The Invisible Government, by David Wise and Thomas B. Ross

"Science," the Greek word for knowledge, when appended to the word "political," creates what seems like an oxymoron. For who could claim to know politics? More complicated than any game, most people who play it become addicts and die without understanding what they were addicted to. The rest of us suffer under their malpractice as our "leaders." A truer case of the blind leading the blind could not be found. Plumb the depths of confusion here.

Re: The Invisible Government, by David Wise and Thomas B. Ro

Postby admin » Wed Jun 10, 2015 5:40 am

Index

American Broadcasting Company (ABC), 243, 272, 366
"Abel, Mrs. Hellen," 308
Abel, Rudolph I., 154, 211n., 257, 271, 271n., 272, 298, 308
Abril, Mario, 8, 37, 51, 55, 56, 63, 64, 67, 68, 75, 76
Acheson, Dean, 110, 314
Adenauer, Konrad, 136, 346, 347
Adzhubei, Alexei, 333
Afont, Tomas, 66
African Pilot, 303, 304
Agency for International Development, 172, 209, 210, 251, 259, 294, 307
Agony of Modern Music, 134
Agriculture Department, 251, 305, 306
Ahrens, Edward, 11, 17
Air Force Intelligence (A-2), 1, 209, 213, 214
Aldrich, Stephen, 302
Alejos, Carlos, 22, 70
Alejos, Roberto, 22-24, 26, 27, 41, 70
Alfhem, M/S, 187
Allen, George V., 121-125
Ambon Island, 152
American Committee for Liberation, 340
American Red Cross, 301, 302, 305-308
"American Sales Company" of San Francisco, 151
"Amory, John Forth," 245
Amory, Robert, 20, 107, 140, 199, 254
Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, 117, 119, 120
Annikeef, N. M., 247
Antonio Maceo Airport, 10
Aragon, Ernesto, 54
Aral Sea, 331
Arbenz Guzman, Jacobo, 23, 177, 179, 181-187, 189-196, 339
Arevalo, Juan Jose, 181
Army Intelligence (G-2), 1, 212
Around the Edge of War, 245n.
Artime Buesa, Manuel, 25, 26, 26n., 42
Ashraf, Princess, 119, 120
Asociacion Montecristi, 26n.
Associated Press, 16, 64
Atlantico, 46
Atlas-Agena rocket, 324, 328
Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), 1, 212, 214, 218
Attwood, William, 364, 365
Aviation Week, 331

Baghdad, 119, 338
Bahia de Cochinos, see Bay of Pigs
Baker, Mrs. Catherine Walker, 82, 83, 88
Baker, Leo Francis, 72-74, 78-86, 94
Baker, Dr. William O., 200n.
Baldwin, Hanson, 330
Ball, George, 313
Bangkok, 116, 140
Bank of America, 302
Bankers Trust Company of New York, 88, 95
Bao Dai, Emperor, 166, 169
Barbara J., 46
Barea Guinea, Eduardo, 66
Barkley, Alben W., 283
Barnes, Tracy, 15, 44, 247
Batista, Fulgencio, 25, 26, 32, 40, 46, 266
Bay of Pigs, 7, 20, 41, 48, 52, 55n., 56, 59, 60, 67, 71-75, 78, 177, 197, 276, 297 ff., 351, 356, 372-375; Eisenhower approves training, 24, 24n., 79, 198, 363; Guatemala training camps, 22-28, 31-35, 38-41, 80, 267; frente formed, 25, 26, 374; Trinidad site chosen, 36, 37; landing site chosen, 41,48; secret navy, 8, 9, 45, 46; April 15 air strike, 7, 8, 10 ff., 13-16, 50, 51, 81, 82; April 17 air strike canceled, 19-21, 54-56, 201-205; air drops, 30-32, 57, 82; invasion, 5, 6-21, 32, 33, 53-77, 356; air cover 18, 19, 39, 40, 201; pilots killed, 10, 11, 17, 18, 60-63, 66, 74, 75, 78;
American pilots, 31, 33, 40, 69, 72-75, 78-95, 379, 380; and 1960 campaign, 30, 361-370; white paper, 202n.; postmortem, 197 ff.
Beam, Jacob D., 344
Beaulac, Willard L., 108
Beirut, 338
Belair, Felix, 175
Belgian Congo, 337
Belgrade, 129
Bell, Leo Francis, see Baker, Leo Francis
Bender, Frank, 25, 26, 64
"Belt, Billy," 40
Bennett, Harvey C., 256
Berle, Adolf A., 44, 76, 342
"Berlin tunnel," 273, 274
Berliss, Leo Francis, see Baker, Leo Francis
Biblis, West Germany, 342
Bigart, Homer, 191, 192
Binh Xuyen, 168, 169
Biographic Register, 267
Birmingham, 40, 78
Bissell, Richard Mervin, Jr., 9, 18-21, 24, 25, 30-33, 37, 49, 55, 71-74, 84, 107, 130, 184, 199, 248, 255
Black, Cyril, 261
"black," defined, 9, 334, 334n., 335
"black chamber," 225
Blagar, 46
BMEWS (Ballistic Missile Early Warning System), 326, 332
Board of National Estimates (BNE), 252, 311, 312n.
Bobby Cay, 351
Boca Chica Naval Air Station, 11, 13
Bogota, 107, 108, 108n., 109, 110, 112, 137
Bohlen, Charles E. (Chip), 311
Boland, Frederick H., 14
Bombing Encyclopedia, 214
Bonsal, Philip W., 275
Boun Oum, Prince, 161
Bovo Caras, Esteban, 66
Bowles, Chester A., 44, 45, 140, 288
Bridge at Andau, The, 348
Brinkley, David, 272
Britain, 125,126, 265
Brooke, James, 362
Brown, Winthrop G., 157-160, 159n., 163
Bukittingi, 149-151
Bump, Almyr, 191
Bundesnachrichtendienst, 136
Bundy, McGeorge, 4, 19, 64, 202n., 253, 255, 278, 313, 321
Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR), 1, 21, 98, 212, 217, 218
Burke, Admiral Arleigh, 21, 37n., 49, 50, 71-74, 199, 200, 202
Burma, 138-144, 372, 377
Butts, Roger, 357-360
Byrnes, James F., 98, 182
Byroade, Henry A., 123, 124

