Gross and his wife filed another lawsuit, reportedly seeking $10 million from Gross's insurer, the Federal Insurance Company, for benefits they say the company had denied.[56][57]

Release

In November 2014, The New York Times called for the United States to engage in a prisoner swap with Cuba.[58] On December 17, 2014, the Cuban government released Gross on humanitarian grounds and allowed him to return to the United States on a U.S. government plane. Some members of the Cuban Five were also released on December 17, 2014, although the governments characterized the two releases as being unconnected.[9] This exchange was part of the larger Cuban Thaw, which saw improvements in diplomatic and trade relations between the United States and Cuba as well.

Post-release activities

Gross and Nelson DeMille, the author of a recent novel set in Cuba, were scheduled to appear on a panel, commenting on conditions in Cuba, on September 26, 2017.[59]

References

1. "American Alan Gross Completes 5th Year in Cuban Prison". VOA. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
2. "Wife Says Alan Gross' Health, Spirits Failing; Worried He'll Do 'Something Drastic'". Fox News Latino. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
3. "White House renews call for Cuba to release Alan Gross". Fox News Latino. Archived from the original on December 15, 2014. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
4. "American Alan Gross completes fifth year in Cuban prison". Reuters. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
5. Template:Cite journal
6. Guttman, Nathan (November 21, 2011). "New Jewish Push To Free Alan Gross". The Jewish Daily Forward. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
7. Ukman, Jason (August 5, 2011). "Cuba rejects appeal of U.S. contractor Alan Gross". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
8. "Sentence" (PDF). People's Provincial Tribunal of Havanna.[permanent dead link]
9. Elise Labott, "Cuba releases American Alan Gross in prisoner swap", CNN (December 17, 2014).
10. Davis, Julie Hirschfeld (December 17, 2014). "Alan P. Gross Gains the Freedom From Cuba He Thought Would Never Come". The New York Times.
11. "Fred Gross". geni.com.
12. "Evelyn H Gross". geni.com.
13. "Jewish-American contractor Alan Gross sentenced to 15 years in Cuba jail". Haaretz. The Associated Press. March 13, 2011. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
14. "Alan Gross Begins Fourth Year of Unjust Imprisonment". US Department of State. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
15. Landau, Saul (August 31, 2010). "The Alan Gross Case". Institute for Policy Studies. Cuba Solidarity Campaign. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
16. Thompson, Ginger; Lacey, Marc (January 12, 2010). "Contractor Jailed in Cuba Was Aiding Religious Groups, U.S. Says". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 17, 2010. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
17. Sheridan, Mary Beth; Booth, William (January 13, 2010). "Detainee was helping Cuban Jewish groups involved in U.S. democracy project". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
18. Haven, Paul (March 12, 2011). "American contractor found guilty in Cuba". The Miami Herald. Associated Press. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
19. Padgett, Tim (August 9, 2011). "The Alan Gross Affair: The U.S. and Cuba Begin Their Dysfunctional Diplomatic Dance". Time Magazine. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
20. Berger, Paul (March 23, 2012). "New Tactic in Alan Gross Fight". The Jewish Daily Forward. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
21. Tamayo, Juan O. (January 26, 2012). "Details of Cuba's case against U.S. subcontractor Alan Gross leak out". Retrieved February 17, 2012.
22. Berger, Paul (February 15, 2012). "What Did Alan Gross Do in Cuba? Reports Show Accused Spy Knew the Risks He Was Taking". The Jewish Daily Forward. Retrieved February 17, 2012.
23. "Declaration by Alan P. Gross, 243444, Ref: Preparatory File Number 59 of 2009, Case Number 1/11, Mar. 4, 2011".
24. Butler, Desmond (February 13, 2012). "AP Impact: USAID contractor work in Cuba detailed". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved February 17, 2012.
25. Tamayo, Juan O. (September 1, 2011). "WikiLeaks: Cables detail concerns of U.S. contractor held in Cuba". The Miami Herald. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
26. "U.S. contractor sentenced to 15 years in Cuban prison". CNN. March 12, 2011. Archived from the original on March 14, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
27. Thale, Geoff (October 24, 2011). "The Possibility of an Alan Gross-Rene Gonzalez Prisoner Swap U.S.-Cuba Negotiations or Political Theater?". Wola, Washington Office on Latin America. Retrieved December 7, 2011.
28. Shefler, Gil (March 13, 2011). "Cuba sentence for Jewish aid worker draws US ire". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved March 15, 2011.
29. Darlington, Shasta (February 24, 2011). "Trial for American jailed in Cuba set for March 4". CNN. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
