Trump lashes out at Gov. Doug Ducey following certification

Re: Trump lashes out at Gov. Doug Ducey following certificat

Postby admin » Thu Jan 13, 2022 10:06 am

Rep. Adam Schiff: Jan. 6 Was Just One Part Of Broader Plan To Overturn Election
by Joy Reid
The Reid Out
MSNBC
Jan 12, 2022



House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy’s cooperation with the Jan. 6 select committee has been officially requested for their investigation of the Jan. 6 Capitol insurrection. Rep. Adam Schiff, member of the House select committee on the January 6th attack, and the chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, joins Joy Reid to discuss.

[Joy Reid]...

The more that we learn about January 6, the harder it is to dismiss it as some spontaneous occurrence. Instead, it better resembles a coordinated top-down effort, both in public view and behind the scenes. Now, on the one hand, you had the Maga shock troops on the ground, the rank-and-file Trump supporters who were incited to violence in the name of the big lie. They attempted a literal coup by force. But, on the other hand, you had a more subversive effort going on behind closed doors conducted by Trump loyalists like John Eastman, Jenna Ellis, and Peter Navarro. They put pen to paper, and laid out blueprints to overthrow the electoral system itself. We're now learning more about how those schemes were supposed to work thanks to some reporting in Politico that got a lot of attention this week.

Namely, we learn that the Committee is scrutinizing forged election documents submitted by Republicans in Michigan and Arizona, declaring Trump and Pence the winners of those states, even though they lost.

That's right, Trump supporters in those states literally forged official documents, and tried to pass them off as legitimate. The truth is, however, that this exact same thing happened in a total of seven states! And those fake election certificates are now getting renewed attention. In addition to Michigan and Arizona, Republicans did this in Georgia, New Mexico, Nevada, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, without any legal authority. They tried to award their state's electoral votes to Trump instead of Biden. And thanks to the watchdog group, "American Oversight," we have copies of the phony electoral vote certificates that they submitted. In some cases, the forged documents appear to have been signed by committee members of the state's Republican party. Sometimes even by the chairperson.

What they attempted sure does look like a clear case of fraud, but notably they have faced no consequences for their actions. And what's more curious, is that these fake electoral slates played a huge role in Trump's efforts to short-circuit our democracy. In fact, they were crucial to Trump's plan to have Mike Pence contest the results before Congress on January 6. And we know that because the now-infamous memos drafted by Trump lawyers, John Eastman, and Jenna Ellis, both cited these dubious election documents as the basis for throwing out the legitimate votes from those states.

It suggests that maybe this was part of a more coordinated, top-down effort, that maybe these state Republicans got some direction from on high.

Now last night, the brilliant Rachel Maddow, uncovered another rather suspicious detail about these fake election documents. She not only noticed that the forgeries looked noticeably different than their authentic counterparts, but that five of the forgeries were nearly identical to one another.


***********************

American Oversight Obtains Seven Phony Certificates of Pro-Trump Electors
by American Oversight
March 2, 2021
https://www.americanoversight.org/ameri ... p-electors

American Oversight has obtained copies of phony electoral vote certificates from seven states that were submitted to Congress as part of the failed attempt to overturn the results of the 2020 election.

The fake electoral certificates were assembled by groups of Trump supporters in Arizona, Georgia, Michigan, New Mexico, Nevada, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin who sought to replace the valid presidential electors from their state — who had been chosen by voters in free and fair elections — with bogus slates of pro-Trump electors.

None of the certificates contains any indication that they list illegitimate slates of electors not chosen by those states’ voters.

The coordinated, multi-state effort to cast doubt on the 2020 election and undermine the electoral vote process tragically led to the violent Jan. 6 attack on the U.S. Capitol in which a pro-Trump mob stormed the building and sought to physically block the congressional certification of each state’s real Electoral College votes.

American Oversight is actively investigating the ongoing assault on our democracy, including the efforts by former President Donald Trump and his supporters to reverse the 2020 election. We obtained these records from the National Archives and Records Administration in response to a Freedom of Information Act request.

We’ve filed separate sets of public records requests in multiple states — including in many of the seven named above — seeking documents relating to the Jan. 6 rally, the lawsuit filed by Texas attempting to invalidate other states’ electoral votes, and Trump’s effort to pressure Georgia officials to illegally change the vote totals, among others.

https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/20493986-nara-records-regarding-invalid-elector-slates-nara-21-0174-a

February 17, 2021
Austin R. Evers
American Oversight
1030 15th Street NW
Suite B255
Washington, DC 20005
foia@americanoversight.org
Mr. Evers:
You have asked for the following under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) –
(1) Copies of all certificates and papers purporting to be certificates of electoral votes for
the 2020 presidential and vice presidential election, except those NARA has already published on
its website titled “2020 Electoral College Results.”
(2) Copies of correspondence (e.g., emails, cover letters, etc.) accompanying the certificates
and papers described in (1), above.
We are granting your request. We are releasing 45 unredacted pages and 0 redacted pages. We are
withholding 0 pages.
You also requested a fee waiver for these materials. As an “other requester”, you are entitled to up to 2
hours of search and review time and 100 pages of copying without charge (36 CFR 1250.54). The search,
review, and copying for your request are under your allotment, therefore the issue of a waiver is moot.
If you are not satisfied with our action on this request, you have the right to file an administrative appeal
within ninety (90) calendar days from the date of this letter via regular U.S. mail or email. By filing an
appeal, you preserve your rights under FOIA and give the agency a chance to review and reconsider your
request and the agency’s decision. If you submit your appeal in writing, please address it to the Deputy
Archivist of the United States (ND), National Archives and Records Administration, 8601 Adelphi Road,
College Park, Maryland 20740. Both the letter and the envelope should be clearly marked “Freedom of
Information Act Appeal.” If you submit your appeal by e-mail please send it to FOIA@nara.gov, also
addressed to the Deputy Archivist of the United States. Please be sure to explain why you believe this
response does not meet the requirements of the FOIA. All correspondence should reference your case
tracking number FL-28769.
Office of the
Federal Register
National Archives and Records Administration • 7 G St NW, Suite A-734 , Washington, DC 20401
U.S. Mail: 8601 Adelphi Road • College Park, MD 20740 • http://www.archives.govhttp://www.federalregiste1:govhttp://www.ecfr.govhttp://www.govinfo.gov
PVERSIGHT