Caballero, AIfredo, 8, 11, 18n.
Cabell, General Charles P., 19-21, 56, 107, 184, 191, 199, 203, 284, 367, 369
Cabot, Thomas Dudley, 352
Cairo, 121-124, 339, 374
Calderon-Guardia, Dr. Rafael, 186
Camaguey, 54
Cambodia, 161, 170n.
Campbell, Joseph, 286
Campo Libertad, 10, 12; airfield, 8,55
Cannon, Representative Clarence, 284, 285
Caracas, 187
"Caravan of Sorrow," 29, 30
Cardona, Dr. Jose Miro, 13-16, 42, 46, 53, 54
Carey, George B., 246
Caribe, 46
Carlson, Alex E., 79, 86-89, 92-95, 156
Carlson, Rodney W., 268
"Carpenter, Colonel Billy," 31, 40
Carrillo, Justo, 26n.
Carro, Migue1 A., 66
Carroll, Lieutenant. General Joseph F., 229, 313, 320
Carswell, Daniel L., 275, 276
Carter, Major General Marshall Sylvester, 90. 199, 211, 212, 313
Casey, Ralph E., 206, 207
Castro, Fidel, 6-21, 23-26, 34-37, 42-46, 46n., 51, 53, 56, 57, 58n., 65, 69, 69n., 75n., 76, 86, 108n., 181, 182, 295, 297-309, 310, 362, 363, 364n., 375
Castillo-Armas, Carlos, 23, 43, 177, 178, 182, 184-195, 339
Caught in the Act, 267, 273
Center for International Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 260
Central Intelligence Agency The, 242
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 1, 99-101, 211, 212, 219, 232-276; in Cuba, see Bay of Pigs; in Burma, Costa Rica, Communist China, Formosa, Germany, Guatemala, Indonesia, Iran, Korea, Laos, Suez, Vietnam, see name of country; activities in U.S., 3, 28-30, 78 ff., 255-259, 261-264, 302, 303, 334 ff., 378, 379; budget, 101, 102, 277, 278; codes and communications, 3, 9, 108, 109, 238, 239, 287; and Congress, 3, 103, 280-283, 283n., 284, 284n., 377-379; cover, 7, 8, 12, 15, 17n., 45, 46, 100, 116, 241, 261-270; history, 96-103, 232, 233, 371, 372; Langley headquarters, 221, 232-239, 249, 255; organization, 9, 100, 211, 212, 227, 249-255; recruitment, 79, 80, 112, 113, 241-243; size, 237, 237n., 238, 239, 263n., 278n.; and Khrushchev speech, 128-130, 130n., 273; and policy making, 2, 3, 279, 373, 374, 377, 378; and universities, 112, 113, 242, 244, 259-261
Central Intelligence Agency Act, 101
Central Intelligence Bulletin, 230
Central Intelligence Group, 98
Chamoun, President Camille, 337, 338
Chiang Kai-shek, 116, 143
Chicago Daily News, 346n.
Chiquimula, 194
Choate, Judge Emett C., 47
Church, Senator Frank, 249
CIAR, 242
Cienfuegos, 54, 75, 266
Ciphers, 224
Ciszek, Reverend Walter, 257n.
Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB), 302, 305
Civil Air Transport (CAT), 146, 152
Clandestine Services, 241
Clark, Captain Charles R., Jr., 265, 266
Clark, Senator Joseph, 207
Clark, General Mark W., 280
Clarke, James, 132n.
Clay, General Lucius, 304, 342
Clemens, Hans, 133-137
Clifford, Clark. M., 197, 200n., 209
Clifton, Major General Chester V. (Ted), 253
Cline, Ray S., 199, 250, 251, 254, 312
Codes, 219, 223-225
Colby, William Egan, 267
Collins, General J. Lawton, 168
"Colonel Frank," 38, 39, 39n.
"Colonel Vallejo." 39n.
Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), 120
Commerce Department, 251, 251n., 302, 305, 306
Committee of the American Steamship Lines, 303
Communist China, 111-114, 130, 137, 138-140, 151, 153
Connor, John T., 298
consortium of western oil companies, 119, 120
Continental Insurance Company, 302
Cordes, H.F., & Company, 185
Correa, Mathias F., 103n.
Cortina, Mario Alvarez, 63, 66
Cosme, Luis, 8, 10, 40, 69, 72, 74
COSMOS satellites, 323
Costa Rica, 127, 128, 137, 180, 186, 374
Council of Europe, 347
Counter Intelligence Corps, United States Army (CIC), 213, 344
Cox, Raymond W., 88, 95
Coyne, J. Patrick, 254
Craft of Intelligence, The, 49n., 120
Crespo, Jose, 8, 10, 11, 18n., 60, 63, 66
Crowell, Mr. and Mrs. Prince S., 357-359
Cuba, see Bay of Pigs; Missile Crisis
Cuban Families Committee for Liberation of Prisoners of War, Inc., 298, 302, 304-306
Cuban Red Cross, 303
Cuban Revolutionary Council, 13, 16, 26, 42, 49, 53, 54, 58, 58n., 69, 76
Cushing, Richard Cardinal, 304
Cyprus, 337, 338

