Mrs. Kay Griggs on How the Government Works

Possibly better than tootsie rolls, illustrated screenplays are tasty little nuggets of cinematic flavor in a convenient pdf wrapper. Download and read your favorite movie in a quarter of the time it takes to watch it. And you can grab quotes and images.

Re: Mrs. Kay Griggs on How the Government Works

Postby admin » Sun Dec 17, 2017 5:25 am

Carl Epting Mundy Jr.
by Wikipedia
Accessed: 12/16/17

NOTICE: THIS WORK MAY BE PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT

YOU ARE REQUIRED TO READ THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE AT THIS LINK BEFORE YOU READ THE FOLLOWING WORK, THAT IS AVAILABLE SOLELY FOR PRIVATE STUDY, SCHOLARSHIP OR RESEARCH PURSUANT TO 17 U.S.C. SECTION 107 AND 108. IN THE EVENT THAT THE LIBRARY DETERMINES THAT UNLAWFUL COPYING OF THIS WORK HAS OCCURRED, THE LIBRARY HAS THE RIGHT TO BLOCK THE I.P. ADDRESS AT WHICH THE UNLAWFUL COPYING APPEARED TO HAVE OCCURRED. THANK YOU FOR RESPECTING THE RIGHTS OF COPYRIGHT OWNERS.


Image
Image
Carl E. Mundy Jr.
30th Commandant of the Marine Corps (1991-1995)
Birth name Carl Epting Mundy Jr.
Born July 16, 1935
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
Died April 2, 2014 (aged 78)
Alexandria, Virginia, U.S.
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1953-1995
Rank US Marine 10 shoulderboard.svg General
Commands held 2nd Battalion, 4th Marines
2nd Marine Regiment
4th Marine Amphibious Brigade
II Marine Expeditionary Force
Marine Forces Atlantic
Commandant of the Marine Corps
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Cold War
Awards Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Navy, Army, Air Force, & Coast Guard Distinguished Service Medals
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star
Purple Heart
Other work USO
Marine Corps University Foundation
Schering-Plough
General Dynamics
Council on Foreign Relations

Carl Epting Mundy Jr. (July 16, 1935 – April 2, 2014) was a United States Marine Corps General who was the 30th Commandant of the United States Marine Corps and member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from July 1, 1991 until his retirement on June 30, 1995, after 38 years of active duty service.

From 1996 to 2000, he served as president and CEO of the USO.[1] Mundy was the chairman of the Marine Corps University Foundation.[2] He also served on a number of corporate boards.

Early life and education

Mundy was born on July 16, 1935 in Atlanta, Georgia.[3] His family moved frequently when he was a young child, settling in Waynesville, North Carolina when Mundy was about 10 years old.[3] He graduated from Sidney Lanier High School in Montgomery, Alabama. At age 18, he enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve.[4]

Career

Image
Mundy visiting a survivor of the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995.

Mundy enlisted in the Marine Corps Reserve and enrolled in the PLC Program in December 1953 while attending college – serving in the 38th Special Infantry Company, Montgomery, Alabama and rising to the rank of sergeant. He was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in June 1957, following graduation from Auburn University. His later military education included the Command and General Staff College and the Naval War College.

His early assignments included service in the 2nd Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division; duty aboard the aircraft carrier USS Tarawa (CV-40) and the cruiser USS Little Rock (CLG-4); instructor at The Basic School; and as Officer Selection Officer, Raleigh, North Carolina. In 1966-67, Mundy served in Vietnam as operations and executive officer of the 3rd Battalion, 26th Marines, 3rd Marine Division, and as an intelligence officer in the Headquarters, III Marine Amphibious Force.

After the Vietnam War, his principal assignments were:

Aide de Camp to the Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps
Inspector Instructor, 4th Air-Naval Gunfire Liaison Company, Miami, Florida
Commanding Officer, 2nd Battalion, 4th Marines, 3rd Marine Division
Plans Officer, Headquarters Marine Corps
Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, 2nd Marine Division
Chief of Staff, Sixth Marine Amphibious Brigade
Commanding Officer, 2nd Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division, and 36th and 38th Marine Amphibious Units

Following advancement to Brigadier General in April 1982, Mundy's assignments were:

Director of Personnel Procurement, Headquarters Marine Corps
Commanding General, Landing Force Training Command, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, and Commanding General, 4th Marine Amphibious Brigade
Advanced to major general in April 1986
Director of Operations, Plans, Policies and Operations Department, Headquarters Marine Corps
Advanced to lieutenant general in March 1988
Deputy Chief Staff for Plans, Policies and Operations, Headquarters Marine Corps Operations Deputy to the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Commanding General of the Fleet Marine Force, Atlantic, the II Marine Expeditionary Force, the Allied Command Atlantic Marine Striking Force, and designated to command Fleet Marine Forces which might be employed in Europe
Promoted to General on July 1, 1991
Commandant of the Marine Corps from July 1, 1991 to June 30, 1995

Awards and decorations

General Mundy's awards include:

Marine Corps Parachutist badge
1st Row Defense Distinguished Service Medal Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge
2nd Row Navy Distinguished Service Medal Army Distinguished Service Medal Air Force Distinguished Service Medal Coast Guard Distinguished Service Medal
3rd Row Legion of Merit Bronze Star w/ valor device Purple Heart Medal Navy Commendation Medal w/ 1 award star & valor device
4th Row Combat Action Ribbon Navy Presidential Unit Citation Navy Unit Commendation National Defense Service Medal w/ 1 service star
5th Row Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal Vietnam Service Medal w/ 2 service stars Sea Service Ribbon Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry w/ 1 gold star
6th Row Colombian Distinguished Service[clarification needed] Spanish White Cross of Naval Merit French Legion of Honor, Grade of Commander Argentinian Order of the Liberator General San Martin, Grand Cross
7th Row Royal Norwegian Order of Merit, Grand Cross Netherlands Medal of Merit in silver Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry Unit Citation Vietnam Campaign Medal

Note: The gold US Navy Parachute Rigger badge was worn unofficially by USMC personnel in place of US Army parachutist badge from 1942-1963 before it officially became the Navy and Marine Corps Parachutist insignia on July 12, 1963 per BuPers Notice 1020. Members of the Marine Corps who attended jump school before 1963 were issued the silver Army parachutist badge but may be depicted wearing the gold Navy Parachute Rigger badge as it was common practice during this time period.