If you would like to discuss our response before filing an appeal to attempt to resolve your dispute
without going through the appeals process, you may contact our FOIA Public Liaison, Gary M. Stern, for
assistance at:
8601 Adelphi Road, Room 3110
College Park, MD 20740-6001
301-837-1750 (phone)
301-837-0293 (fax)
garym.stern@nara.gov

If you are unable to resolve your FOIA dispute through our FOIA Public Liaison, the Office of
Government Information Services (OGIS), the Federal FOIA Ombudsman’s office, offers mediation
services to help resolve disputes between FOIA requesters and Federal agencies. The contact information
for OGIS is:

Office of Government Information Services
National Archives and Records Administration
8601 Adelphi Road–OGIS
College Park, MD 20740-6001
ogis@nara.gov
ogis.archives.gov
202-741-5770 or 1-877-684-6448
Sincerely,
KATERINA HORSKA
Director, Legal Affairs and Policy
Office of the Federal Register
pVERSIGHT
NARA-21-0174-A-000001
MEMORANDUM
TO: President of the Senate
United States Senate
Washington, D.C. 20510
Archivist of the United States
700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20408
Secretary of State
State of Arizona
1700 W. Washington St., Floor 7
Phoenix, AZ 85007
Chief Judge, U.S. District Court
District of Arizona
Sandra Day O'Connor Courthouse
401 W. Washington Street
Phoenix, AZ 85003
(By Registered Mail)
(By Registered Mail)
(By Certified Mail)
(By Certified Mail)
FROM: Nancy Cottle, Chairperson, Electoral College of Arizona
DATE: December 14, 2020
RE: Arizona's Electoral Votes for President and Vice President
Pursuant to 3 U.S.C. § 11, enclosed please find duplicate originals of
Arizona's electoral votes for President and Vice President, as follows: two (2)
duplicate originals for the President of the Senate and the Archivist, and one (1)
duplicate original for the Secretary of State and Chief Judge.
AMERICA\J
pVERSIGHT
NARA-21-0174-A-000002
CERTIFICATE OF THE VOTES OF THE
2020 ELECTORS FROM ARIZONA
**********
WE, THE UNDERSIGNED, being the duly elected and qualified Electors for President and Vice President of the United States of America from the State
of Arizona, do hereby certify the following:
(A) That we convened and organized in the City of Phoenix, County of
Maricopa, State of Arizona, at 12:00 noon on the 14th day of December,
2020, to perform the duties enjoined upon us;
(B) That being so assembled and duly organized, we proceeded to vote by
ballot, and balloted first for President and then for Vice President, by
distinct ballots; and
(C) That the following are two distinct lists, one, of all the votes for
President; and the other, of all the votes for Vice President, so cast as
aforesaid:
FOR PRESIDENT
Names of the Persons Voted For
DONALD J. TRUMP of the State of Florida
FOR VICE PRESIDENT
Names of the Persons Voted For
MICHAEL R. PENCE of the State of Indiana
AMERICAN
pVERSIGHT
Number of Votes
11
Number of Votes
11
NARA-21-0174-A-000003 AMERICA\J PVERSIGHT
Nancy Cottle, Cha·' person
~~q/)/~
Loraine B. Pellegrino, Secreta~
James Lamon
Samuel I. Moorhead
a~
~
Dr. Michael Ward
NARA-21-0174-A-000004
David J. Shafer
Chairman, Georgia Republican Party
Chairman, Electoral College of Georgia
MEMORANDUM
TO: President of the Senate
United States Senate
Washington, D.C. 20510
Archivist of the United States
700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20408
Secretary of State
State of Georgia
214 State Capitol
Atlanta, GA 30334
Chief Judge, U.S. District Court
Northern District of Georgia
2188 Richard D. Russell Federal
Office Building and U.S. Courthouse
75 Ted Turner Drive, SW
Atlanta, GA 30303
(By Registered Mail)
(By Registered Mail)
(By Certified Mail)
(By Certified Mail)
FROM: David J. Shafer, Chairperson, Electoral College of Georgia
DATE: December 14, 2020
RE: Georgia's Electoral Votes for President and Vice President
Pursuant to 3 U.S.C. § 11, enclosed please find duplicate originals of
Georgia's electoral votes for President and Vice President, as follows: two (2)
duplicate originals for the President of the Senate and the Archivist, and one (1)
duplicate original for the Secretary o tate and Chief J dge.
AMERICAN
PVERSIGHT
David J. Shafer
NARA-21-0174-A-000005
STATE OF GEORGIA
COUNTY OF FULTON
CERTIFICATE OF THE VOTES OF THE
2020 ELECTORS FROM GEORGIA
**********
WE, THE UNDERSIGNED, being the duly elected and qualified Electors for President
and Vice President of the United States of America from the State of Georgia, do hereby
certify the following:
(A) That we convened and organized at the State Capitol, in the City of Atlanta, County
of Fulton, Georgia, at 12:00 noon on the 14th day of December, 2020, to perform
the duties enjoined upon us;
(B) That David J. Shafer presided and Shawn Still served as Secretary for the meeting.
(C) That the undersigned 2020 Electors from the State of Georgia cast each of their
respective ballots for President of the United States of America, as follows:
AMERICAN
pVERSIGHT
FOR DONALD J. TRUMP - 16 VOTES
JOSEPH BRANNAN
JAMES "KEN" CARROLL
VIKKI TOWNSEND CONSIGLIO
CAROLYN HALL FISHER
HON BURT JONES
GLORIA KAY GODWIN
DAVID G. HANNA
MARK W. HENNESSY
MARK AMICK
JOHN DOWNEY
CATHLEEN ALSTON LATHAM
DARYL MOODY
BRAD CARVER
DAVID SHAFER
NARA-21-0174-A-000006
SHAWN STILL
C.B. YADAV
(D) That the undersigned 2020 Electors from the State of Georgia cast each of their respective ballots for Vice President of the United States of America, as follows
FOR MICHAEL R. PENCE - 16 VOTES
JOSEPH BRANNAN
JAMES "KEN" CARROLL
VIKKI TOWNSEND CONSIGLIO
CAROLYN HALL FISHER
HON BURT JONES
GLORIA KAY GODWIN
DAVID G. HANNA
MARK W. HENNESSY
MARK AMICK
JOHN DOWNEY
CATHLEEN ALSTON LATHAM
DARYL MOODY
BRAD CARVER
DAVID SHAFER
SHAWN STILL
C.B. YADAV
Witness the hands and seals of the undersigned as the duly elected and qualified Electors of the President and Vice President of the United States of America from the State of Georgia, this 14th day of December, 2020.
AMf HICAN
pVERSIGHT
NARA-21-0174-A-000007
~G~)~zjf,Ju[SEAf,)
~~ (SEAL)
DAVID G. HANNA
AMERICAN
pVERSIGHT
BRAD CARVER
DAVID SHAFE
~(SEAL)
s~
C.B. YADAV
NARA-21-0174-A-000008
VIA HAND DELIVERY
The Honorable Brian P. Kemp
Governor, State of Georgia
206 \V ashington Street
111 State Capitol
Atlanta, GA 30334
Decembe1· 14, 2020
RE: Notice of Filling of Electoral College Vacancy
Dear Governor Kemp,
In accordance with O.C.G.A. § 21-2-12, I hereby give you notice of the following:
1. On December 14, 2020, 12 of the 16 electors pledged to Donald J. Trump for President and Michael R. Pence for Vice President assembled in accordance with O.C.G.A. § 21-2-11;
2. 4 electors, John A Isakson, Patrick Garland, Cj Pearson, Susan Holmes did not appear at the time appointed by law;
3. The Electors present proceeded to fill those vacancies;
4. The Electors elected by unanimous voice vote, Brad Carver, Mark Amick, John Downey, Burt Jones persons of the same political party as the absent Electors;
5. As the presiding officer of the Georgia Electoral College, I am immediately transmitting their names to you, and ask that you notify them in writing of their election as a Presidential Elector to fill the vacant Elector
positions, and of their duty to perform, along with the other Electors, the duties required of them by the Constitution and laws of the United States.