Daily Digest, 230
Dahlgren, Virginia, 332
Danbrunt, Eustace H., 275, 276
Davis, Robert Kendall, 22, 23, 26, 27n., 267
Davison, Captain Alexis H., 268
Decker, General George H., 37n.
Declaration of Independence, 4, 371
Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), 1, 102, 212, 213, 218, 226-231, 250, 277
Delano, William, 292
Democratic Revolutionary Front, 87; see also frente
DeLarm, Jerry Fred, 178, 186-188, 190, 193
Dewey, Thomas E., 361
Diaz, Colonel Carlos Enrique, 192, 193
Diaz, Higinio ("Nino"), 28
Diaz Lanz, Pedro Luis, 12
Dienbienphu, 146, 153, 167, 171n.
Diem, Ngo Dinh, 170n., 176-176
Dillon, Douglas, 313
Director of Central Intelligence, 101, 102, 232, 253
Director of Central Intelligence Agency, 101, 211, 212
Dirksen, Senator Everett McKinley, 91-93
Donovan, James B., 257, 275, 276, 297-309, 310
Donovan, General William J. ("Wild Bill"), 97, 98, 106, 142
Doolittle, Lieutenant General James H., 200n., 281
Doster, General G. Reid, 40, 72, 80, 83, 84, 85n.
Double-Check Corporation, see Double-Chek Corporation
Double-Chek Corporation, 79, 80, 86-89, 93-95, 156, 263
Douglas, Senator Paul H., 123n.
Downey, Mrs. Claudia Edwards, 240
Downey, John Thomas, 112-115, 242
Dulles, Allen Welsh, 2, 9, 19, 24, 33, 41, 49n., 50, 59, 60, 66, 100-107, 105n., 111, 119, 120, 125, 128, 129, 130n., 132, 169, 178-180, 183, 184, 189, 191, 199-203, 209, 210, 219, 223, 226-231, 232, 236, 237, 243, 246-248, 248n., 250, 252, 269-273, 279, 281, 284, 285, 291, 293, 338, 362, 368, 368n., 369, 372, 376
Dulles, John Foster, 103-105, 105n., 121, 122, 125, 126, 140, 143, 149-152, 156, 169, 187-189, 194, 209, 379
Dunlap, Sergeant Jack E., 223
Dwiggins, Don, 34
Dynamics of Soviet Society, The, 260

East Berlin, 133, 135
East Europe, 134
Eberstadt, Ferdinand, 281
Echols, Emmet, 246
Edmundson, Charles, 115
Egorov, Alexsandra, 257n.
Egorov, Ivan D., 257n.
Egypt, 121-126, 137, 338
Eisenhower, Dwight David, 5, 17, 24, 24n., 33, 36, 49, 79, 103, 124, 126, 128n., 130, 131, 145, 146, 154, 161, 167, 167n., 168, 175, 176, 177-179, 182-184, 189, 191, 198, 199, 209, 214, 219, 223, 233, 234, 248, 280, 287, 301, 317n., 324, 336, 338, 342, 361-363, 368n., 374, 377, 378
Eisenhower, Dr. Milton S., 184, 233
El Salvador, 183, 185, 188, 193
El Tamarindo, 185
ELINT missions, 225
Escambray, 31, 32, 34, 36, 76
Esquipulas, 189, 192
Essex, aircraft carrier, 71
Executive Committee (Excomm), of National Security Council, 313-318

Falmouth (Massachusetts) Enterprise, 357
Farias, Matias, 60
Fatalibey, Abo, 341
Fecteau, Richard George, 112-115
Federal Aviation Agency (FAA), 85, 355
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 1, 3, 212, 214-217, 218, 264, 265
Federal Communications Commission (FCC), 353, 360
Feisal II, King, 337, 338
Felfe, Heinz, 133-137
Felt, Admiral Harry D., 173
Fernandez, Jose A., 60, 66
Fernandez Mon, Daniel, 8, 10, 66
54/12 Group, see Special Group
Figueres, Jose (Pepe), 127, 128, 128n., 186
Folres, Lieutenant Fernando, 275
Ford, Representative Gerald, 285n.
Ford Motor Company Fund, 304
Foreign Aid Act, 1951 Amendment, 259
Formosa, see Nationalist China
Forrestal, James V., 98, 100, 103n.
Fort Matamoros, 193
Fort Meade, Maryland, 220
France, 125, 126
Frankel, Rear Admiral Samuel B., 229
Free China Relief Association, 143
Free Europe Committee, Inc., 336, 342n.
"Free Guatemala" radio station, 339
Freies Wort, 346
frente, 26, 26n., 29, 42; see also Democratic Revolutionary Front
Fubini, Dr. Eugene G., 220
Fuerza Aerea Revolucionaria (FAR), 6, 7, 15
Fulbright, Senator J. William, 43, 44, 211n., 378

Gaitan, Jorge Eliecer, 107, 108
Galo, Lieutenant Alvara, 12
"Gar," 40, 74
Garcia, Alfredo, 45, 46n.
Garcia, Crispin L., 60, 66
Garcia, Eduardo, 45
Garcia, Rene, 8, 63, 69
Garcia, Sergio, 30, 31, 57, 58, 77
Garcia Line Corporation, 45, 46
Gardner, Trevor, 130
Gates, Thomas S., Jr., 161, 227
Gehlen, Reinhard, 133-136
General Accounting Office (GAO), 285, 286
Geneva, 162-164
Geneva Accords, 164, 171, 171n.
Georgiev, Ivan-Assen Khristov, 261
German, Robert K., 268n.
Ghana,295
Ghanaian Times, 295
Gibraltar Steamship Corporation, 263, 351-357, 359, 360
Gifford, Paul, 47
Gill, Representative Thomas P., 222
Gillingham, George O., 360
Gilpatric, Roswell, 220, 278, 313
Giron Beach, 52, 58, 60, 67-69, 75
Glen Ora, 8, 16,20, 21
Glidden, Captain Donald E., 358
Gliddenville, 355
Gloria, Portugal, 343
Goldwater, Senator Barry M., 198, 331
Gomez, Fausto, 57, 58
Gonzalez, Benito R. ("Campesino"), 60, 61
Gonzalez, Eddy, 60, 66
Gonzalez Romero, Juan M., 60, 66
Goodpaster, Brigadier General
Andrew J., 368
Grand Cayman Island, 11, 18, 18n., 60, 63
Gray, Gordon, 200n.
Gray, Mrs. Violet, 84, 87
Gray, Wade Carroll, 72-74, 78, 84, 85, 85n., 94
Great Swan Island, 350-359
"Greenland, Joseph," 81, 82, 84
Greenlee, Richard S., 360
"Gridnev, Vladimir," 215, 216
Grogan, Colonel Stanley, 233
Gromyko, Andrei, 65
GRU (Glavnoye Razvedyvatelnoye Upravlenie), 265, 270
Guano Act of 1856, 354
Guantanamo, United States Naval Base, 51, 62n.
Guatemala, 9, 14, 22-52, 70, 83, 84, 177-196, 339, 375, 377, 379
Guatemala City, 22, 23, 27, 27n., 28, 178