30. "Cuban Authorities Set Date For Trial Of U.S. Contractor Alan Gross". latindispatch.com. February 25, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
31. "Alan Gross Sentenced to 15 Years in Prison". ACN. Cuban News Agency. March 12, 2011. Retrieved March 15,2011.
32. "Cuba upholds US contractor Alan Gross sentence". BBC. August 5, 2011. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
33. Mak, Tim (March 13, 2012). "Wife's plea for American held in Cuba". Politico. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
34. Kornbluh, Peter (January 18, 2013). "Alan Gross Case Spotlights U.S. Democracy Programs in Cuba". The National Security Archive.
35. Alan Gomez, USA TODAY (December 3, 2014). "American contractor marks 5th year in Cuban prison". Retrieved December 17, 2014.
36. "BBC News - US contractor Alan Gross 'may not survive' Cuba jail term". BBC News. Retrieved December 17,2014.
37. "News/Press - Bring Alan Home". Archived from the original on December 17, 2014. Retrieved December 17,2014.
38. "U.S. contractor Alan Gross marks 5 years jailed in Cuba, says he will die if not freed by May". Fox News Latino. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
39. ABC News. "US and Cuba Working On Solution to Free American Alan Gross From Cuban Jail". ABC News. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
40. "American Alan Gross completes fifth year in Cuban prison". Retrieved December 17, 2014.
41. "U.S. Senators Visit Alan Gross In Cuba". Retrieved December 17, 2014.
42. ABC News. "US and Cuba Working On Solution to Free American Alan Gross From Cuban Jail". ABC News. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
43. "American Alan Gross completes fifth year in Cuban prison". Yahoo News. December 3, 2014. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
44. "Alan Gross, American Man Jailed In Cuba, Does Not Have Cancer, Authorities Say". The Huffington Post. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
45. Haven, Paul (June 15, 2012). "Alan Gross, American Jailed In Cuba, In Good Condition, Cuban Authorities Say". Huffington Post.
46. Franks, Jeff (September 12, 2012). "Cuba says jailed American's health OK, renews offer of talks". Reuters.
47. "American Alan Gross, jailed in Cuba, may have cancer". Reuters. October 2, 2012.
48. "UN Informs Cuba that Detention of Alan Gross Violates International Law". Algemeiner.com. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
49. Genser, Jared (November 11, 2012). "RE: Mistreatment of Alan Phillip Gross in Cuba" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 23, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
50. Toner, Mark C. (December 3, 2012). "Alan Gross Begins Fourth Year of Unjust Imprisonment. Press Statement". U.S. State Department, Office of the Spokesperson.[permanent dead link]
51. Franks, Jeff (September 29, 2012). "Cuban Jewish leader says Alan Gross fit, in good spirits". Reuters.
52. "U.S. rabbi and Cubans say Alan Gross in good health". The Miami Herald. November 28, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
53. ABC News. "US and Cuba Working On Solution to Free American Alan Gross From Cuban Jail". ABC News. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
54. DAI. "Gross Family and DAI Settle Case Relating to Cuba Imprisonment". Retrieved December 17, 2014.
55. "Alan Gross Settles Suit on 'Risky' Work in Cuba". The Jewish Daily Forward. May 17, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
56. JTA (November 18, 2012). "Judith Gross sues U.S. government, contractor on husband Alan's behalf". Haaretz.
57. "Alan Gross Settles Suit on 'Risky' Work in Cuba". The Jewish Daily Forward. May 17, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
58. Londona, Ernesto (November 2, 2014). "Alan Gross and the Cuban Five: A Timeline". New York Times. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
59. "Top author, former Cuban prisoner top bill at MJCCA". Dunwoody Crier. September 5, 2017. Retrieved September 8, 2017. The MJCCA is pleased to welcome the legendary No. 1 New York Times best-selling author Nelson DeMille, presenting his new novel, “The Cuban Affair” on Sept. 26 at 7:30 p.m. Appearing in conversation with DeMille is special guest Alan P. Gross, Former Cuban hostage and economic development and community engagement advisor.

Further reading

• Alan Gross, "Para La Isla," Proposed Expansion of Scope of Work in Cuba Proposal, September 2009 (DAI/JBDC)
• Complaint: Alan Gross and Judith Gross against Development Alternatives, Inc. (“DAI”) and the United States of America. The United States District Court for the District of Columbia, November 16, 2012
• Development Alternatives Inc.'s Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support of its Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Subject-Matter, Jurisdiction and Failure to State a Claim. The United States District Court for the District of Columbia, January 15, 2013
• Why Won’t the U.S. Help Alan Gross?, Politico Magazine

External links

• Gross family's website
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