David J. Shafer.. "-J
Chairman, 2020 Georgia
Electoral College Meeting
AMERICAN
pVERSIGHT
Att
s
Secretary, 2020 Georgia
Electoral College Meeting
NARA-21-0174-A-000009
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM GEORGIA
**********
U pan the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of Elector
John A. Isakson
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
John Downey
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the United States of America for the State of Georgia to fill the vacancy in the manner provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of the Electoral College.
AMLHICAN
pVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned
Chairperson and Secretary of the
Electoral College of Georgia hereunto
Subscribe their names this 14th day
of December, 2020.
''". ~--- A\// i\ -- - '"-~~ \~~/
NARA-21-0174-A-000010
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROlVI GEORGIA
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of Elector
Susan Holmes
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
Brad Carver
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the United States of America for the State of Georgia to fill the vacancy i11 the manner provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of the Electoral College.
AM~RICAN pVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned Chairperson and Secretary of the
Electoral College of Georgia hereunto Subscribe their names this 14th day
~- of DE?fmber, 2020.
-~ \\ .;'~
\' ~.~-':~,,/'/' """"'· '1. I. /~ '
NARA-21-0174-A-000011
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM GEORGIA
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of Elector
Patrick Gartland
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
MarkAmick
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the United States of Ame1·ica for the State of Georgia to fill the vacancy in the manner provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of the Electoral College.
AMf HICAN
pVERSIGHT
IN 'WITNESS \¥HEREOF, the undersigned
Chairperson and Secretary of the
Electoral College of Georgia hereunto
Subscribe their names this 14th day
of December, 2020.
'~r
~y
David J. Sl}a,r, Chairperspn
_ _,,,.,/ /' ,.,. -'2.-· ff/ ,c::"'"/~// (~ ,/'/
.,,~- \... .. -1::>./Z/,~~~ssl t½ff~ ~/v )'l' ✓
~ .. .,,,. yr
Shawn Still, Secretary
NARA-21-0174-A-000012
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM GEORGIA
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of Elector
CJ Pearson
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
Hono Burt Jones
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the United States of America for the State of Georgia to fill the vacancy in the manner provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of the Electoral College.
Atv'1ERICAN pVERSIGHT
IN VVITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned Chairperson and Secretary of the Electoral College of Georgia hereunto Subscribe their names this 14th day "'t,, of Dec'f1tlber, 2020.
·~~~
~
\ \
r==-
David J 19~;';,,! ~---~~rp:/4011 .-1]7 I' ?.-;~,A'(,~, f ..r~..-.:-..r- ,...:.,,r - ,., -~ .,. M··
~,,,,,P- ~-·~~ ~I;. - - ;✓ -~-· 1<-/
ihawn Sti;_'i:secdarf
NARA-21-0174-A-000013
December 14, 2020
I, Brian P. Kemp, Governor of the State of Georgia, in accordance with
O.C.G.A. § 21-2-12, hereby give notice of the following to _____ , and
___ [ names of the substituted electors]:
1. On December 14, 2020, __ of the 16 electors pledged to Donald J.
Trump for President and Michael R. Pence for Vice President assembled in
accordance with O.C.G.A. § 21-2-11;
2. _electors, ___ [name], ___ [name], and __ name ...
[etc.], did not appear at the time appointed by law;
3. The Electors present then proceeded to fill the vacancies;
4. The Electors elected by unanimous voice vote, ______ , and
-~ persons of the same political party as the absent Electors;
5. Immediately following that vote of the Electors, David Shafer, the
presiding officer of the Electors, transmitted the names of the substitute
Electors to me;
6. By this Certificate, I am hereby notifying--~ --~ and __ _
of their election to fill the vacant Elector positions.
AMERICA\J
pVERSIGHT
Witness my hand and seal of
of my office this 14th day of
December, 2020.
Brian P. Kemp, Governor
NARA-21-0174-A-000014
MEMORANDUM
TO: President of the Senate
United States Senate
Washington, D.C. 20510
Archivist of the United States
700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20408
Secretary of State
State of Michigan
430 Allegan Street
Richard H. Austin Bldg., 4th Floor
Lansing, MI 48918
Chief Judge, U.S. District Court
. Western District of Michigan
113 Federal Building
315 West Allegan Street
Lansing, MI 48933
(By Registered Mail)
(By Registered Mail)
(By Certified Mail)
(By Certified Mail)
FROM: Kathy Berden, Chairperson, Electoral College of Michigan
DATE: December 14, 2020
RE: Michigan's Electoral Votes for President and Vice President
Pursuant to 3 U.S.C. § 11, enclosed please find duplicate originals of
Michigan's electoral votes for President and Vice President, as follows: two (2)
duplicate originals for the President of the Senate and the Archivist, and one (1)
duplicate original for the Secretary of State and Chief Judge.
AMERICA\J
PVERSIGHT
NARA-21-0174-A-000015
CERTIFICATE OF THE VOTES OF THE
2020 ELECTORS FROM MICHIGAN
**********
WE, THE UNDERSIGNED, being the duly elected and qualified Electors for
President and Vice President of the United States of America from the State of
Michigan, do hereby certify the following:
(A)That we convened and organized in the State Capitol, in the City of
Lansing, Michigan, and at 2:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on the 14th
day of December, 2020, performed the duties enjoined upon us;
(B) That being so assembled and duly organized, we proceeded to vote by
ballot, and balloted first for President and then for Vice President, by
distinct ballots; and
(C)That the following are two distinct lists, one, of all the votes for
President; and the other, of all the votes for Vice President, so cast as
aforesaid:
FOR PRESIDENT
Names of the Persons Voted For
DONALD J. TRUMP of the State of Florida
FOR VICE PRESIDENT
Names of the Persons Voted For
MICHAEL R. PENCE of the State of Indiana
AMERICA\J
PVERSIGHT
Number of Votes
16
Number of Votes
16
NARA-21-0174-A-000016
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, we, the undersigned, have hereunto, in the City of
Lansing, in the State of Michigan, on this 14th day of December, 2020, subscribed
our respective names.
Kent Vanderwood
"-vl/1 - 1?JJ '~ ,
f/'faA--4~ ( .
Marian Sheridan
James Renner
~!icckdt
Am; ~chinello
A~LH GAf\
PVERSIGHT
Rose Rook
c/k~
Hank Choate
c<i!II:!
~~~
Stanley Grot r
Timothy 1 · ng J1 ()JI! , 1 17 1 /_· / ~ ,.,7 / 'J//uJdv(;0k/l irv/1_-
Michew Lundgre.n
/,// - I
/ / /'1 y /
/ i1.._ /.I '!.,vt,,. --L
Ken Thompson
NARA-21-0174-A-000017
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM MICHIGAN
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of
Elector
TERRI LYNN LAND
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
KEN THOMPSON
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the
United States of America for the State of Michigan to fill the vacancy in the manner
provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of
the Electoral College.
AMER1GAf\
PVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned
Chairperson and Secretary of the
Electoral College of Michigan hereunto
Subscribe their names this 14th day
of December, 2020.
/ \.<.I/, .-·1 ,, ,.C,1 A
·- I
Kathy ;I3 rden, Chairperson
~/4"'-~d-k, d Mayra Rodrigu,Secretary V ~)
NARA-21-0174-A-000018
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM MICHIGAN
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of
Elector
GERALD WALL
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
JAMES RENNER
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the
United States of America for the State of Michigan to fill the vacancy in the manner
provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of
the Electoral College.
AMER1GAf\
PVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned
Chairperson and Secretary of the
Electoral College of Michigan hereunto
Subscribe their names this 14th day
of December, 2020.
_/_.-·--i~. "'./41 / . 122 i ..
1
.
, ~·-:-· #',,.,/ '/ . ( /t- '[/ / , _.,., /1~'}'--.,
,_ - I
Kathy Ber
NARA-21-0174-A-000019
CERTIFICATE OF THE VOTES OF THE
2020 ELECTORS FROM MICHIGAN
**********
WE, THE UNDERSIGNED, being the duly elected and qualified Electors for
President and Vice President of the United States of America from the State of
Michigan, do hereby certify the following:
(A)That we convened and organized in the State Capitol, in the City of
Lansing, Michigan, and at 2:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on the 14th
day of December, 2020, performed the duties enjoined upon us;
(B)That being so assembled and duly organized, we proceeded to vote by
ballot, and balloted first for President and then for Vice President, by
distinct ballots; and
(C) That the following are two distinct lists, one, of all the votes for
President; and the other, of all the votes for Vice President, so cast as
aforesaid:
FOR PRESIDENT
Names of the Persons Voted For
DONALD J. TRUMP of the State of Florida
FOR VICE PRESIDENT
Names of the Persons Voted For
MICHAEL R. PENCE of the State of Indiana
AMERICAf\
PVERSIGHT
Number of Votes
16
Number of Votes
16
NARA-21-0174-A-000020
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, we, the undersigned, have hereunto, in the City of
Lansing, in the State of Michigan, on this 14th day of December, 2020, subscribed
our respective names.
~~~
~ ?Z,,Lr40f6
Mayra Rodriguez, Secretary
~~
Meshawn Maddock
~c~
---·
Kent Vanderwood ~ ~t~,:7<l !div~
Marian Sheridan
James Renner
AMLH GAf\
PVERSIGHT
Rose Rook
Hank Choate
~-Uv-tttt0i Ma~n Henry 7 0
c~ft/PZM
3,Q~~
Stanley~f ?ifl!t~-
Ti~ ~rf
, n O r ~ p n 4 J 1'll1v,11,/vY'dll//lt{ ~
Michele Lundgren ()
t{c,Jl~ I
Ken Thompson
NARA-21-0174-A-000021
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM MICHIGAN
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of
Elector
TERRI LYNN LAND
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
KEN THOMPSON
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the
United States of America for the State of Michigan to fill the vacancy in the manner
provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of
the Electoral College.
AMERICA\J
PVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned
Chairperson and Secretary of the
Electoral College of Michigan hereunto
Subscribe their names this 14th day
of December, 2020.
Kathy J3. rden, Chairperson
NARA-21-0174-A-000022
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM MICHIGAN
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of
Elector
GERALD WALL
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
JAMES RENNER
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the United States of America for the State of Michigan to fill the vacancy in the manner provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of
the Electoral College.
AMERICAN
PVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned
Chairperson and Secretary of the
Electoral College of Michigan hereunto
Subscribe their names this 14th day
of December, 2020.
// -- __ )/4i / l\/t-r, (. J/ (t . C-1 /.
Kathy Ber
NARA-21-0174-A-000023
CERTIFICATE OF THE VOTES OF THE
2020 ELECTORS FROM NEW MEXICO
**********
WE, THE UNDERSIGNED, on the understanding that it might later be
determined that we are the duly elected and qualified Electors for President
and Vice President of the United States of America from the State of New
Mexico, do hereby certify the following:
(A) That we convened and organized at the State Capitol, in Santa Fe,
New Mexico at 12:00 noon on the 14th day of December, 2020, to
perform the duties enjoined upon us;
(B) That being so assembled and duly organized, we proceeded to vote by
ballot, and balloted first for President and then for Vice President, by
distinct ballots; and
(C) That the following are two distinct lists, one, of all the votes for
President; and the other, of all the votes for Vice President, so cast as
aforesaid:
FOR PRESIDENT
Names of the Persons Voted For
DONALD J. TRUMP of the State of Florida
FOR VICE PRESIDENT
Names of the Persons Voted For
MICHAEL R. PENCE of the State of Indiana
AMERICAN
PVERSIGHT
Number of Votes
5
Number of Votes
5
NARA-21-0174-A-000024
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, we, the undersigned, have hereunto, at the Capitol, in
Santa Fe, in the State of New Mexico, on this 14th day of December, 2020,
subscribed our respective names.
AMERICAN
PVERSIGHT
DEBORAH W. MAESTAS, Secretary
Jl ' - /) L/
RSIETRIPP e,.-
-~
ANISSA FORD-TINNIN
NARA-21-0174-A-000025
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM NEW MEXICO
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of
Elector
HARVEY YATES
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
ANISSA FORD-TINNIN
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the
United States of America for the State of New Mexico to fill the vacancy in the manner
provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of
the Electoral College.
AMERICAN
PVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned
Chairperson and Secretary of the
Electoral College of New Mexico hereunto
Subscribe their names this 14th day
of D ember, 2020.
DEBORAH W. MAESTAS, Secretary
NARA-21-0174-A-000026
CERTIFICATE OF THE VOTES OF THE
2020 ELECTORS FROM NEV ADA
**********
WE, THE UNDERSIGNED, being the duly elected and qualified Electors for
President and Vice President of the United States of America from the State of
Nevada, do hereby certify the following:
(A) That we convened and organized at the State Capitol, in Carson City,
Nevada, at 12:00 noon on the 14th day of December, 2020, to perform
the duties enjoined upon us;
(B) That being so assembled and duly organized, we proceeded to vote by
ballot, and balloted first for President and then for Vice President, by
distinct ballots; and
(C) That the following is a list of all the votes for President, so cast as
aforesaid:
FOR PRESIDENT
Names of the Persons Voted For
DONALD J. TRUMP of the State of Florida
A\lll HICAN
PVERSIGHT
Number of Votes
6
NARA-21-0174-A-000027
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, we, the undersigned, have hereunto, at the Capitol, in Carson City, in
the State of Nevada, on this 14th day of December, 2020, subs ibed our res~:tilfe-n~~