Personal life

Image
Mundy in May 2013

Mundy was married and has three children – two sons and a daughter. Both sons are U.S. Marine Corps officers, including Carl Epting Mundy III, who is a major general.[5][6]

Remarks on minority officers

In an October 31, 1993 segment on the CBS program 60 Minutes on the dearth of minority promotions in the U.S. Marine Corps, General Mundy was quoted as saying, "In the military skills, we find that the minority officers do not shoot as well as the non-minorities. They don't swim as well. And when you give them a compass and send them across the terrain at night in a land navigation exercise, they don't do as well at that sort of thing."[7] Mundy, noted for being blunt, though possibly the "victim of selective editing", apologized for "any offense that may have been taken" from his remarks.[8] According to The Times, the general elaborated on this question at a 1993 commemoration of the Battle of Iwo Jima, when commenting on Ira Hayes, he said "Were Ira Hayes here today ... I would tell him that although my words on another occasion have given the impression that I believe some Marines ... because of their color ... are not as capable as other Marines ... that those were not the thoughts of my mind ... and that they are not the thoughts of my heart.[9][10]

Position on married Marines

Mundy issued an order in 1993 to cut down (and eventually eliminate) the recruitment category for married Marines; the order was rescinded following a public outcry.

Remarks on gays serving in the military

Mundy was signatory to an open letter delivered to President Barack Obama and Members of Congress expressing support for the 1993 law stating that self-identified homosexuals are not eligible to serve in the military, commonly referred to as "Don't ask, don't tell."[11] The letter said in part, "We believe that imposing this burden on our men and women in uniform would undermine recruiting and retention, impact leadership at all echelons, have adverse effects on the willingness of parents who lend their sons and daughters to military service, and eventually break the All-Volunteer Force."[12] However unlike the 34th commandant, General James T. Conway, Mundy has said that if the restriction were repealed the troops should not be segregated.[13][14] For a person to "proclaim: I'm gay" is the "same as I'm KKK, Nazi, rapist," Mundy says.[15]

Death

Mundy died of cancer (Merkel cell carcinoma) at his home in Alexandria, Virginia on April 2, 2014 at the age of 78.[16][17]

Notes

1. "Carl Mundy: Executive Profile & Biography". Business Week. Retrieved 22 February 2009.
2. "Board of Trustees: General Carl E. Mundy Jr. USMC (Ret) – Chairman". Marine Corps University Foundation. Archived from the original on 25 August 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2009.
3. b Ruane, Michael E. (June 5, 1999). "Four Years Ago, Carl Mundy Hung Up His Sword. His Life Would Never Be the Same" (Reprinted on http://www.patriotfiles.com). Washington Post. p. C01. Retrieved 22 February 2009.
4. "2007 Lifetime Achievement Award Recipients: Carl E. Mundy Jr. '57". Auburn University. Archived from the original on 25 August 2009. Retrieved 22 February2009.
5. "Major General Carl E. Mundy, III Commander, Task Force 51". U.S. Navy. Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-01. Retrieved 2011-10-18.
7. "A Few Good Men". 60 Minutes. CBS News. 2 June 1999.
8. "Apology for Remarks On Minority Marines". New York Times. November 3, 1993.
9. Thompson, Mark (28 November 1993). "Commandant Of Marine Corps Doesn't Mince Words – Mundy's Comments: Wonderfully Blunt Or Just Insensitive?". Seattle Times. Retrieved 22 February 2009.
10. Asthana, Anushka; Ford, Richard; Watson, Roland. "The Times". London. Archived from the original on 2013-05-05.
11. "Homosexuals in the Military" Archived 2009-07-20 at the Wayback Machine., Center for Military Readiness, April 9, 2009.
12. "Flag and General Officers for the Military" Archived 2009-04-23 at the Wayback Machine., April 9, 2009.
13. Marines will still be 'hammering' Afghanistan next year Archived 2010-08-27 at the Wayback Machine.
14. "What Would It Take To End 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell'?". NPR.org. 5 February 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
15. Eric Bradner, CNN (10 October 2014). "Clinton presidential documents cover Kagan, gays, email - CNNPolitics.com". CNN. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
16. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-17. Retrieved 2014-04-03.
17. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-06. Retrieved 2014-04-03.

References

• "Official Biography: General Carl E. Mundy Jr". United States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2014.

Further reading

• Mundy, General Carl E. Jr. (November 1, 1993). "The Role of the Marine Corps in the Post-Cold War Era". Heritage Lecture #475. Heritage Foundation. Archived from the original on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2009.
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 25958
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: Mrs. Kay Griggs on How the Government Works

Postby admin » Sun Dec 17, 2017 5:50 am

Harold W. Gehman Jr.
by Wikipedia
Accessed: 12/16/17

NOTICE: THIS WORK MAY BE PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT

YOU ARE REQUIRED TO READ THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE AT THIS LINK BEFORE YOU READ THE FOLLOWING WORK, THAT IS AVAILABLE SOLELY FOR PRIVATE STUDY, SCHOLARSHIP OR RESEARCH PURSUANT TO 17 U.S.C. SECTION 107 AND 108. IN THE EVENT THAT THE LIBRARY DETERMINES THAT UNLAWFUL COPYING OF THIS WORK HAS OCCURRED, THE LIBRARY HAS THE RIGHT TO BLOCK THE I.P. ADDRESS AT WHICH THE UNLAWFUL COPYING APPEARED TO HAVE OCCURRED. THANK YOU FOR RESPECTING THE RIGHTS OF COPYRIGHT OWNERS.


Image
Harold W. Gehman Jr.
Admiral Harold W. Gehman
Nickname(s) Hal
Born October 15, 1942 (age 75)
Norfolk, Virginia
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1965-2000
Rank Admiral
Commands held United States Joint Forces Command
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Awards Legion of Merit
Bronze Star
Other work Chairman, Columbia Accident Investigation Board
Co-chair, Cole Commission
BRAC committee

Admiral Harold W. Gehman Jr. (born October 15, 1942) is a retired United States Navy four-star admiral who served as NATO's Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic (SACLANT), Commander-in-Chief of the United States Joint Forces Command, one of the United States' Unified Combatant Commands, and Vice Chief of Naval Operations. He was also the Co-Chairman of the Commission that investigated the terrorist attack on the USS Cole and was Chairman of the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) after the Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated during reentry in 2003, killing all seven crew members.