Hamilton, Fowler, 209, 210
Hamilton, John, 354
Hamilton, Victor Norris, 223
Hamilton Bros., Inc., 351n.
Hamlett, General Barksdale, 294
Happy Valley, 7, 9, 11, 18, 18n., 20, 40, 45, 50-63, 66, 68, 69, 71-77; 84, 85n.
Harriman, Averell, 143, 144, 161n., 162-164
Harrison & Abramovitz, 239
Harvard University, 259
Hatcher, Andrew T., 92
Havana, 8, 10, 16, 17, 31, 45
"Havana Rose," 339
Hayden, Senator Carl, 283n.
Hayes International Corporation, 80-87, 90, 90n.
Hayhanen, Reino, 271, 272
Hazey, Jack, 159, 163, 163n.
Health, Education and Welfare, Department of, 305-307
Heath, Horton H., 352, 354
Hebert, Representative F. Edward, 285n.
Heinz, Rear Admiral Luther C. (Pickles), 171
Helms, Richard M., 199, 247, 250, 255
Helvetia, 24, 26, 27, 27n.
Herrera, Gonzalo, 8, 63, 66, 73, 74
Herter, Christian A., 44, 344
Hevia, Carlos, 53, 54, 58
Hialeah-Miami Springs Bank, 88, 95
Hill, Robert, 180
Hillenkoetter, Rear Admiral Roscoe H., 98, 99, 103, 108-111
Hilsman, Roger, 20, 202n., 217
Hilton, Ronald, 33
Hirsch, Robert, 151
Hispanic American Report, 33
Ho Chi Minh, 167, 167n.
Holland, Henry F., 178, 179n., 184, 187, 191, 193
Holland, Miller, 264
Hollingsworth, James, 360
Holzkirchen, West Germany, 342
Homestead Air Force Base, 304, 305
Honduras, 177, 180, 185, 189, 350-355
Hoover Commission, 96, 106, 280, 281
Hoover, Herbert, Jr., 121
Hoover, J. Edgar, 135, 214, 215, 264, 265
Horbaly, William, 268n.
House Appropriations Committee, 233, 236, 239; subcommittee on CIA, 284, 285, 285n., 318, 377
House Armed Services Committee, 242, 246; subcommittee on CIA, 284n., 285n., 318, 377
House Foreign Affairs Committee, 251n., 305
House Information Subcommittee, 332
House Un-American Activities Committee, 221-224
Houston, 8, 9, 37, 46, 50, 55, 57, 59, 63, 67, 76
Houston, Lawrence R., 300, 308
Hoy, 295
Hsinhua, Communist Chinese news agency, in Havana, 274, 275
Hue, 174
Hughes, John, 320
Hungarian revolt, 125, 128, 338, 343-345
Hungary, 338
Hurwitch, Robert A., 276, 300
Hussein, King, 337, 338
Hutchinson, Major General David W., 80, 80n.
Hyde, H. Montgomery, 339

ICBM, 226, 227, 326, 330
Idlewild International Airport, 299
"illegals," Soviet, 216
India, 140
Indonesia, 145-156, 372, 379
INR, see Bureau of Intelligence and Research
Institute for the Study of the USSR, 340
Intelligence Advisory Committee, 102
Intelligence Articles, 244, 245
Intellofax, 239
Inter-American Conference, 187
Internal Revenue Service, 300, 305, 307n.
International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), 210, 239
International Railways of Central America, 183
International Science and Technology, 325
Interstate Commerce Commission, 302, 305
Invisible Government, components of, 1, 102, 378; expenditures, 2, 277, 278, 278n.; size, 2, 278, 278n.
Iran, 116-121, 137, 377
Iraq, 337
Irons, Evelyn, 192
Irwin, John N., 160
Ismailov, Mikhail, 341
Israel, 125-127
Issues and Answers, ABC, 272, 273
Izvestia, 333, 341

Jackson, C. D., 342
Jackson, Senator Henry M., 126
Jackson, William H., 103n.
Jacob, Richard C., 268
Jakarta, 145ff.
James, Campbell ("Zup"), 115, 116
Jarvinen, Harry A., 264
Javits, Senator Jacob K., 299, 300
Jefferson, Thomas, quoted, 4, 5, 380
Jepeway, Louis M., 155
John, Dr. Otto, 135, 136, 136n.
Johnson, U. Alexis, 278,313
Johnson, Clarence L. (Kelly), 130
Johnson, Lyndon B., 3, 5, 70, 170, 219, 230, 278, 280, 291, 313, 361, 362
Johnston, Eric H., 123
Joint Chiefs of Staff, 7, 21, 36, 37, 41, 48, 49,71, 72, 92, 98, 162, 184, 197, 199, 230
Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, 214, 378
Joint Congressional Committee on Foreign Intelligence, proposed, 280
Joint Study Group, 227
Jones, Howard P., 145, 155
Jones, Lem, 29, 30, 42, 53, 54, 58, 58n., 65,69, 76
Jones, William C., III, 268
Jordan, 337
Jorgensen, Gordon L., 160
J-2, 230
Jupiter IRBM, 314-316
Justice, Department of, 215, 223, 305