AMERICA\J
pVERSIGHT
Shawn Meehan
Eileen Rice
NARA-21-0174-A-000028
CERTIFICATE OF THE VOTES OF THE
2020 ELECTORS FROM NEV ADA
**********
WE, THE UNDERSIGNED, being the duly elected and qualified Electors for
President and Vice President of the United States of America from the State of
Nevada, do hereby certify the following:
(A) That we convened and organized at the State Capitol, in Carson City,
Nevada, at 12:00 noon on the 14th day of December, 2020, to perform
the duties enjoined upon us;
(B) That being so assembled and duly organized, we proceeded to vote by
ballot, and balloted first for President and then for Vice President, by
distinct ballots; and
(C) That the following is a distinct list of all the votes for Vice President, so
cast as aforesaid.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT
Names of the Persons Voted For
MICHAEL R. PENCE of the State of Indiana
A\lll HICAN
OVERSIGHT
Number of Votes
6
NARA-21-0174-A-000029
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, we, the undersigned, have hereunto, at the Capitol, in Carson City, in
the State of Nevada, on this 14th day of December, 2020, subs 'bed our respectiv~e:.,.mHrn:~-::;:;;:,,_
AMERICA\J
PVERSIGHT
Michael J. cDo Id, ierson
~
-----~c~ ~-
James DeGra~ S~ry -
James Hindle III
k]c0
Shawn Meehan
Eileen Rice
NARA-21-0174-A-000030
CERTIFICATE OF THE VOTES OF THE
2020 ELECTORS FROM PENNSYLVANIA
**********
WE, THE UNDERSIGNED, on the understanding that if, as a result of a final
non-appealable Court Order or other proceeding prescribed by law, we are
ultimately recognized as being the duly elected and qualified Electors for
President and Vice President of the United States of America from the State of
Pennsylvania, hereby certify the following:
(A) That we assembled in the City of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, the seat of
government of this Commonwealth, at 12:00 noon on the 14th day of
December, 2020, to perform the duties enjoined upon us;
(B) That being so assembled, we proceeded to vote by ballot, and balloted
first for President and then for Vice President, by distinct ballots; and
(C) That the following are two distinct lists, one, of all the votes for
President; and the other, of all the votes for Vice President, so cast as
aforesaid:
FOR PRESIDENT
Names of the Persons Voted For
DONALD J. TRUMP of the State of Florida
FOR VICE PRESIDENT
Names of the Persons Voted For
MICHAEL R. PENCE of the State of Indiana
AMERICAN
PVERSIGHT
Number of Votes
20
Number of Votes
20
NARA-21-0174-A-000031
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, we, the undersigned, have hereunto, at the Capitol, in the City
of Harrisburg, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, on this 14th day of December, 2020,
subscribed our respective names.
Sam DeMarco III
AMEHICAN
PVERSIGHT
,lJ-ss-fb~ I
Bernadette Comfort
Marcela Diaz-Myers
isa Patton, Secretary
Clsi_,]~
:RRzz=
(
Calvin Tucker
NARA-21-0174-A-000032
December 14, 2020
VIA FAX DELIVERY
The Honorable Tom Wolf
Governor, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 508 Main Capitol Building
Harrisburg, PA 17120
FAX: 717-772-8284
RE: Notice of Filling of Electoral College Vacancies
Dear Governor Wolf,
In accordance with 25 Pa. Stats.§ 3193, I hereby give you notice of the following:
1. On December 14, 2020, 13 of the 20 electors pledged to Donald J. Trump for President and Michael R. Pence for Vice President assembled in accordance with 25 Pa. Stats.§ 3192;
2. 7 electors, Robert Asher, Robert Gleason, Thomas Marino, Lance Stange, Lawrence Tabas, Christine Torretti, and Carolyn Welsh did not appear at the time appointed by law;
3. The Electors present proceeded to fill those vacancies, as authorized by 25 Pa. Stats. § 3193;
4. The Electors elected by unanimous voice vote, Tom Carroll, Christie DiEsposti, Charlie Gerow, Kevin Harley, Leah Hoopes, Andre McCoy, and Suk Smith.
5. As the presiding officer of the Pennsylvania Electoral College, I am immediately transmitting their names to you, and ask that you notify them in writing of their election as a Presidential Elector to fill the vacant Elector positions, and of their duty to perform, along with the other Electors, the duties required of them by the Constitution and laws of the United States.
This 14th day of December, 2020.
Chairp Pennsylvania Elector Meeting
AMERICAN
pVERSIGHT
etary, 2020 Pennsylvania Electoral College Meeting
NARA-21-0174-A-000033
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM PENNSYLVANIA
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of Electors:
Robert Asher
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
Tom Carroll
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the United States of America for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to fill the vacancy in the manner provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of the Electoral College.
AMERICAN
pVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned Chairperson and Secretary of the Electoral College of Pennsylvania hereunto Subscribe their names this 14th day of December, 2020.
NARA-21-0174-A-000034
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM PENNSYLVANIA
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of Electors:
Lawrence Tabas
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
Leah Hoopes
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the United States of America for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to fill the vacancy in the manner provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of the Electoral College.
AMERICAN
pVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned Chairperson and Secretary of the
Electoral College of Pennsylvania hereunto
Subscribe their names this 14th day
of December, 2020.
NARA-21-0174-A-000035
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM PENNSYLVANIA
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of Electors:
Thomas Marino
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
Charlie Gerow
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the United States of America for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to fill the vacancy in the manner provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of the Electoral College.
AMERICAN
pVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned Chairperson and Secretary of the
Electoral College of Pennsylvania hereunto Subscribe their names this 14th day of December, 2020.
NARA-21-0174-A-000036
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM PENNSYLVANIA
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of Electors:
Lance Stange
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
Kevin Harley
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the United States of America for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to fill the vacancy in the manner provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of the Electoral College.
AMLHICAN
pVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned Chairperson and Secretary of the
Electoral College of Pennsylvania hereunto Subscribe their names this 14th day
of December, 2020.
NARA-21-0174-A-000037
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM PENNSYLVANIA