Military career

Gehman was born in Norfolk, Virginia on October 15, 1942 and graduated from Pennsylvania State University in 1965 with a Bachelor of Science in Industrial Engineering and a commission in the Navy from the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps. A Surface Warfare Officer, he served at all levels of leadership and command in guided missile destroyers and cruisers. During the course of his career, Gehman had five sea commands in ranks from Lieutenant to Rear Admiral. Gehman served in Vietnam as Officer in Charge of a Swift patrol boat and later in Chu Lai as Officer in Charge of a detachment of six swift boats. His staff assignments were both afloat on a Carrier Battle Group staff and ashore on a fleet commander's staff, a Unified Commander's staff and in Washington, D.C. on the staff of the Chief of Naval Operations (four tours). Promoted to four-star Admiral in 1996, he became the 29th Vice Chief of Naval Operations in September 1996. As Vice Chief of Naval Operations he was a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, formulated the Navy's $70 billion budget and developed and implemented policies governing the 375,000 people in the Navy. Assigned in September 1997 as Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic and Commander-in-Chief, United States Atlantic Command (later changed to Joint Forces Command), he became one of NATO's two military commanders and assumed command of all forces of all four services in the continental United States and became responsible for the provision of ready forces to the other Unified Commanders in Chief and for the development of new joint doctrine, training and requirements. He retired from the Navy in October 2000.

Awards and decorations

Badge Surface Warfare Officer Pin
1st Row Defense Distinguished Service Medal | Legion of Merit with two gold award stars
2nd Row Bronze Star Meritorious Service Medal Joint Service Commendation Medal
3rd row Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal with award star Combat Action Ribbon Joint Meritorious Unit Award
4th Row Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation Navy "E" Ribbon National Defense Service Medal with one bronze service star
5th row Vietnam Service Medal with three service stars Navy Sea Service Deployment Ribbon with four service stars Navy and Marine Corps Overseas Service Ribbon
6th row Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation Vietnam Civil Actions Medal Unit Citation Vietnam Campaign Medal

Post military

In retirement, Gehman has served as chairman of the Columbia Accident Investigation Board, co-chair, with retired general William W. Crouch, of the Department of Defense's Cole Commission, on the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) committee, and is a Senior Fellow of the National Defense University's Capstone Program.[citation needed]

Personal

Gehman is married to the former Janet F. Johnson and they have three adult children, Katherine, Christopher and Paul.

References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Harold W. Gehman, Jr.
This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "National Defense University bio".
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 25958
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: Mrs. Kay Griggs on How the Government Works

Postby admin » Sun Dec 17, 2017 5:57 am

William W. Hartzog
by Wikipedia
Accessed: 12/16/17

NOTICE: THIS WORK MAY BE PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT

YOU ARE REQUIRED TO READ THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE AT THIS LINK BEFORE YOU READ THE FOLLOWING WORK, THAT IS AVAILABLE SOLELY FOR PRIVATE STUDY, SCHOLARSHIP OR RESEARCH PURSUANT TO 17 U.S.C. SECTION 107 AND 108. IN THE EVENT THAT THE LIBRARY DETERMINES THAT UNLAWFUL COPYING OF THIS WORK HAS OCCURRED, THE LIBRARY HAS THE RIGHT TO BLOCK THE I.P. ADDRESS AT WHICH THE UNLAWFUL COPYING APPEARED TO HAVE OCCURRED. THANK YOU FOR RESPECTING THE RIGHTS OF COPYRIGHT OWNERS.


Image
William W. Hartzog
General William W. Hartzog
Born September 21, 1941 (age 76)
Wilmington, North Carolina
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1963-1998
Rank General
Commands held Training and Doctrine Command
1st Infantry Division
United States Army South
197th Infantry Brigade
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Awards Legion of Merit
Soldier's Medal
Bronze Star with "V" Device
Purple Heart
Other work CEO, Burdeshaw Associates

General William White Hartzog (born September 21, 1941) was a four-star U.S. Army general whose commands during his 35-year career include the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command, the 1st Infantry Division, and United States Army South. He was born in Wilmington, North Carolina.[1]

Military career

After graduating from The Citadel in 1963, where he received a degree in English, he was commissioned in the infantry. His first assignment after the Infantry Officer Basic Course was as Executive Officer of an Officer Candidate School company at Fort Benning. In 1965 he was assigned to Fort Kobbe, Panama. He deployed to Vietnam in 1967, eventually commanding a company, and upon return to the United States he attended the Infantry Officer Advanced Course. After graduation, he was assigned as a tactics instructor at the United States Military Academy, then returned to Vietnam in 1972 as a Plans Officer for Military Assistance Command, Vietnam. He attended the United States Marine Corps Command and Staff College from 1973 to 1974, then proceeded to Fort Riley, where he served in various staff positions with the 1st Infantry Division. In April 1978, he was given command of the 193rd Infantry Brigade. Following his assignment in Panama, he attended the United States Army War College at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, and then served at the War Plans Division in Washington D.C., where he eventually became Chief. He was next assigned as Executive Officer at the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, before taking command of another brigade, the 197th Infantry Brigade at Fort Benning. After serving from 1987 to 1989 as the Assistant Commandant of the United States Army Infantry School, he returned to Panama for a third time as the J-3, United States Southern Command, a position he held during Operation Just Cause. He took command of United States Army South in 1990, and followed that command in 1991 with command of the 1st Infantry Division. He served as Deputy Commander in Chief/Chief of Staff, United States Atlantic Command from 1993 to 1994 before taking command of United States Army Training and Doctrine Command at Fort Monroe, from which he retired in 1998.