KGB (Soviet Committee for State Security), 13, 133, 215, 234, 235, 265, 270, 271, 341, 376
Kalman, Captain Stephan, 244, 245
Kaminsky, Mark I., 256, 257
Karas, Leonid, 341
Karim el-Kassim, Brigadier General Abdul, 337
Karo, H. Arnold, Rear Admiral, 353
Kartawidjaja, Djuanda, 150
Katz, Amrom H., 325
Katzenbach, Nicholas, 300-303
Keating, Senator Kenneth B., 312, 313, 319
Keeler, Christine, 272
Kennedy, Jacqueline, 70
Kennedy, John Fitzgerald, 3-5, 9, 10, 14-17, 20, 30, 33, 35, 36, 41-50, 55, 154, 161-163, 170, 174, 197-205, 206, 209-211, 214, 219, 230, 248, 254, 278, 279n., 280, 287, 288, 291, 299, 308, 310-321, 323, 328, 361, 365-370, 374, 377, 378
Kennedy, Joseph P., 200
Kennedy, Paul P., 34
Kennedy, Robert F., 47, 47n., 91-94, 154, 199-202, 202n., 204, 209, 234, 271, 271n., 276, 298, 300, 300n., 301, 394, 305, 314, 365
Kent, Sherman, 252, 312n.
Kenya, 338
Kethly, Anna, 346
Key West, 11, 13, 18, 60
Khrushchev, Nikita S., 69, 70, 128-131, 130n., 162, 164, 223, 314-317, 320, 323, 328, 333, 338, 348
Khrushchev speech, 65, 128-130
Killian, James R., Jr., 200, 200n.
Kirkpatrick, Lyman, 227, 252, 254
Klein, Herbert G., 363, 364
Knight, John S., 34
Komitat Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti, see KGB
Kong Le, 157-159, 161
Korea, 109-112, 114, 115, 137, 153
Kraslow, David, 91
Kudryavtsev, Sergei M., 13

Lahey, Edwin A., 346n.
La Hora, 33
Lake Charles, 46
Lampertheim, West Germany, 340
Land, Dr. Edwin H., 200n.
Langer, Dr. William L., 200n.
Langley, Virginia, see Central Intelligence Agency
Lansdale, Edward, 167-169
Laos, 116, 157-165, 171n., 372
Lattimore, Owen, 263, 264
Leahy, Admiral William D., 98
Lebanon, 335, 337, 338
Leipzig, 308
Leiter, Joseph, 238
Lemmon, Walter S., 355
Lemnitzer, General Lyman L., 21, 37, 37n:, 71
Lennox, Mrs. Marjorie, 274, 275
Li Mi, General, 138, 141, 142
Libert, Orion J., 108, 109
Life, 364, 367
Lindberg, Judge William J., 264
Literary Gazette, 273
Little Swan Island, 351, 353
Lloyd, Gates, 362
Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, 130, 240n., 324, 326
Lodge, Henry Cabot, 174-176, 190, 348
Lohr, Walter G., 352
London Evening Standard, 192
Lopez, Angel, 66
Losher, Paul, 247
Lott, Fred, 246
"Lou," 40
Lovett, Robert, 314
Lowenfeld, Andreas F., 260, 261

MacArthur, General Douglas, 109-112
McCarthy, Senator Joseph R., 263
McCone, John Alex, 4, 90, 163, 199, 206-212, 229, 232, 249, 252-254, 258, 259, 278, 291, 293, 310-312, 312n., 313, 319-321
McCone, Mrs. Theiline McGee Pigott, 311
McDowell, Thomas F., 86, 89
McElroy, Rear Admiral Rhodam Y.,13
McHugh, Brigadier General Godfrey T., 91,92
Macmillan, Harold, 130
McNamara, Robert, 171, 220, 227-229, 278, 312, 313, 319-321, 330
Magsaysay, Ramon, 167
Mahon, Representative George, 285n.
Maki, Eugene, see Hayhanen Reino
Makinen, Marvin William, 256, 257, 257n.
Managua, 55, 185, 189
Mandate for Change, 167n.
Mann, Thomas C., 44
Mansfield, Senator Mike, 92, 93, 125-127, 173, 264, 281, 282, 284
Marroquin Rojas, Clemente, 33
Marshall, Secretary of State George C., 107-109
Martin, Edwin M., 313
Martin, William H., 221, 222, 224
Masferrer, Rolando, 46-48
Maury, John M., Jr., 247
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 260
Maza, Alfredo, 11
Mekong River valley, 161, 164
Mendoza, Azurdia, Colonel Rodolfo, 188, 192
Menshikov, Mikhail A., 70
Merck, Sharp & Dohme, 298
Mexico, 128, 350
Miami, 7, 8, 16-18, 18n., 25-31, 51,57, 63, 63n.
Miami Herald, 34, 35, 201, 352
Miami International Airport, 6, 11, 156
Miami Springs, 79
Michelman, Frank, 303
Michener, James A., 348
MIDAS (Missile Defense Alarm System), 326, 327
Middleburg, Virginia, 9, 10, 16
Midthun, Kermit S., 269n.
Miller, William E., 201
Milliken, Max F ., 260
Miralles, Salvador, 66
Miramar, 10,297
missile crisis, Cuban, 310-322, 375, 379
"Mr. Karr," 23
"Mr. X," 121-124, 374
Mitchell, Bernon F., 221, 222, 224
Molina, Francisco (The Hook), 276
Moluccas, 145
Momotombito, 185
Montagnards, 172
Montevideo, 273, 274
Montgomery, Hugh, 268
Monzon, Colonel Elfego, 193, 194
Morgan Guaranty Trust Company, The, 302
Morozov, Platon D., 328
Morse, Captain Luis, 59
Morton, Thruston B., 179, 184, 188, 189
Moss, Representative John E., 332
Mossadegh, Mohammed, 116-120
Movimiento Democratico Cristiano, 26n.
Movimiento de Recuperacion Revolucionario (MRR), 26, 26n., 28
Movimiento de Rescate Revolucionario, 26n.
Movimiento Revolucionario del Pueblo (MRP) , 42
Muccio, John J., 27n.
Muhlenberg College, 366
Munich, 135, 340, 348, 349
Murphy, Robert D., 200n.
Murray, U.S.S., 62