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of Electors:
Carolyn Welsh
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
Suk Smith
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the United States of America for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to fill the vacancy in the manner provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of the Electoral College.
AMERICAN
pVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned Chairperson and Secretary of the Electoral College of Pennsylvania hereunto Subscribe their names this 14th day of December, 2020.
a1rperson
NARA-21-0174-A-000038
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM PENNSYLVANIA
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of Electors:
Christine Toretti
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
Andre McCoy
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the United States of America for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to fill the
vacancy in the manner provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of the Electoral College.
AMERICAN
pVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned
Chairperson and Secretary of the
Electoral College of Pennsylvania hereunto
Subscribe their names this 14th day
of December, 2020.
NARA-21-0174-A-000039
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM PENNSYLVANIA
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of Electors:
Robert Gleason
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
Christie DiEsposti
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the United States of America for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to fill the vacancy in the manner provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of the Electoral College.
AMERICAN
pVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned
Chairperson and Secretary of the
Electoral College of Pennsylvania hereunto
Subscribe their names this 14th day
of December, 2020.
NARA-21-0174-A-000040
[letterhead, Governor of Pennsylvania]
December 14, 2020
I, Tom Wolf, Governor of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in accordance with 25 Pa. Stats.§ 3193, hereby give notice of the following to Tom Carroll, Christie DiEsposti, Charlie Gerow, Kevin Harley, Leah Hoopes, Andre McCoy, and Suk Smith.
1. On December 14, 2020, 13 of the 20 electors pledged to Donald J. Trump for President and Michael R. Pence for Vice President assembled in accordance with 25 Pa. Stats.§ 3192;
2. 7 electors, Robert Asher, Robert Gleason, Thomas Marino, Lance Stange, Lawrence Tabas, Christine Torretti, and Carolyn Welsh did not appear at the time appointed by law;
3. The Electors present then proceeded to fill the vacancies;
4. The Electors elected by unanimous voice vote, Tom Carroll, Christie DiEsposti, Charlie Gerow, Kevin Harley, Leah Hoopes, Andre McCoy, and Suk Smith, persons of the same political party as the absent Electors;
5. Immediately following that vote of the Electors, Bill Bachenberg, the presiding officer of the Electors, transmitted the names of the substitute Electors to me;
6. By this Certificate, I am hereby notifying Tom Carroll, Christie DiEsposti, Charlie Gerow, Kevin Harley, Leah Hoopes, Andre McCoy, and Suk Smith of their election to fill the vacant Elector positions.
AMERICAN
pVERSIGHT
Witness my hand and seal of
of my office this 14th day of
December, 2020.
Tom Wolf, Governor
NARA-21-0174-A-000041
-=-- ----- .-
MEMORANDUM
TO: Archivist of the United States
700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20408
(By Registered Mail)
FROM: Bill Bachenberg, Chairperson, Electoral College of Pennsylvania
DATE: December 14, 2020
RE: Pennsylvania's Electoral Votes for President and Vice President
Pursuant to 3 U.S.C. § 11, enclosed please find duplicate originals of
Pennsylvania's electoral votes for President and Vice President, as follows: two (2)
duplicate originals for the President of the Senate and the Archivist, and one (1)
duplicate original for the Secretary of State and Chief Judge.
~
1-
J:
C,
L.-
<r_(/)
oa:
c:-w
w>
~~
NARA-21-0174-A-000042
MEMORANDUM
TO: President of the Senate
United States Senate
Washington, D.C. 20510
Archivist of the United States
700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20408
Secretary of State
State of Wisconsin
P.O. Box 7848
Madison, WI 53707
Chief Judge, U.S. District Court
Western District of Wisconsin
120 N. Henry Street
Madison, WI 53703
(By Registered Mail)
(By Registered Mail)
(By Certified Mail)
(By Certified Mail)
FROM: Andrew Hitt, Chairperson, Electoral College of Wisconsin
DATE: December 14, 2020
RE: Wisconsin's Electoral Votes for President and Vice President
Pursuant to 3 U.S.C. § 11, enclosed please find duplicate originals of
Wisconsin's electoral votes for President and Vice President, as follows: two (2)
duplicate originals for the President of the Senate and the Archivist, and one (1)
duplicate original for the Secretary of State and Chief Judge.
AMERICAN
PVERSIGHT
NARA-21-0174-A-000043
CERTIFICATE OF THE VOTES OF THE
2020 ELECTORS FROM WISCONSIN
**********
WE, THE UNDERSIGNED, being the duly elected and qualified Electors for
President and Vice President of the United States of America from the State of
Wisconsin, do hereby certify the following:
(A)That we convened and organized at the State Capitol, in the City of
Madison, Wisconsin, at 12:00 noon on the 14th day of December, 2020,
to perform the duties enjoined upon us;
(B) That being so assembled and duly organized, we proceeded to vote by
ballot, and balloted first for President and then for Vice President, by
distinct ballots; and
(C) That the following are two distinct lists, one, of all the votes for
President; and the other, of all the votes for Vice President, so cast as
aforesaid:
FOR PRESIDENT
Names of the Persons Voted For
DONALD J. TRUMP of the State of Florida
FOR VICE PRESIDENT
Names of the Persons Voted For
MICHAEL R. PENCE of the State of Indiana
AMERICAN
PVERSIGHT
Number of Votes
10
Number of Votes
10
NARA-21-0174-A-000044
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, we, the undersigned, have hereunto, at the Capitol, in
the City of Madison, in the State of Wisconsin, on this h day of December, 2020,
subscribed our respective names. /,///~ ---
AMERICAN
PVERSIGHT
Edward Scott Grabins
tofff~
Bill Feehan
/_zA-<-Y/V ~~dl4 .,1,
Robert F. Spindel], . 4
~~AV
~n
dy!72lt_
Darryl Carlson
c~&k= )
Pam Travis
NARA-21-0174-A-000045
CERTIFICATE OF FILLING VACANCY
OF THE 2020 ELECTORS FROM WISCONSIN
**********
Upon the call of the roll, a vacancy became known due to the absence of
Elector
Tom Schreibel
Representing the Fifth Congressional District of Wisconsin
Thereupon, by nomination duly made and seconded,
Kathy Kiernen
Was elected by the Electors present, as an Elector of President and Vice President of the
United States of America for the State of Wisconsin to fill the vacancy in the manner
provided by law. This Elector participated in the proceedings as set forth in the record of
the Electoral College.
AMERICAN
PVERSIGHT
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned
Chairperson and Secretary of the
Electoral College of Wisconsin hereunto
Subscribe their names this 14th day
of Dece 'r, 2 0.