Awards and Decorations

Combat Infantryman Badge
Expert Infantryman Badge
Senior Parachutist Badge
Army Staff Identification Badge
Defense Distinguished Service Medal with oak leaf cluster
Army Distinguished Service Medal with oak leaf cluster
Legion of Merit with four oak leaf clusters
Soldier's Medal
Bronze Star with V Device and oak leaf cluster
Purple Heart
Meritorious Service Medal with oak leaf cluster
Air Medal
Joint Service Commendation Medal
Army Commendation Medal with three oak leaf clusters

He was given the Appalachian State University Distinguished Alumni Award in 1996.[2]

Post military

After retiring from the Army, Hartzog became CEO of Burdeshaw Associates, a defense consulting firm,[3] sits on the Board of Directors of the Army Historical Foundation,[4] and is a member of the Defense Science Board.[5]

References

1. [1]
2. Appalachian Alumni Association Distinguished Alumni Award
3. Burdeshaw Associates, Ltd. Executive Leadership
4. Army Historical Foundation Board and Staff
5. Defense Science Board Members, Senior Fellows, and Ex Officio 29 July 2003
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 25958
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: Mrs. Kay Griggs on How the Government Works

Postby admin » Sun Dec 17, 2017 6:11 am

John N. Abrams
by Wikipedia
Accessed: 12/16/17

NOTICE: THIS WORK MAY BE PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT

YOU ARE REQUIRED TO READ THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE AT THIS LINK BEFORE YOU READ THE FOLLOWING WORK, THAT IS AVAILABLE SOLELY FOR PRIVATE STUDY, SCHOLARSHIP OR RESEARCH PURSUANT TO 17 U.S.C. SECTION 107 AND 108. IN THE EVENT THAT THE LIBRARY DETERMINES THAT UNLAWFUL COPYING OF THIS WORK HAS OCCURRED, THE LIBRARY HAS THE RIGHT TO BLOCK THE I.P. ADDRESS AT WHICH THE UNLAWFUL COPYING APPEARED TO HAVE OCCURRED. THANK YOU FOR RESPECTING THE RIGHTS OF COPYRIGHT OWNERS.


Image
Image
John N. Abrams
General John N. Abrams
Born September 3, 1946 (age 71)
Cumberland, Maine
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1966–2002
Rank US-O10 insignia.svg General
Commands held Training and Doctrine Command
11th Armored Cavalry Regiment
Joint Task Force Kuwait
2nd Infantry Division
V Corps
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Relations GEN Creighton Abrams (father)
BG Creighton W. Abrams III (brother)
GEN Robert B. Abrams (brother)
Other work Military analyst, Associated Press

General John Nelson Abrams (born September 3, 1946) is a retired United States Army four-star general who commanded the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command from 1998 to 2002. He is the son of former Army Chief of Staff, General Creighton W. Abrams, Jr. and his two brothers were also Army general officers.

Military career

Abrams was born on September 3, 1946 in Cumberland, Maine.[1] He received his commission through Officer Candidate School in 1966, after enlisting as a tank crewman in 1966.[2] His commands have included the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment, Joint Task Force Kuwait, 2nd Infantry Division, V Corps.,[2] and US Army Training and Doctrine Command.

As a young armor officer, Abrams served two years in Vietnam, rising from platoon leader to troop commander. Toward the end of his tour, Abrams commanded an armored cavalry troop in the Mang Yang Pass, where he established such good relations with the Montagnard villagers that a local village chief gave him an elephant. "Isn't that great, Dad?" he asked his father Creighton, who at the time was commander of all U.S. forces in Vietnam. "Well, let me tell you, I knew he was in trouble," Creighton Abrams recounted later. "I asked him if he knew what it meant for a Montagnard village chief to give someone an elephant, and of course he just thought it was a nice thing for the guy to do. Well, sir, I told him in no uncertain terms, 'John, you better pack up and leave that area quick, 'cause you are now engaged to be married to a Montagnard woman. That elephant is a wedding gift!'" John Abrams married Cecilia Bosico in 1969, after a courtship that did not involve an elephant.[3]

In his tour as Commander of the Second Infantry Division he was promoted to Major General and stationed at Camp Red Cloud, near Uijeongbu, Republic of Korea near the Olympic Velodrome. During Operation Desert Storm he could view the combat area by live satellite imaging and see his brother's unit, Gen Creighton Abrams, III, who was the Artillery Commander for Desert Storm.

Major General Abrams was active in community affairs and worked with the Amerasian Children's Fund, The Pearl Buck Association and the American Red Cross. He redesigned the 2nd Infantry Division (2nd ID) logo to depict a "handsome Indian" and placed this design on another of his creations, the 2nd ID sports jacket. He also designed and produced a 2nd ID sports cap. He was instrumental in improving morale to this combat unit and community support from the Korean civilians. The original drawings, art work, and first production runs were kept by Col. G F (Coach) Sweetman, who was responsible for their production.

After completing his tour in Korea, he was promoted to Lieutenant General and assigned as commander of V Corps in Germany, a unit also commanded by Lt. Gen Colin Powell. He was the second officer in U.S. Army history to command the same unit as his father, the other being General George Smith Patton.

In 1998 he was promoted to general and assigned as Commander, United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC), which oversees all training in the U.S. Army. He held this position until his retirement in 2002.

Abrams received his Bachelor of Science degree in Business Administration from Bowling Green University, a Master of Science degree in Public Administration from Shippensburg University, and an honorary Doctor of Education degree from Norwich University.[4]

Awards and Decorations

Army Staff Identification Badge
11th Armored Cavalry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia[2]
Army Distinguished Service Medal with oak leaf cluster
Silver Star with oak leaf cluster
Legion of Merit with two oak leaf clusters
Bronze Star with Valor Device and three oak leaf clusters
Purple Heart
Meritorious Service Medal
Air Medal with award numeral 2
Army Commendation Medal with oak leaf cluster
Army Achievement Medal with oak leaf cluster
National Defense Service Medal with two bronze service stars
Vietnam Service Medal with one silver and one bronze service star
Southwest Asia Service Medal with 1 bronze service star
Armed Forces Service Medal
Army Service Ribbon
Overseas Service Ribbon with Award numeral 5
NATO Medal for Former Yugoslavia
Vietnam Gallantry Cross with silver star and two bronze stars
Gallantry Cross Unit Citation Ribbon
Civil Actions Unit Citation Ribbon
Vietnam Campaign Medal
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait)

Post military

After retiring, Abrams became a military analyst for the Associated Press.[2] He is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Abrams Learning & Information Systems, Inc., a consulting and technology firm.[4]

See also

The first father-son U. S. Army Generals to command the same unit were George S. Patton, Jr. and George S. Patton IV, commanding the 2nd Armored Division.