Nam Tha, 163
NASA, 131, 240n., 327, 332
Nasser, Gamal Abdel, 121-125, 337, 374
Nasution, General Abdul Haris, 148-150
Nation, 33, 34, 115
National Broadcasting Company (NBC), 271n., 272
National Intelligence Authority, 98
National Intelligence Estimates, 252, 253, 311
National Photo Center, 250
National Satellite Weather Center, 327n.
National Security Act of 1947, 2, 99-101, 219, 255, 263, 371, 372, 379
National Security Agency (NSA), 1, 102, 212, 218, 219-225, 277
National Security Council (NSC) , 1, 3, 99, 99n., 100, 173, 256, 278, 283, 315
Nationalist China, 115, 116, 137, 138-143, 150, 152, 251
NAVSPASUR (Naval Space Surveillance System), 332
Navy Intelligence (ONI), 1, 37, 212, 213, 213n.
Ne Win, General, 139, 140, 144
Near East Broadcasting Station, (NEBS), 337
Neel, Samuel E., 236
Neet, Robert L., 275
Nehru, Prime Minister Jawaharlal, 140, 223
New Delhi, 140
New Guinea, 147
New York Guano Company, 354, 355
New York Herald Tribune, 135n., 191, 300
New York Times, 16, 34, 35, 92, 93, 134, 136, 151, 175, 330, 343
Nhu, Madame, 174, 175
Nhu, Ngo Dinh, 169, 170n., 173-176
Nicaragua, 6, 7, 14, 18, 20, 45, 50, 54, 73, 74, 84, 180, 185-187, 191
NIE, see National Intelligence Estimates
Nixon, Richard, 30, 197, 361-370
Nkrumah, 295
Nolan, John E., Jr., 302-304
Nolting, Frederick E., Jr., 174
Norblad, Representative Walter, 284n.
Nordio, Mr. and Mrs. Mario, 275
North American Air Defense Command, 331
Notowidigdo, Dr. Mukarto, 152
Nueva Octopeque, 192
Nuri as-Said, Premier, 338

Oberdorfer, Louis F., 300, 300n., 301-303
Oberwiesenfeld, 340
OCB, see Operations Coordinating Board
Office of Emergency Planning, 315
Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI ), see Navy Intelligence
Office of Strategic Services (OSS), 97, 98, 106, 184, 212, 236, 250, 252, 260, 298
Office of Technical Services, see Commerce Department
Office of War Information (OWI), 97
Oliva, Emeido, 75
Opa-locka Airport, 28, 29, 38, 54, 64, 76, 302
Operation Blue Bat, 338
"Operation Prospero," 343
Operations Coordinating Board (OCB), 279n.
Organization of American States (OAS), 44, 269, 269n.
Oriente Province, 8
Ormerod, Major Sidney, 89

Pace, Frank, Jr., 200n.
Padang, 149, 150
Pakistan, 307
Palm Beach, 33, 43, 368
Pals, Spain, 340
Pao, General, 141
Parrott, Thomas, 247
Parsons, J. Graham, 160
Pathet Lao, 157-164
Patterson, Robert P., 98
Paula, Juan, 26
Peace Corps, 290-296
Peking, 112
Penkovsky, Oleg V., 267-269, 268n., 269n.
Pentagon, 14, 49, 50
Peralta, Colonel Enrique, 196
Perez, Demetrio, 61, 62, 62n., 63n.
Perez, Gaston, 11, 66
Perez, Lorenzo, 11, 18n., 60, 66
Perez Salvador, Manuel, 57, 59, 76
Perez San Roman, Captain Jose, 42
Perez Sordo, Alberto, 69
Perrine, 262, 263
Persons, Albert C., 85n.
Peten Province, 42
Petersen, Joseph Sydney, 222, 223
Peurifoy, John E., 177-184, 189, 192-194
Pfizer Company, Charles, 298, 299
Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association, 301
Philippines, 147
Phillips, Ruby Hart, 16
Phoui Sananikone, 158
Phoumi Nosavan, General, 157
164
Piedra, "Chirrino," 8, 60, 66
Pieters, Lieutenant Colonel Herman, 152
Plain of Jars, 162, 164
Playa Baracoa, 13
Playa Larga, 51, 59, 66-68
Pleasants, Henry, 134, 135n., 267
Poland, 187
Ponzoa, Gustavo, 8, 69
Poole, Ralph, 246
Pope, Allen Lawrence, 145-155, 263
Pope, Mrs. Yvonne, 155
Pound, Virginia, 132n.
Powers, Mrs. Barbara, 240, 241
Powers, Francis Gary, 131, 132, 132n., 133, 154, 211n., 240, 240n., 257, 271n., 298, 308, 312, 317n., 320, 324, 328, 369
Prawiranegara, Dr. Sjafruddin, 149
President's Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities, 200, 280
President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, 200, 210, 254, 280
Prettyman, E. Barrett, Jr., 301, 303, 304
Prio Socarras, Carlos, 26
Profumo, John D., 272
"Project X," 302
Pryor, Frederic L., 298
Pucinski, Representative Roman C., 355
Puerto Barrios, 33, 187
Puerto Cabezas, 6, 7, 45, 46, 51, 54, 61, 69, 185
Puerto Rico, 9, 19, 50, 59, 188, 202
Punte Patuca, Honduras, 351
Pushkin, Georgi M., 161n.