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Site Admin
 
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Re: Trump lashes out at Gov. Doug Ducey following certificat

Postby admin » Fri Jan 14, 2022 10:12 am

Oath Keepers leader and 10 others charged with 'seditious conspiracy' related to US Capitol attack
by Hannah Rabinowitz, Katelyn Polantz, Tierney Sneed and Holmes Lybrand, CNN
CNN
Updated 10:41 PM ET, Thu January 13, 2022



(CNN)The Justice Department escalated its January 6 investigation by bringing seditious conspiracy charges against 11 defendants, including the leader of the Oath Keepers, Stewart Rhodes.

The latest accusations -- with a charge that had not previously been brought in the department's US Capitol attack prosecutions -- remove any sense that prosecutors believe the riot emerged from just a group of overzealous protestors, with new details about the planning and logistics alleged to have predated the Capitol breach.

The Justice Department until now had been careful not to push the idea of sedition, instead charging defendants affiliated with right-wing groups with conspiracy to obstruct the congressional proceeding on January 6. The seditious conspiracy charge carries the same possible consequence as an obstruction charge, but is rarely used, politically loaded and has been difficult for the Justice Department to use successfully against defendants in the past.

Attorney General Merrick Garland had balked at the earlier efforts to bring the seditious conspiracy charge. But in the months since, people briefed on the matter say FBI investigators and DC federal prosecutors have spent much time building the case, at least in part with the help of cooperators and the benefit of internal communications among the Oath Keepers.