Another Link between Patton and Abrams families was that Creighton, John's father, was Patton's spearhead commander in World War II, where Patton praised him as being the only tank commander equal to himself.[5]

Images gallery

Image
General Abrams, 1990

References

1. "General Officer Announcement 334-98". U.S. Department of Defense. June 30, 1998.
2. "AP Signs Four-Star General for Military Expertise".
3. Sorley, Lewis (1992). "Thunderbolt - From the Battle of the Bulge to Vietnam and Beyond: General Creighton Abrams and the Army of His Times". New York: Simon & Schuster: 294–295
4. ALIS Inc. Management Team Archived 2012-03-28 at the Wayback Machine.
5. "Nation: Pattern's Peer". Time. 14 April 1967.
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 25958
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: Mrs. Kay Griggs on How the Government Works

Postby admin » Sun Dec 17, 2017 6:22 am

Charles E. Wilhelm
by Wikipedia
Accessed: 12/16/17

NOTICE: THIS WORK MAY BE PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT

YOU ARE REQUIRED TO READ THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE AT THIS LINK BEFORE YOU READ THE FOLLOWING WORK, THAT IS AVAILABLE SOLELY FOR PRIVATE STUDY, SCHOLARSHIP OR RESEARCH PURSUANT TO 17 U.S.C. SECTION 107 AND 108. IN THE EVENT THAT THE LIBRARY DETERMINES THAT UNLAWFUL COPYING OF THIS WORK HAS OCCURRED, THE LIBRARY HAS THE RIGHT TO BLOCK THE I.P. ADDRESS AT WHICH THE UNLAWFUL COPYING APPEARED TO HAVE OCCURRED. THANK YOU FOR RESPECTING THE RIGHTS OF COPYRIGHT OWNERS.


Image
Image
Charles E. Wilhelm
Charles E. Wilhelm, USMC
Born August 26, 1941 (age 76)
Edenton, North Carolina
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1964-2000
Rank General
Commands held 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit
1st Marine Division
Marine Corps Combat Development Command
Fleet Marine Force, Atlantic
U.S. Southern Command
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Awards Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star
Defense Superior Service Medal (2)
Bronze Star
Other work Research, U.S. Army War College
Fellow, Center for Defense Information
Vice President, Battelle.

General Charles E. Wilhelm (born August 26, 1941) is a retired United States Marine Corps general who served two combat tours of duty in Vietnam. He later served as Commanding General of the 1st Marine Division; as a Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense; and as the Commander, U.S. Southern Command (1997–2000). General Wilhelm retired from the Marine Corps in 2000, after 37 years of service.

Biography

Charles E. Wilhelm was born in 1941, a native of Edenton, North Carolina. Wilhelm graduated from Florida Southern College in 1964 with a B.S. in journalism. He earned a M.S. degree in management from Salve Regina College. He is a graduate of the Army Infantry Officer’s Advance Course and the Naval War College, which in 1999 awarded him its Naval War College Distinguished Graduate Leadership Award.

Military career

General Wilhelm held a variety of command positions. He commanded a rifle platoon and company during two tours in Vietnam; served as a company commander in Headquarters Battalion and 3rd Battalion, 8th Marines, 2nd Marine Division; was the Senior Advisor to a Vietnamese Army Battalion; Inspector-Instructor, 4th Reconnaissance Battalion; Deputy Provost Marshal, U.S. Naval Forces Philippines; and commanded the 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit.

General Wilhelm’s staff assignments include Assistant Battalion Operations Officer; Operations Officer and Executive Officer, 1st Battalion, 1st Marines. He served on the staffs of III Marine Amphibious Force; Logistics, Plans, and Policy Branch, Installations and Logistics Department, HQMC, and J-3, Headquarters, U.S. European Command.

In August 1988, while assigned as the Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations, II Marine Expeditionary Force, he was promoted to brigadier general, and was subsequently assigned as the Director of Operations, HQMC. In July 1990, he was selected to serve as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Policy and Missions, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict. General Wilhelm assumed duties as Commanding General, 1st Marine Division, in July 1992. He served as Commander Marine Forces Somalia from December 1992 to March 1993 as part of the U.S. led coalition in Operation RESTORE HOPE. General Wilhelm was confirmed for promotion to lieutenant general and assumed duties as the Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, Quantico, Virginia, July 15, 1994. In August 1995, he was assigned as Commander, U.S. Marine Corps Forces, Atlantic/Commanding General, Fleet Marine Force, Atlantic/Commander, U.S. Marine Corps Forces, Europe/Commander, U.S. Marine Corps Forces, South/Commanding General, II Marine Expeditionary Force/Commanding General, Marine Striking Force Atlantic, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. He was confirmed for promotion to general and assumed duties as the Commander, U.S. Southern Command on September 25, 1997; he served in this position until October 2000. General Wilhelm retired from the Marine Corps on November 1, 2000.

Post-retirement

After retiring from the Marine Corps, General Wilhelm was a researcher with the U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute.[1] General Wilhelm is Distinguished Military Fellow on the staff of the Center for Defense Information.[2] In 2003, Wilhelm became Vice President at Battelle, responsible for homeland security issues.[3]

Awards & decorations

General Wilhelm’s personal decorations include:

1st Row Defense Distinguished Service Medal Navy Distinguished Service Medal
2nd Row Silver Star Defense Superior Service Medal w/ 1 oak leaf cluster Bronze Star w/ valor device Defense Meritorious Service Medal
3rd Row Meritorious Service Medal Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal w/ valor device Army Commendation Medal w/ valor device Joint Service Achievement Medal
4th Row Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal Combat Action Ribbon Navy Presidential Unit Citation w/ 1 service star Joint Meritorious Unit Award w/ 1 oak leaf cluster
5th Row Navy Unit Commendation Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation National Defense Service Medal w/ 1 service star Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal w/ 1 service star
6th Row Vietnam Service Medal w/ 7 service stars Southwest Asia Service Medal w/ 2 service stars Humanitarian Service Medal w/ 1 service star Navy Sea Service Deployment Ribbon w/ 1 service star
7th Row Navy & Marine Corps Overseas Service Ribbon w/ 2 service stars Vietnam Gallantry Cross w/ 2 gold stars Vietnam Staff Service Medal Order of the Aztec Eagle
8th Row Vietnam Gallantry Cross unit citation Vietnam Civil Actions unit citation Vietnam Campaign Medal Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia)