Quemoy and Matsu, 116, 369
Quiet American, The, 168
Quinn, Major General William W. (Buffalo Bill), 229

Radio Americas, 357-359
Radio Cairo, 337, 338
Radio Free Cuba, 355, 356
Radio Free Europe (RFE), 335, 342, 342n.ff.
Radio Free Rakoczi, 349
Radio Havana, 295
Radio Liberation, 339, 340
Radio Liberty, 339 ff.
Radio Mambi, 353
Radio Moscow, 291
Radio Peking, 295
Radio Swan, 56, 65, 67, 335, 339, 351 ff.
RAND Corporation, 325
Randolph, U.S.S., 62n.
Rangoon, 139, 140, 142
Rasco, Jose Ignacio, 26n.
Ray, Manolo, 42
Ray, Mrs. Margaret Hayden, 78-81, 84-86
Ray, Thomas Willard ("Pete"), 72-74, 78-81, 84, 85, 94
Reap, Joseph W., 64
"Reid," see Doster, General G. Reid
Retalhuleu, 18n., 24, 27-35, 38, 40, 45, 80
RIAS (Radio in the American Sector), 345
Richardson, John, Jr., 336
Richardson, John H. ("Jocko"), 174, 175, 267
Richardson, Wayne, 264
Riddleberger, James W., 129
Riera, Pepita, 355
Rio Escondido, 46, 51
Roa, Raul, 14,51, 64
Rockefeller, Nelson A., 199, 276
Rogers, Warren, Jr., 300
Rogovin, Mitchell, 307n.
Rojas, Ignacio, 66
Roosevelt, Franklin D., 97, 98, 361
Roosevelt, Kermit ("Kim"), 116-124
"Rosebinda," 187
Rostow, Walt Whitman, 260
Royal Bank of Canada, 302, 305
Rusk, Dean, 20, 21, 44-47, 56, 64,70, 164, 313, 379
Russell, Senator Richard B., 258, 282-284
Russia, 131, see Soviet Union
"Rutherford, Colonel," 186, 190

SA-2 Anti-Aircraft missile, 131n., 310, 312, 317
Saigon, 167, 267
SAINT (Satellite Intercept), 326
St. George, Andrew, 364, 365, 367
St. Lawrence, Lee, 294
Sakhalin Island 317n.
Salinger, Pierre, 13, 14, 64, 198, 202n., 315n., 368
Saltonstall, Senator Leverett, 258, 259, 283n., 284
SAMOS spy satellites, 323
Samsun, 331
San Antonio de los Banos, 8-12, 54, 55, 66, 304, 305
San Blas, 57, 77
San Diego Union, 363
San Jose, 189
San Jose Buena Vista, 27
San Roman, Captain Jose Perez, 42
Sanchez Arango, Aureliano, 26n.
Sanker, Paul, 341
Santa Clara, 55
Santiago de Cuba, 8, 10, 12
Sarit Thanarat, 160
Satellite and Missile Observation System (SAMOS), 323, 324, 324n.ff.
Satellite Situation Reports, 332, 333
Savannakhet, 159
Sayaxche, 42
Scheele, Dr. Leonard, 303
Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., 76, 255
Schupp, Ferdinand F., 188
Schuyler, General Cortlandt Van Rensselaer, 254
Schwarzkopf, Brigadier General H. Norman, 118, 119
Scituate, Massachusetts, 355
Scoville, Herbert ("Pete"), 250
Scripps-Howard newspapers, 362
Sea Supply, 140
Seaton, Fred, 365, 366, 368
Seattle, 263, 264
Sebald, William J., 138-142, 377
Senate Appropriations Committee, 110; subcommittee on CIA, 283n., 284, 284n., 377
Senate Armed Services Committee, 126, 132, 207, 220, 256-258, 282; subcommittee on CIA, 283, 283n., 284, 284n., 377
Senate Foreign Relations Committee, 126
Senate Government Operations Committee, Subcommittee on National Security Staffing and
Operations, 288
Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, 260, 265, 266
Senate Preparedness Subcommittee, 311
Sevastyanov, Gennadiy, 216
Sevilla-Sacasa, Guillermo, 191
Sevin, 306
Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi, 116-119
Shamburger, Mrs. Graves, 83-87
Shamburger, Mrs. Riley, Sr., 89-92, 94
Shamburger, Riley W., Jr., 72-74, 78, 83-85, 85n., 90, 92, 94
Shelepin, Alexander N., 133, 278n.
Shoup, General David M., 37n.
Shriver, Sargent, Jr., 290-296
Sierra, Jose, 108
Sierra Maestra, 8, 30, 32
Silio, Antonio, 54, 58, 65
Sinop, 331
"Simpson, Seig," 40, 69, 73
Singer, Dr. S. Fred, 327n.
Six Crises, 365
Skachkov, Anato1i, 341
Smith, Earl E. T., 266
Smith, Senator Margaret Chase, 258
Smith, Commander Raymond D., 268n., 269n.
Smith, Sumner, 352 ff.
Smith, General Walter Bedell ("Beedle"), 103, 111, 171n., 236
Snow, C.P., 280
Somoza, Anastasio ("Tacho"), 185-187, 189, 190
Soraya, 119
Sorensen, Theodore C., 313
Soto, Antonio, 60, 61, 69
Souers, Rear Admiral Sidney W., 98
Sourwine, J.G., 260, 265, 266
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), 149, 162
Southern Air Transport, 156
Souvanna Phouma, Prince, 158, 162-164
Soviet State Committee for Foreign Cultural Relations, 339
Soviet Union, 2, 111, 118, 124, 125, 130-137, 265, 278, 295, 316-319, 325, 338
Spaak, Paul-Henri, quoted, 323
SPADATS (Space Detection and Tracking System), 331
Special Group, 3, 4, 278-280, 313, 374
Special Operations, history of, 100, 101
Stahr, Elvis J., 294
Stalin, 128, 129
Stanfield, Denman F., 89
State Department, 10, 89, 114, 305, 318, 355, 374
State Department Office of International Security Affairs, 352
State Institute for the Mentally Disturbed, 341
Stephenson, Sir, William, 339
Sterrett, Dr. H. Hatch, 235, 236
"Stevens," 40
Stevenson, Adlai, 14, 15, 51, 64, 70, 126, 313, 314, 361, 367
Stewart, Howard S., 325
Stimson, Henry L., 225
Strategic Air Command, 312, 313, 316
Struder, Colonel Carl T., 185
Suez, 124-127
Suez Canal, 122, 125
Sukarno, 145-154, 376
Sulfatos, 190
Sullivan, William C., 215
Sumatra, 148, 149
Summit Meeting, 131
Swan Islands, 15, 56, 350, 353, 353n., 354
Sylvester, Arthur, 318, 330
Symington, Senator Stuart, 207n., 209
Syria, 337, 338
Szulc, Tad, 16

Taipeh, 139, 140, 156, 340
Taiwan, see Nationalist China
Tampa, 351
Tapachula, Mexico, 190, 190n.
Taransky, Edmund K., 275, 276
Tass, 273, 274, 291, 295
Taylor, General Maxwell D., 63n., 170, 199, 200, 202, 203, 313
Tegucigalpa, Honduras, 184, 353-355
Teheran, 116-119
Thailand, 138-142, 163, 164
Thi, Colonel Nguyen Chanh, 170n.
Thompson, Llewellyn E. (Tommy), 311, 312
Thompson-Cornwall, Inc., 27
Thor-Agena rocket, 324
Thurmond, Senator Strom, 207, 220
Tiao Somsanith, 159
Tiebel Erwin, 133-136
"Tigers," 46
TIROS, 327
Tito, 129
Toriello, Guillermo, 187, 192
Toron, Jose, 339
Torpats, John, 246-248, 248n.
Tractors for Freedom Committee, 298
Trax Base, 24, 27, 38
Treasury Department, 251, 305
Trinidad (Cuba), 36, 37, 41, 48
Triple A, 26n.
Trujillo General Rafael L., 185
Truman, Harry S., 2, 5, 97-101, 103, 109-112, 212, 264, 281, 361, 371, 372
Turkey, 314, 331
Turnbull, Walter, 183

U Myint Thein, 141
U Nu, Premier, 143
Ubico, Jorge, 181, 183
Udall, Stewart L., 198
Ugly American, The, 168
Ulate, Otilio, 127, 186
UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, see United Nations
UN Space Registry, see United Nations
Union Carbide Company, 306
United Arab Republic, 337, 338
United Fruit Company, 180-183, 188, 191, 194, 352, 355
United Nations, 14, 18, 51, 64, 140, 190, 191, 223, 261, 269, 276, 327-329, 336, 347-349, 354, 366, 367
United Press International (UPI), 15, 18
United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, 11, 47
United States Information Agency (USIA), 251, 251n., 279n., 345; 352
United States Intelligence Board (USIB), 102, 211, 212, 218, 226-230, 252, 253, 278, 312
United States neutrality laws, 14, 15, 44, 47, 47n.
United States Weather Bureau, 352, 355
U.S. Government Organization Manual, 219
U.S. News & World Report, 91, 201
U-2, 25, 51, 130-132, 132n., 214, 225, 227, 228, 240n., 299, 310, 312, 317, 317n.ff., 369, 372, 379

Valdes, Ramiro, 12
Valerio, Joseph, 341
Vandenberg, General Hoyt S., 98
Vandenberg Air Force Base, 324
Vanguard Service Corporation, 263, 357-360
"Vaquero," 27
Varela, Joaquin, 60-63, 66
Varona, Manuel Antonio de, 26, 26n.
Vega Vera, Oscar, 63
Venezuela, 295
Vianello, Raul, 61, 62, 66
Vieques Island, 50
Vientiane, 157, 160-164
Vietnam, 166-176, 267, 372, 373
Vietcong, 169-172
Villafana Martinez, Manuel, 40, 69
Villoldo, Gustavo, 69
Vinson, Representative Carl, 285n.
Voice of America, 335, 338, 342, 345
"Voice of Iraq," 338
"Voice of Justice," 338
"Voice of the Arabs," 337
Von Broekhoven, Harold, 191

WRUL, 339, 355
Walker, Hank, 364, 367
WALNUT, 239, 240
Walz, Skip, 242
Washington Post, 235
"Wass, George," 357
Watson, Thomas J., Jr., 210
Webb, James E., 327
Weber, Judge Kurt, 134
West, William H., Jr., 360
West Berlin, 136, 136n.
West German Federal Intelligence Agency (FIA), 133, 136, 136n.
West Germany, 133-136, 343, 346
West Irian, 147, 150
Western Enterprises, Inc., 115
Wheelon, Dr. Albert D., 250
Whelan, Tom, 180
Where-to-Go Travel Agency, 264
White, L. K., 236
White, Lincoln, 34, 109, 149
White, General Thomas D., 37n., 71
Who's Who in the USSR, 340
Willauer, Whiting, 44, 179
Willis, Representative Edwin E., 222
Wilson, Donald M., 251n.
Wilson, Representative Bob, 285n., 317, 318
Wisner, Frank G., 100, 184, 193, 247, 250, 267
Woodbury, Mr. and Mrs. James A., 246
Woods, George D., 209
Woodward, Robert F., 128n.
World Wide Broadcasting System, Inc. (WRUL), 339, 355
Wynne, Greville M., 269
Wulfbrook, 188

Yalu River, 111, 111n.
Ydigoras Fuentes, Miguel, 22, 23, 28, 33, 35, 41, 183, 185, 189, 190, 195, 196
Ydigoras, Miguelito, 28
Your Money's Worth, 344
Yugoslavia, 129
Yunnan, 138
Yunnan Anti-Communist and National Salvation Army, 140, 142

Zahedi, Fazollah, General, 117, 117n., 118ff.
Zenith Technical Enterprises Inc., 262, 263
Zinchenko, Konstantin, 339
Zonguldak, 331
Zorin, Valerian, 14, 70
Zuniga, Mario, 6-21, 51, 63, 69, 73, 203, 204
Zyghi, 337
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