The new indictment brings to light planning the Oath Keepers are accused to have done ahead of the Capitol attack, as they allegedly recruited members, stocked up on weapons and organized to disrupt Congress' certification of the 2020 election. Prosecutors say they also continued to plot "to oppose by force the lawful transfer of presidential power" after the Capitol riot failed to block the electoral college vote, according to a Justice Department statement on Thursday.

[x]
Booking photo of Oath Keepers leader Stewart Rhodes. From Collin County, Texas.

One Oath Keeper claimed to travel to Washington, DC, for a scouting trip ahead of January 6, according to the indictment. The new court filings also detail accusations that the defendants stashed weapons at a Virginia hotel and that they were prepared to "rapidly transport firearms and other weapons into Washington, D.C." to support the efforts to stop the presidential certification vote.

Rhodes was arrested Thursday in Little Elm, Texas.

Allegedly opposing 'by force' the lawful transfer of power

The new indictment, approved by a grand jury on Wednesday and made public Thursday, alleges that Rhodes and his co-conspirators engaged in a conspiracy to "oppose the lawful transfer of presidential power by force, by preventing, hindering, or delaying by force execution of laws governing the transfer of power."
The latest court filings revealed that Oath Keeper Thomas Caldwell, who was arrested in January, claimed to take a reconnaissance trip to DC before January 6. The indictment also surfaces previously unknown communications Rhodes is alleged to have sent that prosecutors say encouraged the use of force to oppose the lawful transfer of power.

"We aren't going through this without civil war. Too late for that. Prepare your mind, body and spirit," Rhodes allegedly said in a November 5, 2020, Signal message. In December, Rhodes -- according to the indictment -- wrote of the electoral college certification that "there is no standard political or legal way out of this."

Prosecutors have previously said that Rhodes used Signal during the attack to communicate with other members of the Oath Keepers who were at the Capitol.

"All I see Trump doing is complaining. I see no intent by him to do anything," Rhodes allegedly wrote. "So the patriots are taking it into their own hands. They've had enough," he allegedly said on Signal at 1:38 p.m. that day, shortly after the siege had begun.

Additionally, the indictment says that Oath Keepers from three different states, including newly charged Edward Vallejo, stashed weapons in a Virginia hotel as part of a quick reaction force.

"[Quick reaction force] teams were prepared to rapidly transport firearms and other weapons into Washington, D.C., in support of operations aimed at using force to stop the lawful transfer of presidential power," the indictment said.

On his way to DC on January 3, Rhodes allegedly bought an AR-platform rifle and other firearms equipment, including sights, mounts, triggers, slings, and other firearms attachments in Texas. The next day, he allegedly bought more firearms equipment in Mississippi including sights, mounts, an optic plate, and a magazine, according to the filings.

Accusations of plotting before and after the Capitol attack

The Rhodes indictment walks through public and private statements the Oath Keeper leader made, starting just days after the election, that prosecutors say illuminate the plot to oppose by force the transfer of presidential power.

Those alleged discussions include a November readout that Caldwell reached out to provide Rhodes about a November 9 trip he had taken to DC to do recon for an upcoming "op." Communications about the "bloody" "fight" and "revolution" were accompanied by logistical planning, prosecutors alleged, with defendants discussing obtaining and bringing weapons to the Washington area. Rhodes allegedly spent thousands on firearms equipment en route to DC, prosecutors allege.

On January 6, prosecutors allege that Oath Keepers stationed themselves around the DC area -- some near the Capitol, others providing security and a third group waiting across the river in a Virginia hotel with a cache of weapons. At the Capitol, some members moved in a military "stack" formation into the Capitol where they fought with police, and a small group unsuccessfully looked for House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, according to court documents.

The plotting didn't end with the Capitol riot, prosecutors say, alleging Rhodes and other co-conspirators met in Virginia to "celebrate" the attack and "discuss next steps." In a Signal chat to other members of Oath Keepers leadership, Rhodes allegedly said that "Patriots entering their own Capitol to send a message to the traitors is NOTHING compared to what's coming."

In the week after the riot, Rhodes allegedly spent more than $17,500 on weapons, equipment, and ammunition. One member, according to the filings, said Rhodes should stay "below the radar," while another brought what he called "all available weapons" to Rhodes' home in Texas.

Around Inauguration Day, January 20, Rhodes allegedly told associates to organize local militias to oppose the Biden administration. Another member allegedly said, "After this... if nothing happens...its war...Civil War 2.0."

Change in approach

The charges mark a dramatic change in the Justice Department's January 6 probe.

Previously, some Biden administration officials believed using the sedition charge could politicize the Justice Department's prosecution of the Capitol attackers, and the department recoiled after the former top prosecutor over the investigation, Michael Sherwin, said on CBS' "60 Minutes" he believed seditious conspiracy could be charged.

Garland said in a speech last week commemorating the Capitol attack that the department was "committed to holding all January 6th perpetrators, at any level, accountable under law -- whether they were present that day or were otherwise criminally responsible for the assault on our democracy."

Rhodes has also been of interest to the House's January 6 investigation, which issued subpoenas in November for him and his organization for a deposition and documents related to the events of that day.

In an interview with CNN's Anderson Cooper Thursday night, Democratic Rep. Jamie Raskin of Maryland, who serves on the January 6 committee, said he hopes the newly filed charges will "shut up those of our colleagues who keep saying, 'Well if it was a conspiracy, how come there are no conspiracy charges? If it was seditious, how come there were no sedition charges?'"

"So, there we go," he continued. "We've got those with, undoubtedly, a lot more to come soon."

CNN reported in July that Rhodes gave a voluntary interview to the FBI and that investigators seized his cell phone. He has denied all wrongdoing.

According to previous court filings submitted by the Justice Department in other cases, Rhodes said at a November 2020 online meeting, "We're going to defend the president, the duly elected president, and we call on him to do what needs to be done to save our country. Because if you don't guys, you're going to be in a bloody, bloody civil war and a bloody -- you can call it an insurrection, or you can call it a war or fight."

This story has been updated with additional details.

CNN's Marshall Cohen and Evan Perez contributed to this report.
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