References

1. "Gen (Ret). Charles E. Wilhelm". U.S. Army War College. Retrieved 2006-10-07.
2. "CDI (Washington, D.C.) Staff". Center for Defense Information. Retrieved 2006-10-07.
3. "Retired Marine Corps General Charles E. Wilhelm joins Battelle". Battelle (press release). March 6, 2003. Retrieved 2006-10-07.
"General Charles E. Wilhelm - Retired". General Officer biographies. United States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on 2012-02-20. Retrieved 2009-03-18.
"General Charles E. Wilhelm, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2009-03-18.
"Distinguished Military Fellow: Gen. (Ret.) Charles E. Wilhelm, USMC". CDI. Retrieved 2006-10-07.
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 25958
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: Mrs. Kay Griggs on How the Government Works

Postby admin » Sun Dec 17, 2017 7:26 am

The Advanced Research Projects Agency [EXCERPT]
A Study Prepared by Richard J. Barber Associates, Inc.
December, 1975

NOTICE: THIS WORK MAY BE PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT

YOU ARE REQUIRED TO READ THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE AT THIS LINK BEFORE YOU READ THE FOLLOWING WORK, THAT IS AVAILABLE SOLELY FOR PRIVATE STUDY, SCHOLARSHIP OR RESEARCH PURSUANT TO 17 U.S.C. SECTION 107 AND 108. IN THE EVENT THAT THE LIBRARY DETERMINES THAT UNLAWFUL COPYING OF THIS WORK HAS OCCURRED, THE LIBRARY HAS THE RIGHT TO BLOCK THE I.P. ADDRESS AT WHICH THE UNLAWFUL COPYING APPEARED TO HAVE OCCURRED. THANK YOU FOR RESPECTING THE RIGHTS OF COPYRIGHT OWNERS.


L.P. Gise [Admiral Lawrence Gise] believes that Lt. Col. George Brown, USAF, a military assistant in Holaday's office, actually came up with the name ARPA. (Discussion with L.P. Gise, April 7, 1975.) ...

L.P. Gise recalls that when Wilfrid McNeil offered him the top administrative job in ARPA, the Vinson threat was so real that McNeil assured him another job would be found for him in OSD if ARPA could not be set up:

So the Agency was controversial even before it was formed. My deal with McNeil was that I would come over and handle the administrative end of the business, with the assurance that if the Agency went up in blue smoke that he would absorb me in his immediate office, and he had a job set up for that purpose. But it was that tenuous back in those days.
...

Clark and York joined ARPA in late March 1958. Clark began to assemble a small staff of technically-oriented military officers. Wilfrid McNeil, Assistant Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), recruited Lawrence P. Gise from the AEC to handle the Agency's financial management activity ...

An office of Program Control and Administration (headed by L.P. Gise) consisting of seven civilian professionals, was set up to handle budgetary control and assignment of funds to Service agents for contracting (through what became formalized as the "ARPA Order" system), management reporting systems, and internal ARPA Administration....

Almost immediately following the decision to create TOD [Technical Operations Division], a further reorganization took place (Jauary 1959). [82] It elevated L.P. Gise to the position of Assistant Director for Administration. He retained broad program administration functions ...

There apparently was lengthy discussion of acquiring the Naval Research Laboratories as well. [89] Johnson personally visited ABMA and JPL and other facilities. His top management adviser, L.P. Gise, argued strongly against taking them, or creating an ARPA procurement structure, because the administrative burden would ultimately drag ARPA down. [90] ... Gise had considerable experience with the management of AEC's network of field installations and Johnson placed a high value on his judgment. Johnson cited the "administrative burden" theory publicly whenever asked about the issue and the notion of a streamlined, hard-hitting ARPA shunning ownership of laboratories and utilizing the facilities of others became part of the established folklore in the Agency. Gise seemed to be most influential in rejecting ABMA and Johnson reacted so negatively to the Director of JPL, personally, that there was never any doubt that he would stay clear of it. ...

At the very end of his tenure he did "go public" with a demand for more funds for the Saturn IB booster project, but that was independent of whether ARPA or some other agency managed it. On one occasion, perhaps this one, Johnson was reprimanded by the President for letting it be known on the Hill that he wished there was more money for military space programs. Of the White House reprimand, said L.P. Gise, "I know he got a big kick out of it. It didn't bother him, obviously." (Discussion with Gise, April 7, 1975.) ...

On one occasion, Snyder called for a showdown on a space public affairs launch policy issue before Secretary Gates. L.P. Gise and L.W. Huff were summoned by Gates to give the ARPA case. Snyder lost. ...

During this period -- summer and fall of 1958 -- both NASA and a national space program were being established. NASA indicated an interest in acquiring SATURN. In the course of a key budget review meeting in November -- attended by Killian, Quarles, Glennan, Dryden, York, Gise, and David Young, but not Johnson -- all money for SATURN was deleted from the budget and the question of perhaps transferring such responsibility to NASA was raised.
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 25958
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: Mrs. Kay Griggs on How the Government Works

Postby admin » Sun Dec 17, 2017 7:34 am

John J. Ballentine, Admiral, USN
(Naval Aviator Number 2878)
by epnaao.com
Accessed: 12/17/17

NOTICE: THIS WORK MAY BE PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT

YOU ARE REQUIRED TO READ THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE AT THIS LINK BEFORE YOU READ THE FOLLOWING WORK, THAT IS AVAILABLE SOLELY FOR PRIVATE STUDY, SCHOLARSHIP OR RESEARCH PURSUANT TO 17 U.S.C. SECTION 107 AND 108. IN THE EVENT THAT THE LIBRARY DETERMINES THAT UNLAWFUL COPYING OF THIS WORK HAS OCCURRED, THE LIBRARY HAS THE RIGHT TO BLOCK THE I.P. ADDRESS AT WHICH THE UNLAWFUL COPYING APPEARED TO HAVE OCCURRED. THANK YOU FOR RESPECTING THE RIGHTS OF COPYRIGHT OWNERS.


Image

John Jennings Ballentine was born in Hillsboro, Ohio, on October 4, 1896, son of the late George McClelland and Ora (Eakins) Ballentine. He attended Hillsboro High School before his appointment to the U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, from the Sixth District of Ohio in June 1914. Graduated and commissioned Ensign on June 29, 1917, he subsequently progressed in rank attaining that of Vice Admiral to date from November 1, 1949. On May 1, 1954 he was transferred to the Retired List of the U.S. Navy, and was advanced to the rank of Admiral on the basis of combat awards.

After graduation from the Naval Academy in 1917, he had consecutive duty during World War I in the USS Nebraska and at the Naval Auxiliary Reserve Officers School, Pelham Bay Park, New York; and from February 1919 served until May 1920 in the USS Arizona. He then reported for flight training at the Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida, a member of the fifth class trained at that station. Designated Naval Aviator (heavier than air), on November 22, 1920, he had additional training in land planes with the U. S. Army Air Corps, Carlstrom Field, Arcadia, Florida, and in pursuit planes at Kelly Field, San Antonio, Texas.

In May 1921 he reported to Atlantic Fleet, Torpedo Plane Division, Yorktown, Virginia, for duty in the first torpedo plane squadron, in the Fleet. The title of this unit was changed to Torpedo Plane Squadron One, attached to the USS Sandpiper. In June 1922 he reported as Officer in Charge, Naval Air Detail, Naval Proving Ground, Dahlgren, Virginia, where he served until February 1926. During that period Carl Norden, a Navy consultant, designed his first bombsight in 1923, and the then Lieutenant Ballentine put it through its original tests at the Dahlgren proving Ground, and later tested the first production model. He also controlled, from the ground, the first airplane operated under radio control.

He assumed command of Torpedo Squadron 20, attached to the USS Jason, Asiatic Fleet, in April 1926. In May 1927 he was assigned to the USS Marblehead of Light Cruiser Division Three, where he assumed command of Observation Squadron 11. While serving in the Asiatic, he made two special trips to Tokyo, Japan, to make official inspection of Japanese naval aviation and aircraft manufacturing facilities. He was commended by the Navy Department for reports submitted after those inspections. He returned to the United States in August 1927, and had another tour of duty until June 1931 as Officer in Charge, Naval Air Detail, Dahlgren, Virginia. He received letters of commendation from the Navy Department for various aviation ordnance developments during both tours of duty at the Naval Proving Ground.

He commanded Torpedo Squadron Two, based on the USS Saratoga, from July 1931 until June 1933, when he reported for duty in the Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department, Washington, D. C. There he served for two years as Head of the War Plans Section, and one year in the Plans Division, being detached in May 1936. He next had sea duty as Navigator of the USS Wright, flagship of Commander Aircraft, Base Force (title changed to Battle Force, September 28, 1937). In June 1937 he became Operations Officer on that staff, and in January 1938 transferred to the USS Saratoga for duty as Gunnery Officer on the Staff of Commander Aircraft, Battle Force, from January until June 1938, and as Operations Officer until May 1939. He served in the Personnel Division of the Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department, Washington, D.C., from June 1939 until May 1940, and as Head of the Flight Division until June 1941. He went to sea as Executive Officer of the USS Ranger, and on December 26, 1941, assumed command of the USS Long Island. From May until December 1942 he was Chief of Staff and Aide to the Commander, Carriers, Atlantic Fleet, and received a Letter of Commendation with authorization to wear the Commendation Ribbon from the Secretary of the Navy, for meritorious service as Chief of Staff to Commander Air Group, Western Naval Task Force, during action off Casablanca on November 8, 1942.

On January 2, 1943 he reported to the Bethlehem Steel Company, Quincy, Massachusetts, to fit out the USS Bunker Hill, which he commanded from her commissioning, May 25, 1943, until February 5, 1944. He was awarded the Silver Star Medal for "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity as Commanding Officer of the USS Bunker Hill in action against enemy Japanese forces during the assault on Rabaul Harbor November 11, and the invasion and occupation of the Gilbert Islands, November 18 to 26, 1943."He was also awarded the Legion of Merit with Combat "V," for "exceptionally meritorious conduct....as Commanding Officer of the USS Bunker Hill, during the capture and occupation of Tarawa and Makin,, the capture and defense of the Marshall Islands and strikes on Nauru and Kavieng, from November 29, 1943 to February 5, 1944..." He is entitled to the Ribbon for, and a facsimile of, the Presidential Unit Citation to the Bunker Hill "for extraordinary heroism in action against enemy Japanese forces in the air, ashore and afloat in the South Central, Southwest, and Western Pacific, from November 11, 1943 to May 11, 1945 .."

In February 1944 he was promoted to Rear Admiral, and reported for duty as Deputy and Chief of Staff and Aide to the Commander, Aircraft, Pacific Fleet, at Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, and remained in that assignment until October 1944. For "meritorious service as Deputy Commander Air Force, Pacific Fleet, and as Aide and Chief of Staff to the Commander Air Force, Pacific Fleet, during operations against enemy Japanese forces in the Pacific War Area, from February to September 1944..." he was awarded the Bronze Star Medal. The citation points out that he "supervised and directed Air Force planning in preparation for three major offensive operations and controlled the movement of Air Force Units to permit maximum preparation for combat and insure the availability of our fighting forces for employment against the enemy. In addition, he coordinated the efforts of all divisions of the staff in the formulation of effective plans necessary for the logistic support of our forces...''

On his return to the United States, he became Commander Fleet Air, Seattle, Washington. He was awarded a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Legion of Merit for "exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States as Commander Fleet Air, Seattle, from September 29, 1944 to June 18, 1945. Rear Admiral Ballentine employed every means at his disposal in achieving the goal of his vital mission, exercising a high degree of care in the selection and training of personnel which was reflected in the outstanding combat records of the units which came under his command. By his skill in resolving the many administrative complexities of his task, he performed a service essential to the successful execution of a mission of highest importance to the war effort..."

After brief duty in command of Carrier Division 7, with his flag in the USS Bon Homme Richard, from June until August 1945, he was assigned duty as Fleet Liaison Officer for Commander in Chief, Pacific, at Headquarters of the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, pacific. He had the honor of landing at Atsugi Airport on August 30, in the airborne occupation of Japan and of escorting General of the Army Douglas MacArthur to the surrender ceremonies aboard the USS Missouri on September 2, 1945. "For exceptionally meritorious conduct...as Liaison Officer between the Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Fleet, and the Supreme Commander for the Allied Forces for the occupation of Japan from August 30 to December 20, 1945..." he was awarded a Gold Star in lieu of a Third Legion of Merit. The citation continues in part: "As the representative of the Commander in Chief of the Pacific Fleet, Rear Admiral Ballentine accompanied the Supreme Allied Commander on his flight into Japan on August 30 and, by his astute Judgment and initiative, rendered invaluable service in connection with the arrangements for the formal surrender of Japan, the recovery of Allied personnel from Japanese prison camps, the repatriation of the Japanese from overseas, the seizure of Japanese naval vessels, stations and equipment, and the removal of mines from Japanese waters...''

In January 1946 he was ordered to the Military Staff Committee of the Security Council, United Nations, and was designated Chief of Staff and Aide to the Representative of the Chief of Naval Operations on that Committee. In July 1947 he assumed command of Carrier Division One, and made a four-months cruise in the Mediterranean in the USS Midway in the winter of 1947 48 and a similar cruise with the Sixth Task Fleet in the USS Roosevelt in 1948-49.

He returned to the Navy Department for duty as a Member of the General Board from May to November 1949 when, with the accompanying rank of Vice Admiral, he assumed command of the Sixth Task Fleet at Toulon, France. On April 11, 1951 he became Commander Air Force, Atlantic Fleet, and served in that capacity until relieved of all active duty pending his retirement, effective May 1, 1954.

It is of interest that Admiral Ballentine, as Commander Carrier Division One and Commander Sixth Fleet, spent four consecutive Christmas Days in Naples, Italy.

In addition to the Silver Star Medal, the Legion of Merit with two Gold Stars and Combat "V," the Bronze Star Medal, the Commendation Ribbon, and the Presidential Unit Citation Ribbon, Admiral Ballentine has the World War I Victory Medal, the Yangtze Service Medal; the American Defense Service Medal with Bronze "A"; American Campaign Medal' the European-African- Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with one bronze star (five engagements); the World War II Victory Medal' the Navy Occupation Service Medal, Asia Clasp; and the National Defense Service Medal. He also has the Navy Expert Pistol Shots Medal. From the Government of Greece, he received the decoration Grand Cross of the Order of Phoenix, and was named Commander in the French National Order of the Legion of Honor.

He was married to the former Catherine Howard Sheild of Yorktown, Virginia, and they had one son, John J. Ballentine, Jr.
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 25958
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: Mrs. Kay Griggs on How the Government Works

Postby admin » Sun Dec 17, 2017 8:26 am

Separate Church and Hate
by Charles Carreon

NOTICE: THIS WORK MAY BE PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT

YOU ARE REQUIRED TO READ THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE AT THIS LINK BEFORE YOU READ THE FOLLOWING WORK, THAT IS AVAILABLE SOLELY FOR PRIVATE STUDY, SCHOLARSHIP OR RESEARCH PURSUANT TO 17 U.S.C. SECTION 107 AND 108. IN THE EVENT THAT THE LIBRARY DETERMINES THAT UNLAWFUL COPYING OF THIS WORK HAS OCCURRED, THE LIBRARY HAS THE RIGHT TO BLOCK THE I.P. ADDRESS AT WHICH THE UNLAWFUL COPYING APPEARED TO HAVE OCCURRED. THANK YOU FOR RESPECTING THE RIGHTS OF COPYRIGHT OWNERS.


Image
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 25958
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: Mrs. Kay Griggs on How the Government Works

Postby admin » Tue Dec 19, 2017 2:27 am

NOTICE: THIS WORK MAY BE PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT

YOU ARE REQUIRED TO READ THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE AT THIS LINK BEFORE YOU READ THE FOLLOWING WORK, THAT IS AVAILABLE SOLELY FOR PRIVATE STUDY, SCHOLARSHIP OR RESEARCH PURSUANT TO 17 U.S.C. SECTION 107 AND 108. IN THE EVENT THAT THE LIBRARY DETERMINES THAT UNLAWFUL COPYING OF THIS WORK HAS OCCURRED, THE LIBRARY HAS THE RIGHT TO BLOCK THE I.P. ADDRESS AT WHICH THE UNLAWFUL COPYING APPEARED TO HAVE OCCURRED. THANK YOU FOR RESPECTING THE RIGHTS OF COPYRIGHT OWNERS.
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 25958
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: Mrs. Kay Griggs on How the Government Works

Postby admin » Tue Dec 19, 2017 2:44 am

Yitzhak Rabin assassinated: November 4, 1995
by history.com
Accessed: 12/18/17

NOTICE: THIS WORK MAY BE PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT

YOU ARE REQUIRED TO READ THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE AT THIS LINK BEFORE YOU READ THE FOLLOWING WORK, THAT IS AVAILABLE SOLELY FOR PRIVATE STUDY, SCHOLARSHIP OR RESEARCH PURSUANT TO 17 U.S.C. SECTION 107 AND 108. IN THE EVENT THAT THE LIBRARY DETERMINES THAT UNLAWFUL COPYING OF THIS WORK HAS OCCURRED, THE LIBRARY HAS THE RIGHT TO BLOCK THE I.P. ADDRESS AT WHICH THE UNLAWFUL COPYING APPEARED TO HAVE OCCURRED. THANK YOU FOR RESPECTING THE RIGHTS OF COPYRIGHT OWNERS.


Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin is fatally shot after attending a peace rally held in Tel Aviv’s Kings Square in Israel. Rabin later died in surgery at Ichilov Hospital in Tel Aviv.

The 73-year-old prime minister was walking to his car when he was shot in the arm and the back by Yigal Amir, a 27-year-old Jewish law student who had connections to the far-right Jewish group Eyal. Israeli police arrested Amir at the scene of the shooting, and he later confessed to the assassination, explaining at his arraignment that he killed Rabin because the prime minister wanted “to give our country to the Arabs.”

Born in Jerusalem, Rabin was a leader of the Arab-Israeli war of 1948 and served as chief-of-staff of Israel’s armed forces during the Six-Day War of 1967. After serving as Israel’s ambassador to the United States, Rabin entered the Labour Party and became prime minister in 1974. As prime minister, he conducted the negotiations that resulted in a 1974 cease-fire with Syria and the 1975 military disengagement agreement between Israel and Egypt. In 1977, Rabin resigned as prime minister over a scandal involving his holding of bank accounts in the United States in violation of Israeli law. From 1984 to 1990, he served as his country’s defense minister.

In 1992, Rabin led the Labour Party to election victory and became Israel’s prime minister again. In 1993, he signed the historic Israeli-Palestinian Declaration of Principles with Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat and in 1994 concluded a formal peace agreement with the Palestinians. In October 1994, Rabin and Arafat shared the Nobel Peace Prize, along with Israeli foreign minister Shimon Peres. One year later, Rabin was assassinated. Peres succeeded him as prime minister.
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 25958
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

PreviousNext

Return to Illustrated Screenplays

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest